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Untitled document 2082881364/1481

Date: Jun 2000 (est.)
Length: 118 pages
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Named Organization
18th Annual Candlelight Vigil
42nd Science Writers Seminars of the Ame
72nd Scientific Sessions of the American
73rd Scientific Sessions of the American
74th Scientific Sessions of the American
Aap Friends of Children Fund
Aap News
Acs News Today
Advances
Advocacy Pulse Newsletter
Aha Scientific Advisory
Amed, American Medical Association
American Academy of Pediatrics
American Cancer Society
American Heart Assn
American Journal of Public Health
American Lung Assn
American Public Health Assn
American Public Health Assn Annual Meeti
American Society for Clinical Nutrition
Americans for Nonsmokers Rights
Anheuser Busch
Ap
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis + Vascular B
Ash, Action on Smoking & Health
Batf, Bureau of Alcohol,Tobacco and Firearms
Beginning Victim Assistance Training
Beyond Pesticides
Biodemocracy Organic Consumers Assn
Board of Trustees
Boozenews
Business Wire
Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids
Campaign to Ban Genetically Engineered F
Campaign to Label Genetically Engineered
Cancer Facts + Figures
Center for Health Environment + Justice
Center for Media Education
Center for Science in the Public Interes
Centers for Disease Control + Prevention
Children of Alcoholics Foundation
Circulation Journal
Circulation Research Journal
Citizens for Health
Co Foundation for Families + Children
Coalition for Environmentally Responsibl
Coalition for the Prevention of Alcohol
Community Anti Drug Coalitions of Americ
Computer Workshop
Congress
Consumer Federation of America
Consumers Union of US
Council for Responsible Genetics
Daimlerchrysler
Dairy Education Board
Dallas Morning News
Dietary Guidelines Advisory Comm on the
Driven Magazine
Entertainment Industries Council
Environmental Defense
Environmental Working Group
Forum on Bioethics
Friends of the Earth
Grassroots Recycling Network
Greenpeace US
Health + Health Care 2010 the Forecast T
Health Kids
Health Line
Hi Youth Summit on Underage Drinking
Hypertension Journal
Infact, Infact
Infoactive Kids
Information Access
Intl Alcohol Policy Conference
Jacksonville Jaguars Foundation
Johnson + Johnson
Journal of the American Heart Assn
Justice Dept
League of Conservation Voters
Left Guide
Lehigh Frat
Leonard + Beryl Buck Trust
Madd Safe + Sober Workshop
Madd WA State Youth Summit in Prevention
Marin Inst for the Prevention of Alcohol
Media + Democracy Congress
Metroland
Mothers Against Drunk Driving
Nations Health
Natl Audubon Society
Natl Beer Wholesalers Assn
Natl Consumers League
Natl Inst on Drug Abuse
Natl Mental Illness Screening Project
Natl Press Club
Natural Resources Defense Council
Ncamp
Nutrition Action Healthletter
Ny Times
Office of Natl Drug Control Policy
Online Live Chat
Onyx Group
Pediatric Academic Societies
Pediatrics
Pediatrics in Review
People for the Ethical Treatment of Anim
Pesticides Action Network North America
Philip Morris
Physicians Comm for Responsible Medicine
Political Research Center
Progressive
Radio Pacifica
Richmond Times Dispatch
RJR Nabisco
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Sarasota Herald Tribune
Shareholders of Anheuser Busch for Adver
Sierra Club
Slippery Rock Univ
St Patricks Day Smart Ride Press Confere
Stroke Journal
Substance Abuse + Mental Health Services
Substance Abuse Policy Research Program
Tobacco Control Resource Center
Treas, Dept of the Treasury
Trumping Public Extortion
U Ne
Univ of Ct
Univ of Fl Research Foundation
Univ of MN
US Public Interest Research Group
Utne Reader
Vision
WA Post
WA Times
Who, World Health Org
Wine Inst
World Resources Inst
Zeta Psi
Xxsmokey the Bear
Named Person
Abramson, H.
Ackerman, J.M.
Akhter, M.N.
Alexich, J.
Bandow, D.
Berman, S.
Byrd, R.
Campbell, R.E.
Casanova, R.C.
Chester, J.
Conti, D.
Cook, D.E.
Epstein, S.
Grollman, R.E.
Hensler, D.
Johnson, R.W.
Kaufman, N.
Keenan, T.
Kilbourne, J.
Lange, D.
Lord, J.H.
Massing, M.
Mcdonald, C.J.
Mercer, D.
Miller, T.R.
Montgomery, K.C.
Morris, L.B.
Murphy, G.P.
Oreilly, K.
Price, J.H.
Rehr
Ridge, M.
Sanders, J.M. Jr
Sandy, L.G.
Saperstein, D.
Schroeder, S.A.
Seffrin, J.R.
Slade, J.D.
Smaha, L.A.
Smith, B.P.
Thun, M.J.
Thurmond, S.
Webb, M.
Wheeler, C.
Wollenberg, S.
Xxrobert
Document File
2082881360/2082881482/Flash Reports Issues Watch Advocacy Group Flash Reports 20000000
Litigation
Mile/Produced
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2082881361/1481

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Alcohol Notes ACS has a membership of 2,000,000 and a staff of 4,300 nationwide. ACS updates its web page at ' www.cancer.org News events are posted daily. The last study reporting links between cancer prevention and alcohol was posted (03/02/00) 7
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TOBACCO 86 Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) 87 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 89 American Cancer Society (ACS) 91 American Heart Association (AHA) 93 American Lung Association (ALA) 96 American Public Health Association (APHA) 98 Americans for Nonsmokers Rights (ANR) 100 Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids (CTFK) 102 Center for Media Education (CME) 105 INFACT 107 The Onyx Group 109 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) I11 Tobacco Control Resource Center, Inc. (TCRC) 113
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CONTENTS ALCOHOL American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) American Cancer Society (ACS) American Heart Association (AHA) American Public Health Association (APHA) Center for Media Education (CME) Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems (Marin) Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) ENVIRONMENTAL Beyond Pesticides/NCAMP Center for Health, Environment, and Justice (CHEJ) Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES) Environmental Defense (ED) Environmental Working Group (EWG) Friends of the Earth (FoE) GrassRoots Recycling Network (GRRN) Greenpeace USA League of Conservation Voters (LCV) National Audubon Society (Audubon) Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA) Sierra Club United States Public Interest Research Group (USPIRG) World Resources Institute (WRI) FOOD American Heart Association (AHA) American Public Health Association (APHA) American Society for Clinical Nutrition (ASCN) BioDemocracy / Organic Consumers Association Campaign to Ban Genetically Engineered Food (Genfree) Campaign to Label Genetically Engineered Foods (The Campaign) Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) Citizens for Health (CFH) Consumer Federation of America (CFA) Consumers Union of United States, Inc. (CU) Council for Responsible Genetics (CRG) Dairy Education Board National Consumers League (NCL) People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM)
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• • Alcohoi • Forum on Bioethics- Encourages public health officials to deliberately and systematically consider the ethical implications and cultural values behind their decisions APHA operates with a staff of 65 professionals, I volunteer and 5 interns; and has a membership of 32,000 individuals, and 20,000 state and local affiliates. 12
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Alcohol • i open letter The Marin Institute is a member of the Coalition for the Prevention of Alcohol Problems (CPAP). CPAP operates out of the Center for Science in the Public Interest's (CSPI) headquarters to reduce alcohol problems and combat the political influence of the alcohol beverage industry. CPAP has four primary policy initiatives: • Oppose broadcast advertising of distilled spirits or general alcohol advertising directed at youth; • Support expanding research on alcohol advertising, labeling and tax issues; • Support increasing the federal alcohol excise taxes and equalization of the tax rate on all beverage alcohol types and • Oppose alcohol industry attempts to portray moderate alcohol consumption as beneficial. 19
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Alcohol Relevant • Public-Health Officials Urge BATF to Disallow Health Claims on Alcoholic-Beverage Press Releases Containers/Ads - (2/21/00) . • Alcohol and Youth: A Guide to the National Surveys -(2/17100) • Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2000 - (2/9/00) • Regarding Health Claims on Alcoholic-Beverage Containers and in Advertising - (1/3 1/00) • BATF Rule-Making Regarding Health Claims on Alcoholic Beverage Containers -(01/14/00) • Adolescents & Alcohol Use - (12/21/99) Resource Center: • Mexican Age-21 Plan Gets Mixed Reaction (03/01/2000) - A Mexican border state's plan to ban liquor sales to U.S. citizens under age 21 is being met with both praise and opposition. • Tijuana, Mexico Reduces Drinking Hours (03/01/2000) Tijuana, Mexico has reduced its drinking hours in an attempt to lower alcohol-related crime and accidents in Mexico and the United States. • Members of Congress and 121 Groups Urge Alcoholic-Beverage Warning Label Improvements (November 17, 1999) Website 3,576 websites are linking to cspinet.org Popularity 4,195 websites are linking to http://www.cspinet.org Calendar CSPI does not publish a calendar of events on its web site. Notes CSPI is ultimately overseen by its board of trustees, whose size has varied between six and ten People from various walks of life, including scientists, attorneys, celebrities, and activists. CSPI is supported by nearly 1,000,000 member-subscribers to its Nutrition Action Healthletter and through foundation grants and sales of educational materials. N O 00 N 00 00 ~ W 00 0 • 16
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Alcohol research related to vascular biology, pathophysiology and complications of atherosclerosis, and thrombotic mechanisms in blood vessels • Circulation : Weekly; publishes articles related to clinical research of cardiovascular diseases, including observational studies, clinical trials, and advances in applied and basic research. • Circulation Research : Bi-weekly; a forum for fundamental research of relevance to the cardiovascular system from various disciplines including biochemistry, biophysics, cellular biology, molecular biology, genetics, morphology, pathology, physiology, and pharmacology. • Hypertension : Monthly; a forum for the presentation of scientific investigation of the highest quality in the broad field of blood pressure regulation and the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the hypertensive diseases. • Stroke : Monthly; publishes reports of clinical and basic investigation of any aspect of the cerebral circulation and its diseases from many disciplines, including neurology, internal medicine, radiology, nuclear medicine, neuropathology, neurosurgery, epidemiology, vascular surgery, rehabilitation, anesthesiology, critical care medicine, vascular physiology, neuropsychology, speech pathology, and neuro-ophthalmology. Relevant • Scientific Explanation Found For Link Between Fainting and Drinking Alcohol. (January 2000) Press Releases • Light Alcohol Use May Prevent Sudden Cardiac Death (August 1999) • Alcohol Intake and The Risk of Coronary Heart Disease In Persons With Older-Onset Diabetes Mellitus (July 1999) Website 6,154 websites are linking to americanheart.org Popularity 5,859 websites are linking to http://www.americanheart.org Calendar • 72ed Scientific Sessions of The American Heart Association Atlanta, Georgia, USA 7-Nov-1999 10-Nov-1999 • 73'a Scientific Sessions of The American Heart Association New Orleans, Louisiana, USA 12- Nov-2000 15-Nov-2000 • 74's Scientific Sessions of The American Heart Association Anaheim, California, USA 8-Nov- 2001 11-Nov-2001 Notes AHA provides research support for ways to prevent, detect and treat heart disease and stroke, public health education on the relationship between issues like smoking and alcohol consumption and heart disease and stroke; and professional education to keep healthcare professionals aware of advances in cardiovascular researcb and medicine. AHA also uses "public advocacy" as a tool to educate federal and state legislators about the role they can play to reduce the rate of heart disease and stroke. AHA last posted an advisory on the relationship between cardiovascular health and alcohol in 1999 on thefr home page. AHA is organized on national, state and local levels and has a membership of 30,000 nationally. 9
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Alcohol • Beginning Victim Assistance Training - April 7, 2000 in Gaylord, MI Notes MADD is comprised of victims of drunk driving accidents and concerned citizens. MADD representatives serve on public, law enforcement, and legislative advisory boards and aid in establishing local, county, or task forces. 40 . 22
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Envimnmmntal • • EPA Turns Away Title VI Challenge to Michigan Steel-Recycling Plant. Solid Waste Report (November 12, 1998) • Environmentallustice: Hazardous Waste Firms Must Address People's Siting Concern, Speaker Says, Hazardous Waste News (November 2, 1998) Website Please note that the organization recently moved its website from "essential.org" to its own domain: Popularity 305 websites are linking to essential.org/cchw/ 293 websites are linking to http://www.essential.org/cchw/ 2 websites are linking to chej.org 2 websites are linking to http://www.chej.org • • Calendar • CHEJ lists events that pertain to its goals on its website. Notes CHEJ has a staff of 11, with a membership of 8,000 grassroots organizations, and approximately 24,000 individuals 29
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1599 Clifton Rd. NE Atlanta, GA 30329 Mission Leadership Funding 2000 Stated Goals Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements Third Party Commentary Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Website Popularity Calendar Alcohol American Cancer Society (ACS) Tel: (404) 320-3333 Fax: (404) 329-7530 www.cancer.org To eliminate cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service. John R. Seffrin, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer Charles J. McDonald, MD, President For FY 98, the organization, its foundation and affiliates reported a combined total revenue of $677,224,000 and expenditures of $569,364,000. Contributions totaled $556,200,000. • Reduce cancer incidence by 25 percent and cancer mortality by 50 percent by the year 2015 • Educate women that alcohol is a risk factor associated with contracting breast cancer • Educate children on the dangers of alcohol consumption • Educate the public that the use of both alcohol and tobacco produces a combined cancer risk None Federal Lobbying • Community Outreach • Research • Watchdog • Research Funding • Patient Services "For middle-aged and elderly people, regular consumption of one or two drinks a day is assoqiated with reduced heart attacks and strokes and with an overall decrease in death rates. That same level of alcohol consumption is also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Drinking has no health benefits for children and young adults. But unlike smoking, drinking is not all bad." Source: Dr. Michael J. Thun, head of epidemiological research for the American Cancer Society in Atlanta, The Washington Times, December 27, 1998 Bloated American Cancer Society Wastes Much, Prevents Few Cancers "In what has become his raison d'etre, Dr. Samuel Epstein argued that the American Cancer Society (ACS) should redirect it's vast resources toward preventing cancer rather than treating it. ACS doesn't do so because many of it's influential members benefit financially from treating the disease." Metroland (March 2000) • ACS News Today: A web-based newspaper reporting late breaking research and news important to the American Cancer Society • Cancer Facts and Figures 1999 • Informed Decisions: The Complete Book of Cancer Diagnosrs. Treatment, and Recovery, by Gerald P. Murphy, MD, Lois B. Morris, and Dianne Lange. The American Cancer Society. Viking, 1997. • The City Whose Main Industry Has Helped Glamorize Smoking Now Plans to Limit The Use of Outdoor Advertising For Tobacco and Alcohol (Mar 02, 2000) • Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Prevent Stroke (Feb 9, 1999) 21,145 websites are linking to cancer.org 20,497 websites are linking to http://www.cancer.org Relay For Life - A Fundraising Event Held At Local Chapters In Every State, Every Year. Benefit Concert For Cancer Victim - Slippery Rock University, Utah (Apri125 2000) Tour of The North Shore Skokie, Illinois (May 21, 2000) Longs Peak Golf Tournament Fort Coll.ins, Colorado (May 15, 2000) 42nd Science Writers Seminar of The American Cancer Society Tampa, Florida (March 26-29, 2000) 6
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Alcohol reasons for the increased usage include a decrease in perceived risk, fewer substance abuse programs, pervasive messages in the electronic and print media as well as advertisements that glamorize tobacco and alcohol, and the somewhat lenient pattern of parenting in the 1990s. Third Party "Except for a few lapses into priggishness... the good doctors chastise moviemakers for 'showing Commentary the lead character or likable characters using and enjoying tobacco and alcohol products,' as if this never occurs in real life - the article makes a compelling case for more critical thinking about the role of TV in children's health and safety." Barbara Peters Smith, Sarasota Herald- Tribune, (August 7, 1999) Key Publications Pediatrics - Official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Features provide original research or observations and special articles covering general pediatrics and includes content on related fields such as nutrition, surgery, public health, child health services, genetics, psychology and more. Monthly circulation: 58,000 Relevant articles include: • Under-recognition of prenatal alcohol effects in infants of known alcohol abusing women (October 1999) • Early recognition of prenatal alcohol effects: A pediatrician's responsibility (October 1999) AAP also publishes Pediatrics in Review, its continuing education journal; and its membership newspaper AAP News. It also publishes manuals on such topics as infectious diseases and school health. In its public education efforts, the AAP produces patient education brochures, Healthy Kids magazine and a series of child care books written by AAP members. Topic-specific books are also available. Relevant . Ten Ways to a Healthier New Year (January 2000) Press Releases • AAP Discourages Television for Very Young Children (August 1999) Website 8,495 websites are linking to aap.org Popularity 9,022 websites are linking to http://www.aap.org Calendar • Advancing Children's Health 2000 - a joint meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies and the AAP, May 12 - 16, 2000, Boston, MA • Annual Meeting, October 27 - November 1, 2000, Chicago, IL • Annual Meeting, October 20 - October 24, 2001, San Francisco, CA Each year the AAP designates October as Child Health Month to emphasize the importance of preventive health care and other child health issues. Notes AAP has 55,000 members in the United States, Canada and Latin America. AAP maintains active department of Federal Affairs that communicates its message of health and prevention to state and federal legislators and agencies. In 1998, AAP presented research to its members, at its annual convention in San Francisco, identifying a relationship between beer commercials and kids who drink. Researchers found that "kids were more (ikely to recognize the Budweiser frogs than Smokey the Bear. The results are from a 12-year study conducted on the effects of alcohol. AAP says the study contradicts arguments by beverage companies that their ads on alcohol products do not make young people drink'. AAP joined the Marin Institute's Shareholders of Anheuser-Busch for Advertising Reform (SABAR) coalition in signing an open letter to Anheuser-Busch to stop advertising that glamorizes alcohol, uses characters recognizable to children and "tempts kids to drink before they are ready. Over 1,200 organizations, including the American Public Health Association and Mothers Against Drunk Driving signed the open letter." M O O IV O 00 ~ W tn tD 5
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Alcohol • • Youth Access to Alcohol and Tobacco Web Marketing: The filtering and rating debate (November 1999) • Alcohol Advertising Targeted at Youth on the Internet: an update (December 1998) • Changing Channels: How Digital Television Will Affect the Public Health (Fall 1998) • ABSOLUTe Web: Tobacco and Alcohol Industries Launch Into Cyberspace (Winter 1997) • Alcohol and Tobacco on the Web: Sites are Still Hazardous to Your Children s Health (Spring 1998) • Alcohol and Tobacco on the Web: New Threats to Youth (undated) Relevant • "Internet Filter and Ratings Systems Fall Down on the Job of Protecting Kids' Access to Tobacco Press Releases and Alcohol Web Sites", November 4, 1999 • "Alcohol and Tobacco Advertising Targeted at Youth on the Internet: Alcohol Sites are Still Going After Young Consumers", December 16, 1998 • "New Report Documents Threats to Youth From Alcohol and Tobacco Web Sites", March 6, 1997 Website 747 websites are linking to cme.org Popularity 653 websites are linking to http://www.cme.org Calendar CME does not host an annual meeting however it does work with like-minded organizations in hosting press conferences. Notes CME is primarily concerned with restricting underage viewing of alcohol advertising on the web. Currently there is no program which blocks more than 50% of alcohol advertising and related sites from Internet browsers. CME's Action for Children in Cyberspace initiative contains the following elements: • A Policy Research Network linking leading academic researchers with policy professionals in order to develop a solid intellectual base f&r policy making; • A Children's Media Policy Network that brings key stakeholders together from the child advocacy, education, consumer, and civil rights communities; • A strategic campaign designed to reframe the public debate over the media system and its impact on children, and to provide a clearinghouse for journalists. . 14
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Errvironrtrntzl • Popularity 3,185 websites are linking to http://www.ewg.org - Calendar EWG does not post a calendar of events for the public on their web page. Notes EWG is a research organization that publishes reports on a variety of environmental issues. There is a total stafPof 16. Areas of special emphasis at EWG have been the threat posed to infants and children by pesticides and other toxic chemicals; the environmental and economic implications of Federal farm programs; drinking water contamination by pesticides and other pollutants; wetlands conservation; budget and appropriations policies affecting the environment, and the impact of campaign contributions on environmental policy. EWG maintains an online "Supermarket" which invites visitors to "pop in for a few items or wander the aisles and fill your shopping cart - from pastas to veggies to seafood. We'll tell you which pesticides you brought home in your grocery bags, and what the health risks are". Also, as part of its online website, EWG offers: • Kid's Comer, a site to determine which pesticides are in the foods that children commonly eat - including processed baby foods. An opportunity to "check to see if your child's diet exceeded government safety standards for pesticides that harm the nervous system". • Daily Fare, checks the pesticide level in breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks from among more than 150 foods and dishes. • Fruit Salad Roulette, which allows visitors to "mix a bowl full from more than 20 fruits" to find out how many pesticides are ingested.. i . 35
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Alcohol • • A 10-Year National Trend Study of Alcohol Consumption, 1984-1995: Is the Period of Declining Drinking Over? (January 2000) • Coverage of Beverage Alcohol Issues in the Print Media in the United States,,1985-1991(October 1999) ~ Effects of Ignition Interlock License Restrictions on Drivers With Multiple Alcohol Offenses: A Randomized Trial in Maryland (November 1999) • Minimum-Age Drinking Laws and Youth Suicide, 1970-1990 (September 1999) Also publishes audio tapes, reports/studies, and sells APHA apparel. • Reducing Risky Drinking in Primary Care: Initial Findings from the Cutting Back'TM Project, T F Babor, University of Connecticut Health Center, 1999 • Psychosocial Factors Associated With Alcohol Use in Early Adolescence, 1999 • The Economic Significance of Alcohol Production and Trade in Developing Countries; 1999 • Alcohol Use and Abuse Among College Students Residing in Wellness Hall Versus Traditional Residence Halls; 1999 • Chinese Adolescent Alcohol Use and Alcohol Expectancies in Inner Mongolia.; 1999 • An Expensive Policy: The Impact of Inadequate Funding for Substance Abuse Treatment; 1999 • Comprehensive Approaches to Alcohol Related Injury Prevention: Utilizing the Spectrum of Prevention to Enhance Community Safety Comprehensive Approaches to Alcohol Related Injury Prevention: Utilizing the Spectrum of Prevention to Enhance Community Safety.; 1999 0 • Relevant • Latino Festival Resists Alcohol and Tobacco Money (June, 1998) Press Releases • States With Lower Minimum Legal Drinking Ages Had Higher Rates of Teen Suicide (September 1999) • Newspaper Coverage of Alcohol Emphasizes Public Health, Gives Less Attention to Alcoholism (October 1999) • After Years of Decline, Drinking and Driving Among Teens On the Rise; (May 1999) * Wine Drinkers' Lifestyles Account for Low Rates of Heart Disease; (May 1999) Website 4,590 websites are linking to apha.org Popularity 4,755 websites are linking to http://www.apha.org Calendar • National Public Health Week, April 3-9, 2000, "an opportunity to recognize the contributions of public health to the nation's well-being as well as help focus public attention on major health issues in our communities." • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Chicago, Illinois, USA 12-Nov-2000 16- Nov-2000 • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Atlanta, Georgia, USA 21-Oct-2001 25- Oct-2001 Notes Some recent advocacy efforts for which members were called upon for comment and support include: • State children's health insurance programs • Increased funding for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for collaborative prevention efforts with states and communities • Improved patient protection for managed care enrollees; strong national tobacco-control legislation to reduce and prevent youth smoking • Decreasing green house gas emissions to reduce the risk of global climate change APHA Sections & Special Interest Groups Sections: • Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs- Promotes public health policy approaches to prevention and treatment of alcohol, tobacco and other drug problems at all levels. • Environment- Works to focus attention on human health effects of environmental factors; helps to shape national environmental health and protection policies. • Food and Nutrition- Contributes to long range planning in food, nutrition and health policy which affects the nutritional well-being of the public. 11
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Environnsntat • • Third Party "Worried that Americans are endangered by toxic telephone poles, the National Coalition Against the Commentary Misuse of Pesticides wants to ban wooden utility poles, which are treated with pesticides and preservatives. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says there's minimal risk, but the group wants the poles replaced with ones made of concrete, steel or fiberglass. We support a safe environment, too, but surely there are more critical problems for the coalition to target -- unless, that is, people are chewing on telephone poles." Chicago Sun-Times (February 10, 1997) Key Publications • Pesticides and You (quarterly) • The Schooling of State Pesticide Laws Review of State Pesticide Laws Regarding Schools By Kagan Owens and Jay Feldman • National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides By Kagan Owens and Jay Feldman • Poison Poles - A Report About Their Toxic Trail and Safer Alternatives By Jay Feldman, M.A. & Terry Shistar, Ph.D. • Pole Pollution: New Utility Pole Chemical Risks Identified By EPA While Survey Shows Widespread Contamination by Jay Feldman, M.A. & Gregory Kidd, J.D. • Technical Report is published monthly, it provides the most current information on pesticide issues. •, Unnecessary Risks: The Benefit Side of the Pesticide Risk-Benefit Equation • Safety at Home: A Guide to the Hazards of Lawn and Garden Pesticides and Safer Ways to Manage Pests • A Failure to Protect: The Unnecessary Use of Hazardous Pesticides at Federal Facilities Threatens Human Health and the Environment Relevant • New EPA Data Released Under Freedom of Information Act Find High Cancer Risk Tied to Press Releases Wood Utility Poles Treated with Poisonous Chemicals (December 1999) Website 146 websites are linking to ncamp.org Popularity 129 websites are linking to http://www.ncamp.org Calendar 18th National Pesticide Forum, April 7-9, 2000, New York City. Solving A Public Health Crisis provides an opportunity to hold a balanced regional and national discussion on the major pest management issues that confront the public. Notes Beyond Pesticides is closely affiliated with Horizon Dairy, an organic dairy farm (heavily advertised on their web site) Beyond Pesticides was the first organization to request an EPA study on pesticides in telephone poles through the freedom of information act. • 27
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Atcohol • Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) 1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 300 Tel.: (202) 332-9110 Washington, DC 20009 _ Fax:(202) 265-4954 www.cspinet.org Mission To reduce the carnage caused by alcoholic beverages. CSPI seeks to promote health through educating the public about alcohol. Leadership Kathleen O'Reilly, Washington, President David Hensler, Washington, Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $ 18,965,220 and expenditures of $15,907,053. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $17,993,995; Program Services $806,990; and Investments totaled $135,089; 2000 Stated Goals • Tighter restrictions on alcohol advertising and other promotions that are aimed, directly or indirectly, at young people and heavy drinkers. • Substantially increased state and federal alcohol excise taxes. • Expanded label warnings and point-of-sale health warnings: • Disallow health claims on alcoholic beverages and advertising • Incorporate alcohol as part of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) antidrug campaign. Strategy Shift None Tactics Grassroots • Public Education • Media Outreach • Litigation Key Statements "Alcohol problems cost American society some $166 billion per year and cause as many as 107,000 deaths annually. Alcohol is a major cause of premature death in the United States and a primary contributor to a wide array of economic costs and social problems. These include lost productivity, health care expenditures, motor vehicle crashes, violence, crime, spousal and child abuse, fires, drownings, and suicides." Third Party "Groups such as CSPI and the Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Commentary Problems in San Rafael, Calif., are at the forefront of efforts aimed at increased regulation of alcohol. Critics such as Mr. Rehr (vice-president of government affairs for the National Beer Wholesalers Association) denounce them as'health Nazis' and'pleasure police' who are trying to impose their will on Americans, who may find the intervention unwelcome." Joyce Howard Price, The Washington Times, December 27, 1998. Key Publications • Vintage Deception: The Wine Institute's Manipulation of Scientific Research to Promote Wine Consumption (1997) • Last Call for High-Risk Bar Promotions That Target College Students (1997) • State Alcohol Taxes and Health: A Citizen's Action Guide (1996) • Paying the Piper: The Effect of Industry Funding on Alcohol Prevention Priorities (1996) • Adolescent Responses to Televised Beer Advertisements: Children of Alcoholics and Others (CSPI and the Children of Alcoholics Foundation) (1996) • National Campaign for Alcohol Health Warning Signs Campaign Kit (1997) N • Mad at the Ads! A Citizens' Guide to Challenging Alcohol Advertising Practices (1992) O 00 • Double Dip: The Simultaneous Decline of Alcohol Advertising and Alcohol Problems in the N United States (1992) t)0 OD • Citizen's Action Handbook on Alcohol and Tobacco Billboard Advertising (1990) i • Marketing Booze to Blacks (1987) v • Marketing Disease to Hispanics: The Selling of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Junk Foods (1989) <D • • BoozeNews; semi-annual newsletter, updates advocates on alcohol prevention policies 15
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Alcohol American Heart Association (AHA) 7272 Greenville Ave. Tel.: (214) 373-6300 Dallas, TX 75231-4596 Fax: (214) 987-4334 www.americanheart.org Mission To fund research and educate Americans about what can be done to prevent heart attack and stroke. Leadership M. Cass Wheeler, Chief Executive Officer Dr. Lynn A. Smaha Ph.D., President Funding For FY 1998 the organization reported a total revenue of $332,055,933 and expenditures of $327,095,367. Principal source of revenue are: Contributions of $294,404,803; Investments of $21,633,996; Program Services $6,283,998; and Government Grants $337,800. 2000 Stated Goals • Educate consumers about the correlation between moderate consumption of alcohol and education in coronary heart disease. • Insure that the riskfbenefits of alcohol are reviewed periodically as part of regular medical care. • Target adolescents and young adults for assessment and advice before they take their first drink. • Help cardiac patients change their behavior'and improve their lifestyles. • Train healthcare providers to identify, counsel and treat patients who have secondary risk factors for heart disease and stroke. • Increase professional expertise in the recognition, evaluation and treatment of patients with cerebrovascular disease. • Focus on behaviors to reduce the risk of high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure. Strategy Shift None Tactics Community Outreach • Federal Lobbying • Scientific Research • Watchdog • Public Education • Media Education • Grassroots Campaigning Key Statements "For now, it appears that drinking a small amount of alcohol doesn t increase a man's risk of sudden cardiac death and may actually decrease it. So if someone drinks in sma11 amounts it's probably fine to continue. "I wouldn't recommend that non-drinkers start drinking. You don't know how likely a person is to become addicted to alcohol, and there is also the risk of cancer to consider." Previous studies have found evidence that heavy alcohol consumption may increase an individual's risk of certain types of cancer. "Consuming more than two drinks per day has been associated with an increased breast cancer risk in women, this study was done only in men, so we can t be sure if our results would apply to women as well." Circufation: Journal ofthe American HeanAssociation. (August 1999) Third Party "The Govetnment's announcement on Friday that it would allow the wine industry to use bottle labels Commentary that mention the "health effects of wine consumption" exemplifies what is wrong with the political process in Washington. In making the label decision, the Treasury DepatttnenPs Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms drew on a growing body of scientific research showing that moderate alcohol consumption can reduce the risk of heart disease in some people. Yet the new labels were vigorously opposed by an array ofinedical and public health groups, including the American Cancer Society, the American Medical Association, the American Heart Association and the Center for Science in the Public Interest (as well as Senators Strom Thurmond and Robert Byrd), on the grounds that the labels would simply encourage more people to drink and would drive moderate drinkers to drink more heavily, with potentially steep medical and social costs..." Michael Massing, The New York Times, February 9, 1999 Key Publications Advocacy Pulse Newsletter (periodic updates) AHA Scientific Advisory: Journals • Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology : Monthly; publishes basic and clinical 8
