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Philip Morris

Date: Mar 1991 (est.)
Length: 6 pages
2025528294-2025528299
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Fields

Type
REPT, REPORT, OTHER
Area
LOGUE,MAYADA/OFFICE
Characteristic
MARG, MARGINALIA
Document File
2025528257/2025528301/E-204
2025528258/2025528300/Apco
Litigation
Stmn/Produced
Named Person
Abelson, P.
Ames, B.
Bailar, J.
Baker, S.
Balling, R.
Bennett, M.J.
Bergeson, L.L.
Bishop, G.
Brockie, R.E.
Brodeur, P.
Bush
Cammer, P.
Chilton, K.
Cohen, B.
Cox, G.
Crandall, C.
Crandall, R.
Davis, B.
Dowd, K.
Enstrom, J.
Feinstein, A.R.
Fumento, M.
Gori, G.
Gots, R.
Gough, M.
Gross, A.
Hay, J.
Huber, G.L.
Huber, P.
Idso, S.
Jones, K.H.
Kazinsky, A.
Lee, D.
Lindzen, R.
Mahajan, V.K.
Mantel, N.
Michael, P.
Michaels, P.
Miller, S.
Mitchell, W.
Nazaroff, W.W.
Nierenberg, W.
Oliver, D.
Pulitzer
Remmers, E.
Samuel, P.
Seitz, F.
Singer, F.
Smith, F.
Stedman, D.
Steenland, K.
Stooksbury, D.E.
Teichman, K.
Tozzi, J.
Wehner, A.
Wildavsky, A.
Wilkinson, C.F.
Request
Stmn/R1-059
Stmn/R6-002
Site
N426
Named Organization
American Assn for Advancement of Science
American Council on Science + Health
American Journal of Public Health
American Petroleum Inst
American Policy Center Board of Advisors
Analytical Chemistry Division
Biomedical + Environmental Consultants
British Journal Economic Affairs
Brookings Institution
Business Council on Indoor Air
Center for Strategic + Intl Studies
Center for Study of American Business
Chemical Mfg Assn
Competitive Enterprise Inst
Congress
Congressional Office of Technology Asses
Conservative Pac
Consumers Research Seminar
Council on Environmental Quality
Detroit News
Epa Watch
Epa, Environmental Protection Agency
Flour Daniel
Ftc, Federal Trade Commission
George Mason Univ
Harvard Univ
Investors Business Daily
J Smoking Related Dis
Jama
Lawrence Berkeley Lab
Manhattan Inst
Mcgill Symposium
Mit
Multinational Business Services
Nas, Natl Academy of Sciences
Nasa
Natl Review
Natural Resources Defense Council
NCI, Natl Cancer Inst
New Yorker
Nma
Oak Ridge Natl Lab
Office of Research + Development
OSHA, Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Oxford Univ
Presbyterian Hospital Dallas
Purdue Univ
San Jose State Univ
Science + Environmental Policy Project
Science Magazine
St Vincents Hospital Medical College Oh
Synthetic Organic Chemical Mfg Assn
Technology Services Group
Total Indoor Env Quality Coalition Scien
Ucla
Univ of Ca
Univ of Ca Berkeley
Univ of Denver
Univ of Ga
Univ of SC Charleston
Univ of Tx
Univ of Tx Health Center
Univ of Va
Usc, Univ. Of Southern Ca
Wa Inst for Values in Public Policy
Washington Times
Washington Univ St Louis
Yale Univ
Date Loaded
05 Jun 1998
UCSF Legacy ID
hby83e00

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Page 1: hby83e00
1) Dr. Scott Baker, former science advisor at the EPA and senior staff officer at the National Academy of Sciences -- "Risks from exposure to ETS are not terribly significant" and evidence "doesn't really drive one to force a regulation into existence immediately. " 2) Gary L. Huber, MD, Robert E. Brockie, MD, and VQay K. Mahajan, MD, are with, respectively, the University of Texas Health Center, the Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, and St. Vincent's Hospital Medical College of Ohio) -- The majority of published data do not support the conclusion that exposure to the residual constituents of ETS is associated with lung cancer in nonsmokers. 3) Michael Gough, program manager for biological applications for the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment -- Regarding the EPA's lowering the confidence interval from 95 to 90 percent, Michael Gough says, "You cannot run science with the government changing the rules all the time. " 4) McGill symposium -- Over seventy scientists from throughout the world participated in the McGill symposium. Participants included experts in chemistry, medicine, toxicology, epidemiology, statistics, risk assessment and indoor air quality. The conference organizers concluded that the published data, when critically examined and evaluated, do not support the claim that ETS is a health hazard. 5) Scientists in the Analytical Chemistry Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory summarized both published and unpublished research conducted to date on the levels of ETS constituents found in indoor air. That research indicates that the contribution of ETS to airborne levels of most chemicals is barely detectable. 6) G Gori and N. Mantel -- Assessing exposure the environmental tobacco smoke: Is it valid to extrapolate from active smoking? J. Smoking-Related Dis., 2: 111-127, Gori G. and Mantel N. (1991). 7) Steenland, K. (1992) passive smoking and the risk of heart disease, JAMA 267:1 -- "Arguments inferring ETS health effects based on (the) health effects of mainstream smoke ... are not appropriate. " 8) National Cancer Institute Study published November 1992 in American Journal of Public Health. -- This research reported no statistically significant increase in nonsmoker lung cancer risk based on reported exposure to ETS. Possibility of talking to National Cancer Institute scientists? 9) Dr. Geraldine Cox-- Vice President, Flour Daniel. Former Vice President, Chemical Manufacturers Assoc. Served as Environmental Scientist, American Petroleum Institute. "Good science, rather the lack of it in government policy, is what originally attracted me to Washington".