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EnvimnmenUl • • • • Leading Computer Firm Endorses CERES Principles, Penguin Computing Becomes First Computer Company To Join The Coalition For Environmentally Responsible Economies (August 1, 1999) • Corporate Accountability Initiative Gains Momentum with CERES Announcement in New York - Effort by Institutional Investors and New York City Comptroller to play key role in establishing global corporate environmental reporting (April 8, 1999) • Agreement Reached on Proposed Guidelines for Global Sustainability Reporting (March 1, 1999) Website 313 websites are linking to ceres.org Popularity 287 websites are linking to http://www.ceres.org Calendar "Navigating the Networks of Change" April 13-14, 2000 T7te Argent Hotel San Francisco, California The CERES Conference is the nation's leading event for stakeholders and companies to discuss issues related to corporate accountability, environmental protection, shareholder activism, and community participation in a relaxed and innovative atmosphere. Building on a history of 10 years of collaborative dialogue between companies, environmentalists, investors, and other key stakeholders, the CERES 2000 Conference is a unique opportunity for any person involved in the areas of sustainability, corporate reporting, and environmental protection. Notes CERES has not released a significant quantity of new information since 1999. CERES has a staff of 10 and a membership of approximately 90 organizations and 50 endorsing companies. 31
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Envilonmental • • • Protecting Groundwater from Pesticides: A Clean Water Action Guide • Confronting Companies Using Shareholder Power: A Handbook on Socially-Oriented Shareholder Activism Relevant • Environmental Leaders to Demonstrate in Front of World Bank to Protest Destructive Oil, Gas, Press Releases Mining Projects (April 10, 2000) • National Environmental Trust: Environmental and Consumer Groups Question Credibility of Controversial NAS Study on Biotech Foods; Study Should be Abandoned Because of Conflicts of Interest Between Biotech Industry and NAS (April 5, 2000) • Coalition: Polluting Energy Industries to Receive Over $26 Billion from Taxpayers (March 23, 2000) • More Work for Erin Brockovich, Water Pollution Report Shows (March 17, 2000) • Review Says Water Pollution Enforcement Failing in More Than 40 States (March 14, 2000) • IMF Sells Environment Short, According to Friends of the Earth Report (March 7, 2000) Website 2,913 websites are linking to foe.orgPopularity 2,824 websites are linking to http:l/www.foe.org Calendar Friends of the Earth does not publish a calendar of events on its web page. Notes • Spearheaded a coalition to have recycling services brought back to the District of Columbia. • Cited in the Congressional record for their work pushing for labeling of genetically engineered foods. Last year FOE successfully filed suit: • to compel the U.S. EPA to set required pollution standards for the rivers, lakes and streatns of Washington, DC. • to protect rivers, sensitive wetlands and fragile coastal areas along the Mississippi River from floating casinos, hotels, shopping malls, and parking structure development • to protect a forest area along the Potomac River from major sprawl development N O O N 00 00 i ~ O N • 37
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Enviranmental • . Nesde France Tells Greenpeace "Our Products Are Now GMO-Free" (January 7, 2000) Website 1,338 websites are linking to greenpeaceusa.org Popularity 1,299 websites are linking to http://www.greenpeaceusa.org 34,553 websites are linking to greenpeace.org 31,155 websites are linking to http://www.greenpeace.org • • Calendar None Notes Greenpeace USA operates with a staff of 65 and has 4 regional offices. Its affiliate Greenpeace International was also formed in 1971 hand has branches in 30 countries in Asia, Australia, Europe, the Middle East, New Zealand, North America, South America, and the former Soviet Union and has a membership of approximately 4 million individuals. 41
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Alcohol • • • Don't Call Me Lucky • Your Grief.' You're Not Going Cra_ry • Financial Recovery.4fter A Drunk Driving Crash • Helping Children Cope with Death • Straight Tal,k About Death for Teenagers • Closed Head Injury: A Common Complication of Vehicular Crashes • We Hurt Too • Men and Mourning • Will It Always Feel This Way? • You're Not Alone.• MADD Can Help! • How You Can Help • No Time For Goodbyes by Janice Harris Lord • Injury: Learning to Live Again by Dorothy Mercer, P1vD. • Straight Talk About Death for Teenagers by Rabbi Earl Grollman • Surviving An Auto Accident by Robert and Dana Saperstein • Beyond Sympathy - How to help Another Through Injury, Illness or Loss by Janice Harris Lord • A How-To Guide for Victim Advocates • A How-To Guide for Victim Support Groups • A How-To Guide for Candlelight Vigils • Victim Impact Panels: A Creative Sentencing Opportunity Relevant . Daimlerchrysler Launches MADD 20th Anniversary Neon Drunk Driving Simulator Tour - Press Releases 2/I1/2000 • MADD and Autobytel.Com Give Teens and Parents "The Key" to Underage Drinking Prevention, Safe Driving - 2/9/2000 • MADD Reminds Football Fans to Drive Safe and Sober On Super Bowl Sunday - 1/27/2000 Partnerships with Key Elected Officials Make a Difference in the Passage of Texas'.08 BAC Law • A freshman legislator and professional traffic safety advocate, speaks out on the importance of grassroots advocacy. • MADD and the Justice Department expand youth advocacy against underage drinking • One of the country's top researchers, Ted R. Miller, Ph.D., explains why the cost of underage drinkno really is too high. • MADD has begun its preparations for "Rating the States 2000," an ambitious evaluation plan to support MADD's fatality reduction goals. • The tragedy of dtunk driving spans all ethnic groups. The results of two new studies will help MADD, and other traffic safety advocates, understand the problem and develop ethnically- sensitive programs. Website 3,479 websites are linking to madd.org Popularity 3,856 websites are linking to http://www.rnadd.org Calendar Annual Candlelight Vigil Meeting • Annual Conference (Exhibits) • MADD Safe & Sober Workshops • National Leadership Conference • State Organization Meeting • Victim Advocacy Training Meeting. • MADD Washington State Youth Summit In Prevention of Underage Drinking - February 15, 2000 in Olympia, WA • 18th Annual Candlelight Vigil - February 27, 2000 in Tucson, AZ • Hawaii Youth Summit on Underage Drinking - March 3, 2000 in Honolulu, HI • Online Live Chat - March 8, 2000, Online • St. Patrick's Day Smart Ride Press Conference - March 14, 2000 in Mt. Clemens, MI • St Patrick's Fun Bowl - March 19, 2000 in Brookfield, CT • Beginning Victim Assistance Training - March 24, 2000 in Appleton, WI • Computer Workshop - March 25, 2000 in Fairfield, CT • Online Live Chat - Apri15, 2000, Online N O 00 N O 00 ~ W O ir 21
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Environmenta( • • • Relevant • Rep. Jim Traficant named to the "Dirty Dozen" List: Northwest Salmon Issue Enters Presidential Press Releases Race March 1, 2000 • Candidates V iews on Water Pollution Revealed February 16, 2000 • Environmental Ratings for Congress Released 1999 Scorecard Release Statement by Deb Callahan, President of the League of Conservation Voters February 10, 2000 • Candidates Views on Historic Wilderness Initiative Revealed: Presidential Profiles update: Briefmg report on White Mountains (January 31, 2000) • Environmental Records of the Presidential Candidates Revealed: Presidential Profiles Release Statement by Deb Callahan, President of the League of Conservation Voters (January 13, 2000 Website 2,805 websites are linking to lcv.org Popularity 2,580 websites are linking to http://www.lcv.org Calendar Occasional Seminars Notes "From Earth Day to Election Day" - LCV has kicked-off a major campaign effort to elevate the environment in 2000 elections. Promising to hold elected officials accountable on the environment, the bipartisan League of Conservation Voters (LCV) announced a $6 million effort to inform the public about the environmental records of members of Congress and federal candidates. . 43
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Alcohol • . • Third Party Commentary • "Our work is unique and valuable. We are arrning those who will protect the lives an interests of people like you and me with information and strategies they would not otherwise have." Jennie Alexich, Marin Institute Board Chair • "To prevent while empowering creates not only pride but joy. to be part of such a legacy is gratifying; to feel the energy created by the permission to innovate is captivating. 1 am glad to be part of this institution." Rosario Carr Casanova, Ph.D., Marin Institute Board Member • "The Marin Institute is at the cutting edge of public health work in alcohol policy. The Institute develops practical ways to reduce problems from substance abuse and continually illuminates new or neglected areas, both in the united states and abroad, that need the attention of concerned citizens." John D. Slade, M.D., Marin Institute Board Member • "I am proud to be associated with the Marin Institute, which is doing groundbreaking and vitally important work in Marin County, in the country, and throughout the world. I know of no finer organization." Jean Kilbourne, Ed,D., Marin Institute Board Member • "Our work is unique and valuable. We are attning those who will protect the lives an interests of people like you and me with information and strategies they would not otherwise have." Jennie Alexich, Marin Institute Board Chair • "To prevent while empowering creates not only pride but joy. to be part of such a legacy is gratifying; to feel the energy created by the permission to innovate is captivating. I am glad to be part of this institution." Rosario Cars Casanova, Ph.D., Marin Institute Board Member • "When the American Medical Association hosted an International Alcohol Policy Conference, participants charged alcohol makers with using "frogs, lizards, dogs and cartoonlike characters that appeal to youth to promote alcoholic beverages." Similarly, the Maria Institute, a ttta}or federal grantee, promoted efforts to stop Anheuser-Busch from using cartoons in its beer ads." Bandow, Doug (syndicated columnist) "Trumping Public Extortion", October 6, 1999 Key Publications • The Vision (quarterly) • The Flip Side of French Drinking (Winter 2000) • Big Alcohol's Smokescreen (Winter'98) • Alcohol Policy Slide Series • Showdown on Main Street (Winter'97) • Alcohol Ads Increase Drinking (8/97) • Alcohol Giants Market Misery to "Third W orld" (Spring '97) • Doe's Rx for Health Crisis: Sue Tobacco, Alcohol Companies (1/96) • Warning: TV Alcohol Ad Warnings Could Work (8/95) • Under the Influence in Cyberspace (Spring '95) • New Study Documents Quick Fix for Violence (3/95) • Research Review Points to Alcohol Role in L.A. Violence (8/92) • Sober Research for Graduates (4/94) Relevant "Bud Shareholders Reward Teenager for Roasting the Frogs" April 23, 1999 on Business Wire Press Releases Website 249 websites are linking to marininstitute.org Popularity 227 websites are linking to htip://www.nt 'art=<titute.org Calendar Alcohol Policy 3dI, June 11-14, 2000 dealing with Alcohol and Crime Notes . In 1994, when The Marin Institute found that the Institutes benefactor, the Buck Trust, had invested $27 million in Anheuser-Busch, RJR Nabisco and Philip Morris, they began buying stock in the companies so they could submit shareholders resolutions that urge companies to abandon practices such as marketing to youth. • In 1996, the Marin Institute created the Shareholders of Anheuser-Busch for Advertising Reform (SABAR) coalition. SABAR began an aggressive campaign to make Anheuser-Busch stop advertising that glamorizes alcohol, uses characters recognizable to children and "tempts kids to drink before they are ready."' Over 1,200 organizations including the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association and Mothers Against Drunk Driving signed the 18
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Envimnmental • • Economic, Environmental Concerns (March 2, 2000) • Supreme Court Decision Defends Public's Right to Clean Water January (January 12, 2000) Website 25,447 websites are linking to sierraclub.org Popularity 23,894 websites are linking to http://www.sierraclub.org Calendar None Notes The Sierra Club has over 630,000 members, 63 Chapters and over 4001ocal Groups in every state. The organization generally works in coalition with like-minded groups to further public policy goals. N O O N O 00 i ~ i ~ 51
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Environmentzl • Beyond Pesticides/NCAIVIP National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides 701 E Street SE #200, Tel.: (202) 543-5450 Washington DC 20003 Fax: (202) 543-4791 www.ncamp.org • Mission To offer information on the toxic effects of specific pesticide chemicals and how to treat pest problems by alternative methods that do not include the use of toxic pesticides. Leadership Jay Feldman, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $301,839 and expenditures of $284,014. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $244,048; Program Services $16,372; and Investments totaled $2,744. 2000 Stated Goals • Enforceable phase-outs of toxic pesticides, including those that are: toxicity category I acutely toxic, carcinogens, endocrine dismpters, reproductive toxins, developmental toxins, neurotoxins, immunotoxins, persistent compounds and substances, bioaccumulative compounds and substances, groundwater contaminants. • Public disclosure of the use of pesticides known to cause adverse effects until phase-outs are implemented, including at point of purchase. • Measurable and enforceable use reduction goals and programs for publicly funded pesticide users. • Voluntary, incentive-based use reduction in agriculture and non-publicly funded uses. • Full pesticide use reporting, and full public disclosure of the data. • Protection of most susceptible and otherwise vulnerable populations. • A prohibition against the export of pesticides that are banned, severely restricted or never registered. Where pesticides continue to be exported, mount efforts to ensure development of stringent, domestic regulatory enforcement mechanisms and programs to promote non-chemical pest management in importing countries. • Effective retraining and other assistance programs for displaced pesticide production workers. • Protection of state and local authority to regulate pesticides more stringently than the federal govemment. • Opposition to GMO technology Strategy Shift Although primarily focused on environmental issues, the organization is increasingly becoming involved in the anti-GMO cause. Tactics Coalition Forming • Conferences/Seminars • Congressional Testimony • Grassroots Organizing • Internet • Internships • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal and State) • Library/Information Clearinghouse • Litigation • Media Outreach • Participation In Regulatory Proceedings (Federal and State) • Research • Speakers Program • Special Projects • Training and Technical Assistance. Key Statements "Beyond Pesticides/NCAMP began in 1981 as the National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides, a non-profit membership organization that was formed to serve as a national network committed to pesticide safety and the adoption of alternative pest management strategies which reduce or eliminate a dependency on toxic chemicals. Beyond Pesticides/NCAMP provides the public with useful information on pesticides and alternatives to their use. With this information, N people can and do protect themselves and the environment from the potential adverse public health p and environmental effects associated with the use and misuse of pesticides." Beyond ~ Pesticides/NCAMP Website pp 00 '...no one is trying to put pesticides out of business. We're asking industry to work with us, and not W • to go into a'Just say no' mode, especially with a targeted interest like children in school settings." to ~ 26
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EnvironmenGl • • . (March 09, 2000) • Super Bowl News- COCA-COLA Creates Enough Plastic Soda Bottle Waste To Fill 15 Georgia Domes, Say Environmentalists - Groups Unveil 20 Foot High Replica of Plastic Coke Bottle, Symbolizing Billions of Wasted Bottles In Past 5 Years (January 27, 2000) • Local Government Concerned About Plastic Waste - Calls for Coca-Cola and Miller Brewing Company to Use Recycled Material (June 2, 1999) . Plastic Beer Bottle Could Be a Disaster For - Miller Brewing Company's New Plastic Beer Bottle Jeopardizes Plastics Recycling (January 20, 1999) Website 121 websites are linking to grm.org Popularity 115 websites are linking to http://www.grm.org Calendar None. Notes The Board of Directors is comprised of representatives from same-minded organizations nationwide: • Rick Best, President, Californians Against Waste, Sacramento, CA • Anne Morse, Secretary, Winona County Environmental Services, Winona, MN • David Wood, Treasurer, Center on Wisconsin Strategy, Madison, WI • Rick Anthony, Richard Anthony Associates, San Diego, CA • Resa Dimino, Sustainable Enterprise, Bronx, NY . • Emily Miggins, Director, ReThink Paper, Earth Island Institute, San Francisco, CA • Neil Seldman, Ph.D., Institute for Local Self-Reliance, Washington, DC • Bill Sheehan, Ph.D., Network Coordinator, GRRN, Athens, GA 39
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• FOOD ' N 0 cc N co 3 # °° ~ N N
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Environmental • • Relevant • NRDC Hails Clean-Fuel Bus Agreement: Governor Pataki Leads MTA To Dump Dirty Diesels Press Releases (April 12, 2000) • NRDC Supports EPA's Action on Gasoline Additive MTBE Statement by NRDC Air and Energy Program Director David Hawkins (March 20, 2000) • Government Responds to NRDC Lawsuit Sets New Limits On Wetlands Destruction (March 6, 2000) Website 13,461 websites are linking to nrdc.org Popularity 9,054 websites are linking to http://www.nrdc.org Calendar Annual member meeting. Notes Pertinent NRDC Programs: • The Air/Energy Program focuses on clean air standards, global warming, transportation, energy efficiency, renewable energy and electric-industry restructuring. • The Health Program works on issues involving safe drinking water, pesticides and other environmental health threats (especially to children), and looks for opportunities to reduce the use and release of toxics into the environment. • The International Program, often in association with other programs, works on rainforests, oceans and marine life, nuclear weapons, global warming and population and consumption. • The Legislation Program works with other NRDC programs to direct and coordinate NRDC's advocacy on federal legislation and national policy programs. • The Urban Program focuses on environmental problems confronting major urban centers and surrounding areas. Major issues include air and water quality, habitat and open space, garbage and recycling, trensportation, water supply, sprawl, and environmental justice. • The Water Program works to protect and restore water quality, fisheries, wetlands, the Everglades and ocean life, as well as to promote western water allocation and conservation. N O 00 N • pp 00 ~ ? i N i 47
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Environmentst • • Fields of Poison: California Fannworkers and Pesticides 1999 • Non-chemical Alternatives to Methyl Bromide 2000 • Pesticide Research Updates (Online newsletter) • The Pesticide Advisor (Online guide) Relevant PANNA is an Internet clearinghouse for pesticide activism and does not frequently issue press Press Releases releases. Website 1,524 websites are linking to panna.org Popularity 1,300 websites are linking to http://www.panna.org Calendar PAN International Conference (Senegal, May, 2000) Taking Back Our Food, Farms & Playgrounds (Conference - April 14, 2000) Notes PANNA works closely with and is a founding member of Californians for Pesticide Reform (CPR). The PANNA website also hosts "The Pesticide Advisor" what deals with a number of subjects, one of which is providing visitors with information on organic foods and where they can be purchased. The PANNA website includes an opportunity for visitors to take action on a variety of pre-selected issues. Among the most recent Action Alerts are: • Parathion Kills Birds - Apri124, 2000 • Strengthen U.S. FDA Regulation of GE Foods -- April 9, 2000 • Help Protect California Farmworkers -- March 28, 2000 • Monsanto's Latest GE Corn - February 28, 2000 • Farmworker Community Poisoned by Pesticide Drift - February 18, 2000 • Hearings on Methyl Bromide - February 11, 2000 • • 49
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Alcohol American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) . 141 Northwest Point Blvd. Tel.: (847) 228-5005 Elk Grove Village, IL 60009-0927 Fax: (847) 228-5097 www.aap.org Mission The mission of the American Academy of Pediatrics is to attain optimal physical, mental and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents and young adults. Leadership Donald E. Cook, MD, FAAP, President Steve Berman, MD, FAAP, Vice President Joe M. Sanders, Jr., MD, FAAP, Executive Director Funding For FY 98, the organization reported a total revenue of $50,780,543 and expenditures of $49,120,248. Principal source of revenue is Program Services $30,700,688; Government Grants accounted for $2,417,708 and Contributions totaled $2,111,254. Membership Dues range from $50 - $415. AAP also raises funds through an annual fund raising event for the AAP Friends of Children Fund. Donations range from $250 to $5000. 2000 Stated Goals . All American children through the age of 21 must have health insurance. Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements • Ban advertising of all alcohol products • Support enactment of zero tolerance laws • Oppose criminalization of pre-natal substance abuse. Stress education alternative. • Implement guidelines for adolescent prevention services • Reduce the number of intentional and unintentional injuries suffered by adolescents that are attributable to tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use. N None. p~p Federal Lobbying • Member Outreach • Research • Public Information The American Academy of Pediatrics exists to prepare its members with the tools, skills, and knowledge to be the best qualified health professionals 1) to advocate for infants, children, adolescents, and young adults and provide for their care; 2) to collaborate with others to assure child health; and 3) to ensure that decision-making affecting the health and well-being of children and their families is based upon the needs of those children and families. The American Academy of Pediatrics also exists to support members professional satisfaction and personal growth. By providing these services, the American Academy of Pediatrics will be the most valuable professional organization to which those eligible for membership can belong. Alcohol can be a very destructive substance. Even so, it's often perceived as the "lesser of two evils" because its legal-and thus parents may be more tolerant of its use. Quite often health-care professionals see teenagers acutely intoxicated with alcohol in the hospital emergency room--only to have the parents deny its importance, refuse professional evaluation and treatment, and allow the youth to continue abusing alcohol. This kind of lax attitude has contributed to a continuing increase in alcohol use by teenagers, now making it the most commonly used mind-altering substance. AlcohollPregnancy - to protect developing fetuses, pregnant women and women planning to become pregnant should not drink any alcohol. of every 10,000 live births, 5.2 are affected by Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), a birth defect that could be prevented by abstaining from drinking during pregnancy. The AAP says there is no established "safe dose" of alcohol when pregnant. Statistics show a steady increase from 1991 through 1996 in the use of drugs among students in eighth through 12th grade. Alcohol continues to be the most common substance of abuse, and daily use of tobacco and marijuana among young people in school is at an epidemic level. Possible 4
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Environmehl • • • Danger Ahead: Putting the Brakes on Global Warming Pollution (June 1999) • At Risk and In the Dark: Will Companies In Our Communities Reduce Their Chemical Disaster Zones (June 1999) Relevant • Extreme Weather Cost U.S. Nearly 1200 Billion in the 1990s: U.S. PIRG Calls for Strong Press Releases Measures to Fight (Apri16, 2000) • Coalition: Polluting Energy Industries to Receive Over $26 Billion from Taxpayers (March 23, 2000) • Groups Evaluate First Round of Drinking Water Right to Know Reports (March 14, 2000) • More than I in 4 Polluters Seriously Violating Clean Water Pennits (February 17, 2000) • Congress Wasted Millions in 1999 for Environmentally Hatmful Subsidies (January 14, 2000) Website 4,798 websites are linking to pirg.org Popularity 3,499 websites are linking to http://www.pirg.org Calendar Semi-annual conferences: an eastern and western PIRG organizational conference. Notes PIRG activists may subscribe to a free e-mail alert network in order to maximize their impact on priority issues. . N O t70 N O O ~ ~ ~ O • 53
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Center for Health, Environment, and Justice (CHEJ) 150 S. Washington St., Suite 300 Environmentzl Tel.: (703) 237-2249 PO Box 6806 Fax: (703) 237-8389 Falls Church, Virginia 22040 www.chej.org • Mission The Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) trains and assists local people to fight for justice, become empowered to protect their communities from environmental threats and build snong locally controlled organizations. CHEJ connects these strong groups with each other to build a movement from the bottom up so that grassroots can collectively change the balance of power. Leadership Lois Marie Gibbs, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,718,314 and expenditures of $1,187,202. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $1,651,419; Program Services $17,842; and Investments totaled $14,069. Goals 2000 Stated Focus on: • Dioxin exposure • Plant emissions and discharges • Hazardous waste . Solid waste • Medical waste • Waste reduction, toxics prevention, and • Military toxins recycling • Pesticides • Workplace exposure Strategy Shift None Tactics Sponsorship of Events, Public Meetings and Other Gatherings • Grassroots Campaigning • Public Discussions Key Statements "The Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) was founded in 1981, as the Citizens Clearinghouse for Hazardous Waste (CCHW), by Lois Gibbs community leader at Love Canal. CHEJ believes in environmental justice, the principle that people have the right to a clean and healthy environment regardless of their race or economic standing. The Center believes the most effective way to win environmental justice is from the bottom up through community organizing and empowerment. CHEJ seeks to help local citizens and organizations come together and take an organized, unified stand in order to hold industry and government accountable and work toward a healthy, environmentally sustainable future." (CHEJ Website) Third Party CHEJ is different from such broader-based national groups as the Sierra Club and the NRDC, which Commentary are "fighting to hold the line" of regulation currently in place, says Philip Clapp, president of the National Environmental Trust. "Lois [Gibbs] has focused much more clearly and directly on citizens being able to have an impact on their own communities, and that's a method of organizing that has really spawned thousands of other local organizations," he says. Source: "Lois Gibbs's Grass-Roots Garden; 20 Years After Love Canal, She's Helping Other Communities Fight Government's Toxic Indifference," The Washington Post, July 29, 1998. Key Publications Newsletters include: • Dioxin Digest (quarterly) N • Environmental Health (monthly) 0 tb • Everyone's Backyard (quarterly) N • Love Canal The Story Continues (April 1998) Lois Gibbs O , 00 • Dyfng From Dioxin (1995) 3 tn1 Relevant • SWANA Renews Drive to Win Tax Break For Landfill Gas-to-Energy Initiatives, Solid Waste W Press Releases Report (January 20, 2000) • • Study Shows Dioxin Exposure Related to Adverse Childhood Behavior and Learning Capabilities, PR Newswire (November 4, 1999) 28
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Environmemal • • EDF-McDonald's Waste Reduction Task Force Final Report (1991) • Something to Hide: The Sony State of Plastics Recycling (October, 1997) • Promoting Pollution Prevention Among Dischargers to POTWs (1995) • Emissions Budgets: Building an Effective International Greenhouse Gas Control System (February 1997) • Genetically Engineered Foods: Who's Minding the Store: (1995) • Integrating Environmental Protection and North American Free Trade Agreement (1995) Also publishes bimonthly newsletter; annual report; books and reports; news releases; committee testimony; environmental fact sheets and brochures. Relevant • Scientific Panel Calls For Stronger Controls On Biotechnology (April 5, 2000) Press Releases • EPA Agreement To Cut Pollution From Fish Farms (February 25, 2000) • Website Shows Factory-By-Factory Cancer Risks In Air (January 2000) • Global Warming Expected To Heat Up New Millennium, Says EDF (December 1, 2000) • Recycling: U.S. Generating More Waste - Report (April 2, 2000) Website Please note that the domain name recently changed from "edf" to "environmentaldefense": Popularity 11,992 websites are linking to edf org 8,697 websites are linking to http://www.edf.org 88 websites are linking to environmentaldefense.org 71 websites are linking to http://www.environmentaldefense.org • Calendar Earth Day 2000: (Apri122, 2000) Notes Environmental Defense was founded in 1967 by volunteer conservationists on Long Island to ban the use of the pesticide DDT. In 1972 DDT was banned by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Today the organization has more than 300,000 members and operates with a staff of 170 which includes more than 75 fitlll-time scientists, economists, and attorneys. Environmental Defense maintains headquarters in New York City. Regional offices located in Washington, DC; Oakland, CA; Boulder, CO; Raleigh, NC; Austin, TX. Project offices in Boston, MA and Los Angeles, CA. Environmental Defense provides environmental information by mail and electronically. Participates in environmental education projects. Maintains Action Network to influence national environmental policy. Works with grassroots groups at the local and regional level in the U.S. and abroad. On the Web, Environmental Defense sponsors Scorecard, a comprehensive online tool for monitoring and taking action on chemical releases nationwide; Hog Watch, a clearinghouse and advocacy site focused on environmental threats from factory farming in the U.S.; an online activist tool to influence policy, Action Network, the online global warming exhibition, Focus on the Future; and the web site for the Alliance for Environmental Innovation, a joint project of The Pew Charitable Trusts and Environmental Defense that works with private companies to create environmental change. • To date, the Action Network has sent out 26 open alerts on public policy matters to 304,283 members. N O tb I~f t70 tb ~ W CD tb 33
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Aicoho/ • American Public Health Association (APHA) 1015 15th Street, N.W. Tel.: (202) 777-2742 Washington, DC 20005 Fax: (202) 777-2534 www.apha.org Mission To improve the public's health, promote the scientific and professional foundation of public health practice and policy, advocate the conditions for a healthy society, emphasize prevention and enhance the ability of inembers to promote and protect environmental and community health. Leadership Mohammed N. Akhter, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $9,128,484 and expenditures of $9,717,032. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $89,738; Government Grants $197,441; Program Services $5,014,341; and Investments totaled $617,981. 2000 Stated Goals • Reduce the prevalence of alcohol misuse, related problems, and their associated health care costs. • Examination of the marketing strategies and practices used by the transnational alcohol companies to target developing countries • Equalize the excise taxes for all three types of alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, and distilled spirits) by alcohol content. • Ban advertising of alcoholic beverages on television and radio, and eliminate all alcohol advertising and marketing promotions directed at children. • Increase funding for the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) fetal alcohol syndrome prevention program, and birth defects prevention program, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Adminishation (SAMHSA) programs that provide alcohol aid other drug prevention and treatment services. • Assure that every pregnant woman has access to comprehensive prenatal care, including outreacb programs and, when needed, intensive drug and alcohol treatment programs, smoking cessation services, nutrition counseling, breast feeding education and promotion programs, dietary ' supplements, screening and treatment of all prenatal infections, and diabetes management. Strategy Shift None Tactics Advertising • Coalition Forming • Conferences/Seminars • Congressional Testimony • Educational Foundation • Films, Video, Audio Tapes • Grassroots Organizing • Information Clearinghouse • Initiative/Referendum Campaigns • Internet (Website) • Internships • Lobbying (Federal, State, and Grassroots) • Media Outreach • Participation In Federal Regulatory Proceedings • Professional Development Services • Speakers Program • Telecommunications Services (Fax-On-Demand, Mailing , Lists) • Technical Assistance. Key Statements "APHA has been influencing policies and setting priorities in public health for over 125 years. Throughout its history it has been in the forefront of numerous efforts to prevent disease and promote health." Third Party Mohammad Akhter, executive director of the American Public Health Association, praised increases Commentary in funding for the CDC, but called on lawmakers to "take greater strides in improving the health of our population" (Health Ltne, February 2, 1999) Key Publications The Nation's Health, the official newspaper of APHA reaches 35,000 readers each month. The focus is on public health issues at the federal, state and local level, delivering the latest news to public health professionals, legislators and the public. The American Journal of Public Health publishes monthly peer-reviewed, authoritative articles in the areas of environment, maternal and child health, health promotion, epidemiology, administration, occupational health, education, international health, statistics, and more. It also features critical commentaries, editorials, special supplements, and Letters to the Editor on all aspects of policy, practice, teaching, and research in public health. 10
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En~mcnta/ • Press Releases (April 17, 2000) .• New report reveals World Bank can use its leverage to slow forest destmction (March 22, 2000) • WRI develops method that gives investors an edge in picking stocks (March 9, 2000) • Digital Technology Paints Pictures of World's Forest Under Threat (February 29, 2000) • WRI Receives U.S. Environmental Education Award (January 20, 2000) Website 16,211 websites are linking to wri.org Popularity 7,527 websites are linking to http://www.wri.org Calendar Global Forest Watch Press Conference and Launch (Tuesday, February 29, 2000) Notes WRI has a staff of 120, some of whom are living and working in Japan, the Philippines, and Vietnam. WRI works with a network of advisors, collaborators, international fellows, and partner institutions in more than 50 countries. The WRI (logo) represents a knot tying together the threads of natural resource use and conservation, economic development, and social equity through research, capacity building, and institutional change. • • 55
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Environmental Environmental Working Group (EWG) • • • 1718 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Suite 600 Tel. (202) 667-6982 Washington, DC 20009 Fax (202) 232-2592 , www.ewg.org Mission To improve the environmental performance of the U.S. economy through reform of public policy. Leadership Ken A. Cook, President Funding No budgetary figures are available. The organization will file their first 990 as an independent organization in April 2000. Until November 1999 EWG was a project of the Tides Center of San Francisco, CA. Funding sources are reported to be foundation grants and private individuals (100%). 2000 Stated • Persistent Organic Pollutants Goals • Pesticides in Foods/Water • Banning of Durban (Insecticide) • Airborne Mercury Pollution from Coal-burning power plants/Medical Incinerators Strategy Shift None Tactics Public and Media Education • Policy Analysis • Research Key Statements "Since its founding in 1993, EWG has developed collaborative relationships with over 400 public interest organizations in the United States, on issues as varied as pesticides in the air in Califorkia, to pedestrian fatalities nationwide. EWG provides information and policy analysis to the general public, environmental organizations and other public interest groups, journalists and policy makers. Many EWG reports are developed as a series of state-level studies and are released in collaboration with public interest organizations in dozens of cities and states. EWG research studies are regularly covered by leading media outlets throughout the United States." (From EWG Website) Third Party "Washington orchardists produce most of the nation's fresh apples, so they naturally get touchy Commentary when self-appointed watchdog groups start insinuating that their product is, well, poisonous. And that was precisely what an outfit called the Environmental Working Group did last week when it reported that it had found "unsafe levels" of a pesticide in two of 25 bags of apples purchased in Seattle supermarkets from November through January. The pesticide in question was methyl parathion, which was commonly used by Washington growers - within carefully drawn guidelines - until the Environmental Protection Agency banned its use on Jan. 1. The ban, announced last August, was prompted by concerns that sufficient concentrations of methyl parathion might cause nervous system damage - but EPA officials emphasized at the time that apples sprayed with allowable concentrations of the pesticide were safe to eat Consider the malice behind the Environmental Working Group's action. It knew the pesticide had been legally used on last year's crop, tested some of last year's apples and - surprise! - found traces of the dread chemicaL It announced this "discovery" in April - several months after the ban had taken effect - to create the impression that the use of methyl parathion is somehow a continuing problem." The News Tribune, Editorial, "Another hatchet job on state's apples", April 9, 2000 Key Publications • EWG Annual Report • CLEAR Newsletter (Bi-monthly) • The War Against the Greens By David Helvarg Relevant • Review Says, Water Pollution Enforcement Failing in More than 40 States (March 14, 2000) Press Releases • National Study Shows Pa. Leads Nation in Deadly Pollution (11/17/99) • National Environment Group Warns Gore Could Flunk His Favorite Subject (9/16/99) Website 3,472 websites are linking to ewg.org 34
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Environmental • • Third Party "Surely, when dealing with fish problems, we would expect to see lmowledgeable individuals listed as Commentary participants in the recovery program. The interim director is listed as a former legislator and logging and mining specialist. His Clark County representative is Betty Sue Morris, a county commissioner. The chairman is listed as Rep. John Pennington of Kelso. Invited to apply are some very respectable groups including the Sierra Club, Audubon Society and Washington Environmental Council, none of whom are especially knowledgeable about salmon or steelhead." The Columbian (April 2, 1998) Key Publications "It was at that point, in the earliest stirrings of what would become America's environmental movement, that Audubon societies in a number of states were founded to protect the birds of America. In the 20th Century, these organizations have presided over a remarkable restoration of American bird populations, mainly by educating Americans in the importance of maintaining open space for bird habitat, and also through the acquisition of land for sanctuaries." The Providence Soumal-Bulletin October 19, 1997 • Offers many National Audubon Society Field Guides, hardcover and softcover books, oversized illustrated books, reference books, and computer software items. • Publishes the monthly magazine Audubon. • Audubon Adventures • Audubon Advisory (issued every other Friday when Congress is in session) Relevant • Endangered Species Recovery Act Is Reintroduced With 67 Sponsors (March 5, 1999) Press Releases • Building Support For H.R. 960 Is One of Audubon's Top Priorities For The 106th Congress (March 5, 1999) • Agreement Reached On Headwaters Forest (March 5, 1999) • Bipartisan Legislation Would Restore Funding to The UN Population Fund (March 5, 1999) • A Chance to Recover Threatened Fisheries (February 26, 1999) • Northern Rockies Protection Act Reintroduced In The House (February 26, 1999) • Legislation Would Increase Federal Funding For Wildlife and Habitat Conservation (February 26, 1999) • Secretary Babbit Supports New Funding For Wildlife (February 26, 1999) • Audubon Leads Environmental Discussion At The Hague (February 26, 1999) • Florida Senators Call For Full Acquisition of Key Everglades Lands (February 26, 1999) • Virginia Remains A Loophole State For Horseshoe Crabs (February 26, 1999) Website 10,077 websites are linking to audubon.org Popularity 9,838 websites are linking to http:/lwww.audubon.org Calendar Biennial national convention. Notes The organization boasts 550,000 members, 508 chapters in the Americas, 100 Audubon Sanctuaries and nature centers nationwide, and 300 full time staff including scientists, educators, sanctuary managers, regional and state directors, and government affairs specialist. N O 00 N tb 00 3 A ~ O • 45
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Environmentat • • Environmental Defense (ED) . Formerly Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) 257 Park Ave. S Tel.: (212) 505-2100 New York, NY 10010 Fax: (212) 505-2375 www. e n v iro nmen ta l d e fens e. org Mission Environmental Defense is dedicated to protecting the environmental rights of all people, including future generations. Among these rights are clean air, clean water, healthy, nourishing food, and a flourishing ecosystem. Environmental Defense will be guided by scientific evaluation of environmental problems, and the solutions we advocate will be based on science, even when it leads in unfamiliar directions. Environmental Defense will work to create solutions that win lasting political, economic, and social support because they are bipartisan, efficient, and fair. Leadership Fred ICrupp, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $31,289,571 and expenditures of $23,917,753. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $28,500,099; Government Grants $872,195; Program Services $704,356; and Investments totaled $923,555. 2000 Stated • Stabilizing the Earth's climate by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases Goals • Safeguarding the world's oceans from pollution and overfishing • Protecting human health from exposure to toxic chemicals and pollution • Defending and restoring biodiversity, with particular concentration on rivers and watersheds Strategy Shift Organization has "reinvented" itself to appear more moderate and less confrontational with the business community. Tactics Coalition Forming • Congressional Testimony • Fellowships • Initiative/Referendum Campaigns • Internet • Internships • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal and State) • Media Outreach Key Statements "Environmentalists must develop the tools to act effectively in this global arena. We must deal respectfully and cooperatively with those who wish to rise out of poverty and those who produce the goods necessary to this end. We must acquire a new sophistication regarding economic, social, and political needs, and we must find ways to satisfy those needs without harming the environment. We must enter into new alliances with new parmers. Environmentalists must cooperate as well as oppose, listen as well as preach. We might say that environmental organizations, which are now calling for actions on a global scale that will leave no sphere of human endeavor unaffected, must come of age. And if environmental improvements are to endure, we must do all of this while dedicating ourselves to justice and opportunity for everyone." Environmental Defense Strategic Plan (on website) "Although Americans make up only 4% of the world's population, we use nearly 25% of the world's energy and fossil fuels. As many of our houses and cars get bigger and require more energy, it's no wonder our fuel use continues to rise--along with the resulting air pollution." (ED website) Third Party "Environmental groups, which free market types view with renewed alarm after the World Trade Commentary Organization riots in Seattle, are often apolitical and pose no concerted threat to liberalized trade. The Environmental Defense Fund, one of the largest U.S. environmental groups with 250,000 members, supports both international trade and the WTO." National Post Financial Post Comment. March 7, 2000 "...the conservative Environmental Defense Fund, which has been pushing market-oriented ideas, such as pollution credits, for years. EDF helped fashion the Clean Air Act revisions of 1990, which President Bush cited as one of the cornerstones of his presidency." St. Clair, Jeffrey "George W. Bush's environmental menace" In These Times- March 6, 2000 Key Publications • Recommendations for Purchasing and Using Environmentally Preferable Paper (December 1995) tV O O N O O ~ W CD V 32
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Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Alcohol • 511 E. John Carpenter Fwy., No. 700 Tel.: (972) 744-6233 Irving, Texas 75062 Fax: (972) 869-2206 - www.MADD.org Mission Leadership Funding To stop drunk driving, support the victims of this violent crime and prevent underage drinking Millie Webb, National President For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $42,158,277 and expenditures of $35,909,694. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $36,477,700; Government Grants 3,159,726 and Investments totaled $135,089; 2000 Stated Goals • Set the BAC at 0.8 for non-commercial drivers age 21 and older • Enforce minimum drinking age law -• Zero tolerance for those under 21 • Drivers license sanctions for underage persons convicted of purchase or possession of • alcoholic beverages Support graduated/provisional licensing for those under 21 • Utilize sobriety checkpoints for enforcement and deterrence • Mandatory BAC testing for death and serious injury accidents • Administrative license revocation/suspension where BAC exceeds legal limit • License plate/vehicle impoundment and confiscation for those who drive with suspended or • revoked license Fund impaired driving programs through DWI fees, fines and assessments • Alcohol advertising should meet MADD's criteria for responsible marketing • Require warning labels noting that alcohol impairs skills necessary for the operation of a car or • • heavy machinery Uniform bar closing hours statewide • Maintain "Dram Shop" liability • Strategy Shift MADD has recently increased their lobbying efforts for the passage of a Constitutional Amendment for crime victims. Tactics Advertisements • Awards Program (Nationwide Poster/Essay Contest) • Coalition Fomvng • Conferences/Seminars • Congressional Testimony • Demonstrations • FilmsNideo/Audio Tapes • Public Awareness and Education Programs • Speakers Program • Telecommunications Services • Grassroots Organizing • International Activities • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal and State) • Lobbying (Federal, State, and Grassroots) • LocaUMunicipal Affairs • Media Outreach • Product Merchandising Key Statements MADD is not a crusade against alcohol consumption. Our focus is to look for effective solutions to the drunk driving and underage drinking problems, while supporting those who have already experienced the pain of these senseless crimes. Third Party A prolonged campaign by groups such as MADD has stigmatized drunk driving, and rightfully so. Commentary Fatalities from accidents caused by drunk drivers number among the most easily preventable of all deaths. The entrance of expressions such as "designated driver" and "know when to say when" into the common lexicon qualifies as an undisputably good thing. So does tough enforcement of drunk- driving laws. The Richmond Times Dispatch, July 15, 1999 Key Publications • Driven Magazine (quarterly): • Selecting a Civil Attorney • Someone You Know Drinks & Drives • Drunk Driving: An Unacknowledged Form of Child Endangerment • Victim Information Pamphlet . 20
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Alrohol Center for Media Education (CME) . 2120 L Street, N.W: Suite 200, Tel.(202) 331-7833 Washington, DC 20037 Fax: (202) 331-7841 www.cme.org • Mission To educate the public about media policy issues; to conduct policy research on democratic uses of the electronic media; and to serve as a clearinghouse for research, experts, and information about the media. Leadership Kathryn C. Montgomery, Ph.D., President Jeffrey Chester, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,007,016 and expenditures of $1,098,789. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $992,753; Program Services $210; and Investments totaled $12,844. 2000 Stated Goals . Convince legislators to define'responsible tobacco and alcohol advertising as not accessible to children. • Mandate responsible alcohol and tobacco advertising • Require alcohol and tobacco websites to be included in a adult category. • Require federal legislation to "protect" children from tobacco and alcohol advertising online • Increase the efficiency and public knowledge of software that limits children's access to'adult' Internet sites. • Implement safeguards against marketing practices that could be harmful to the "healthy development of children and adolescents" Strategy Shift None Tactics Research • Advocacy • Public Education • Press Activities. Key Statements "Parents may believe that filters will protect their children from all potentially han:ttful content on the Web, but our study suggests that these tools are not effective safeguards against the sophisticated Internet marketing techniques of alcohol and tobacco companies. A lot of attention and resources are going toward protecting children from pornography on the Web, but alcohol and tobacco sites continue to woo young future consumers with clever games and spokespeople, recipes for sweet- tasting alcohol drinks, instructions on how to blow smoke rings-and the filtering and rating systems aren't blocking them out" - CME President Kathryn Montgomery Internet Filter and Ratings Systems Fall Down on the Job of Protecting Kids' Access to Tobacco and Alcohol Web Sites (November 1999) Alcohol and tobacco companies, chafmg under advertising restrictions in other media, have discovered they can find and woo the younger generations without any problem in the open fields of cyberspacc. Third Party "...Center for Media Education, which was instrumental in the passage of the recent online privacy Commentary law for children." Information Access Company (April 1, 2000) Key Publications "In 1996 the Center spent $654,708 on it's programs. The largest program, with expenditures of $250,465, was its Campaign for Kids TV to "improve the quality of kids' TV, educate the public about the Children's TV Act, enable parents and educators to deal more effectively with media." $240,643 to "develop a public interest policy agenda for the 2 1' century telecommunications infrastructure in order to ensure a diverse electronic media system." The Center co-sponsored a "Media and Democracy Congress" in San Francisco with Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. Other sponsors include Radio Pacifica, The Progressive, Political Research Center and The Utne Reader." The Left Guide (1998) • InfoActive Kids, (quarterly publication provides timely information on technological trends as well as a library of recent reports and a listing of key resources) • Alcohol Advertising Targeted at Youth on the Internet: An Update (November 1999) 13
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Environmental • GrassRoots Recycling Network (GRRN) P.O. Box 49283 Tel: (706) 613-7121 Athens, GA 30604-9283 Fax: (706) 613-71,23 www.gnn.org Mission To advocate policies and practices to achieve zero waste, to end corporate welfare for waste, and to create sustainable jobs from discards. Leadership Bill Sheehan, Ph.D., Network Coordinator Funding No financial information is available. 2000 Stated • To shift the national debate about the future of recycling from a waste management paradigm to a Goals zero waste paradigm, through a community-based educational, outreach and mobilizing campaign; • To formulate public policies based on the zero waste concept; and • To enlarge the organizational base supporting the recycling movement through systematic outreach to forest activists, groups concerned with taxpayer subsidies for extracting virgin resources, community economic development leaders, churches, environmental justice organizers, brownfields activists, student leaders, labor activists, and progressive public officials. Tactics Grassroots Organizing • Media Education Strategy Shift The GRRN has raised concerns about the national roll-out of the Miller plastic beer bottle. Previously, GRRN's focus had almost exclusively been on Coca-Cola. Key Statements "The Grassroots Recycling Network is a North American network of recycling and community-based activists who advocate policies and practices to achieve zero waste, to end corporate welfare for waste, and to create sustainable jobs from discards. The GrassRoots Recycling Network was founded in 1996, inspired by a challenge to develop clear, simple messages and take them to the American public. The initial effort was launched by leaders from the Sierra Club Solid Waste Committee, the California Resource Recovery Association, and the Washington DC-based Institute for Local Self-Reliance. Sixty founding members of the GrassRoots Recycling Network met at the Rock Eagle 4-H Center in Georgia in April 1997 for the Zero Waste Action Campaign Kick-Off Conference." (from GRRN website) Third Party "The Grassroots Recycling Network's new report (Wasting and Recycling in the United States 2000) Commentary exposes the huge subsidies that make waste so profitable and keep recycling and waste reduction so marginalized. The report is a must read for those who are confused as to why in spite of all our efforts to reduce waste it continues to grow. This report tells the true story about waste, but more than that it outlines a new overriding strategy for redesigning the way materials flow through society - one that will create huge employment and business opportunities while saving resources and eliminating environmentally damaging disposal options. That strategy is Zero Waste! Read the report and you won't look at a trash can the same way ever again." - Warren Snow, Executive Director, Zero Waste New Zealand Trust . Key Publications • Wasting and Recycling in the United States 2000 (Prepared for GRRN by Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman, Institute for Local Self-Reliance) Relevant Press • Coca-Cola Misleads Public About Using Recycled Plastics In Making Soda Bottles Group Says - Releases Coke challenged to disclose facts or withdraw its 'consumer advisory'. (April 4, 2000) • America Wasting More, Even As Recycling Sets Records - Cutting edge businesses and communities pursue'zero waste strategies. (March 27, 2000) • Recycling Groups Raise Concerns About National Roll-out Of Miller Plastic Beer Bottle - Miller Brewing Company announced a national roll-out of the plastic beer bottle. Over the past several months; Miller has worked to address some of the concerns of recyclers by committing to use recycled plastic in making bottles and to use new, recycling-compatible plastic caps and labels. 38
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Food • • • corn and going back to conventional com, says Mr. Martin of Purdue." [Marshall Martin, an agricultural economist at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Ind.] The Christian Science Monitor, "Superior crops or'Frankenfood'?" (March 1, 2000) Key . Bio-Democracy News, an electronic magazine published every six weeks Publications • Organic View published bi-weekly Relevant While the organization has not issued press releases in the recent past, its website is updated with Press Releases relevant postings and links to issues of concerns daily. Website 953 websites are linking to purefood.org Popularity 653 websites are linking to http://www.purefood.org Calendar Biodevastation, anti-GE rally in Boston (March. 24-30, 2000) Notes The organization networks with like-atinded organizations. 64
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• • • Environmentat Friends of the Earth (FoE) 1025 Vermont Ave. NW, Ste. 300 Tel.: (202) 783-7400 Washington, DC 20005 Fax: (202) 783-0444 www.foe.org Mission To protect the planet from environmental degradation; preserve biological, cultural and ethnic diversity; and empower citizens to have an influential voice in decisions affecting the quality of their environment and their lives. Leadership Brent Blackwelder, President Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $3,233,206 and expenditures of $2,534,403. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $3,154,491; and Investments totaled $38,959. 2000 Stated Goals • The Economics for the Earth Program seeks to eliminate subsidies of environmentally destructive activities, having cut roughly $24 billion in resource destroying projects from the federal budget through the "Green Scissors project" in the past 5 years. • The International Program is working to ensure that environmental concems are a part of the emerging global system of trade and is using tools like shareholder resolutions to force more corporate accountability • The Protecting the Planet Program focuses on health, safe food, and environmental protection at the community level, working to protect farm workers against pesticides and neighborhoods against toxic pollution. • Focusing on the crucial economics of protecting our environment • Championing development that benefits people and the environment around the world « • Empowering citizens around the country to address environmental problems affecting them. • Support for GMO labeling as part of Safer Food -Safer Farm Campaign. Strategy Shift Friends of the Earth has incorporated a GMO labeling component into its environmental protection agenda. Coalition Forming • Conferences/Seminars • Demonstrations • Direct Action • Grassroots Organizing • International Activities • Internet • Legislative Monitoring (Federal and State) • Lobbying (Federal and Grassroots) • Media Outreach • Participation In Regulatory Proceedings (Federal) • Research • Telecommunications Services Databases and Mailing Lists "For more than 30 years, Friends of the Earth has been dedicated to preserving the health and diversity of the planet for future generations. As part of the largest international environmental network in the world with affiliates in 63 countries, Friends of the Earth empowers citizens to have an influential voice in decisions affecting their env'uonment." (From the Friends of the Earth website) Third Party "As it turns out, Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth are no longer working the global warming issue Commentary (it just di(&t take off the way they'd hoped). They're now crusading against genetically modified foods or, as they scarily refer to them, 'Frankenfoods.' This is all so much unscientific nonsense. The fact is that farmers have been genetically modifying plants for centuries through such techniques as crossbreeding and hybridization." Joseph Perkins (Syndicated Columnist), "Seasoning Food with Politics", The Washington Times, December 10, 1999. Key Publications • Close to Home (quarterly newsletter) • Atmosphere 2000 • Paying For Pollution ' • Clean Water Report Card: How the Regulators are Keeping Up with Keeping Our Water Clean • The 1MF: Selling the Environment Short • Green Scissors 2000: Cutting Environmentally Harmful Spending 36
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Environmental League of Conservation Voters (LCV) • 1707 L St. NW, Ste. 750 Washington, DC 20036 Tel: (202) 785-8683 Fax: (202) 835-0491 vnvw.lcv.org Mission To create a Congress more responsive to environmental concerns. Leadership Debrah Callahan, LCV President. Funding For FY 97 the organization reported a total revenue of $963,696 and expenditures of $942,574. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $948,737; and Investments totaled $14,959. 2000 Stated Goals Focus on: • Anti-environment riders which gut laws • Opposition to "takings" legislation • Opposition to regulatory reform legislation that weakens environmental laws • Maintain existing clean gasoline progrants to ensure air quality benefits • Maintain and enhance Clean Water/Coastal Protections • Protection of Public Lands • Reduce greenhouse emissions that cause Global Warming N • Enhance public protections to reduce exposure to toxics/pesticides O 00 • Eliminate taxpayer subsidized anti-environmental use of public lands N • Ensure adequate funding for implementation and enforcement of environmental laws and 00 regulations O 3 • Strengthen Endangered Species Act of 1973 A • Support for international Family Planning Programs O 4 • • Campaign Finance Reform Strategy Shift None Tactics Grassroots Political Campaigning For Eco-Active Politicians • Tracking Environmental Campaign Promises • Advertisements • Awards Program • Campaign Contributions • Congressional Voting Analysis • Electoral Politics • Grassroots Organizing • Internet • Intetnships • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal) • Media Outreach • Polling • Research • Voting Records. Key Statements "As the bipartisan political voice for over nine million members of environmental and conservation groups, LCV is the only national environmental organization dedicated full-time to educating citizens about the environmental voting records of Members of Congress. We believe that an educated electorate is a powerful electorate. That's why we work to hold Congress accountable on environmental issues "(From the LCV Website) . Third Party "After surveying the presidential candidates of both parties, the League of Conservation Voters Commentary concluded that Mr. Bush's time as governor has brought" worsening air quality and a general governing philosophy that, if applied nationally, would jeopardize three decades of national environmental progress." Opinion, The Record (Bergen County, NJ) March 7, 2000 "So far, the environment does not seem to be playing a major role in the run for the White House, despite the best efforts of several green groups. For example, the League of Conservation Voters scheduled a couple of debates in Iowa, one for Democrats, and one for Republicans. The debates had to be canceled when only one candidate from each party would commit to showing up." CNN, "Earth Matters" (January 16, 2000) Key Publications • Environmental Politics Report • National Environmental Scorecard (Annual) 42
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• • • Food Notes Genfree is a web-based organization (ostensibly operated by three individuals at the university in Frankfurt, Germany) that facilitates anti-GMO communications worldwide. As such, Genfree is a . participant in a genetic policy webring that has the same mission: Ban GE Food. This webring is very active, providing information to its members and list subscribers daily, such as newspaper articles, requests for information, action alerts and other subject-oriented media. Among the affiliated organizations are: Campaign for Food Safety; Dr. John Fagan: Assessing the Safety and Nutritional Quality of Genetically Engineered Foods; Mother's for Natural Law: Grassroots organization initiates one-million-person petition; RAFI: Impact of intellectual property rights on world food security; The Third World Network, based in Malaysia; Ake Svensson's Swedish page on gene foods; Physicians and Scientists against Genetically Engineered Foods; La Ingenieria Genetica: Los Peligros; Dr. Costas Giannakenas Activistpages; Natural Law Party Netherlands; Australian GeneEthics Network; Natural Food Commission New Zealand; Natural Law Party Canada; SHAG: Super Heroes Against Geneti c; G1oba12000 in Austria; Das Gen-ethische Netzwerk, Germany; The Anti-clone-page; Greenpeace International: N 66
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Alcohol Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) • • . PO Box 2316 Tel.: (609) 452-8701 College Road East and Route 1 Fax: (609) 514-5570 Princeton, NJ 08543-2316 www.rwjf.org Mission To improve the health and health care of all Americans Leadership Robert E. Campbell, Chairman Board of Trustees; Steven A. Schroeder, MD, President and Chief Executive Officer; Lewis G. Sandy, MD, Executive Vice-President Funding RWJF became a national philanthropy in 1972 with an endowment of $1.2 billion bequeathed by General Robert Wood Johnson, the former chaimtan of Johnson & Johnson. The Foundation has, since then, made grants totaling $3.3 billion, and its assets have grown to $8.4 billion, making it the nation's fourth-largest foundation. 2000 Stated Goals • To Promote Health and Reduce The Personal, Social, and Economic Harm Caused By Substance Abuse-Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Drugs. • Eliminate The Use of Alcohol By Pregnant Women • Support Programs to Curb Excessive Drinking Among Students • Support Efforts to Offer Students Non-Alcoholic Activities • Reduce Binge Drinking Through Campus and Community Projects • Support Ways to Reduce High-Risk Drinking • Prevent and Delay The Onset of Alcohol, Tobacco and Illegal Drug Use By Youth. • Assure That All Americans Have Access to Basic Health Care At Reasonable Cost, • To Improve The Way Services Are Organized and Provided to People With Chronic HeS1th Conditions, and Strategy Shift None Tactics Grantmaking to fundprojects, such as: Demonstrations * Gathering and Monitoring Health- Related Statistics • Training and Fellowship Programs • Policy Analysis • Health Services Research • Technical Assistance • Public Education • Communications • Evaluation Key Statements "Underage drinldng is a vast problem with grave consequences. It is a factor in nearly half of all automobile crashes, the leading cause of death among teens. Beyond that, alcohol contributes to suicides, homicides and fatal injuries, and is a factor in sexual assaults and date rapes. Obviously, something needs to be done to avoid these serious problems. Clearly, Americans are not interested in returning to the days of prohibition, but this survey demonstrates that the American public is concerned and wants to see policies that will help prevent our teenagers from drinking." Nancy Kaufntan, VP, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (October 6, 1998) Third Party "The Princeton-based Robert Wood Johnson Foundation... ...has experienced dramatic growth in Commentary the last decade primarily thanks to its holdings in Johnson and Johnson stock. As its assets have climbed from $2 billion to $7.8 billion (with next year's grants expected to be about $440 million), the foundation recently announced plans to restructure into two separate-and by design, contpeting-units, in part to recapture the strategic agility it once enjoyed." The Washington Post (December 1998) "Congratulations... to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation on their ongoing medical care for the poverty-stricken elderly citizens of Texas. I am distressed that Texas is so miserably lacking in services to the elderly poor. Shame! Shame!" June M. Ackerman The Dallas Morning News, (January 2000) Key Publications • Advances (quarterly newsletter) • The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Annual Report 1998 • To Improve Health and Health Care, 2000 23