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10) Dr. Sandy Miller-- University of Texas 11) Dr. Kevin Dowd--"it turns out, contrary to popular myth, that there is no convincing evidence in favor of the adverse effects of passive smoking". June 1991 issue of British Journal, Economic Affairs 12) Dr. James Enstrom--Professor of epidemiology at UCLA. Quoted in Investors Business Daily--Jan. 28, 1993. Criticized EPA's lowering confidence interval from 95 to 90. 13) Dr. Fred Singer -- University of Virginia. Charged that the EPA-supported theories of global warming and global ozone depletion are not backed up by the scientific evidence. Has charged that several major government studies that found information contrary to "politically correct" issues (acid rain), was ignored. At a Consumer's Research seminar in D.C. that dealt with official regulations frequently have little basis in scientific fact, being instead driven instead by political/social factors. "The tendency not only to misuse science but to ignore it is very strong" in policy decisions concerning global warming, ozone depletions, and acid rain. Has spoken on issue of cost of other environmental problems. Singer was director of the Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, on leave from Uva's department of environmental science. 14) Daniel Oliver -- former Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission. Charged that Natural Resources Defense Council, a major environmental group, "traded on fear" 'with Alar scare. Felt these studies "made excellent copy on the evening news, but were not scientifically based". 15) Fred Smith-- Competitive Enterprise Institute. Participated on panel on "Eco-Hysteria" sponsored by Conservative PAC (CPAC). 16) Christopher F. Wilkinson-- Director of the Toxicology Division of Technology Services Group, Inc. of Washington, D.C.. Spoke on j~ prospects of carcinogen factor of chlorine in showers. ~ Called the report ridiculous. Also called into question other studies-- "but it's not the first time the agency has done something ridiculous".
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17) Alfred Wehner-- President of Biomedical and Environmental Consultants Inc. in Richland, WA,. said of ETS study: "I did work for the EPA in the past and thought of them reasonably well, but when I saw that report, I was really embarrassed". 18) Bonner Cohen-- Editor of EPA Watch 19) James Enstrom-- Professor epidemiology at UCLA 20) Joel Hay-- Health Economist at USC ; 21) Dr. Alan Gross-- Professor of Biostatistics U. South Carolina at Charleston Medical School. Criticized EPA decision to exclude National Cancer Institute study relating to ETS. 22) Dr. Ronald Gots-- Physician and Toxologist in Bethesda, MD. Chairman of Total Indoor Environmental Quality Coalition Science Advisory Board. Responded negatively to the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA). 23) Dwight Lee-- University of Georgia economist. Says giving the EPA authority over indoor air "would be like giving a machine gun to a child". 24) Professor Alvan R. Feinstein, professor of medecine and epidemiology at Yale University, warned that epidemiology studies could greatly mislead the public about the risk of daily living. (EPA Watch, January 15, 1993) 25) Lynn L. Bergeson, Pollution Prevention Review, EPA justifies the proposed ban of the grout by saying that it is necessary to protect grouters from the "neurotoxic and carcinogenic risks" arising from dermal and inhalation exposures encountered with the use of these substances. The EPA is primarily concerned with the occupational hazards of using acrylamide and NMA grouts, and that the rule is not based on concerns with environmental exposures or environmental risks posed by these chemicals. This makes the proposed ban precedent setting. If promulgated, EPA would be authorized to invoke its authority to address purely occupational exposures, a domain historically reserved for OSHA. (Washington lawyer) 26) Michael J. Bennett The Asbestos Racket: An Environment Parable (Merrill Press) -- Bennett's meticulously researched saga of America's plunge into the fantasy world of environmental junk science captures the essence of the costly tragedy that befell the US during the great asbestos scare. In formulating the nation's asbestos policy, the EPA, aided and abetted by Congress, systematically ignored science. The series of articles in the Detroit News on which much of the book is based was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize. (EPA Watch, July 31, 1992) (202) 488-7692
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27) Dr. Phillip Abelson, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, found problems with the BIER IV report. The EPA's statements on the carcinogenicity of radon and its decay products are based in large part on the BIER IV report. Former editor of Science Magazine (202) 326-6641 28) William W. Nazaroff and Kevin Teichman concluded that "even of it is technically feasible, the cost (of implementing the EPA's radon policy) would be prohibitively large, on the order of $1 trillion. Mr. Nazaroff of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory at the University of California is one of the world's most foremost experts on radon and its mitigation. Mr. Teichman is a supervisory environmental engineer at the EPA's Office of Research and Development. I 29) Dr. Patrick Michael, Uva Dept of Environmental Science, Climatologist, global warming issues are not backed by science, on Board of Advisors of American Policy Center\EPA Watch (804) 924-0549, co-authored an article with David E. Stooksbury, also of Uva. 30) Dr. Bruce Ames, Biochemist, University of California at Berkeley (friend of Michael Bennett) 31) Aaron Wildavsky, Department of Political Science and Public Policy, Berkeley -- keynote speaker at recent seminar 32) Paul Brodeur, Journalist, New Yorker, against EMF and is large part of anti-EAF movement 33) Robert Crandall, Economist, Brookings Institute, critical of the Clean Air Act 34) Dr. John Bailar, National Cancer Institute, critical of NCI policy regarding cancer drugs. 