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Envlronmentz] Greenpeace USA • • 1436 U St. NW Tel.: (202) 462-1177 Washington, DC 20009 Fax: (202) 462-4507 www.greenpeaceusa.org Mission To use non-violent, creative confrontation to expose global environmental problems, and to force solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future. Leadership Kristen Engberg, Greenpeace Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $8,828,773 and expenditures of $9,240,617. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $8,342,639; Investments totaled $486,134. 2000 Stated • Stop Global Warming Goals • Save Ancient Forests • Stop the Release of GMOs into the Environment • Protect the Oceans • Expose the Toxic Menace • End the Nuclear Lifecycle Strategy Shift None Tactics Coalition Forming • Congressional Testimony • Direct Action (Nonviolent) • Grassroots Organizing • International Treaties and Conventions • Internet (Website) • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal) • Litigation • Lobbying (Federal) Media Outreach • Photo/Video • Research • Traimng and Technical Assistance. Key Statements "When the U.S. announced it would test nuclear weapons on Amchitka Island in 1971, a handful of concerned individuals jumped into action. Aboard an aging fishing vessel, these activists journeyed across the cold North Pacific to protest the destructive testing. They identified themselves as members of a new group called'Greenpeace.' Today, more than 25 years after our fust voyage and with offices around the world, Greenpeace continues to protect the health of our planet. We continue to believe that determined individuals can make a difference." (From the Greenpeace USA website) Third Party "An article laments the state of the debate on genetically modified food. 'Frankenfood' such as Commentary Vitamin A-enhanced rice has the potential to help millions of the world's poor. But Greenpeace and other radical reactionaries are crippling the development of modified edibles by demonizing the companies that bioengineer crops." The New Yorker, April 10, 2000. Key Publications Relevant Press Releases • Periodic Bulletins From Greenpeace • Action alerts to members of Greenpeace worldwide • "Warning: Children at Risk Toxic Chemicals Found in V inyl Children's Products" by Joseph DiGangi, Ph.D. (November 1998) • "Lead and Cadmium in Children's Vinyl Products" by Joseph DiGangi, Ph.D. (1996) • Greenpeace Activists Found Not Guilty in Removal of Genetically Engineered Com In UK N O (April 19, 2000) O • 2000) Kello 's Tiger Targeted in Action Condemning Use Of "Frankenfood" (March 23 N , gg O • Germany Bans Novartis Bt Com in Move to Protect Public Health, Environment (February 16, 00 ~ 2000) . A • Greenpeace Calls Historic Adoption of Biosafety Protocol a Win for Consumers and the O Environment (January 31, 2000) ' W • U.S. Claims of Strong Biotech Regulation Fall Flat in Face of EPA Approval of Man-Made Bacteria (January 25, 2000) • Greenpeace Wins First Round in EPA Lawsuit to Ban Bt Crops (January 19, 2000) 40
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• . • Food Action Alerts: The Campaign is asking its supporters to send Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman a letter asking him to reconsider his position on the labeling of genetically engineered foods. Supporters are also being asked to contact Vermont Senator James Jeffords and ask him to co-sponsor the Genetically Engineered Food Right to Know Act. He is chairman of the committee that oversees the FDA and is up for re-election. Legislative Update: The Campaign keeps its supporters posted on the status of key legislation. The most recent update notes that Ohio Congressman Kucinich has introduced the Genetically Engineered Food Safety Act, while New York Senator Moynihan has done likewise in the U.S. Senate. 69
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Alcohol • • • "The Promise At Hand" by Terrance Keenan (November 1992) • Chronic Care in America: A 21st Century Challenge (November 1996) • Free to Grow: Head Start Partnership to Promote Substance free Communities • Institute for the Future: Health and Health Care, The Forecast, The Challenge 2010 • Health and Health Care 20/0: The Reactions • Youth Access to Alcohol Survey. Summary Report (September 1998) • Communicating to Improve Health (September 1998) • Death and Dying in America: Too Much Technology, Too Little Care (May 1998) Relevant • Lower Co-payments Encourage Alcoholics to Participate in Treatment after Detoxification Press Releases (January 20, 2000) • Lehigh Frat Disbanded For Alcohol Violation; Zeta Psi Is Suspended In First Year of Project Impact Enforcement (Apri14, 2000) • Pennsylvania First Lady Michele Ridge Leads Nationwide Fight to Stop Alcohol Use by Children (March 24, 2000) • Study shows binge drinking decrease at U. Nebraska (March 20, 2000) Website 4,017 websites are linking to rwjf.org Popularity 3,412 websites are linking to http://www.rwjf.org Calendar • Grant announcements are published in a quarterly newsletter, Advances. • Conference: Health & Health Care 2010: The Forecast, The Challenge National Press Club, Washington, D.C., February 23, 2000 Notes The Foundation publishes and distributes widely to eligible organizations its call for proposal and national program announcements. Grants were made to fund health projects as follows: • $1.3 million to University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis for evaluation of the program, Reducing Underage Drinking Through Coalitions, Phase II. • $738,222 to Entertainment Industries Council, Reston, Va. for encouraging accurate depiction of substance abuse and addiction by the entertainment industry. • $90,273 to University of Florida Research Foundation, Gainesville for assessment of the Jacksonville Jaguars Foundation's Honor Rows youth incentive program. • $150,000 to National Mental Illness Screening Project, Wellesley Hills, Mass. for development and implementation of a national college-based alcohol screening and education day. • $687,585 to Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America, Alexandria, Va. for a national support center for community substance abuse coalitions. • $248,181 to The Colorado Foundation for Families and Children, Denver. • $1.4 million to Substance Abuse Policy Research Program, awarded to 10 sites. Together with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, RWJF also supports the PRISM awards, sponsored by the Entertaittment Industries Council. The awards recognize outstanding efforts of the entertainment industry to accurately depict drug, alcohol, and tobacco use and addiction in movies, television, comic books, and interactive software/games: In their goal to support efforts of reducing the harm caused by tobacco, RWJF funds community coalitions, academic research, and programs that include experts in communications and public . policy who develop strategies to keep children from starting to smoke, to help people quit who are already addicted to tobacco, and to change the environment that makes tobacco use socially acceptable. What follows is a description of major tobacco-related programs funded by the N Foundation and the information to help you reach some of the key people on the front lines of 00 tobacco control. N ~ 00 . j _ G.1 T CO CO 24
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Food • • • Relevant Press Releases • Also publishes topical audio tapes, reports and studies. • Protecting Children From Lead Poisoning and Building Healthy Communities • Breathing Freely: The Need for Asthma Research on Gene-Environment Interactions • Homer N. Claver Lecture and Panel: Challenges and Opportunities for Reintegrating Environment and Public Health • The Environmental Health System in Bemalillo County • American Public Health Association - APHA - Sections, SPIGs and Caucuses - Environment Section • The Ebb and Flow of Radon • Community Environmental Health Planning: The Environmental Health Designee • Health and Environmental Resources for Educators • Public Health and Brownfields: Reviving the Past to Protect the Future • Decreasing green house gas emissions to reduce the risk of global climate change • Increased funding for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for collaborative prevention efforts with states and communities • HHS and APHA Announce National Campaign to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (4/2000) • Disclosing Added Sugar Content on Food Labels (8/99) • Public Health Strengthens National Security (8/99) • Public Health Associations Support World Health Day (4/99) Website 4,590 websites are linking to apha.org Popularity 4,755 websites are linking to http://www.apha.org Calendar National Public Health Week, Apri13-9, 2000, an opportunity to recognize the contributions of public health to the nation's well-being as well as help focus public attention on major health issues in our communities • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Chicago, Illinois, 12-Nov-2000 16-Nov- 2000 • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Atlanta, Georgia, 21-Oct-2001 25-Oct- 2001 • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Washington DC, USA Notes APHA operates with a staff of 65 professionals, I volunteer and 5 interns; and has a membership of 32,000 individuals, and 20,000 state and local affiliates. 60
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Alcohol • The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems (Marin) 24 Belvedere St. Tel.: (415) 456-5692 San Rafael, CA 94901 Fax: 415-456-0491 www.marininstitute.org Mission Prevent alcohol and other drug problems by creating community environments that promote healthy individual choices and require responsible action from government business. Leadership Diana Conti, Executive Director Funding The Marin Institute receives 3% of the continuing income from the Leonard and Beryl Buck Trust; the Buck Trust provides two-thirds of the Marin Institute's budget. Donations make up the balance. No specific dollar figures are available. 2000 Stated Goals • Create an environment that helps individuals make healthy choices and requires responsible action from government and business • Act as watchdogs of alcohol marketing practices • Collaborate with the World Health Organization and other groups to build the world's only database on alcohol use, problems, and policies worldwide • Launch a media campaign to eliminate alcohol advertising images that appeal to children • Establish policies, from coast to coast, such as local ordinances that reduce the glut of alcohol outlets in low-income communities • Provide training and know-how to hundreds of groups in all parts of the country • Address community issues such as economic development that will provide income-generating alternatives to liquor stores and illegal drug sales, and limiting distribution of malt liquorknd , fortified wines in low-income neighborhoods • Supporting Marin County prevention councils who take the lead in creating a healthier environment through advocacy efforts such as eliminatnag prizes featuring alcohol advertising from children's games at the Marin County Fair • Distribute innovative research by staff and others to advocates and the public Strategy Shift In what could be the beginning of a program similar to tobacco counter advertising, the Mann Institute unveiled an anti-alcohol advertising campaign in August,1999. Tactics Key Statements Advertising • Coalition forming • Grassroots Organizing • Local/Municipal Affairs • Beverage Industry Watchdog • Community Education • Media Outreach • Resource Database • Research 'Once you tell someone a little bit is good, people tend to believe a lot is better,' said Hilary Abramson, media specialist for the Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems in California. She worries that positive publicity is leading some to think alcohol is 'some kind of health elixir. Diana Conti, executive director of the Marln Institute for the Prevention of?.lcohol and Other Drug Problems in San Rafael, Calif., said using sports figures and other celebrities in beer ads is unfortunate. She said young people often view athletes as role models and their appearance in ads may glamorize drinking for youngsters. "Drinking Miller had nothing to do with their athletic performance," she said. 'New Lite beer ads revive barstool debates featuring celebs" by SKIP WOLLENBERG, AP Business Writer, March 4, 1999 • "The Marin Institute is at the cutting edge of public health work in alcohol policy. The Institute develops practical ways to reduce problems from substance abuse and continually illuminates new or neglected areas, both in the united states and abroad, that need the attention of concerned citizens." John D. Slade, M.D., Matin Institute Board Member • "I am proud to be associated with the Marin Institute, which is doing groundbreaking and vitally important work in Marin County, in the country, and throughout the world. I know of no finer organization." Jean Kilboume, Ed.D., Marin Institute Board Member 17
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• • i Food Notes . Membership includes 150 state and local chapters. • Held the first National Lobbying Day, "Campaign for Health Choices," in Washington, D.C., visiting 103 congressional offices and yielding recognition on Capitol Hill. • Collected more than one million signatures on petitions supporting legislation to protect consumer access to dietary supplements and truthful information about their benefits. CFH maintains an "Online Activist Center" which gives visitors the following options: • Instant Activist Online - which provides an opportunity to send e-mails to support pre-selected legislation • Action E-List- keeps supporters informed and tells supporters when to act via e-mail updates • Scorecard E-List - free weekly summaries of the visitors congressional representatives' voting activity 72
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Food • • 1998 Congressional Voting Record • Grading the First Round of Drinking Water Right to Know Reports (Study) • Brochures on various topics • Preparation of more than a dozen policy studies annually. Relevant • National Food Policy Conference 2000: Top Food and Agriculture Leaders Debate Food Policy Press Releases (04-14-2000) • Statement of Carol Tucker Foreman Before The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture on Interstate Shipment of State-Inspected Meat and Poultry (04-06-2000) • Statement of Carol Tucker Foreman Regarding the Federal District Court Decision Approving USDA's New Meat and Poultry Inspection Methods (9-24-99) • CFA's Foreman Says Splintered Federal Food Safety Apparatus is Costing American Lives (84- 99) • Statement of Carol Tucker Foreman on President Clinton's Imported Food Safety Announcement (7 3 99) Website 159 websites are linking to consumerfed.org Popularity 148 websites are linking to http://www.consumerfed.org Calendar Consumer Assembly 2000 (March 16-17, 2000) National Food Policy Conference (April 17-18, 2000) held in cooperation with the National Food Processors Association • • Golden Carrot Awards Reception (April 17, 2000) CFA's Awards Dinner (June 14, 2000) Notes CFA claims a membership of 260 organizations from throughout the nation with a combined membership exceeding 50 million people. 74
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Food • • Relevant . None Press Releases Website 241 websites are linking to nclnet.org Popularity 231 websites are linking to http://www.nclnet.org Calendar NCL's 2000 Conference, "Environmentally Conscious Consumers" Milwaukee, Wl, (Apri130-May 2, 2000) Notes NCL has a consumer fraud telephone hotline from which it advises consumers and gathers complaints to refer to the proper authorities: 800-876-7060 N O tb N O O i ~ V • 81
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Environmcntzl • • Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES) 11 Arlington Tel.: (617) 451-0927 Boston, MA 02116 Fax: (617) 482-2028 . www.ceres.org Mission To encourage companies ... to endorse and practice the CERES Principles. Endorsing the CERES Principles represents a comntitment for business to make continuous environmental improvement and to become publicly accountable for the environmental impact of all its activities. Leadership Joan Bavaria, Chief Executive Officer Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,033,578. 2000 Stated Goals • To expand the capacity of CERES for developing productive, new relationships with corporations, and build teams for Year 2000 dialogues. • To build a broader base of people working in support of the CERES initiative. • To build a broader base of advocates and activists who are trained in dialogue skills and working toward meaningful change in our society Strategy Shift None Tactics Coalition Forming, • Media Outreach • Mediation • Publicly Disclosed Corporate Environmental Reporting • Research and Shareholder Resolutions. Key Statements "CERES is a non-profit coalition of investors, public pension funds, foundations, labor unions, and environmental, religious and public interest groups working in partnership with companies toward the common goal of corporate environmental responsibility worldwide." (CERES website) "Success also depends on the willingness of corporations to lead, rather than be led, in the transition to a more ecologically sound economy. Why? Because corporations exert an influence over human decisions and behaviors that is often more profound than that of schools, governments or religious communities." (CERES website) Third Party "Given that 1999 is generally a non-election year, proposals addressing corporate political Commentary contributions may wane. One concern that may replace it is corporate charitable contributions. "Elsewhere it will be business as usual. In numerical terms, the environment will lead the way. The major focus will be on getting companies to adopt the so-called CERES principles, a set of environmental standards favored by "green" investors and other social activist. Another topic that should be hot is "global warming." A new proposal offered on the subject in 1998 asked insurance companies to disclose their exposure to climatic changes." (Institutional Investors, December 1998) Key Publications "Joan Bavaria, founder of CERES and Chair of the CERES Board of Directors, has been named as one of Time.com's "Heroes for the Planet." As part of Time.com's ongoing series to introduce readers to "...people doing extraordinary things to preserve and protect the environment," Ms. Bavaria is descnbed as an"...ardent campaigner and activist" for socially responsible investing and the environment. Ms. Bavaria is currently President of the Boston-based Trillium Asset Management Corporation." Time.com • CERES Report (Annual) • CERES On-Line Newsletter (monthly) • CERES Five-Year Review of Sunoco, Inc.: A Collaborative Road to Progress (October 1999). • CERES Annual Report (April 1999). Relevant • Effort to Measure Social, Environmental and Economic Performance of Companies Receives $3 Press Releases Million Grant From United Nations Foundation (November 11, 1999) • AMR Corp., Parent of American Airlines, Joins Environmental Initiative, Firm Becomes First Airline to Endorse CERES Principles (October 21, 1999) 30
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FDOE . • • Key Publications Relevant Press Releases "These are also the people who conduct studies and brandish sound bites for deliberate headlines that appeal to the fear of the intimate enemy - the high fat and high salt -- to make the point that food kills. Over the years, they've become experts in using the media to get a hearing. So that when they release pronouncements, they go for as big a bang as they can." Geraldine Baum, staff writer, Los Angeles Times (August 6, 1995) • Nutrition Action Healthletter (monthly) • Groups Urge White House to Call for Moratorium on WTO Challenges to Consumer and Environmental Protection Rules (April 13, 2000) • Consumer, Labor, and Environmental Groups Tell Clinton Administration To Support Openness at Global Food Safety Meetings Despite Industry Opposition (April 10, 2000) • Consumer Group Applauds Bill Requiring Nutrition Labeling on Fresh Meat and Poultry (Apri14,2000) • Obesity Epidemic "Deadly" Result of Societal Shifts in the 20th Century (March 9, 2000) • CSPI Urges USDA to Determine if U.S. Beef is Tainted With the Hormone DES (February 2, 2000) Website 3,576 websites are linking to cspinet.org Popularity 4,195 websites are linking to http://www.cspinet.org Calendar None. Notes CSPI is supported by nearly 1,000,000 member-subscribers to its Nutrition Action Healthletter and through foundation grants and sales of educational materials. 70
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Environmental • • • United States Public Interest Research Group (USPIRG) 218 D Street, S.E. Tel.: (202) 546-9707 Washington, DC 20003 Fax: (202) 546-2461 www.pirg.org Mission To identify, research, analyze and pursue solutions to problems of consumer protection, environmental preservation, corporate and governmental responsibility to the public, and other issues affecting the social welfare of the people of the United States. Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,792,060 and expenditures of $1,123,678. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $1,758,035; Investments totaled $34,025. Leadership Gene Karpinski, President 2000 Stated Goals • Energy efficiency and the use of renewable sources of energy • Protect and expand the community right-to-know act • Prevent increased gas concentrations in the atmosphere leading to human-caused warming of the globe. • Counter British Petroleum (BP), Arco, Exxon and Chevron s aggressive efforts to push Congress to open up the coastal plain. • Protect our heritage forests. • Continuing the'campaign for clean air' • Eliminate government subsidies that hurt the environment • And promote economic policies that promote sustainable development Strategy Shift None Tactics Coalition Forming • Congressional Voting Analysis • Grassroots Organizing • Intetnet • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal) • Lobbying (Federal) Research • Voter Registration Key Statements The United States Public Interest Research Group (USPIRG) is the national lobbying office for state . PHtGs -- nonpartisan, nonprofit environmental and consumer advocacy organizations active in more than 30 states. USPIRG combines the expertise of a professional staff with the energy, political voice and financial support of more than one million members to win reforms for a clean environment, consumer rights and a government accountable to the people. (From the US PIRG Website) Third Party "The U.S. Public Interest Research Group is the national lobbying office for state PIRGs, a network Commentary of nonprofit consumer and environmental groups founded by Ralph Nader" (Wall Street Journal, March 13, 1998) Key Publications • Groups Evaluate First Round of Drinking Water Right to Know Reports (March 2000) N • Poisoning Our Water Report map of state by state pollution. (February 2000 ) O 00 • Dan er in the Air (January 2000 ) N • g Green Scissors 2000 Report tb 00 ~ • Accidents Waiting to Happen A • United States: Faking Leadership on Climate Change 3 • Green Words Dirty Deeds •d • Out of Breath: Adverse Health Effects Associated with Ozone In the Eastern United States • Dirty Dollars, Dirty Air (September 1999) • Running for Money - This report analyzes the increased importance of maximum contributions • for the presidential primary of 2000. (September 1999) Sneak Attacks: Exposing Congressional Riders that attack our Environment and Public Health. • (September 1999 ) Saving America s Geography of Hope: Why Congress Must Protect Our Land and Ocean • Legacy. (September 1999) Up In Smoke. (Report July 1999) 52
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Food • • • March 3-5, 2000: L.J. Filer, Jr. Third International Conference on Atherosclerosis in the Young Sponsored by the American Heart Association's Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young (Subcommittee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in Children), Epidemiology and Prevention, Cardiovascular Nursing, and the World Heart Federation • Apri19-11, 2000: Final Program 2"d Scientific Forum on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovascular Disease and Snoke Sponsored by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology • May 20-22, 2000: First Conference on Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology Sponsored by the American Heart Association's Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology and the North American Vascular Biology Organization • June 5-6, 2000: Dietary Recommendations for Individual Fatty Acids: Is There Ample Evidence? Co-sponsored by American Cancer Society and Old Ways Preservation & Exchange Trust • July 30-August 11, 2000: 26`h 10-Day Seminar on the Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases Sponsored by the American Heart Association's Council on Epidemiology and Prevention • September 7-10, 2000: Interactions of Blood and the Pulmonary Circulation Sponsored by the American Heart Association's Councils on Cardiopulmonary and Critical Care, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, the Pulmonary Circulation Foundation, and the American Thoracic Society • September 16-17, 2000: Assessing and Modifying the Vulnerable Atherosclerotic Plaque Co- sponsored by the American Heart Association s Vascular Lesions Committee of the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Council • October 24-27, 2000: 54`s Annual Fall Conference and Scientific Sessions of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research Sponsored by the American Heart Association's Council for High Blood Pressure Research Notes The American Heart Association Eating Plan for Healthy Americans is based on these AHA dietary guidelines: • Total fat intake should be no more 30 percent of total calories. • Saturated fatty acid intake should be 8-10 percent of total calories. • Polyunsaturated fatty acid intake should be up to 10 percent of total calories. • Monounsaturated fatty acids make up to 15 percent of total calories. • Cholesterol intake should be less than 300 milligrams per day. • Sodium intake should be less than 2400 milligrams per day, which is about 1-1/4 teaspoons of sodium chloride (salt). • Carbohydrate intake should make up 55-60 percent or more of calories, with emphasis on increasing sources of complex carbohydrates. • Total calories should be adjusted to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight AHA provides research support for ways to prevent, detect and treat heart disease and stroke, public health education on the relationship between issues like smoking and alcohol consumption and heart disease and stroke; and professional education to keep healthcare professionals aware of advances in cardiovascular research and medicine. AHA also uses "public advocacy" as a tool to educate federal and state legislators about the role they can play to reduce the rate of heart disease and stroke. AHA is organized on national, state and local levels and has a membership of 30,000 nationally. ,P • hi 4~6 58
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Food American Heart Association (AHA) • 7272 Greenville Ave. Phone: (214) 373-6300 Dallas, TX 752314596 Fax: (214) 987-4334 www.americanheart.org • . Leadership Funding Mission To fnnd research and educate Americans about what they can do to prevent heart attack and stroke. 2000 Stated Goals Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements Third Party Commentary Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Website Popularity Calendar M. Cass Wheeler, Chief Executive Officer For FY 1998 the organization reported a total revenue of $332,055,933 and expenditures of $327,095,367. Principal source of revenue are: Contributions of $294,404,803; Investments of $21,633,996; Program Services $6,283,998; and Government Grants $337,800. • Support public policy measures to ensure the incorporation of physical activity into disease prevention and control efforts. • Improve the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act • Expand the Federal Governments role in nutrition and adherence to U.S. dietary guidelines. • Focus on behaviors to reduce the risk of high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure. • Help cardiac patients change their behavior and improve their lifestyles. • Focus on behaviors to reduce the risk of high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure. • Support prompt access to quality medical care. None Advocacy (state and federal) • Community Outreach • Scientific Research • Watchdog • Pub4ic Education • Media Education • Grassroots Campaigning Better food habits can help you reduce your risk for heart attack. A healthful eating plan means choosing the right foods to eat and preparing foods in a healthy way. (AHA Website) "So, we have been hoodwinked into taking in more of these refined carbohydrates. . and it is the government and all the people behind that., the American Heart Association, the American Medical Association, They're also responsible for this epidemic:" Bobbie Battista, news anchor and moderator, "CNN Talkback Live" (October 8, 1999) . The American Heart Association publishes a variety of topical reports on a number of heart-related subjects. Additionally, the AHA publishes the following well-respected scientific journals: • Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology • Circulation • Circulation Research • Hypertension • Stroke American HeartAssociarion Low-Fat Low-Cholesterol Cookbook, Second Edition • Home Is Where The Heart-Healthy Diet Is (Apri12000) • Physical Activity May Reduce Levels Of "Fat Hormone" In Men (March 2000) • An Inexpensive Staple Food Can Benefit Your Heart (March 2000) • United States Department of Agriculture: "The Great Nutrition Debate" (February 2000) • Southerners At Increased Risk For High Blood Pressure (January 2000) 6,154 websites are linking to americanheart.org 5,859 websites are linking to httpa/www.americanheart.org • March 1-4, 2000: 4e Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention, Sponsored by the American Heart Association's Council on Epidemiology and Prevention 57
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Food unlikelihood of such a scenario." Alt HealtbWatch Conscious Choice: The Journal of Ecology & Natural Living (October 31, 1994 ) . Key Publications • American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Relevant . ASNS/ASCN Public Information Committee Support New Dietary Guidelines Which Implement Press Releases Nutrition Recommendations Based on Scientific Research" (March 2000) • Americans Are Overweight Yet Undernourished: How Can Medical Schools Help? (March 2000) -• Up to One-Third of All Cancer Cases May Be Prevented by Healthy Diets and Exercise • (February 2000) New Monitoring Devices Provide Individualized Dietary Recommendations Focused on • Prevention, Says ASNS/ASCN (February 2000 ) Two Studies Add to the Growing Evidence that Green Tea is Beneficial for Health, According to the Public Information Committee of the ASNS/ASCN (December 2000) 0 Website 625 websites are linking to faseb.org/ascn Popularity 584 websites are linking to http://www.faseb.org/ascn Calendar 40" Annual Meeting of the ASCN, San Diego, CA, April 14 - 18, 2000 Notes The Committee on Professional Nutrition Education is a sub-committee of ASCN. CPNE monitors national events affecting nutrition education, reports on these events, and makes recommendations to further the society's goals in promoting undergraduate and graduate nutrition education. The comnvttee interacts with the American Board of Nutrition (ABN) and other relevant groups to develop criteria for nutrition training programs and to set standards for evaluating such programs. A list of clinical nutrition training programs is compiled with criteria for evaluating them The ' committee includes liaisons from the American Dental Association, the American Medical Association, and the American Medical Student Association. ASCN Supports Obesity Guidelines ASCN Supports Voluntary Guidelines for Providers of Weight Loss Products Kraft Foods is a sustaining member of the organization. N O 00 N 00 00 i A N tb 62
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. Website . 635 websites are linking to pcrm.org Popularity 580 websites are linking to http://www.pcnn.org Calendar None posted on the web page. Notes Founded in 1985, PCRM is a non-profit organization which claims to receive the support of over 5,000 physicians and 100,000 laypersons. Despite an organizational proper name that would suggest a broad health agenda, PCRM is an animal rights advocacy organization promoting a vegetarian diet. Legal Actions: • On December 15, 1999 PCRM was one of several plaintiffs which filed suit in U.S. District Court alleging that Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman, HHS Secretary Donna Shalala and the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Act violated the Federal Advisory Committee Act. • PCRM filed a petition with the Federal Trade Commission in April 2000 alleging that the "milk mustache" campaign may violate federal advertising guidelines. • • Food 85
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Food • • • BioDemocracy / Organic Consumers Association a.k.a. Center for Food Safety (CFS) a.k.a. Campaign for Food Safety (CFS) a.k.a. Pure Food Campaign (PFC) 6114 Highway 61, Tel.: (218) 226-4164 Little Marais, MN 55614 Fax: (218) 226-4157 www.purefood.org Mission To provide consumers with factual information so that they can make informed food choices about genetically engineered food, irradiated food, food grown with toxic sludge fertilizer, mad cow disease, rBGH in milk and other issues. Leadership Ronnie Cummins, Executive Director Funding While no information is available on tax status, budget, or funding sources, the organization is asking for donations from supporters on its website. 2000 Stated Goa1s Focus on: • Genetically Engineered Food (Opposition) • Organic Food • Food Irradiation • Mad Cow, Pig Disease/CJD • Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH) • Green Living vs Corp. Abuse • Cloning and Patenting • Toxic Food • Food Slander Specifically: • Moratorium on all genetically engineered foods and crops until adequate safety-testing proves that these foods are safe for human health and the environment. GE foods and crops currently on the market must be safety-tested and labeled. • Begin the phase-out of industrial agriculture by banning the most dangerous pesticides as well as hormone implants and antibiotics and rendered animal protein in animal feed. Ban corporate feedlots and intensive confinement of farm animals. • Implement a long-term transition to organic program to shift agricultural production in the US from chemical-intensive, industrial fanning to at least 30% organic by the year 2010. Strategy Shift None Tactics Grassroots Organizing • Media Outreach • Litigation • Public Education • Targeted Boycotts • Grassroots Lobbying • Litigation • Progressive Media and Public Relations • Activist Networking • Direct Action Protests Key Statements "If you eat an irradiated hamburger, you're not going to keel over and fall dead," said Ronnie Cummins, director of the BioDemocracy campaign for the Organic Consumers Association, a nonprofit group that opposes food irradiation. But what about your kid eating this stuff year after year after year? Is that a good thing? I don t think so. They really don't know exactly what bombarding food with 10,000 chest X-rays actually does." Third Party "Meanwhile, the Organic Consumers Association and BioDemocracy Campaign have targeted 15 food Commentary companies and distributors - the "Frankenfoods Fifteen" - to get them to stop using GMOs. For economic reasons, farmers are also taking a hard look at genetically modified crops. While genetically modified soybeans remain popular because they have simplified planting and weed control, some grain processors are likely to offer farmers a premium for growing non-GMO crops - especially along the Mississippi and Ohio rivers, where terminals export grain to Europe and Asia. Already, in the eastern Com Belt, many farmers appear to be pulling back from genetically modified 63
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Envircnmrnta[ Sierra Club • • . 85 Second Street, Second Floor Tel.: (415) 977-5500 San Francisco, CA 94105-3441 Fax (415) 977-5799 www.sierraclub.org Nlission Explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth; practice and promote the responsible use of the earth's ecosystems and resources; educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment; use all lawful means to carry out these objectives. Leadership Carl Pope, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $45,905,426 and expenditures of $45,699,757. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $17,977,756; Program Services $5,400,984; and Investments totaled $545,553. 2000 Stated • Stop Urban Sprawl Goals • Protect America's Wildlands • End Commercial Logging in National Forests • Protect W ater from Factory Farm Pollution • Slow and Stop Global Warming • End "human rights" persecution of environmental activists • Stabilize world population through family planning • Transform free trade into responsible trade • Limit trade in bio-engineered organisms Strategy Shift The Sierra Club has added support for the Montreal protocols, limiting international trade of GMO . products to their advocacy agenda. Tactics Publication • Litigation • Public Education • Children's Field Trips • Research • Research Grants • Grassroots Campaigning Key Statements "We are facing a global environmental crisis that grows more urgent every day. Threats that were once inconceivable - such as massive oil spill disasters, global climate change, and the poisoning of our air, land and water - are becoming common events. Species are being annihilated and wilderness is being destroyed at an alarming and accelerating rate. "We live each day knowing that in a few generations - unless humankind takes drastic steps to protect our planet -- it is possible that the Earth will hurtle around the Sun devoid of life as we know it. "There is no priority more urgent than saving the Earth." Vision Statement for the Sierra Club's Second Century (meeting), Board of Directors, (September 16-17, 1989) Third Party The opinion polls he has seen over the last few months show that Greenpeace and other interest Commentary groups, such as the Council of Canadians and the Sierra Club, have succeeded in weakening "the inherent trust that Canadians have in their food." A large and growing percentage of the public is now uneasy about the food it buys. The Gazette (Montreal), January 29, 2000) Key Publications • The Planet (bimonthly magazine for activists), • Sierra (bimonthly magazine). • The Sierra Club also produces issues updates on an "as needed" basis. Relevant All chapters regularly publish newsletters reporting local environmental news and Club events. Press Releases • Sierra Club Honors First Green Family Car; Prius Receives Excellence in Environmental Engineering Award (April 19, 2000) • Gore vs. Bush: Protecting Our Environment (Apri13, 2000) • Protestors to Rally Against Deepening of the Delaware River; Project Denounced Over 50
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EnvironmcnGl • • Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA) 49 Powell St., Suite 500 Tel.: (415) 981-1771 San Francisco, CA 94102 Fax: (415) 981-1991 www.panna.org Mission To replace pesticides with ecologically sound alternatives. Leadership Monica Moore, Co-Director and Program Director Stephen Scholl-Buckwald, Co-Director and Managing Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1 ,942,685 and expenditures of $1,391,129. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $1,830,569; Government Grants $65,968; and Investments totaled $10,970. 2000 Stated Focus on: Goals Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements • Genetic engineering • Methyl bromide • Organic cotton • Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) • Research and communications • Sustainable California • Workers rights • World Bank monitoring PANNA has added opposition to GE foods to its public advocacy agenda. Public Education • Grassroots Organizing • Networking • Resource Database "PANNA (Pesticide Action Network North America) has campaigned to replace pesticides with ecologically sound alternatives since 1982. PANNA links over 100 affiliated health, consumer, labor, environment, progressive agriculture and public interest groups in Canada, Mexico and the U.S. with thousands of supporters worldwide to promote healthier, more effective pest management through research, policy development, education, media, demonstrations of alternatives and international advocacy campaigns." (PANNA website) "Pesticides are hazardous to human health and the environment, create resistant pest populations, contnbute to declining crop yields, undermine local and global food security and threaten agricultural biodiversity. Yet these pervasive chemicals are aggressively promoted by multinational corporations, government agencies, and other players in this more than $35 billion a year industry." (PANNA website) Third Party "The main supporters of global DDT elimination are wealthy multinational environmental Commentary organizations and pressure groups such as the World Wildlife Fund (W WF), Physicians for Social , Responsibility, the Internatlonal Organization of Consumer Unions and the International Pesticide Action Network -, all of which have a strong influence on the foreign policies of industrialized countries." Inter Press Service (February 26, 2000) "Pesticide Action Network (PAN) is a major network under women's leadership that questions the unnecessary use of pesticides in agriculture and fights for'safe food'. In the Asia-Pacific, Europe and U.S., Pesticide Action Networks are headed by women." Vandana Shiva (environmentalist and author), "No Shortcut to Food Security: Monograph Series", Gender Watch (January 31, 1996) Key Publications • Pesticide Research Updates, an online newsletter presenting suromar es of recent scientific articles covering epidemiological and toxicological studies of pesticides as well as medical case reports. • Disrupting the Balance: Ecological Impacts of Pesticides in California 1999 48
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Faod • P.O. Box 55699 Seattle, WA 98155 Campaign to Label Genetically Engineered Foods (The Campaign) Tel: 425-771-4049 Fax: 603-825-5841 www.thecampaign.org • Mission Leadership Funding 2000 Stated Goals Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements Third Party Commentary Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Website Popularity Calendar To create a national grassroots consumer campaign for the purpose of lobbying Congress and the President to pass legislation that will require the labeling of genetically engineered foods in the United States. Craig Winters, Executive Director No figures available. Pass legislation requiring all genetically engineered foods to be labeled, as GMO foods are a threat: to the environment, to human health, to Monarch butterflies, to organic foods, and to Third World farmers. None Grassroots Campaigning • Political Lobbying • Ongoing E-Mail Alerts to Members "Genetic engineering is such a new technology that no one's sure what the health consequences might be, and it may take years to find out. of course, in one of the other great food revolutions of the 20th century, scientists didn't realize the health consequences of heavy agricultural pesticide usage until years after pesticides were introduced." "Two-thirds of all foods on supermarket shelves are genetically engineered. Shouldn't you have the right to know what you re eating?" (From The Campaign Website) "More recently, a group called the Campaign to Label Genetically Engineered Foods also wrote to [Congressman] Combest urging his support of the Kucinich proposal. The group claims that scientists "cannot say with any authority that genetically engineered foods are absolutely safe for human consumption." The letter acknowledges that FDA's current labeling policy requires mandatory labeling if GMO products differ from traditional products in terms of their composition, their nutritional content or their allergenicity. However, say the GMO opponents, this policy is 'grossly insufficient,' given'the evidence of shoddy federal oversight of genetic engineering."' Food & Drink Weekly (February 21, 2000) • The Campaign's "Grassroots Lobbying Packet" • The Campaign Reporter (semi-annual web-based newsletter) • Frequent e-mail updates. • The Campaign has unveiled a New Educational Tutorial - a 12 part web brochure on genetic engineering. The Campaign does not issue press releases but provides web visitors with numerous links to various articles on GMO-related issues. 169 websites are linking to thecampaign.org 164 websites are linking to http:llwww.thecantpaign.org No calendar. However, the organization will inform via e-mail and on its website of GMO-related events and developments. Notes Unlike other anti-GMO groups, The Campaign seeks to provide consumers the choice to select • GMO foods. The Campaign is very active, disseminating e-mails detailing press releases to list subscribers on a daily basis. 67
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Environmental Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) • 40 West 20th St., Phone: 212-727-2700 New York, NY 10011 Fax: 212-727-1773 - www.nrdc.org • • Mission To safeguard the Earth: its people, its plants and animals, and the natural systems on which all life depends. Leadership Frances Beinecke,Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $31,055,453 and expenditures of $25,950,396. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $27,747,568; Government Grants $960,890; Program Services $652,833; and Investments totaled $1,137,013. 2000 Stated Goals Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements Third Party Commentary Key Publications • Strengthen and enforce the Clean Air Act. • Stop Global Warming • Safeguard drinking water • Preserve, protect and restore rivers, streams, lakes, wetlands and coastal waters • Better water management in the Western States • Protect and restore endangered species • Expand protection of wildlands • Improved management of publicly owned lands • Educate public about the threats posed by toxic chemicals, notably pesticide threats to children • Reduction and ultimate elimination of nuclear energy in both military and non-military us-~s. • Prevent urban sprawl, create urban parks and revitalize central cities • Environmental Justice None Coalition Forming • Congressional Testimony • Grassroots Organizing • Initiative/Referendum Campaigns • International Activities • Internet • Legal Assistance • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal and State) • Litigation • Local/Municipal Affairs/Media Outreach/Research • Lobbying "First, we must continue to raise public awareness about the issues -- you can't achieve environmental goals without public support. So there is a tremendous need to keep the public informed about what the trends are, what the significance of the issues is, and what can be done about them. Public education and public information are critical." (From NRDC Website) Late last month, the NRDC released a report called "Arsenic and Old Laws," which states drinking- water systems in 6,900 communities in 25 states are putting some 56 million Americans at risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease and other ailments known to be caused by arsenic. "Sides Clash Over Arsenic", by Brent Israelsen, The Salt Lake Tribune, (March 5, 2000) Amicas Journal, a quarterly environmental magazine • Backdoor Legislating: A Status Report on the Environment and the 106th Congress. NRDC. September 1999 • Bottled Water: Pure Drink or Pure Hype? By Erik D. Olson. February 1999 • End of the Road-The Adverse Ecological Impacts of Roads and Logging: A Compilation of Independently Reviewed Research. By Ayesha Ercelawn. 1999 • Kingpins of Carbon: How Fossil Fuel Producers Contribute to Global Warming. NRDC, Union of Concerned Scientists, U.S. PIRG Education Fund. July 1999 • Riders on the Storm: Environmental Assaults in FY 1999 Budget Legislation. • Stormwater Strategies: Community Responses to Runoff Pollution. By Peter Lehner, George P. Aponte Clark, Diane M. Cameron and Andrew G. Frank. May 1999 46
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Food • • • Council for Responsible Genetics (CRG) 5 Upland Road, Suite 3 Tel.: (617) 868-0870 Cambridge, MA 02140 Fax: (415) 561-6101 www.gene-watch.org Mission To foster informed public debate about the social, ethical and environmental implications of these genetic technologies through educational materials, position papers, model legislation, and the bi- monthly publication GeneWatch. Leadership Wendy McGoodwin, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $161,113 and expenditures of $150,090. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $127,753; Program Services $18,007; and investments totaled $15,353. 2000 Stated Goals Focus on: • Cloning • Biopiracy • Biosafety • Germline Engineering • Genetically Modified Foods • Genetic Privacy And Discrimination • DNA Databanking • Life Patents • Xenotransplantation Specifically: • Strengthen environmental regulation of commercial biotechnology and oppose the patenting of genetically engineered life forms. • Prevent discrimination on the basis of predictive genetic tests. • Publish the only national bulletin dedicated to both the social and environmental implications of biotechnology. Strategy Shift None Tactics Internet • Lobbying (State and Federal) • Testimony (Congressional/State Legislative) Key Statements "The Council for Responsible Genetics (CRG), founded in 1983, is a national nonprofit organization of scientists, environmentalists, public health advocates, physicians, lawyers and other concerned citizens. CRG encourages informed public debate about the social, ethical, and environmental implications of new genetic technologies, and advocates for socially responsible use of these technologies. CRG monitors the development of new genetic technologies in two broad program areas: human genetics, and commercial biotechnology and the environment" (From CRG Website) "The plants, animals and microorganisms comprising life on earth are part of the natural world into which we are all bom. The conversion of these species, their molecules or parts into corporate property through patent monopolies is counter to the interests of the peoples of this country and of the world. No individual, institution, or corporation should be able to claim ownership over species or varieties of living organisms. Nor should they be able to hold patents on organs, cells, genes or proteins, whether naturally occurring, genetically altered or otherwise modified." (From CRG Website) Third Party None Found Commentary 77
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Tobacco • Notes • AHA provides research support for ways to prevent, detect and treat heart disease and stroke, public health education on the relationship between issues like smoking and alcohol consumption and heart disease and stroke; and professional education to keep healthcare professionals aware of advances in cardiovascular research and medicine. AHA also uses "public advocacy" as a tool to educate federal and state legislators about the role they can play to reduce the rate of heart disease and stroke. AHA is organized on national, state and local levels and has a membership of 30,000 nationally. 40 • 95
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Food American Public Health Association (APHA) • • • 800 I. Street, NW Tel.: (202) 777-2742 Washington, DC 20001-3710 Fax: (202) 777-2532 www.apha.org Mission To improve the public's health, promote the scientific and professional foundation of public health practice and policy, advocate the conditions for a healthy society, emphasize prevention and enhance the ability of members to promote and protect environmental and community health. Leadership Mohammed N. Akhter, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $9,128,484 and expenditures of $9,717,032. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $89,738; Government Grants $197,441; Program Services $5,014,341; and Investments totaled $617,981. 2000 Stated Goals • Support the creation of an independent, single, federal food safety agency with sufficient inspection and enforcement authority and scientific resources to monitor and assure the safety of the U.S. food supply. • Strengthen domestic food safety standards and require imported food producers to meet equivalent food safety guidelines to those required for domestically produced food. • Invest adequate resources to develop information systems that provide public health officials with the necessary information to make food safety policy. • Petition FDA for labeling of sugar content in food. • Increase funding for developing new, and improving existing, databases for food-bome illness and chemical hazard databases. • Increase border inspections and penalties for violations. • Support additional funding for research efforts designed to fmd better ways for assuring the safety of food for human consumption. Strategy Shift None Tactics Advertising • Coalition Forming • Conferences/Seminars • Congressional Testimony • Educational Foundation • Films, Video, Audio Tapes • Grassroots Organizing • Information Clearinghouse • Initiative/Referendum Campaigns • Internet (Website) • Intemships • Lobbying (Federal, State, and Grassroots) • Media Outreach • Participation In Federal Regulatory Proceedings • Professional Development Services • Speakers Program • Telecommunications Services (Fax-On-Dernand, Mailing Lists) • Technical Assistance. Key Statements "APHA has been influencing policies and setting priorities in public health for over 125 years. Throughout its history it has been in the forefront of numerous efforts to prevent disease and promote health." Third Party Mohammad Akhter, executive director of the American Public Health Association, praised increases Commentary in funding for the CDC, but called on lawmakers to "take greater strides in improving the health of our population" (Health Line, February l, 1999) Key Publications • The Nation's Health, the official newspaper of APHA reaches 35,000 readers each month. The focus is on public health issues at the federal, state and local level, delivering the latest news to public health professionals, legislators and the public. • The American Journal ofPublic Health publishes monthly peer-reviewed, authoritative articles in the areas of environment, maternal and child health, health promotion, epidemiology, administration, occupational health, education, international health, statistics, and more. It also features critical commentaries, editorials, special supplements, and Letters to the Editor on all aspects of policy, practice, teaching, and research in public health. 59
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Environmentat • National Audubon Society (Audubon) 700 Broadway Tel.: (212) 979 3000 New York, NY 10003 Fax: (212) 979 3188 www.audubon.org Mission To conserve and restore natural ecosystems, focusing on birds and other wildlife for the benefit of humanity and the earth's biological diversity. Leadership John Flicker, President Funding For FY 99 the organization reported a total revenue of $59,838,923 and expenditures of $53,262,744. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $24,777,476; Program Services $9,141,766; and Investments totaled $4,026,753 2000 Stated • Work to preserve America's special places, bird and wildlife habitat, and fight sprawl Goals • Protect the Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge • Save the Forest Services' remaining roadless, scenic wilderness areas and America s Heritage Forests • Oppose legislation restricting international family planning and population assistance • Support the National Wildlife Refuge System • Support strong reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act • Support action on clean water • Support efforts to restore the Upper Mississippi River • Support protection of bird and wildlife habitat • Reinvigorate the Everglades ecosystem restoration effort • Increase protection for migratory birds Strategy Shift Audubon activists may broadly view their agenda to engage in "non-environmental" issues such as the Dairy Compact as the organization did in New York State in 1999. Tactics Awards Program • Coalition Forming • Congressional Testimony • Grassroots Organizing • Initiative/Referendum Campaigns • International Activities • Internet • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal and State) • Library/Information Clearinghouse • Lobbying (Federal, State, and Grassroots) • Local/Municipal Affairs/ Media Outreach • Participation In Regulatory Proceedings (Federal and State) Product Merchandising • Research. Key Statements "Our vision is also based upon the observation that people will work to protect only what they value, and will value only what they understand. This is why the mission of Audubon Centers will be to nurture an environmental ethic - one person at a time - and in doing so to create a culture of conversation that results in generations of people acting on their personal bond with nature. Nurturing this land-based ethic will be Audubon's special niche in the environmental community. Within its framework, we will design programs that grow a nation of environmentalists step by step, setting goals for each age group. For children, Audubon Centers will plant the seeds of lifelong environmental values; for teenagers, branch out to a science-based environmental literacy; and for adults, cultivate a commitment to stewardship and advocacy. "I have been an Audubon volunteer for almost three decades. Perhaps this explains why, among the many intriguing aspects of Audubon's 2020 Vision, I am especially excited about the ways in which a nationwide network of Audubon Centers will enable more people to participate as effective volunteers in Audubon's conversation work, I like to think of Audubon Centers as the means for families to get their children started in what will be a lifelong love of nature- an "entry level" way of plugging into the conservation movement. If we succeed in our commitment of establishing a network of one thousand Audubon Centers, reaching one in four children, and engendering in them the values intrinsic to an environmental ethic- then, it seems to me, that bringing about a culture of conservation becomes a realistic goal. Best of all, when those one in four children grow up, they will fmd out that Audubon offers them a variety of satisfying and vitally useful.ways to continue to participate in conservation." Donal C. O'Brien Jr., Chairman of the Board 44
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Food Campaign to Ban Genetically Engineered Food (Genfree) • www. netlink.de/gen/home. html World Wide Web-Gemtany Mission Through collaboration with like-minded organizations, increase awareness of the dangers of genetically engineered food and work toward a ban worldwide. Funding Information on tax status, budget, and funding sources were not available. Leadership Not available. 2000 Stated Focus on: Goals • Worldwide protest against genetically engineered food. (Specific actions in the United States will include lobbying campaigns aimed at: Members of Congress, Political parties, Newspapers, Unions, Environmental groups, Health insurance companies, Members of the church, Food producers.) • Coordinating with Physicians and Scientist Against Genetically Engineered Food a worldwide moratorium on genetically engineered foods. • Strategy Shift None. Tactics Congressional Lobbying • Letters to Newspapers • Coordinating With Other Environmental/Food Organizations • Grassroots Campaigning • Public Education Key "At the moment genetic engineered foods are being introduced into the market: without any proper Statements risk assessment, without information of the public, without any reasonable justification. As concerned members of the Internet community we try to contribute, independent of any party and organisation our part to stop these possibly fatal developments." (Genfree Website posting) "At first sight [genetic engineering] may seem appealing. However, closer examination reveals that commercial and political motives are taking precedence with little regard to the possible dangers. We already have the ability to feed the world's population without the risks posed by genetic engineering, Why subject humanity to these unnecessary risks? "(Genfree Website posting) Third Party "Biotechnology companies trying to introduce genetically modified food into Europe have found Commentary themselves up against well organised resistance. The battle for minds and stomachs continues, and on the Internet the environmental and food safety lobby seem to be winning. The Campaign to Ban Genetically Engineered Foods offers access in four languages to the latest news from across the world, with links to a vast network of sites from over 12 countries." British Medical Journa!(February27,1999) Key Publications Relevant • Frequent e-mail distributions via international talk lists. Messages include anti-GMO news articles, commentary, event information, etc. Genfree does not issue press releases; rather they post on their website news articles, research reports, N O 00 Press Releases position statements, event information that have been submitted to them by anti-GMO activists. N 00 00 Website 618 websites are linking to netlink.de/gen/ ~ Popularity 566 websites are linking to http://www.netlink.de/gen/ A W ~ • Calendar Anti-GMO demonstrations/rallies. BIODEVASTATION 2000: The 4th International Grassroots Gathering on Genetic Engineering: Resistance and Solutions to the Corporate Monopoly on Power, Food and Life (March 24-30) Boston, Mass. 65
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Food • • CU Calls EPA's Implementation of the Food Quality Protection Act Inadequate to Protect Public . Health From Pesticide Risks (August 2, 1999) • U.S. and Europe Agree to Disagree on Safety of Dairy Hormone Action by U.N. Food Body Means Disputes About Safety of Hormone In Milk Will Linger (June 30, 1999) • Senate Committee Approves Altered Milk Bill SB 419 Requires Monthly Milk Price Survey (May 12, 1999) • Proposed Milk Price Cartel Comes at The Expense of Low-Income Budgets (Apri129, 1999) • Retail Milk Price Bill to Be Heard by Senate Committee Apri120 • SB 419 (Sen. Jackie Speier) Would Repeal Ban On Selling Milk as a Low-Cost Special (April 16, 1999) • Consumers Union Study Finds Bay Area Supermarkets Still Charge More for Milk Than Mom & Pop Shops • Sen. Jackie Speier Introduces Bill Repealing Ban on Selling Milk as a Low-Cost Special (February 16, 1999) • Consumers Union Study Finds Sacramento Area Supermarkets Charge More for Milk Than Mom & Pop Shops • Safe Food Coalition Charges USDA Proposal to Allow Retained Water in Poultry is an Attempt to Cover Economic Adulteration In a Cloak of Faux Food Safety (Jan. 14, 1999) Website 223 websites are linking to consumersunion.org Popularity 222 websites are linking to http://www.consumersunion.org 5,764 websites are linking to consumerreports.org 6,545 websites are linking to http://www.consumerreports.org • Calendar Annual meeting in October. Notes Members include approximately 5 million Consumer Report subscribers. Offices are located in Austin, TX and San Francisco, CA, and run by a staff of 378 (including 279 professional, 99 support, 15 part-time and 2 interns). Auto Test Centers employ another 102 staff members. On its website, CU maintains a Food Safety Library which cbronicalizes its reports and press releases on its focus areas. Interestingly, they also have set-up a category that specifically targets state and regional issues for the state of Texas. • 76
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Tbbacco • Relevant .• Educational materials to help adults and children quit and avoid smoking. Press Releases • ANR publishes educational pamphlets, stickers, manuals, T-shirts, and other items aimed at ' protecting and educating nonsmokers. . Website 441 websites are linking to no-smoke.org . Popularity 437 websites are linking to http://www.no-smoke.org Calendar ANR is conducting a letter writing campaign in Georgia and West Virginia to urge state lawmakers to ignore'preernption' bilis that would weaken smoke free ordinances. Notes • ANR tracks legislative issues on federal and state levels. • ANR is currently campaigning to return the "body bag" and "lie detector" commercials to TV and has posted the clips on its website. Watches science organizations for hints of tobacco sympathizing. • 101
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Food • • • American Society for Clinical Nutrition (ASCN) 9650 Rockville Pike Tel.: (301) 530-7110 Bethesda, MD 20814-3998 Fax: (301) 571-1863 www.faseb.org/ascn Mission To promote education, research and interest in clinical nutrition and metabolism and relate subjects, with the intent of advancing medical science. Leadership Donald J. Clark, Executive Officer Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $2,261,006 and expenditures of $1,861,822. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $213,395; Government Grants $10,090; Program Services $1,410,312; and Investments totaled $446,590. 2000 Stated Goals • To encourage and implement undergraduate and graduate education in basic and clinical nutrition, particularly in medical schools. • To expand research and clinical training opportunities in nutrition science for health professionals. • To provide opportunities for investigators to present and discuss current research in human nutrition • To offer continuing-education programs in clinical nutrition for physicians, basic scientists, and allied health professionals. . To provide a journal for publication of meritorious work in clinical and experimental nutrition. • To promote and publicize the professional application of nutrition science in health promotion, disease prevention, and patient care. . To facilitate and promote the issuing of credentials for practitioners of clinical nutrition. ' • To participate in developing and implementing public policies and procedures concerned with clinical nutrition. • To expand federal and private funding of clinical nutrition research and training. • To maintain integrity and ethical behavior among nutrition scientists through adherence to the society's formalized code of professional responsibility. Strategy Shift None Tactics Publications • Public and Professional Education • Internships • Recognition Awards • Research Key Statements The American Society for Clinical Nutrition strongly endorses the Clinical Guidelines on Overweight and Obesity in Adults, recently released by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Instimte. These guidelines are based on a lengthy and disciplined evaluation of scientific evidence and are an important step forward in the identification, assessment and treatment of obesity. Americans can now, through their health care practitioners, turn to these guidelines for unbiased recommendations regarding the definition of overweight and obesity, and for achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight -- Source: The American Society for Clinical Nutrition Supports Obesity Guidelines; Press Release, June 24, 1998 Third Party "The FDA is not the only force that practitioners of alternative medicine must contend with. In order Commentary to receive grants for medical research and be published in the major medical and scientific journals, physicians and researchers are compelled not to stray far from conventional views. Otherwise they run the risk of being shut out of the mainstream and find themselves without the funding they need to carry on their work. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition, for example, publishers of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, acknowledge at the front of each issue of their journal the "generous support" of certain organizations for selected educational activities of the society. Among the companies that provide this support are the Coca-Cola Company, General Foods Corporation, General Mills Foundation, Gerber Products Company, the Nutra-Sweet Group, the Pillsbury Company, and numerous pharmaceutical companies. "Would these organizations support research about the damaging effects of the processed foods they are selling?" asks Alan R. Gaby, MD, of Baltimore, Maryland, President-elect of the American Holistic Health Association, pointing out the 61
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Food Key Publications • Bi-monthly bulletin: GeneWATCH; '• Books: Agriculture Biotechnology and the Environment Science, Policy and Social Issues; Biotechnics and Sociery.' the Rise of /ndustriaf Genetics; Exploding the Gene ~Yfyth; • Various briefing papers • Genetically Engineered Food: Changing the Nature of Nature • Exploding the Gene Myth • Agricultural Biotechnology And the Environment • Preventing a Biological Arms Race ' • Biotechnology's Bitter Harvest: Herbicide-Tolerant Crops And the Threat to Sustainable Agriculture • Biotechnics And Society: the Rise of Industrial Genetics • DNA On Trial Genetic Bill of Rights: • First: All people have the right to preservation of the earth s biological and genetic diversity. • Second: All people have the right to a world in which living organisms cannot be patented, including human beings, animals, plants, microorganisms, and all their parts. • Third: All people have the right to a food supply that has not been genetically engineered. • Fourth: All indigenous peoples have the right to manage their own biological resources, to preserve their traditional knowledge, and to protect these from expropriation and piracy by scientific, corporate, or government interests. • Fifth: All people have the right to protection from toxins, other contaminants, or actions that can harm their genetic makeup and that of their offspring. • Sixth: All people have the right to protection against eugenic measures such as forced sterilization or mandatory screening aimed at aborting or manipulating selected embryospr fetuses. • Seventh: All people have the right to genetic privacy, including the right to prevent the taking or storing of bodily samples for genetic information without their voluntary informed consent. • Eighth: All people have the right to be free from genetic discrimination. • Ninth: All people have the right to DNA tests to defend themselves in criminal proceedings. •,Tenth: All people have the right to have been conceived, gestated, and born without genetic mazilpulation. Relevant None. Press Releases Website 135 websites are linking to gene-watch.org Popularity 133 websites are linking to http://www.gene-watch.org Calendar Conferences which provide information to concerned citizens and media representatives. Notes CRG is currently updating their web resources on genetically engineered food The last update made to their page was on June 1999. As part of its website, CRG asks visitors to sign an online petition "calling upon the Congress of the United States to enact legislation to exclude living organisms and their component parts from the patent system." • 78