35) Edward Remmers -- an MIT-trained biochemist and vice president of the American Council on Science and Health, told the Washinvton Times that basing ozone- depletion fears on the NASA fmdings (EPA supported) is an act of "toxic terrorism. Remmers added that he did not find NASA's fmding alarming, because "while what we observe may be true, we still don't know the impact of it on human health. " (EPA Watch, Feb 1992) 36) Jim Tozzi, Director of Washington-based Multinational Business Services Inc., has cited problems with EPA risk assessment policy, in particular, risk assessment guidelines for non-cancer health effects and criteria for inferring causation from epidemiologic data. Tozzi's firm represents a number of companies interested in the risk assessment issue.
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37) Manhattan Institute (Peter Huber) currently focusing on junk science and phantom risks issues which is part of its product liability issues. Alex Kazinsky is dealing with peer review and consensus dealing with the courts and governments. (202) 466-7300 38) Richard Lindzen, Robert Balling, William Nierenberg, Fred Seitz, Patrick Michaels, Fred Singer, Sherwood Idso -- scientists opposed to global warming issues, as cited by Peter Samuel. 39) Kay H. Jones, Seattle, Washington pollution consultant, was formerly responsible for air quality analysis for the Council on Environmental Quality. Our city air has been getting steadily better and justifies a less demanding set of government rules and regulation. Three quarters of EPA's ozone attainment program is a "total waste of money." 40) Michael Fumento of Investor Business Daily who does write about these issues. 41) Dr. Paul Cammer -- is a Scientist and President of Business Council on Indoor Air (BCIA). BCIA's membership consists of a wide spectrum of firms with expertise in areas such as monitoring, controlling, improving the quality of the indoor environment, manufacturers of chemicals, consumer products and building materials. Before BCIA, Dr. Cammer was an employee of the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association. Prior to joining SOCMA, Dr. Cammer worked for five years at EPA as a toxicologist and project manager. Dr. Cammer holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in Biochemical Toxicology from Perdue University, and a B.A. in Biological Sciences from San Jose State University. 42) Dr. Donald Stedman -- of the University of Denver, has written about the National Academy of Science's criticism of EPA's computer model to estimate motor vehicle emissions. Dr. Stedman and Gary Bishop have invented a remote sensor that instantly reads carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon levels emitted from automobile exhaust pipes. It is believed that Stedman's and Bishop's tailpipe emissions gauge could identify the one car in ten accounting for most air pollution at a fraction of the cost and time required by a procedure recommended by EPA. 43) Peter Samuel -- Peter Samuel is currently free lancing part-time for the National Review. Regarding the global warming issues, Samuel asserts that "the whole sad affair is a case study in the pitfalls of trying to conduct public policy without full and open discussion of fundamental principles and a fearless discussion of science and data. The Bush Administration, like many limp-wristed, so-called conservatives before it, has never been prepared to speak frankly about the humbug of global warming and the greenhouse effect. "
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Samuel asserts that although pollution is steadily disappearing the America, the government will not admit it. Therefore, Americans may still have to pay the high price of draconian clean air regulations. In May 1992, Samuel suggested that Bush announce the suspension of the EPA's city smog program, which at the time fought urban air pollution with tax dollars. Samuel has developed a book proposal to address unsubstantiated scares including alar, dioxin, DDT, ETS, asbestos and others. Candace Crandall -- Executive Vice President of the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP). She has published extensively on junk science issues in the past. Crandall was the Director of Communications for the Center for Strategic and International Studies before joining SEPP. The primary focus of SEPP is to document the use of scientific data in the development of federal environmental policy. SEPP is an independent, non-profit research group that relies on private funding. It will co-sponsor a conference with George Mason University in May on scientific integrity in the political process. Crandall has arranged for a number of prominent scientists to be participants, including Dr. Bernard Davis of Harvard University and Sir William Mitchell of Oxford University. Crandall is Dr. Fred Singer's wife. 45) Kenneth Chilton -- is the Deputy Director of the Center for the Study of American Business of Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. He has published extensively on the issues of the impact of environmental regulation and public policy on business.

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