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Food • Consumers Union of United States, Inc. (CU) 101 Truman Avenue Tel.: (914) 378-2000 Yonkers, NY 10703-1057 Fax: (914) 378-2928 www. c o nsumers un io n. o rg Mission Test products, inform the public, and protect consumers: to publish and disseminate information and advice to consumers regarding topics such as consumer goods, services, health and personal finance. to continue to educate consumers about all products available to the public. Leadership Rhoda H. Karpatkin, President Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $136,917,000 and expenditures of $138,275,000. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $8,514,367; Program Services $120,211,000; and Investments totaled $6,175,000. 2000 Stated Goals Focus on: • Bovine Growth Hormone • Food Contaminants • Genetically Engineered Food • Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease (CJD) • Organic Foods • Pesticides and Integrated Pest Management • Strategy Shift None Tactics Federal and State Lobbying • Participation In Regulatory Proceedings (Federal and State) • Litigation Key Statements "The situation with genetically engineered crops is similar to the situation with respect to BSE in the late 1980s. At that point, the majority of experts believed that the disease in cattle posed no threat to human health. A minority disagreed, argued that far too little was known about BSE to be confident it posed no substantial risk, and urged a stronger precautionary policy. History proved the minority correct. Awareness of the BSE case undoubtedly is a factor in the call by many scientists, some governments and consumer NGOs for strongly precautionary postures toward genetically engineered foods. With a technology that has radically changed major sectors of agriculture in just a few years, it is easy to understand why many stakeholders believe policy should be more precautionary than the approach the U.S. has taken to date." (SCIENCE, PRECAUTION'AND FOOD SAFETY: HOW CAN WE DO BETTER? A Discussion Paper for the US Codex Delegation by Edward Groth III, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Consumers Union) Third Party "They [Consumers] also have good reason to fear U.S. pesticides. Consumers Union, a nonprofit Commentary watchdog group, recently found that when it compared foreign and American produce using USDA databases from 1994 to 1997, the U.S. crops almost always had higher levels of pesticides." (Perspective, The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, July 4, 1999) Key Publications • Consumer Reports (monthly) • SCIENCE, PRECAUTION AND FOOD SAFETY: HOW CAN WE DO BETTER? - A Discussion Paper for the US Codex Delegation, by Edward Groth III, PhD., Senior Scientist, Consumers Union of U.S., Inc., Yonkers, New York (February, 2000) 40 Relevant • Consumers Union Supports Genetically Engineered Food Labeling Bill Sponsored By U.S., Press Releases Senator Barbara Boxer (February 22, 2000) • Genetically Engineered Foods in Your Shopping Cart Tests Show Some Infant Formula, Snack Chips and Other Common Foods Are Genetically Engineered, But Not Labeled as Such (August 23,1999) 75
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Food Consumer Federation of America (CFA) • 1424 16th Street, NW Phone: 202-387-6121 Washington, DC 20036 Fax: 202-265-7989 www.consumerfed.org • • Mission CFA advocates policies and programs that help ensure a marketplace with vigorous competition, products that are useful and safe, marketing that is truthful and informative, and adequate consumer redress. CFA is particularly sensitive to the needs of the least affluent and educated consumers, who • have little discretionary income to waste and are especially vulnerable to deceptive or fraudulent sales. Leadership Stephen Brobeck, Executive Director Funding No precise figures available in time for this report. It is estimated that the organization has an annual budget of $2,500,000. Membership dues range from $75 to $20,000. 2000 Stated Goals • Food safety-effective prevention of bacterial contamination • Product safety - improve safety of household products and efficacy of U.S. Consumer Product Commission • Utilities - encourage competition in telephone, electric and natural gas markets • Transportation - advocates stronger leasing and salvage protection, improved disclosures in new and used car sales and greater competition among airlines • Health Care - protect the integrity and effectiveness of the U.S. FDA and support improved health care protections • Financial services - ensure adequate protections on traditional and fringe banking products, and appropriate regulation of auto and life insurance products, more information and less bias in the sales of investment products and the elimination of conflicts of interest in residential real estate brokerage. Strategy Shift None Tactics Advocacy • Research • Education • State and Federal Lobbying • Networking • Conference Sponsorship • Coalition Building • Grants • Technical Assistance • Workshops • Publications Key Statements "CFA is first and foremost an advocacy organization, working to advance pro-consumer policy on a variety of issues before Congress, the White House, federal and state regulatory agencies, and the courts. Its staff works with public officials to promote beneficial policies, to oppose harmful policies, and to ensure a balanced debate on important issues in which consumers have a stake. " "CFA is also an educational organization, disseminating information on consumer issues to the public and the media, as well as to policy makers and other public interest advocates. Conferences, reports, books, brochures, news releases, a newsletter, and a web-site all contribute to CFA's education program." "Finally, CFA is a membership organization, providing support to national, state, and local organizations committed to the goals of consumer advocacy and education. Most member organizations are consumer advocacy and education groups - national, state, or local -- or consumer cooperatives - credit unions, rural electrics, housing co-ops, and other member-owned service organizations." (From CFA website.) Third Party "When Consumer Federation of America talks, Congressmen listen." - Wall StreetJourna! Commentary Key Publications • Encyclopedia of the Consumer Movement AC 1997 • 1998 Directory ofState and Local Consumer Organizations • CFANEWS, newsletter (8 issues year) • 1998 CFA Policy Resolutions 73
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Tobacco • Suit (April 12, 2000) • American Cancer Society Opposes Special Protections for Big Tobacco (April 12, 2000) • Public Health Groups Call on Philip Morris to Support Meaningful FDA Regulation of Tobacco (March 2, 2000) • American Cancer Society Applauds White House Proposal to Hold Big Tobacco Accountable for Teen Tobacco Use (February 4, 2000) ' • False Friends: Report Details U.S. Cigarette Companies' Betrayal of American Tobacco Growers (December 14,1999) Website 21,145 websites are linking to cancer.org Popularity 20,497 websites are linking to http://www.cancer.org Calendar • Apri15, 2000: Annual Kick Butts Day • August 6-10, 2000: World Conference on Tobacco and Health. ACS co-sponsors this event together with the American Medical Association and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. • November 16, 2000, Great American Smokeout Notes ACS's Chief Executive Office, John Seffrin, sits on the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids' board of directors. Recently, ACS has been emphasizing improvement in two branches of the oiganization. Resource Realignment: improving the efficiency of cancer resource management and Role Delineation: An effort to remove redundant actions between national and state ACS efforts. Developed "Advocating for State Tobacco Control," a planning guide that examines building support within the public health community for effective tobacco control programs, includinea model "best practices" program. Participated with several other scientific organizations in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Youth Tobacco Prevention Initiative. The goal is to reduce youth tobacco use and its disease burden in the United States by increasing the quality, quantity, and effectiveness of youth tobacco prevention research and the degree to which it incorporates interdisciplinary approaches. Worked with several scientific organizations to advise the National Cancer Institute on the development of a comprehensive Tobacco Research Implementation Plan that identifies methods for reducing the national cancer burden due to tobacco use. 92
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• • • Tobacco Foundation. Other funders have included the American Medical Association, Henry Ford Health System, Kaiser Family Foundation, David B. Gold Foundation, Joyce Foundation, and Weaver Family Foundation. William D. Novelli - who served as CTFK President - recently left the association to assume a major leadership position with the American Association of Retired Persons. A politically-potent organization, it will be interesting to see if AARP now adopts anti-tobacco initiatives as part of their public policy advocacy. 104
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• • • Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Tobacco "[ASH] played a major role in establishing the legal concept of the right of nonsmokers to be free from exposure to tobacco smoke." - 1989 Surgeon General's Report • ASH Smoking and Health Review, bimonthly newsletter. Covers medical, legal, regulatory, commercial, institutional, and humorous news related to smoking (Circulation: 30,000. Advertising: not accepted.) • Informational handouts on addiction to nicotine, effects of passive smoking, workplace smoking costs, workplace nonsmokers' rights, filing for workers' compensation, and other materials. ' • Smokers Are Not Entitled to Protection As "Addicts" Or "Disabled," Court Rules (313/2000) • Cig Makers Sued Over Misleading Passive Smoking Ads (3/8/2000) • Testimony In Sealed Deposition Might Imprison Former Cigarette Exec (2/29/2000) • Pa Legislature Wrestles With Cleaning Up Years of Smoking Damage (04/06/99) • Al Judge Says No to Liggett Settlement Plan (07/23199) • Engle: Health Expert Testifies Smokers Couldn't Know Danger (01/13/99) • Industry Misrepresenting Secondhand Smoke Study (03/10/98) • Industry Charged With Civil Rights Violations In Marketing (04/08/99) • The Newest Secret Tobacco-Industry Memo (3/3/2000) Website 8,955 websites are linking to ash.org Popularity 2,116 websites are linking to http://www.ash.org Calendar No calendar is published, however, ASH will call press conferences in reaction to developments in the anti-tobaccolsmoking control movement. Notes The ASH web site, which is updated daily in three different languages (French, German, and Spanish) provides links to relevant news stories, report releases, and action alerts. In order to increase membership support, ASH has also added a members-only accessible area, which provides resources, such as a nationwide listing of attorneys who will advocate anti-tobacco issues and initiate law suits on behalf of smokers. ASH has international "franchises" in Australia, the United Kingdom and Canada. Interestingly, while they claim a great number of subscribers, their web site forum (where ASH subscribers can post commentary) has very few participants. 88
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Food • Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) 5100 Wisconsin Avenue., NW, Suite 404 Tel.: (202) 686-2210 Washington, DC 20016 Fax: (202) 686-2216 www.pcrm.org Mission To promote preventive medicine through innovative programs, encourage higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research and advocates broader access to medical services. Leadership Neal D. Barnard, President Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $2,223,317 and expenditures of $2,160,634. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $2,193,785; Investments totaled $20,871. 2000 Stated Goals Focus on: • Higher ethical standards in conducting human research • Alternatives to animal experimentation • Preventive medicine • Expanding access to medical care • Ending unethical animal experimentation • Opposition to cloning • Strategy Shift PCRM has petitioned the FDA claiming that the "milk mustache" advertising campaign violates federal advertising guidelines. Tactics Research • Advocacy • Media and Public Education Key Statements The tobacco, petroleum, and meat industries all desperately hope to bamboozle enough of the public to stay profitable for as many years as possible. And, regrettably, it sometimes seems many journalists have been ensconced in the "Cone of Silence" when it comes to putting claims from biased sources into context. Third Party "The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), an activist group with a Commentary vegan/animal rights agenda that has been denounced by the American Medical Association and the National Council on Health Fraud, is once again circulating misinformation about dairy products to the general media. In an effort to further its anti-meat, anti-dairy agenda, PCRM has used misinformation in the past year to attack the U.S. Department of Agriculture's process of updating the Dietary Guidelines for Americans." Source: Statement of the National Dairy Council(R) and the International Dairy Foods Association, January 21, 2000 Key Publications • Good Medicine Magazine (Quarterly) Relevant • Physicians Group Files for Temporary Restraining Order Against Controversial Government Press Releases Food Panel, January 18, 2000 • Doctors Group Files Complaint Against Milk Mustache Ad Claims; Spike Lee, Conan O'Brien, Whoopi Goldberg, Larry King Ads Faulted, June 1,1999 • Soymilk Makes The Grade With Federal Diet Panel: Controversial Lawsuit Gets Credit, Says Physicians Group (Febmary 11, 2000) N • Study Shows Low-Fat Diet Reduces Disabling Cramps and PMS: Participants Also Lose O 00 Weighk Lower Cholesterol, Gain Energy (January 31, 2000) [V • Nutrition Policy Got (A Problem With) Milk? Physicians Group Calls for Revamping of U S co . . ~ 00 (July 26, 1999) i • Doctors Call Foul In Report That Lean Beef Lowers Cholesterol (July 7 1999) A • , CA • Doctors Blast "Calcium Summit" As Dairy Industry Promotion (July 2, 1999) O 84
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Food • • Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) 1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 300 Tel. (202) 332-9110 Washington, DC 20009 Fax (202) 265-4954 www.cspinet.org Mission To educate the public and policy-makers about the critical importance of nutrition and food safety and to improve the safety and nutritional quality of our food supply. Leadership Kathleen O'Reilly, Washington, President David Hensler, Washington, Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $18,965,220 and expenditures of $15,907,053. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $17,993,995; Program Services $806,990; and Investments totaled $135,089. 2000 Stated Goals • Support funding for the National Food Safety Initiative. • Give the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) more authority to enforce food safety laws. • Give the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) new powers to keep contaminated fruits, vegetables, seafood and processed foods off the inarket. • Combine all government food-related functions into a single agency, the U.S. Food Safety Administration. • Support the FDA's proposal to require manufacturers to label the amount of trans-fat in their products Strategy Shift None Tactics Grassroots • Public Education • Media Outreach • Litigation Key Statements Since 1980, CSPPs scientists, writers, and organizers have been bolstered by an in-house legal staff. CSPI's scientists and policy specialists actively encourage the agricultural, food processing, and restaurant industries to improve their products and market them honestly. When necessary, the organization's legal staff seeks solutions through enforcement of existing laws or adoption of new regulations or legislation. (CSPI website posting) A new federal law was enacted that sets standards for health claims on food labels and provides full and clear nutrition information on nearly all packaged foods. Thousands of restaurants have added healthier options to their menus. Major fast-food chains have stopped fiying with beef fat and many have introduced more healthful foods. Scores of deceptive ads by companies such as McDonald's, Kra$, and Campbell Soup have been stopped. (CSPI website posting) • Third Party "Michael Jacobson's March 4 letter,'Health advocates don't deserve Nazi tag,' sugarcoats the Commentary activities of his organization, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPL) CSPI urges Americans'to be more physically active, and to eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains and less fatty meat and dairy products.' But CSPI also has earned its reputation as heavy-handed food cops who arrest common sense in the name of political correcmess. Mr. Jacobson's letter sidesteps decades of CSPI's junk-science reports about soda pop, food coloring, meat irradiation and fat substitutes. He ignores CSPI's calls for caffeine warnings on coffee ice cream, its support for new taxes on television sets and its proposal to ban fast-food advertising on television programs." The Washington Times (March 2000) Because nitrites were most closely associated with many meat products -- such as hot dogs and bacon - already under attack as being too fattening, too artificial, or out-and-out' junk food," these charges became fuel to the fire for many so-called "consumer advocates." Ralph Nader declared that hot dogs were "among America's deadliest missiles"; and the recently formed Center for Science in the Public Interest called for an immediate ban, which was denied. Sourc : "American Council on Science and Health Special Reports: A review of the 20 greatest unfounded health scares of recent times" (May 31, 1997) 69
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Tobacco . • Third Party "Except for a few lapses into priggishness.., the good doctors chastise moviemakers for'showing Commentary the lead character or likable characters using and enjoying tobacco and alcohol products,' as if this never occurs in real life - the article makes a compelling case for more critical thinking about the role of TV in children's health and safety." Barbara Peters Smith, Sarasota Herald-Tribune, (August 7, 1999) Key Publications Pediatrics - Official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Features provide original . research or observations and special articles covering general pediatrics and includes content on related fields such as nutrition, surgery, public health, child health services, genetics, psychology and more. Monthly circulation: 58,000 Relevant articles include: • Under-recognition of prenatal alcohol effects in infants of known alcohol abusing women (October 1999) • Early recognition of prenatal alcohol effects: A pediatrician's responsibility (October 1999) Relevant Press Releases AAP also publishes Pediatrics in Review, its continuing education journal; and its membership newspaper AAP News. It also publishes manuals on such topics as infectious diseases and school health. In its public education efforts, the AAP produces patient education brochures, Healthy Kids magazine and a series of child care books written by AAP members. Topic-specific books are also available. • Bond To Call For Common Sense At HUD; Will Introduce Budget Resolution Language To Forbid HUD Smoke Shop Funding (Apri13, 2000) • Ten Ways to a Healthier New Year (January 2000) • AAP Discourages Television for Very Young Children (August 1999) Website 8,495 websites are linking to aap.org Popularity 9,022 websites are linking to http://www.aap.org Calendar • Advancing Children's Health 2000 - a joint meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies and the AAP, May 12- 16, 2000, Boston, MA • Annual Meeting, October 27-November 1, 2000, Chicago, IL • Annual Meeting, October 20 - October 24, 2001, San Francisco, CA Each year the AAP designates October as Child Health Month to emphasize the importance of preventive health care and other child health issues. Notes AAP has 55,000 members in the United States, Canada and Latin America. AAP maintains active department of Federal Affairs that communicates its message of health and prevention to state and federal legislators and agencies. AAP is frequently a coalition partner in anti smoking efforts spearheaded by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. 90
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Fond Citizens for Health (CFH) • • • P.O. Box 2260 Boulder, CO 80306 Mission Leadership Funding Tel.: 303417-0772 Fax: 303417-9378 www.citizens.org To empower individuals to make informed health choices regarding their right to health care. Jim Turner, Esq., Chairman of the Board Susan Haeger, President/CEO The organization is supported primarily through membership contributions and donations. No other information has been made available. 2000 Stated Goals Focus on: Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements Third Party Commentary Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Website Popularity Calendar • Dietary Supplements • USDA National Organic Program and the Campaign to Keep "Organic" Organic • Food Irradiation; Labeling • Fluoridated Water • Labeling and establishment of safety standards for genetically engineered foods None Grassroots Campaigning • Consumer and Media Education • Congressional and State Lobbying "Citizens For Health was formed by a group of ordinary people who believed that good healtR is a, right, not a benefit that should be determined by government or based on economic or social status. An idea that grew into a movement, Citizens is now a national and international network of thousands of individuals - young and old, at every level of society - who want to exercise their right to make informed choices regarding their health care." (From CFH website) "Citizens For Health is the only national organization representing consumers on issues of choice, information and access to natural health products and therapies." (From CFH website) "Despite being unlabeled and untested for health and environmental impacts, genetically engineered foods continue to appear on grocery shelves as produce or as ingredients in processed foods. FDA continues to extend the use of irradiation to more types of food, but the size of irradiation warning labels is shrinking and labels could soon be abandoned altogether. Organic food standards are in jeopardy. Learn more about these and other ongoing consumer choice and infomtation challenges, and get involved." (From CFH website) Citizens for Health, the consumer advocacy group that lobbies state and federal legislators on natural products issues, is working to make that language of the organics industry more meaningful." The Boulder County Business Report, February 25, 2000. • Bi-monthly newsletter: The Natural Activist • Action Alerts (via facsimile) on state and federal issues • special reports and briefs on regulatory and legislative matters. The organization issues no press releases, but maintains an on-line library of newspaper stories on issues of importance to the organization. 365 websites are linkna to citizens.org 307 websites are liuking to http://www.citizens.org . This organization does not directly sponsor any events; however, the website does provide a list of events by like-minded organizations. 71
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Food • • • Dairy Education Board a.k.a. Anti Dairy Coalition a.k.a. NotMilk Page a.k.a. Hungerstrike 325 Sylvan Ave. Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632 Mission Leadership Funding 2000 Stated Goals To let America know that cow's milk is not nature's perfect food. Robert Cohen, Executive Director Financial data not available. . Tel.: (201) 871-5871 Fax: (201) 871-9304 www.hungerstrike.com Educate the public on dangers of milk and milk products. Raise public awareness about GMO's in food. Lobby to change the UDSA's food pyramid dietary recommendations to eliminate dairy products Strategy Shift Robert Cohen has been engaged in a hunger strike to draw attention to the approval by the FDA of Monsanto's Posilac. Tactics Grassroots Campaigning • Public Education • Congressional Lobbying • Media Education+ Hunger Strike s Key Statements "A sip of milk contains hundreds of different substances, each one having the potential to exert a powerful biological effect when taken independently of the others. Pus, blood, feces, allergenic proteins, naturally occurring powerful growth hormones, fat, cholesterol, pesticides with Vitamin D added, viruses and bacteria (including bovine leukemia, bovine tuberculosis and bovine . immunodeficiency virus) all combine to produce a vast array of ailments in our society." Third Party Commentary Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Website Popularity Calendar Notes Nonefound. + Book: MILK: The Deadly Poison, by Robert Cohen, 1997 Argus Publishing • Audio tapes: "MILK: The Deadly Poison", by Robert Cohen, 1997 Argus Publishing • Dairy Education Board Files Suit June 6, 1999 • Rather than issue frequent press releases the Dairy Education Board distributes a weekly newsletter and a daily journal from Mr. Cohen 73 websites are linking to hungerstrike.com 73 websites are linking to http://www.hungerstrike.com Due to security concerns, a calendar is not published in advance (with some exceptions). The campaign has undergone a few name and web site domain name changes in the past year. Mr. Cohen continues to be provocative and prolific in his statements. Research shows, however, that he has not created great interest among the media and public. Mr. Cohen keeps a daily journal of his efforts on his web page and includes any events he has scheduled for his organization. Lately, Mr. Cohen's daily journals have focused on his observations during his ongoing hunger strike. Mr. Cohen began the hunger strike to pressure the FDA to review his data which alleges that Monsanto created a"freak amino acid" when the company first created its rBGH product. Mr. Cohen contends that after realizing the mistake, Monsanto changed the formula without alerting the FDA. Hence, according to Mr. Cohen, the product on the market is different that the one originally approved and must be taken off the market. 79
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Food • • . National Consumers League (NCL) 1701 K Sneet, N.W., Suite 1201 Tel.: (202) 835-3323 Washington, D.C. 20006 Fax: (202) 835-0747 ' www.nclnet.org Mission To ensure that goods be produced and distributed and services rendered not only at reasonable prices and in adequate quantity, but under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions that foster . quality products for consumers and a decent standard of living for workers. Leadership Linda F. Golodner, President Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,662,073, and expenditures of $1,708,450, which required the organization to tap its reserves by $46,377. NCL received no government grants. 2000 Stated Goals • Food/dmg/cosmetics - Working to insure safety, truth-in-labeling, and effective medications. • Ensure all consumers are armed with the information they need to keep their food free from disease Strategy Shift None Tactics Public Education Publications • Workshops and Focus Groups • Coalition Management • Coalition Affiliations • Internet Fraud Watch and Reporting • Conference Sponsorship • Legislative Briefmgs Key Statements "Consumers can play an important role in keeping food safe from dangerous food-bome illnesses such as E. coli bacteria, and one of the best ways to do that is to arm yourself with information." Linda F. Golodner, National Consumers League president. "The National Consumers League - America's pioneer consumer advocacy organization has represented consumers and workers since 1899. An action oriented organization working for a better quality of life for all Americans, NCL is a private, nonprofit membership organization. It is governed by a Board of Directors with diverse experience in consumer protection and advocacy, law, business, and labor. Founded in an era when child labor, sweatshops, starvation wages and the 6 h day work week were commonplace. The League mobilized it's citizens to fight for equity in the marketplace and the workplace. The League began its work by investigating factories and issuing a Consumers label certifying products made under safe and health5tl conditions. In its first century of service to the nation the League's agenda helped to achieve consumer protection that most Americans take for granted." Third Party "Consumers could have a voice in crafting future versions of FDA's model Food Code, if the Commentary National Consumers League is successful next month in its effort to make consumer representatives of the Conference for Food Protection voting members of the conference's three councils." ("Consumers seek voting rights at Conference for Food Protection", Mary Ellen Butler, Food Chemical News, March 13, 2000) "The time has come to end the AMR charade and for FSIS to issue a final rule which, like the mechanically separated poultry rule, forces processors to either produce a product equivalent to hand-deboned meat or label it as mechanically separated meat," National Consumers League President Linda Golodner told FSIS. Golodner also was writing on behalf of the Consumer Federation of America and Center for Science in the Public Interest" ("Tug of war between consumer and industry groups over AMR proposal continues", Food Labeling News, January 26, 2000) Key Publications • NCL Bulletin(Bi monthly) • Child Labor Monitor (quarterly) • Alliance Against Fraud in Telemarketing's Focus on Fraud (quarterly) • Community Credit Link (quarterly) N 0 tp N 00 tp ~ 80
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iobacco • • Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) 2013 H Street, NW Tel.: (202) 659-4310 Washington, DC 20006 Fax: (978) 440-9514 www.ash.org Mission To defend the rights of nonsmokers against the many problems caused by smoking. Leadership John Banzhaf, III, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,033,349 and expenditures of $879,525. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $929,445; Investments totaled $85,717. 2000 Stated Goals • Legal petition to ban all workplace smoking (pending before OSHA) • Legal complaints against so-called smokeless cigarettes (pending before the FDA) • Legal petition for FDA regulation of cigars (pending before the FDA) • Legal demand for smoke free airports (pending before DOT) • Informal investigation of smoking in movies (triggered by ASH's complaint ongoing by Dept, of Justice) • Legal complaint against "bidi" cigarettes is pending before the FTC • Various workplace smoking complaints (prepared with ASH's help, pending before state and federal OSHA) • Freedom of Information Act requests (being processed by FDA) • Friend-of-the-court brief re FDA jurisdiction (now before US Supreme Court) • Outdoor smoking ban Strategy Shift None Tactics Legal Actions • Grassroots Lobbying • Advocacy • Media Education • Resource Library Key Statements "Armed with billions of dollars, the giant tobacco companies are mounting a tremendous attack on nonsmokers' rights. They could reverse all the gains ASH has helped achieve in the past 30 years! Tobacco interests are lobbying governments at both the federal and state level to establish smokers' rights. All the while they continue to receive government support for tobacco growing, and force you to finance the increased health and economic costs that smokers impose on society." Source: John Banzhaf, Fall 1999 ASH letter to ASHsupporters "The smoke-free movement in restaurants is a national trend. The idea that you can smoke anywhere is going out with the spittoon. Five states now require that restaurants be smoke-free, and 150 local jurisdictions do the same. A growing number of restaurants are going this way because of requests by customers and potential legal action by customers and errployees,... and now we know that it (ETS) causes heart attacks. For restaurants, it raises the possibility of legal action. If somebody who has an allergy ... and drifting tobacco triggers an allergic reaction, that's a much more immediate event (than causing cancer). Source: John Banzhaf, The Cincinnati Enquirer, November 13, 1999 The nonsmokers' rights niovement has been, traditionally, focused on the inside of buildings. But recently we've turned our attention to the outside. There are parks, beaches and stadiums that have banned smoking. Smoking is also banned in places where people are waiting in line outdoors. If you are in close proximity to someone, it can be just as annoying and just as much of a health hazard." Source: John Banzhaf, Los Angeles Times, February 4, 1999 • Third Party "John F. Banzhaf III is the lawyer who staggered the tobacco and television industries with his Commentary successful demand that TV stations give free time foc anti-smoking messages. - Time The legal lever applied by ASH could be of major consequence in curbing smoking as a menace to public health." - New England Journal of Medicine 87
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Environmental World Resources Institute (WRI) • • 10 G Street, NE, Suite 800 Tel.: (202) 729-7600 Washington, DC 20002 Fax: (202) 729-7610 www.wri.org INIission To move human society to live in ways to protect earth's environment and its capacity to provide for the needs and aspirations of current and future generations. Leadership Jonathan Lash, President Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $16,952,997 and expenditures of $14,701,209. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $8,688,284; Government Grants $3,179,811; and Investments totaled $4,838,103. 2000 Stated • Reverse the rapid degradation of ecosystetns, assuring their capacity to provide the ecosystem Goals goods and services on which human well being depends. • Halt the changes to the Earth's climate caused by human activity. • Catalyze the adoption of policies and practices that expand prosperity while reducing the use of materials and generation of wastes. • Guarantee people's access to information and decisions regarding natural resources and environment Strategy Shift None Tactics Key Statements Third Party Commentary Congressional Testimony • International Activities • Internet • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal) • Library/Information Clearinghouse (Open to Public By Appointment) • Media Outreach • Research. Nigel Sizer, Director of Forest Policy, World Resources Institute: "It costs money to protect an area of forest, and if you also have people who are desperate for education, and desperate for health care, it's very difficult for a government like that to allocate cash to also conserve those resources," Users can also help drive demand for energy efficient products and practices. The World Resources Institute (WRI) is committed to leading by example. When WRI moved into newly designed space in March 1999, it purchased all Energy Star rated equipment and appliances. In April, the staff voted to reduce its net emissions of carbon dioxide to zero or better by 2005. WRPs emissions are all indirect: air and train travel, paper use, and electricity use. A key piece of the commitment is sharing the process and the results, particularly with other office-based organizations. WRI has started by educating its staff about the sources of emissions and ways to reduce them at work and at home. In the office, staff are making sure that equipment is turned off and recycling paper in printers. WRI has also arranged bulk purchase of compact fluorescent lights for staff to use at home... WRI will also stimulate energy efficiency projects in other buildings in the District of Columbia community. In addition, WRI has provided staff with data that demonstrate the savings in greenhouse gas emissions from taking the train or using video conferencing instead of flying. Travel is an integral part of much WRi work, however, so these emissions will need to be offset in other ways. Source: "Taking a Byte Out of Carbon: Product Innovation for Climate Protection" Appliance Manufacnerer, Frances H. Irwin, December 1, 1999. Key Publications • WRIPerspectives-OpinionsandeditorialsfromWorldResourcesInstitute N . O • World Resources 2000 Summary - People and Ecosystems: The Fraying Web of Life ~ N • The Right Conditions: The World Bank, Sttuctural Adjustment, and Forest Policy Reform O • Pure Profit: The Financial Implications of Environmental Performance 00 i • Tree Trade - Liberalization of International Commerce in Forest Products; Risks and ? • Opportunities s t0 Relevant • World Resources 2000-2001: New report reveals widespread decline in world's ecosystems 54
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Tobacco • Website 15,558 websites are linking to lungusa.org Popularity 12,744 websites are linking to http://www.lungusa.org Calendar "The tobacco industry wanted money diverted from the health education campaign, and the way to do that was to send that money to medical interests," says Burgat. "Medical care for underinsured, uninsured, and poor kids -- who could possibly be opposed to that? That's the tobacco industry's modus operandi: divert money from successful antitobacco programs and put money into issues that are difficult to oppose." - Marc Burgat, a lobbyist for the American Heart Association New Times Los Angeles January 20, 2000, Thursday Notes The American Lung Association (ALA) is the oldest voluntary health organization in the United States, with a National Office and constituent and affiliate associations around the country. Founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis, ALA today fights lung disease in ail its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. (ALA Website) The American Lung Association has joined with Nicotrol in "an educational parmership to help prevent kids from starting smoking." ALA is a member of the "Save Lives. Not Tobacco: the Coalition for Accountability." The coalition includes 350 national, state and local organizations and has the stance that "no immunity whatsoever would be granted the tobacco industry. Together with the American Cancer Society and the American Heart Association, ALA is a member of Coalition on Smoking OR Health. ALA supports the efforts by the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids (CTFK) Y • • N O O N O W ~ P O A 97
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Tobacco • • Changing Channels: How Digital Television Will Affect the Public Health (Fall 1998) • Alcohol and Tobacco on the Web: Sites are Still Hazardous to Your Children's Health (Spring 1998) • ABSOLUTe Web: Tobacco and Alcohol Industries Launch Into Cyberspace (Winter 1997) • Alcohol and Tobacco on the Web: New Threats to Youth (undated) Relevant • "Internet Filter and Ratings Systems Fall Down on the Job of Protecting Kids' Access to Press Releases Tobacco and Alcohol Web Sites", November 4, 1999 • "Alcohol and Tobacco Advertising Targeted at Youth on the Internet: Alcohol Sites are Still Going After Young Consumers", December 16, 1998 • "New Report Documents Threats to Youth From Alcohol and Tobacco Web Sites", March 6, 1997 Website 747 websites are linking to cme.org Popularity 653 websites are linking to http://www.cme.org Calendar CME does not host an annual meeting however it does work with like-minded organizations in hosting press conferences. Notes CME's Action for Children in Cyberspace initiative contains the following elements: • A Policy Research Network linking leading academic researchers with policy professionals in order to develop a solid intellectual base for policy making; • A Children's Media Policy Network that brings key stakeholders together from the child advocacy, education, consumer, and civil rights communities; • A strategic campaign designed to reframe the public debate over the media system and its impact on children, and to provide a clearinghouse for journalists. • 106
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Tobacco • • American Cancer Society (ACS) 1599 Clifton Rd. NE Tel.: (404) 320-3333 Atlanta, GA 30329 FAX: (404) 329-7530 www.cancer.org Mission To eliminate cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service. Leadership John R. Seffrin, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer Charles J. McDonald, MD, President Funding For FY 98, the organization, its foundation and affiliates reported a combined total revenue of $677,224,000 and expenditures of $569,364,000. Contributions totaled $556,200,000. 2000 Stated • Reduce youth addiction to tobacco Goals • Protect individuals from environmental tobacco smoke • Fight for funding dedicated to public health programs that will drive down tobacco use rates • Require the FDA to regulate nicotine as a drug and tobacco products as devices • Restrict tobacco advertising and promotions . Pass local clean air legislation • Educate the public that the use of both alcohol and tobacco produces a combined cancer risk Strategy Shift As opposed to tobacco-control efforts, the ACS has recently shifted its emphasis to broad scale attacks on the tobacco industry on such matters as fire-safe cigarettes and special legal protections for the industry in pending court cases. , Tactics Federal Lobbying • Community Outreach • Research • Watchdog • Research Funding • Patient Services Key Statements Smoking is the most preventable cause of death in our society. In fact, nearly one in five deaths in the United States results from the use of tobacco. Based on research from the American Cancer Society, each year smoking claims more than 400,000 lives in the US. Almost half of all smokers between the ages of 35 and 69 die prematurely. Smokers could be losing an average of 20 to 25 years of their life. Ninety percent of new smokers are children and teenagers. The new smokers replace the smoker who quit or died prematurely from a smoking related disease. As the numbers of smokers increase, the number of deaths from lung cancer increases (see above table). Nonsmokers exposed to smoke are also at an increased risk for lung cancer. A nonsmoker married to a smoker has a 30% greater risk of developing lung cancer than the spouse of a nonsmoker. • Third Party "After tobacco industry and government lawyers stood before the Supreme Court on Wednesday, Commentary arguing about whether tobacco was subject to regulation by the FDA, John Seffrin of the American Cancer Society asked this question: Should "we entrust the health and safety of our children to the Food and Dmg Administration, or to the tobacco industry?" The answer is simple: of course, we should trust the FDA. For decades, tobacco companies lied about the effects of their products; they shamelessly marketed them to minors. Historically, they have been one of the least trustworthy industries around." The Courier-Joumal (Louisville, KY), December 3, 1999 Key Publications • Quitting Smoking (July 7, 1999) • Quitting Smokeless Tobacco (August 20, 1998) • Cigar Smoking and Cancer (August 9, 1998) • Cancer Facts & Figures-l997 (1997) Relevant • The Florida Coalition on Smoking or Health Issues a Position on Engle Class Action Tobacco Press Releases 91
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Tobacco • • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 141 Northwest Point Blvd. Tel.: (847) 228-5005 Elk Grove Village, IL 60009-0927 Fax: (847) 228-5097 www.aap.org Mission The mission of the American Academy of Pediatrics is to attain optimal physical, mental and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents and young adults. Leadership Donald E. Cook, MD, FAAP, President Steve Berman, MD, FAAP, Vice President Joe M. Sanders, Jr., MD, FAAP, Executive Director Funding For FY 98, the organization reported a total revenue of $50,780,543 and expenditures of $49,120,248. Principal source of revenue is Program Services $30,700,688; Government Grants accounted for $2,417,708 and Contributions totaled $2,111,254. Membership Dues range from $50 - $415. AAP also raises funds through an annual fund raising event for the AAP Friends of Children Fund. Donations range from $250 to $5000. 2000 Stated Goals • Unquestioned FDA authority to regulate tobacco products; • Funding for public health programs; • Strong financial penalties against the tobacco industry if children's tobacco use rates do not decrease; • Broad disclosure of ingredients and carcinogens; • Protection from secondhand smoke hazards. Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements None. Federal Lobbying • Member Outreach • Research • Public Infonmation The American Academy of Pediatrics exists to prepare its members with the tools, skills, and knowledge to be the best qualified health professionals I) to advocate for infants, children, adolescents, and young adults and provide for their care; 2) to collaborate with others to assure child health; and 3) to ensure that decision-making affecting the health and well-being of children and their families is based upon the needs of those children and families. The American Academy of Pediatrics also exists to support members professional satisfaction and personal growth. By providing these services, the American Academy of Pediatrics will be the most valuable professional organization to which those eligible for membership can belong. Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Each day more than 3,300 children in the United States become regular smokers, according to the National Cancer Institute. More than 6,000 children try their first cigarette each day. The average age at which they begin is approximately 12-1/2 years of age. Statistics show a steady increase from 1991 through 1996 in the use of dmgs among students in eighth through 12th grade. Alcohol continues to be the most common substance of abuse, and daily - . use of tobacco and marijuana among young people in school is at an epidemic level. Possible reasons for the increased usage include a decrease in perceived risk, fewer substance abuse N programs, pervasive messages in the electronic and print media as well as advertisements that 0 glamorize tobacco and alcohol, and the somewhat lenient pattern of parenting in the 1990s. N(From AAP website) • t)0 00' C-D. Tt . ' 6)~ 89 - -
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Food • • • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) 501 Front St. Tel.: (757) 622-PETA (7382) Norfolk, VA 23510 Fax: (757) 622-0457 www.peta-online.org Mission Founded in 1980, PETA is dedicated to establishing and protecting the rights of all animals. PETA operates under the simple principle that animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment. Leadership Ingrid Newkirk, President & Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $12,785,275 and expenditures of $14,543,860. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $12,130,383; Program Services $2,600; and Investments totaled $156,387. 2000 Stated Focus on: Goals • Abusive animal laboratories • Hunting and fishing • Animals used for entertainment • Product testing on animals • Cruelty-free consumer products • Trapping and ranching of animals for • Dissection of animals in schools fttr • Factory farming of animals • Vegetarianism Strategy Shift None Tactics Public Education • Cruelty Investigations • Research • Animal Rescue • Legislation • Special Events • Celebrity Involvement • Direct Action • Advertisements • Awards Program • Boycotts • Coalition Forming • Conferences/Seminars • Congressional Testimony • Demonstrations • Direct Action • Electronic Bulletin Boards • FilnuNideo/Audio Tapes • Grassroots Organizing • International Activities • Internet • Intemships • Investigations • Legislative/Regulatory Monitoring (Federal and State) • Library (Open to Public) • Litigation • Lobbying (Grassroots) • Media Ouneach • Participation In Regulatory Proceedings (Federal) • Performance Rating • Product Merchandising • Research • Shareholder Resolutions • Speakers Program • Telecommunications Services • Training and Technical Assistance Key Statements Farm Charged With Cruelty: PETA's undercover investigation at the Belcross pig fatm in North Carolina resulted in the fust-ever felony indictments against factory farm workers. Our investigator's video revealed daily bludgeonings of pregnant sows with a wrench and metal pole and workers sawing off a conscious animal's legs and skinning her alive. James Cromwell, star of the Babe films, helped PETA bring the abuse at Belcross to the public at a national news conference on Capitol Hill. Turkey Farm Expose: PETA released fmdings from an investigation into Crestview Farm, a large turkey farm in Minnesota, uncovering shocking treatment of 12-week-old birds. We videotaped the farm manager carelessly wringing the necks of birds and cruelly and ineffectively bludgeoning dozens of others with what he calls his "killing stick" and a pair of pliers. Third Party "What responsible national organization would encourage college students to drink beer instead of Commentary milk? None, in our mind. But that's what People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals did. Milking the dairy industry's catchy "Got Milk?" slogan, the folks at PETA were pelting college campuses with a "Got Beer?" campaign. The idea is that college students should endeavor to save cows by replacing their milk mustache with one of beer foam. That had such anti-drinking advocates as Mothers Against Drunk Driving in a lather. and rightly so." (Editorial'GOT BEER?' AD GETS BOOT, Seattle Post-lntelligencer, March 26, 2000) "All right, so you think.. and we should charge them for murder, and they should face life in prison for killing a turkey? I don't mean to laugh, but that's funny!" (Fox Hannity & Colmes'A Turkey Free 82
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• • Yobacco giving to people who do not like them. It doesn t make any sense other than ... silencing their critics,' Funk said........ The center's hit list of allegedly left-leaning advocacy groups includes some surprises, such as the American Cancer Society and the American Heart Association because they attack the tobacco industry, and the Children's Defense Fund, which promotes programs for children." The Plain Dealer (March 12, 2000) Key Publications • American Heart Association 1999 Heart and Stroke A-Z Guide • How to Avoid Weight Gain When Quitting Smoking • Smoke and Stroke • Smoking and Heart Disease • Quit Smoking For Good • How Can I Quit Smoking? • How Can I Handle The Stress of Not Smoking? • Advocacy Pulse Newsletter (periodic) • Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology (Monthly) • Circulation (Weekly) • Circulation Research.(Bi-weekly) • Hypertension (Monthly) • Stroke (Monthly) Relevant • The Florida Coalition on Smoking or Health Issues a Position on Engle Class Action Tobacco Press Releases Suit (April 12, 2000) • American Heart Association CEO Applauds Clinton's Call for Congressional Action on FDA Authority of Tobacco Products (March 25, 2000) • Statement by American Heart Association CEO on Supreme Court Ruling of Tobacco Products (March 23, 2000) • American Heart Association Calls for Stronger International Tobacco Controls Restrictions (March 15, 2000) • Five Major Public Health Groups to Hold Press Conference Today Challenging Philip Morris to Back Up Words with Actions (March 2, 2000) • Public Health Groups Call on Philip Morris to Support Meaningful FDA Regulation of Tobacco (March 2, 2000) . • American Heart Association Urges Philip Morris to Match Rhetoric with Deeds on FDA Regulation (March 2, 2000) • Statement by American Heart Association CEO on Philip Morris FDA Ovezsight Announcement (February 29, 2000) • American Heart Association Commits to Advancing New National Health Goals (January 27, 2000) • New Advertising Campaign Launched'Philip Morris Must Change' (November 3, 1999) Website 6,154 websites are linking to americanheart.org Popularity 5,859 websites are linking to http://www.americanheart.org Calendar 40°i Annual Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention (March 1-4, 2000) L.J. Filer, Jr. Third International Conference on Atherosclerosis in the Young (March 3-5, 2000) Final Program 2"d Scientific Forum on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke (April 9-1 l, 2000) First Conference on Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (May 20-22, 2000) Dietary Recommendations for Individual Fatty Acids: Is There Ample Evidence? (June 5-6, 2000) 26`s 10-Day Seminar on the Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases (July 30- August 11, 2000) Interactions of Blood and the Pulmonary Circulation (September 7-10, 2000) Assessing and Modifying the Vulnerable Atherosclerotic Plaque (September 16-17, 2000) 50 Annual Fall Conference and Scientific Sessions of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research (October 24-27, 2000) 94
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Tobacco pipes, conduits and wiring, the smoke may travel to other units and it may become a legal nuisance... Smoke Gets Into Your Eyes The Legal Inrelligencer October 06, 1999: Smoke Gets in ' Your High-Rise Harris Ominsky i 0 Key Publications • Tobacco on Trial, 8/year. Newsletter. Covers product liability cases against tobacco companies. PRICE: $35.00/year for individuals; $95.00/year for institutions; circulation: 300. Advertising is not accepted. The newsletter is available on diskette. Relevant None. While Professor Richard Daynard is often quoted in the press, the TCRC is a resource for Press Releases legal research. Website 460 websites are linking to tobacco.neu.edu Popularity 445 websites are linking to http://www.tobacco.neu.edu Calendar Annual Conference and Seminar. Notes The primary mission of the Tobacco Product Liability Project involves a wide variety of tasks around wbich a law reform clinic could be built TPLP ultimately hopes to see 1) the "true social cost of cigarette smoking" reflected in the cost of each pack of cigarettes; and 2) municipalities undertake tobacco control measures armed with the legal information "necessary to resist tobacco industry intimidation". The Tobacco Products Liability Project (TPLP) - founded in 1984 by doctors, academics and attorneys - studies, encourages and coordinates 1) products liability suits against the tobacco industry and 2) legislative and regulatory initiatives to control the sale and use of tobacco as a public health strategy. The legal assistance that TPLP provides to states and municipalities attempting to pass tobacco control measures ensures that such measures are 1) enacted in a legally valid manner, and 2) drafted so as to withstand probable tobacco industry legal challenges to the measures. Northeastern and TCRC are focusing on: • Local Legal Policy Research • Statewide Reimbursement Legal Policy Research • Statewide Consumer Protection Legal Policy Research 114
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Tobacco American Lung Association (ALA) 1740 Broadway Tel.: (212) 315-8700 New York, NY 10019 Fax:(212)334-8603 www.lungusa.org Mission To fight lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. Leadership John R. Garrison, Chief Executive Officer Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $33,492,000 and expenditures of $35,289,000. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $12,675,000; Government Grants $767,000; Program Services $13,203,000; Sales $765,000; and Investments totaled $498,000. 1999 Stated Goals • Prohibit tobacco marketing and advertising targeted at women, children and minorities • Increase prices on tobacco products (increment not specified) • Ban smoking in public places • Require Food and Drug Administration authority over tobacco products • Advocate international tobacco control initiatives " • Prohibit US government activities that facilitate marketing of tobacco overseas • Assist farmers in tobacco-growing regions in developing economic alternatives to tobacco Strategy Shift None Tactics Research • Public Education • Advocacy (state and federal) • Fundraising • Media Education • Professional Education • Key Statements Smoking-related diseases claim an estimated 430,700 American lives each year. Smoking costs the United States approximately $97.2 billion each year in health-care costs and lost productivity. It is directly responsible for 87 percent of lung cancer•cases and causes most cases of emphysema and . chronic bronchitis.(From ALA website) Third Party None Commentary Key Publications • The American LungAssociation Family Guide to Asthma and Allergier • The American Lung Association 7 Steps to a Smoke-Free Life • The American Lung Association publishes a wide variety of materials on topics relating to lung health, including asthma, tobacco control, tuberculosis, COPD, and environmental health. Relevant • Humana-American Lung Association Anti-Smoking Campaign Reaches Goal; Company Press Releases Employee-Volunteers Complete 50,000 Community Service Hours and Reach 50,000 School Children Across the Country (Apri126, 2000) • The Florida Coalition on Smoking OR Health Issues a Position on Engle Class Action Tobacco Suit (April 13, 2000) • Lung Association Calls Verdict in Engle's Case'Big Loss' for Big Tobacco (Apri17, 2000) • Tobacco Industry Influence Alive and Well: NGOs Criticize US Position on Global Tobacco IV Treaty (March 30, 2000) O O • American Lung Association: 'Now Congress Must Grant FDA Authority to Regulate Tobacco IV Products (March 21, 2000) co O • American Lung Association Responds to Philip.Morris Announcement (February 29, 2000) 3 • Lung Association: States Lost Tremendous Opportunity to Act on Tobacco Control in 1999 ~ O (February 29, 2000) • 96
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Tobacco The Onyx Group . 17 Cynwyd Road 3rd Floor : (610) 617-9971 Tel , . Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004 Fax: (610) 617-9972 - www.onyx-group.com • Mission The Onyx Group is a commercial consulting fum that provides marketing communications, strategic planning, and program development services to non-profit organizations, foundations, educational and research institutions, government agencies and businesses. Leadership Charyn D. Sutton, President Jesse W. Brown, Jr., Vice President Funding Funding information is not available. 2000 Stated While the Onyx Group has taken a leadership position in the tobacco control arena, they also focus oa Goals the following areas with a special emphasis on minority populations: • health promotion • youth services • coalition-building • education • substance abuse prevention • diversity . • violence prevention 0 involvement of faith communities in health, • criminal justice social service and community empowerment • economic development projects Strategy Shift Protest rallies against the introduction of Marlboro Milds in Pittsburgh and Atlanta on behalf di the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), claiming that PM developed this product to target the African American community. Tactics Writing • Public Speaking • Coalition Building • Layout & Design • Market Research • Program Development • Technical Assistance • Media Relations • Event Planning Key Statements "Black youth continue to have one of the lowest smoking rates in the nation and that makes them a ready target for profit-hungry tobacco manufacturers like Philip Morris" (Reverend Jesse W. Brown, Jr., Vice President, Onyx Group) Third Party None. Commentary Key Publications Relevant Press Releases Website Popularity Calendar Notes • Tuesday Report (weekly, free, electronic newsletter on a wide range of Onyx project areas and interests.) • COMMUNITY COALITIONS: A HOGi! TO MANUAL • SMOKELESSSTATESBROCHURES • "A Hard Road: Finding Ways to Reduce Teen Tobacco Use, " C.D. Sutton, Tobacco Control, Spring 2000. • Communities of Color & State Tobacco Settlement Funding, C.D. Sutton, The Onyx Group, 1999. The group issues press releases on behalf of clients. See client list. N) O 00 28 websites are linking to onyx-group com 00 . 26 websites are linking to http://www.onyx-group.com CW 3 Not relevant. • The Onyx Group develops materials and media approaches for the general market and for target markets, including communities of color, women, youth, the aged, rural, urban, and other populations V W 109
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• i Thanksgiving' - November 23, 1999) "PETA is the world's largest animal rights group. With ... chilling media savvy and the sanction of the Hollywood in-crowd, this nonprofit group has dedicated itself to the elimination of meat and seafood from the plates of America." - Restaurant Business, September 1, 1999 Key Publications • Aside from various publications related to its concerns, PETA also offers T-shirts, petting supplies, videos, and other merchandise. . Regular publications include: • GRRR!, a kids magazine, and • a quarterly newsletter (PETA's Animal Times) Relevant • International Campaign Targeting McDonald's Animal Cruelty Comes to Louisiana State Press Releases University (March 8, 2000) • PETA's College "Cluck Off' Will Have Feathers Flying At L.A. Universities (March 7, 2000) • Bea Arthur Stars On Celebrity-Filled Billboard Exposing Animal Cruelty (March 6, 2000) • "Jesus" Rises In Memphis In Time For Easter (March 6, 2000) • "Fish" Pleads, "Don't Batter Me," In Tallahassee (February 21, 2000) • "Pig" to Bush: Tax Meat (February 19, 2000) Website 3,649 websites are linking to peta-online.org Popularity 3,967 websites are linking to http://www.peta-online.org Calendar None. Sporadic protests Notes PETA also operates several other websites on specific topics of interest to it's members. These include: • www.meatstinks.com • www.collegeactivist.com • www.furisdead.com/index2.htm1 • www.circuses.com • www.helppuppies.com/index2.httnl • www.milksucks.com/index2.htmi • www.cowsarecool.com • www.jesusveg.com/index2.html • www.nofishing.net • www.menopauseonline.com . www.taxmeat.com • www.islamveg.com • www.pginfo.net/index2.htm1 Food 83
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Tobacco • • Key Publications • The ABCs of Tobacco: See the adverse health effects of tobacco use. (Posted: March 13, 2000) • Big Tobacco's Latest Double Talk: The Campaign challenged Philip Morris to match its rhetoric with action and stop all advertising in magazines with high youth readership. (Posted: February 16, 2000) • Cigarette Companies and Smuggling: a report implicating British American Tobacco in cigarette smuggling. (Posted: January 31, 2000) • "False Friends": a report detailing how U.S. tobacco companies betrayed American farmers by • . moving their operations overseas and increasing the foreign content of American-made cigarettes. • Multistate Settlement: outlining the $246 billion agreement between state attorneys general and the tobacco industry, along with reports on how many states are failing to use even a small portion of the money to prevent future generations from becoming addicted. • The Insider: the story behind the major motion picture in which tobacco industry whistleblower Dr. Jeffrey Wigand exposes how Brown & Williamson deceived the American public and intentionally manipulated cigarettes to make them more addictive. • Saving Lives: a video describing how states can develop effective teen tobacco prevention programs using a portion of their settlement funds. • Behind the Smokescreen: describing the tobacco industry's latest efforts to buy respectability and rebuild its corporate image through yet another deceptive marketing campaign. • Tobacco vs. the FDA: the Food and Drug Administration's tireless efforts to regulate tobacco as a drug and the industry's escalating legal challenges, which continue to block the federal government from protecting American children. Relevant • Statement: The Verdict Against the Tobacco Companies In the Second Phase of the Engle Press Releases Trial in Florida (April 7, 2000) • Statement: Applauding the Introduction of Bipartisan Legislation To Grant the FDA Authority Over Tobacco (April 6, 2000) • New Study Shows Tobacco Advertising Impacts Kids More Than Adults; Three-Quarters of Teens Also Say It Is Easy for Minors to Buy Cigarettes (Apri15, 2000) • Statement: Regarding Consideration by the Florida Legislature of a Proposal to Protect the Tobacco Industry from Punitive Damages in the Engle Case (April 5, 2000) • California Student Wins National Contest; Tells Next President What To Do About Tobacco (Apri13, 2000) • Campaign For Tobacco-Free Kids Urges U.S. Senate To Allow Department of Justice to Proceed With Lawsuit Against the Tobacco Industry (April 3, 2000) • Kids Across America'Kick Butts' On Apri15. (March 30, 2000) • New Poll Shows Strong Public Support For FDA Regulation of Tobacco (March 29, 2000) • Statement: Regarding the Presidents Radio Address Calling on Congress to Enact Tobacco Regulation (March 25, 2000) • Campaign Provides Statement on U.S. Supreme Court Ruling on the FDA's Authority to Regulate Tobacco (March 21, 2000) • Campaign Awarded Grant to Build Support for International Tobacco Control Treaty (March 14, 2000) Website Popularity Calendar 10,593 websites are linking to tobaccofreekids.org 1,172 websites are linking to httpJ/www.tobaccofreekids.org Kick Butts Day Apri15"', 2000 N C* N 00 Notes ' The Campaign is the nation's largest non-governmental initiative ever launched to protect children 00 from tobacco addiction and exposure to secondhand smoke. The Campaign claims affiliation with 3 over 130 other organizations ranging from the American Cancer Society to the Girl Scouts and the -4 United Church of Christ. 0 • Current funding comes from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, Annie E. Casey Foundation, Everett Foundation and the Thoracic 103
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• • Tobacco that are underserved. The Onyx Group specifically focuses on the following project areas: Conference Planning Mass Media • Involvement in several projects to demonstrate the feasibility of specialized media to reach targeted populations with prevention messages. • Collaboration with Dr. Mary Harris to develop promotional advertisements for a monthly radio show health segment for African Americans that airs nationally. The segment is entitled "Focus on Your Health." • Collaboration with INFACT to publicize the Kraft Boycott in minority and progressive media outlets. • Development of a series of radio public service announcements on secondhand smoke and tobacco use prevention. Coalition Building • Support to the "4-H, Yes! Philip Morris, No!" project to encourage 4-H programs across the country to reject fanding from'the Philip Morris tobacco company and partner instead with tobacco prevention coalitions in their states. • Staff and consultants with the Onyx Group also deliver presentations on coalition-building techniques and approaches to groups and organizations. Services are provided in several formats: conference keynotes, day-long workshops and week-long institutes. Current Clients include: • Advocacy Institute - Washington, DC • American Cancer Society - Hershey, PA • BioTechnical Communications, Inc. - Atlanta, GA • CSAP Communications Team - Bethesda, MD (government agency) • Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids - Washington, DC • Fox Chase Cancer Center - Philadelphia, PA • INFACT - Boston, MA • Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. - Princeton, NJ • National Association of African Americans for Positive Imagery (NAAAPI) - Philadelphia, PA • National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign - Washington, DC • Pennsylvania Tobacco Prevention Network (PTPN) - Hershey, PA • Philadelphia Health Management Corporation (PHMC) - Philadelphia, PA • Prospect Associates - Rockville, MD • SmokeLess States - Chicago, IL • University Research Corporation- Bethesda, MI) 110
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Tobacco Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids (CTFK) • a.k.a. National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids 1707 L Street, NW Tel.: (202) 296-5469 Washington, DC 20036 . Fax: (202) 296-5427 , www. tobaccofreekids. org . Mission To free America's youth from tobacco and to create a healthier environment. The Campaign is the nation's largest non-governmental initiative ever launched to protect children from tobacco addiction and exposure to secondhand smoke. Leadership Matthew Myers, President Judith Glanz, Manager of International Issues Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $47,674,352 and expenditures of $11,250,952. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $47,116,368. Investments totaled $554,654. No government grants were received. The organization had assets of $54,464,096. • 2000 Stated Goals • Alter the public's acceptance of tobacco by de-glamorizing tobacco use and countering tobacco industry marketing to youth and other practices. • Change public policies at federal, state and local levels to protect children from tobacco. • Increase the number of organizations and individuals fighting against tobacco. Our 130-plus partners include health, education, medical, civic, corporate, youth and religious organizations that are dedicated to reducing tobacco use among children and adults • Reduce the social, personal, and economic harm caused buy substance abuse - tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. - Strategy Shift Despite a public charge to help reduce youth smoking, CTFK frequently issues statements attacking the tobacco industry on a variety of non-youth related subjects. Similarly, the organization has severely criticized Philip Morris' commitment to reduce youth smoking and the company's commitment to reasonable FDA regulation. CTFK claims that Philip Morris continues to advertise in magazines with high youth readership. CTFK is pressuring potential grantees not to accept PM funds supporting youth smoking prevention efforts. Tactics Advocacy • Community Outreach • Grassroots Mobilizing • Media Education • Legal Action • Public Information • Research and Analysis Key Statements Philip Morris continues to advertise in magazines with high youth readership, including Sports illustrated, People, Rolling Stone, Inside Sports, Hot Rod, Glamour, Vibe, Sport, Motor Trend, Spin, Mademoiselle and others. No matter what the cigarette companies say or do, they cannot stay in business unless kids smoke. As the companies know, the vast majority of all smokers begin their addictive habit before they reach 18, the legal age for buying cigarettes - and almost nobody tries smoking for the first time after 18. In other words, if large numbers of kids did not try smoking, become regular users, and turn into addicted adult smokers, the big cigarette companies would eventually not have enough adult customers to make staying in business worthwhile. (From the CTFK website) • Third Party "The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, a Washington-based anti-tobacco lobbying group, Commentary conducted a poll of 600 Georgians last week, and announced that Georgians are clamoring to have the Legislature earmark at least $42 million of the state's first-year settlement share of $150 million on anti- smoking activities. We suspect most people would really rather have the money given back to them, since the settlement was intended as compensation for tax money spent in the past on smoking-related illnesses, but nobody is offering that as a choice." (The Atlanta Journal and Constitution March 14, 2000) 102
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Tobacco • . INFACT 46 Plympton Street Tel.: (617) 695-2525 Boston, Massachusetts 02118 Fax: (617) 695-2626 www.infact.org Mission Focus on corporate practices that may endanger the health and well being of the world's people in developed and underdeveloped countries. Leadership Kathryn Mulvey, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $ 829,105 and expenditures of $835,881. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $818,343; Program Services $6,142; and Investments $4,620. 2000 Stated • Stopping the tobacco industry from marketing its products to children and young people around Goals the world. INFACTs Hall of Shame documents how corporations have disregarded public opinion and manipulated our democratic ideals for private gain, with devastating consequences for public health and well-being. • IlVFACT will continue to lead a "secondary" boycott of Philip Morris by encouraging consumers to shun Kraft Foods products. (It led a similar effort when R.J. Reynolds and Nabisco were one entity.) In 2000, INFACT proposes to: • "Produce a new documentary to tell the public the truth behind Philip Morris' glossy $100 million image advertising campaign, showing their youth-oriented promotion schemes around the world and exposing their undue political influence." • "Reach millions of people with media coverage of the Kraft Boycott as a growing challenge to Philip Morris' deadly practices." The strategy "includes outreach through community newspapers, faith and ethnic publications, public services announcements, letters to the editor and outreach over the Intemet " • "Organize an international network of non-govemmental organizations to champion a strong World Health Organization treaty controlling Big Tobacco." Strategy Shift Clairning credit for the spin-off of Nabisco as part of RJR,INFACT has intensified its boycott efforts aimed at Kraft Foods. Tactics Advertisements • Boycotts • Coalition Forming • Demonstrations • Grassroots Organizing • Media Outreach • Research • Coalition Development • Petition Drive • Letters to The Editor • Corporate Watchdog Key Statements In May 1998, the US tobacco corporations agreed to settle the lawsuit filed by the state of Minnesota to recover the costs of treating tobacco-related illnesses. As part of that lawsuit the tobacco corporations, including Philip Morris and RJR Nabisco, were forced to turn over millions of internal documents dating roughly from the 1950s to the 1990s, which were made available to the public under the terms of the settlement. The tobacco industry documents are now posted on the Intemet, as well as in documentation centers located in Minneapolis and the United Kingdom. These documents provide hard evidence of what the tobacco corporations knew and when they knew about the dangers of their tobacco products, the addictiveness of nicotine, and how they targeted young people in their advertising and promotion. That is not all the internal documents reveal. These documents also provide a rare glimpse into the inner workings of these transnational corporations, and the seriousness with which they view a well-organized, strategic grassroots campaign and boycott. N O "INFACT is a national grassroots organization whose purpose is to stop life-threatening abuses by N,transnational corporations and increase the'u accountability to people around the world. Since 1977, ~ INFACT has been educating the public about dangerous abuses of power by giant corporations and ,y • organizing millions of people to take action to change corporate behavior. "Philip Morris depends on the friendly face of its Kraft Foods division to shore up its public image. Thanksgiving is a key season for Kraft's family-oriented marketing strategies. But the tobacco , 107
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Tobacco • • 1W American Public Health Association (APHA) 800 1. Street, NW Tel.:(202) 777-APHA (2742) Washington, DC 20001-3710 Fax:(202) 777-2532 www.apha.org Mission To improve the public's health, promote the scientific and professional foundation of public health practice and policies, advocate the conditions for a healthy society, emphasize prevention, and enhance the ability of members to promote and protect environmental and community health. Leadership Mohammed N. Akhter, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $9,128,484 and expenditures of $9,717,032. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $89,738; Government Grants $197,441; Program Services $5,014,341; and Investments totaled $617,981. 2000 Stated Goals • Urge that a substantial percentage of any moneys received by national, state and local public entities as a result of litigation (past and future) be allocated to implementation and evaluation of comprehensive tobacco and prevention programs, following the guidelines outlined by the CDC. • Incorporate in any future settlement brought by public entities effective marketing restrictions and "Iookback" provisions to promote and measure decline in smoking, particularly by young people, and the abandonment by the tobacco industry of attacks on tobacco control measures. • No preemption by federal or state legislatures of state or local authority from fitrther regulating tobacco. • Oppose granting any special legal protection to the tobacco industry in future legislation. ' • Encourage the FDA to aggressively regulate tobacco products to reduce, to the greatest extent feasible, tobacco use by Americans, especially young people. Strategy Shift APHA has publicly criticized and questioned Philip Morris's call for reasonable regulation of tobacco bytheFDA. Tactics Advertising • Coalition Forming • Conferences/Seminars • Congressional Testimony • Educational Foundation • Films, Video, Audio Tapes • Grassroots Organizing • Information Clearinghouse • Initiative/Referendum Campaigns • Internet (Web Site) • Internships • Lobbying (Federal, State, and Grassroots) • Media Outreach • Participation In Federal Regulatory Proceedings • Professional Development Services • Speakers Program • Telecommunications Services (Fax-On-Demand, Mailing Lists) • Technical Assistance. Key Statements "APHA has been influencing policies and setting priorities in public health for over 125 years. Throughout its history it has been in the forefront of numerous efforts to prevent disease and promote health." Third Party Mohammad Akhter, executive director of the Arperican Public Health Association, praised increases Commentary in funding for the CDC, but called on lawmakers to "take greater strides in improving the health of our - population" (Health Line, February 2, 1999) Key Publications • The Nation's Health, the official newspaper of APHA reaches 35,000 readers each month. The focus is on public health issues at the federal, state and local level, delivering the latest news to public health professionals, legislators and the public. • Support Urged For FDA Regulation of Tobacco (April 2000) • Florida Youth Smoking Rate Continues to Fall (Apri12000) • Tobacco Survey Shows Alarming Smoking Trends (March 2000) • The American Journal ojPublic Health publishes monthly peer-reviewed, authoritative articles in - the areas of environment, maternal and child health, health promotion, epidemiology, administration, occupational health, education, international health, statistics, and more. It also 98
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Tobacco • Americans for Nonsmokers Rights (ANR) 2530 San Pablo Avenue, Suite J Tel.: (510) 841-3032 Berkeley, CA 94702 Fax: (510) 841-3060 www.na-smoke.org Mission To be a national lobbying organization dedicated to nonsmokers' rights, taking on the tobacco industry at all levels of government to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke and youth from tobacco addiction. Leadership Julia Carol, Co-Director Robin Hobart, Co-Director Funding For FY 98 the Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights reported a total revenue of $138,503 and . expenditures of $147,614. Principal sources of revenue are Contributions $101, 534 and Program Services $31,499. The organization did not receive any Government Grants. For FY 98 the ANR's affiliated foundation reported a total revenue of $1,140,437 and expenditures of $1,060,331. Principal sources of revenue are Government Grants $509,021 Program Services $427,350 and Contributions $180,626. 2000 Stated Goals Promoting 'clean indoor air' ordinances in every state. Keep schools and other educational organizations from accepting money from tobacco companies for educational purposes. Educate'the public on politicians smoking viewpoints. . Eliminate the danger of secondhand smoke inhalation to nonsmokers in public places. Strategy Shift ANR has called for the American Legacy Foundation to restore two highly controversial TV ads that were pulled from the airwaves: "Body Bag" and "Lie Detector". Tactics Grassroots Lobbying • Media Education • Advocacy • Watchdog Key Statements "Despite recent claims of a kinder, gentler corporate culture, Philip Morris continues to interfere with tobacco control legislation." (ANR website) "Bowing to pressure generated by Big Tobacco, the board of directors of the American Legacy Foundation pulled two of the first anti-tobacco advertisements of a nationwide media campaign that began this month. The two ads, "Body Bag" and "Lie Detector," which are a part of the Legacy's "Truth Campaign" were withdrawn in a last-minute decision after the chair of the foundation's board of directors received complaints from Philip Morris, North Carolina Attorney General Michael Easley and certain broadcast television networks (most likely after pressure from tobacco companies). The ads also were pulled off of the foundation's web site www.thetmth.com." (ANR website) "Breathing secondhand smoke is lethal. It's as simple as that. The surgeon General warned us. The EPA proved it. But somehow that doesn't seem to be enough. Because the tobacco industry is just refusing to listen." (ANR website) • Third Party In reference to the placing of US District Judge William Osteen on the "enemies list" of the Commentary Americans for Nonsmokers'Rights Foundation, Burley Mitchell, former chiefjustice of the North Caroline State Supreme Court stated: , "To me it's just one more example of a focused interest group trying to intimidate judges. It's part of the meanness that's crept into public life at all levels." (Associated Press, December 9, 1999) Key Publications • ANR Update (quarterly) • Secondhand Smoke Presentation Manual: A ready-to-go presentation manual on secondhand smoke, complete with visuals. The topics covered include health hazards, legal issues, economic concerns, and potential solutions and policy options. 100
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Tobacco 0 Tobacco Control Resource Center, Inc. (TCRC) . , and Tobacco Products Liability Project (TPLP) Northeastern University School of Law Tel. (617) 373-2027 400 Huntington Avenue Fax: (617) 373-3672 Boston, MA 02115 www.tobacco.neu.edu • • Mission To produce a number of legal policy papers on the most effective legal strategies that states, municipalities and private parties can pursue in order to reduce tobacco use, especially by minors Leadership Richard Daynard, President Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $760,345 and expenditures of $763,695. Principal sources of revenue are Contributions $268,450, Program Services $487,699; and Investments totaled $4,196 . 2000 Stated Goals • Ban smoking in public areas such as restaurants. • Prohibit free-standing tobacco product displays. • Ban vending machines • Expand use of compliance checks to prevent tobacco sales to kids. Strategy Shift None Tactics Annual Conference • Referral of Potential Plaintiffs to Attorneys • Information Clearinghouse • Amicus Curiae Briefs • Legal Research and Analysis in Support of Municipalities Undertaking Tobacco Control • Congressional Hearings Testimony • Workshops & Lectures. ~ Key Statements Edward L. Sweda, senior attorney with the Tobacco Control Resource Center at Northeastern University, singled out Philip Morris as hypocritical for opposing the ad ban near schools while running a national advertising campaign that touts the company's support for merchants who refuse to sell cigarettes to kids. "You learn the truth about tobacco companies when you look at what they do, not what they say," Sweda said. Source: "Appeals court places state's new tobacco rules on hold", The Boston Herald, February 3, 2000 Third Party "While California is still in the early stages of assessing this risk, other states have already taken Commentary action. In recent years, six have divested some or all pension money from tobacco holdings. Those include Florida, Massachusetts, Maryland, Vermont, New York and Minnesota. Several universities and medical schools have also divested. Edward Sweda of the Tobacco Control Resource Center at Northeastern University helped get Massachusetts to divest two years ago. Now he's urging other states to do the same. He says if more were to divest, it would be the last straw for tobacco companies.", Andrea Dukakis, Anti-Smoking Groups Lobbying State Pension Funds to Divest Themselves of Tobacco Stocks In The Wake of Recent Lawsuits Weekend Edition Sunday (September 19, 1999) "I didn't make it up; it comes from an article in last November s ABA Journal. As hinted in the title, the next battlefield against smokers may be fought out in your next-door neighbor's apartment The proliferation of cases in this area is illustrated in a recent pamphlet published by the Tobacco Control Resource Center Inc. in Boston. Edward L. Sweda, Jr., Summary of Legal Cases Regarding Smoking in the Workplace and Other Places, (March, 1999). Among other things, this pamphlet reviews the following categories of case law involving smokers: Unemployment Compensation Disability Benefits and Pension Plans Handicapped Discrimination Retaliation and Wrongful Discharge Intentional Infliction of Emotion Distress Validity and Invalidity of Employer's No Smoking Policy Child Custody Assault and Battery Nuisances. The section which may be of most interest to the readers of this coltttna is "nuisances in connection with real property. "Our "castles" are no longer safe from outside intrusion. Smokers have been driven out of the workplace, airplanes, restaurants, public buildings and even some stadiums. Now they may be driven out of their own homes. If a smoker's castle is a high-rise building, a condominium or cooperative and shares ventilation or duct work with other units, or if it is a unit penetrated by 113
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Tobacco • • • Relevant Press Releases features critical commentaries, editorials, special supplements, and Letters to the Editor on all aspects of policy, practice, teaching, and research in public health. • The Impact of an Antismoking Media Campaign on Progression to Established Smoking: Results of a Longitudinal Youth Study (March 2000) • Maternal Smoking and Adverse Birth Outcomes Among Singletons and Twins (March 2000) • Tobacco Marketing and Adolescent Smoking: More Support for a Causal lnference (March 2000) • Women and Smoking in Hollywood Movies: A Content Analysis (March 2000) • Tobacco Smoking and Depressed Mood in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence (December 1999) • Also publishes audio tapes, reports/studies, and sells APHA apparel. • American Journal of Public Health (Tobacco Smoking and Depressed Mood in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence) - (December 1999) • Over-the-Counter Nicotine Patches Prove Effective (November 1999) . • Tobacco Is King of Retailer Incentive Programs (October 1999) • American Journal of Public Health (State and Federal Revenues From Tobacco Consumed by Minors - DiFranza) - (July 1999) - • Youth Smokers Contribute $480 Million to Tobacco Companies (July 1999) • Smoke-Free Offices Result in 9.7 Billion Fewer Cigarettes Smoked (July 1999) • American Journal of Public Health (Smokeless Tobacco Cessation Intervention for College Athletes: Results After 1 Year) - (February 1999) . • Latino Festival Resists Alcohol and Tobacco Money (June, 1998) • Clinton Tobacco Deal Falls Short (September, 1997) . • Tobacco Settlement (April, 1997) Website 4,590 websites are linking to apha.org Popularity 4,755 websites are linking to http://www.apha.org Calendar National Public Health Week, Apri13-9, 2000, an opportunity to recognize the contributions of public health to the nation's well-being as well as help focus public attention on major health issues in our communities • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Chicago, Illinois, Nov 12-16, 2000 • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Atlanta, Georgia, Oct 21-25, 2001 • American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; Philadelphia, PA, Nov 10-14, 2002 Notes APHA operates with a staff of 65 professionals, 1 volunteer and 5 interns; and has a membership of 32,000 individuals, and 20,000 state and local affiliates. APHA is a member of the World Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA). WFPHA's mission is "to promote personal and community health throughout the world by supporting the establishment and development of societies of public health; facilitating the exchange of information, experience, and research; and advocating for policies, programs, and practices that improve public health. Founded in 1967, WFPHA has a membership of 55 national and regional public health societies. WFPHA's has passed two resolutions on tobacco, one requesting the Director General to urge the Secretary General of the United Nations to adopt smoke-free workplaces and another calling on the World Health Organization's Director General to develop an international framework convention for tobacco control that addresses advertising, marketing, international sales, pricing and taxation, smuggling, and policy and program information sharing. 99
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Tobacco • • American Heart Association (AHA) 7272 Greenville Ave. Tel.: (214) 373-6300 Dallas, TX 75231-4596 Fax: (214) 987-4334 www.americanheart.org Mission To fund research and educate Americans about what they can do to prevent heart attack and stroke. Leadership M. Cass Wheeler, Chief Executive Officer Dr. Lynn A. Smaha Ph.D., President Funding For FY 1998 the organization reported a total revenue of $332,055,933 and expenditures of $327,095,367. Principal sources of revenue are: Contributions of $294,404,803; Investments of $21,633,996; Program Services $6,283,998; and Government Grants $337,800. 2000 Stated Goals • Prohibit tobacco marketing and advertising targeted at women, children and minorities • Increase prices on tobacco products • Ban smoking in public places • Require Food and Drug Administration authority over tobacco products • Advocate international tobacco control initiatives • Prohibit US government activities that facilitate marketing of tobacco overseas • Assist farmers in tobacco-growing regions in developing economic alternatives to tobacco Strategy Shift The AHA has added calls for greater international tobacco control restrictions to their public policy agenda. Tactics Community Outreach • Federal Lobbying • Scientific Research • Watchdog • Public Education + Media Education • Grassroots Campaigning Key Statements "The tobacco industry wanted money diverted from the health education campaign, and the way to do that was to send that money to medical interests," says Burgat. "Medical care for underinsured, uninsured, and poor kids - who could possibly be opposed to that? That's the tobacco industry's modus operandi: divert money from successful antitobacco programs and put money into issues that are difficult to oppose." - Marc Burgat, a lobbyist for the American Heart Association (New Times Los Angeles, January 20, 2000) Referencing the Health Effects ofEzposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke: TAe Repon of the California Environmental Protection Agency: "[the report] reinforces evidence of the strong link between heart disease deaths and ETS. It also reinforces the link between ETS with lung cancer, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), nasal sinus cancer, and a host of other diseases in both adults and children. "This report shows us what we've known for a long time and gives us insight into the scope of the problem. This is strong support of what is so often disputed by the tobacco industry; that ETS can lead to the biggest killers in our country. "It makes sense that the tobacco industry regularly attacks the data on ETS. It's easier for the tobacco industry to talk about smokers' rights than it is to talk about the rights of the people who are inhaling the smoke, whether they want to or not For those people, especially for children, their health is being endangered by tobacco poisons in the air." Lynn Smaha, M.D., President of the American Heart Association, November 29, 1999. • Third Party , "American corporations gave $8.5 billion last year to charitable causes, in most cases without Commentary shareholders' knowledge or consent. A conservative think tank and an Ohio congressman say it's time to open the books so shareholders can see where their dollars are going." "The Washington- based Capital Research Center maintains that corporations wittingly or naively contribute millions ~, ~ of dollars every year to'leffist advocacy groups using government sanctions to extort corporate funds in the name of charity, community development or corporate citizenship..... .."That view gets p some support from Robert Funk, executive director of the American Shareholders Association, a project of Americans for Tax Reform." 'If you look at who they give to, these corporations are 93
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Tobacco • i i Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) PO Box 2316 Tel.: (609) 452-8701 College Road East and Route I Fax: (609) 514-5570 Princeton, NJ 08543-2316 www.rwjf.org Mission To improve the health & health care of all Americans Leadership Robert E. Campbell, Chairman Steven A. Schroeder, M.D., President Funding RWJF became a national philanthropy in 1972 with an endowment of $1.2 billion bequeathed by General Robert Wood Johnson, the former chairman of Johnson & Johnson. The Foundation has, since then, made grants totaling $3.3 billion, and its assets have grown to $8.4 billion, making it the nation's fourth largest foundation. 2000 Stated Goals . . Strategy Shift Tactics Key Statements To Promote Health and Reduce the Personal, Social, and Economic Harm Came by Substance Abuse - Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Drugs. To assure that all Americans have access to basic health care at a reasonable cost. To promote health and reduce the personal, social, and economic harm caused by substance abuse. To improve the way services are organized and provided to people with chronic health conditions. Prevent and Delay the Onset of Alcohol, Tobacco and Illegal Drug Use by Youth Group has begun to pressure potential grantees not to accept PM Youth Smoking Preventiontrants. Grantmaking. great concern is the use of these substances among our youth. Our goal is to promote health and reduce the personal, social, and economic harm caused by substance abuse. Chronic Care -- One hundred million Americans suffer from a chronic health condition and as the population ages that number is almost certain to increase. Our health care system tends to focus on acute care rather than meeting the multiple, continuing needs of patients with chronic conditions. Our goal is to improve the way services are organized and provided to people with chronic health conditions. " (RWJF website) "Access to Care -- More than 40 million Americans, including nearly 10 million children, do not have health insurance. Lack of coverage is the single greatest barrier to obtaining timely, appropriate health care services. Our goal is to assure that all Americans have access to basic health care at a reasonable cost. • Substance Abuse -- Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs inflict an enormous toll on Americans. Of • Third Party None available. Commentary Key Publications • Advances (quarterly newsletter) • The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Annual Report 1998 • Quarterly reports on grant results Relevant • Teen Exposed to Anti-Smoking Ads half as likely to start Smoking, Reports Study in Peer- Press Releases Reviewed Journal (February 29, 2000) • Federal Institutes and The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Create Tobacco Use Research _ Centers (October 20, 1999) • Study finds States and HHS Not Enforcing the Country's Sole Legislation to protect Children and Teens from Tobacco (October 13, 1999) • Higher Cigarette Prices Reduces Smoking by Pregnant Women (April 8, 1999) • U.S. Senators Announce First-Ever International Policy Conference on Children and Tobacco 111
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Tobacco Center for Media Education (CME) • 2120 L Street, N.W., Suite 200 Tel.; (202) 331-7833 Washington, DC 20037 Fax: (202) 331-7841 www.cme.org • Mission To educate the public about media policy issues; to conduct policy research on democratic uses of the electronic media; and to serve as a clearinghouse for research, experts, and information about the media. Leadership Kathryn C. Montgomery, Ph.D., President Jeffrey Chester, Executive Director Funding For FY 98 the organization reported a total revenue of $1,007,016 and expenditures of $1,098,789. Principal source of revenue are Contributions $992,753; Program Services $210; and Investments totaled $12,844. 2000 Stated Goals • Convince legislators to define'responsible' tobacco and alcohol advertising as not accessible to children. • Mandate responsible alcohol and tobacco advertising • Require alcohol and tobacco websites to be included in a adult category. • Require federal legislation to "protect" children from tobacco and alcohol advertising online • Increase the efficiency and public knowledge of software that limits children's access to'adult' Internet sites. • Implement safeguards against marketing practices that could be hamifitl to the "healthy development of children and adolescents" . Strategy Shift None Tactics Research • Advocacy • Public Education • Press Activities. Key Statements "Parents may believe that filters will protect their children from all potentially harmful content on the Web, but our study suggests that these tools are not effective safeguards against the sophisticated Internet marketing techniques of alcohol and tobacco companies. A lot of attention and resources are going toward protecting children from pornography on the Web, but alcohol and tobacco sites continue to woo young future consumers with clever games and spokespeople, recipes for sweet-tasting alcohol drinks, instructions on how to blow smoke rings-and the filtering and rating systems aren t blocking them out." - CME President Kathryn Montgomery Internet Filter and Ratings Systems Fall Down on the Job of Protecting Kids' Access to Tobacco and Alcohol Web Sites (November 1999) Third Party ".,.Center for Media Education, which was instrumental in the passage of the recent online privacy Commentary law for children." Information Access Company (April 1, 2000) "In 1996 the Center spent $654,708 on iNs programs. The largest program, with expenditures of $250,465, was its Campaign for Kids TV to "improve the quality of kids' TV, educate the public about the Children's TV Act, enable parents and educators to deal more effectively with media-" $240,643 to "develop a public interest policy agenda for the 21" century telecommunications infrastructure in order to ensure a diverse electronic media system." The Center co-sponsored a "Media and Democracy Congress" in San Francisco with Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. Other sponsors include Radio Pacifica, The Progressive, Political Research Center and The Utne Reader." Tbe Left Guide (1998) • Key Publications • InfoActive Kids, (quarterly publication provides timely information on technological trends as well as a library of recent reports and a listing of key resources) • Youth Access to Alcohol and Tobacco Web Marketing: The filtering and rating debate (November 1999) • Tobacco Advertising Targeted at Youth on the Internet: an update (December 1998) 105
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Tobacco 0 (March 8, 1999) • Studies Find New York's Smoke-Free Ordinance Having No Significant Effect On City's Restaurant Jobs, Business (January 11, 1999) • Studies.Find Massachusetts' Smoke-Free Ordinances Having No Significant Effect On Restaurant Revenue January 11, 1999 Website 4,017 websites are linking to rwjf.org Popularity 3,412 websites are linking to http://www.rwjf.org Calendar World Conference on Tobacco and Health, Chicago, IL. The American Medical Association, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the American Cancer Society will host the conference. It is expected to draw more than 2,000 national and international tobacco-control experts. (August 6-10, 2000) Notes RWJF supports training, education, research (excluding biomedical research), and projects that demonstrate the effective delivery of health care services. Grantees include: hospitals; medical, - nursing, and public health schools; hospices; professional associations; research organizations; state and local government agencies; and community groups. Over the years, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has awarded millions of dollars in grants to study the following tobacco-related areas: • Analysis of Multiple Data Sets for Predictors of Different Stages of Tobacco Use Among • Adolescents . Assessing Options for Learning from Tobacco Control in Other Countdes • Conference on State Tobacco Taxes for Key Health Officials • • Determining Predictors of Smoking Cessation in Pregnant Medicaid Recipients Development of a National Tobacco Control World Wide Web Site • Dissemination of the Federal AHCPR Guideline on Smoking Cessation to Organized Labor • Evaluation of Laws Restricting Minors' Access to Tobacco Products • Evaluation of a Four-Community Project to Reduce Adolescent Tobacco Use: A Four • Community Project Evaluation of the Implementation of the AHCPR Smoking Cessation Guideline • Follow-up Study on Adolescent Girls' Tobacco Use New! . • Formation of Teacher Panels to Assist in the Development of Tobacco Education Materials for • Children Managed Care Performance Indicators for Prevention and Treatment of Tobacco Use and • Addiction Media Briefing on Moist Snuff Research • National Tobacco Survey • Research on the Tobacco Industry's 35-Year Public Relations Strategy O • • Smokefree Advertising Campaign on New York City Taxi Cabs Smoking and Cancer Screening: Chronic Disease Prevention for Older Women NI O' 00 , • Study of Whether Plain Cigarette Packaging Affects Purchases by Youth ,~'p • Survey of Tobacco Farmers' Attitudes Toward Policy and Economic Trends Affecting the ~ I • Tobacco Industry Test of Markers for Smoking Cessation Efforts • Using Professional Sports to Educate Youth About the Health Risks of Tobacco Use • Working Group on Tobacco Dependence Treatment Policy • Worksite Smoking Cessation Programs: Health, Economic, and Demographic Implications - A Computer Simulation s Together with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, RWJF also supports the PRISM awards, sponsored by the Entertainment Industries Council. The awards recognize outstanding efforts of the entertainment industry to accurately depict drug, alcohol, and tobacco use and addiction in movies, television, comic books, and interactive software/games. This year's winner for a feature film is the Oscar-nominated The Insider. 112
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Tobacco • industry, led by Kraft's parent corporation, has caused enormous suffering for the families of the . 400,000 people who have died from tobacco-related illness in the US this year." INFACT Executive DirectorKathrynMulvey-November23, 1999 , - Third Party "I strongly support IISFACTs Tobacco Industry Campaign, especially the focus on Commentary economically poor countries. Here in the Asia Pacific Region we have witnessed aggressive marketing and promotional campaigns by the ttansnational tobacco companies." Dr. Judith Mackay, Asia Consultancy on Tobacco Control We must come together to stop the deadly activities of the tobacco industry, and to save people's lives. INFACT brings the experience of challenging corporate abuses and in mobilizing tens of thousands of people to bring about positive change. I urge you to join with INFACT so that together we can put the pressure where it is needed most- directly on tobacco leaders." Rev. Jesse W. Brown, National Association of African Americans for Positive Imagery "Established avenues of reform have failed to remove the grave threat the tobacco industry poses to public health and welfare. Because of this, I fully endorse INFACT's Tobacco Industry Campaign, including the use of economic disincentives such as the Tobacco Industry Boycott. By manipulating public policy in the interests of tobacco profits and by lying about the health effects of tobacco and the addictiveness of nicotine, the tobacco industry has for decades addicted customers around the world, especially children and young people. Until the industry ceases its aggressive marketing practices and interference in our democracy, consumers should apply economic pressure on Big Tobacco by refusing to purchase Philip Morris' Kraft and RJR's Nabisco food products." Former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop . • • Key Publications • INFACT Update (quarterly newsletter) • 1999 People's Annual Report: Secrets and Lies How Philip Morris and RJR Nabisco are Responding to INFACT's Tobacco Industry Boycott . Relevant • Saying NO to Philip Morris from Coast-to-Coast INFACT Activists Turn up the Heat around Press Releases Corporate Annual Meeting (April 27, 2000) • Tobacco Industry Influence Alive and Well: NGOs Criticize US Position on Global Tobacco Treaty (March 30, 2000) • NGOs Warn Against Industry Interference in Global Tobacco Treaty US Position Under Scrutiny (March 27, 2000) • Philip Morris Averts FDA Regulation: INFACT Report Details Concerted Campaign to Block FDA Authority (March 21, 2000) • INFACT Urges US Delegation to Rein in Tobacco Transnationals (March 15, 2000) . Boycotters Barrage Kraft with Phone Calls to Halt Philip Morris' Influence-Peddling (March 9, 2000) • INFACT Condemns Attempt by Philip Morris to Set Terms of Federal Tobacco Regulation (March 1, 2000) • NGOs Raise Concerns About Tobacco Industry Political Influence In Tobacco Treaty Discussions (January 24, 2000) • New Poll Says FDA Should Regulate Tobacco Companies: Those Polled Support Stronger Regulation of Transnational Corporations Amid WTO Protest (December 1, 1999) Website 373 websites are linking to infact.org Popularity 351 websites are linking to http://www.infact.org Calendar No information was made available. Notes While staff information is not available, INFACT reports a membership of 30,000 individuals. INFACT activists have attended Philip Morris Annual Shareholder meetings for three consecutive years now in attempts to pressure the spin-off of Kraft Foods from the tobacco business. The organization claims it played an instrumental role in R.J. Reynolds' decision to spin-off its Nabisco operations. 108
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