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Philip Morris

Powell

Date: Jun 1974
Length: 58 pages
1000272493-1000272550
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1000272486/1000272674/Missing. Powell Manufacturing
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R37
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WAKEHAM,HELMUT/ANTEROOM
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MINI, MINIMUM CODING
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Powell Mfg
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1000272492/2550

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fk . N I z , I boomw .............. ® J I 1000272494 ~ ® J [
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TOTAL TOBACCO MECHANIZATION Compiled and Distributed for Tobacco Farmers By: POWELL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. Bennettsviile, S. C. 29512 TO BE FOUND IN THIS BOOK: P.pe MECHANIZATION COMES TO THE AID OF TOBACCO GROWERS ........... _...... 3-4 , TRANSPLANTERS A Healthy Transplanter is Like Money in the Bank ................................ ................................. 5 Proper Transplant-The Key to uniform, vigorous growth _ ......... .. ........ .......................... 6-7 MECHANIZED HARVESTING POWELL "35H'" Bulk Tobacco Harvester . ... .. ........ .... .. .............. ........ ............ 8 Mechanical Harvesting POWELL "66" Combine ........ ..._.... _ .............__ .._.... ........ ................ ...... ........................ 9 AEROTOPPER POWELL AeroTopper "55" ....... .._..... ......,. .......:.... ............. 10 An Introduction to Bulk Curing ......... ....._..... .... ...._.._.... ..................................... .......... ......11-12 Buying a Bulk System? What youiShould Know ............... .... .. . .... .13-14 It's Here to Stay-Automatic Curing ............... .. .................. .... .................... .............. ........... 15 Only 25 Man Hours Per Acre„to Harvest, Barn and Prepare for Market ......_.........._..... 16 Put Your Barn to Work, Many Uses For It .... ........ 17 BULK CURING EQUIPMENT Match Equipment to the Farm ..................... ___ .18-19 POWELL MECHANIZES TOBACCO HARVESTING AND CURING ... .. .... .......................... ... ...... 20
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r <t r MECHANIZATION COMES TO AID OF TOBACCO GROWER A modem mechanized fami showing a muiti-unil Powell butk curiog inalallation START OF MECHAN'IZATION BULK CURING T o b a c c o mechani2ation, re- search began at~ Nbrth Carolina State College in the early 1950's. By 1953, Powell started its own re- search and development program on curing and mechanical harvest- ing. Powell's engineering efforts re- sulted in the first farm-operated bulk curing unit & mechanical com- bine system in 1961. These per- formed so well that production and sale of commercial units was start- ed in 1962. Powellis constant research~ and' development~ in bulk handling, sys- tems has been continuous from 1953 to the present. This continu- ous effort has resulted in the most advanced eqNipment available to decrease labor requirements and increase efficiency. Powell equipment o f f e r s the farmer built-in dependability and long-life. Tobacco mechanization, once a dream, now a reality, offers the farmer a new method of decreasing his production costs and increas- ing his leaf quality. There are bulk barns today in all areas of the flue cured be1tL Some areas are going to bulk curing fast- er than others. Factors contribut« ing to this are availability of laboq allotment size, knowledge farmers in area have of bulk curing„and the proper introdUction into the area. HOW IS LABOR REDUCED? In, bulk curing, tobacco is han- dled in bulk. Abouti 140 pounds of green, tobacco are place6 in one curing rack. This is equivalent to 10:to 12 sticks of tobacco and will cure out about 20 pounds of cured leaf. Tfie racking process is very fast and! when done at the barn two people can rack and load the barn for, four to six field primers. (The people doing the racking need not be skilled as is the case with stringers.) i These two rackers normally re- place hand or machine stringers and' leaf handers used in stick cur- ing as well!as eliminating the need of, the field primers to load the barn, at the end of the day. Loading of the barn is very easy since tobacco is loaded only to standing height. All the loading is accomplished at ground'level. Unloading of the barn is greatly speeded up since all the work is done at ground level and an equiv- alent of 101to 12 sticks are handled at once in each rack. Farmers with Powell bulk barns are reporting that they are able to get tobacco on the sale floor much faster thanibefore. This is because of not having to remove tobacco from sticks and a large decrease, and many times an elimination, in grading time. The uniform curing of tobacco inibulk is caused by all!the tobacco being treated the same in all parts of the barn during the cure. The overall savings in labor over stick, curing is more than 50%. Handers and stringers are com- pletely eliminated' at harvesting time and market preparation labor is greatly reduced because of the elimination of sticks and uniformity of cure. 3
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Mechanization does not simply mean iess labor required; It atso means older men, women,n and even, teenagers can bee used ass the operations are less difficult than.In normallstick operation. HOW' ABOUT ACCEPTABILITY? (QUALITY) There appears to be little doubt that bulk curing can result in inr creased acceptability: A careful analysis of how bulk curing works will bear this out. Tobacco is placed in, racks tak- ing up a third the space normally used in a stick barn. The leaves are in close proximity of each other and so will be under the same con- ditions. A normal stick barn is six or more tiers high. This makes it dif- ficultito make the conditions in the top of the barn the same as at the bottom. Conditioned air is recirculated to provide the proper curing environ- ment.,Outside air is brought in only' when it is necessary to dump high moisture air in the barn to the out- side. Thermostatic control ofi heat and wet bulb temperature at vari- ous stages of the cure regulate the heat and moisture contenv of the circulating conditioned air. Because of the controlled condi- tions present in a bulk barn, hard- to-cure tobaccos can be more easi- ly cured. Disease can be more ef- fectively controlled, when presenT in a bulk barn. The high humidity conditions available during color- ing can hold over-ripe and trashy tobacco thus resulting in more weight of saleable tobacco and a highen price for it. EASE OF OPERATION The heavily-insufated' structure, high-capacity furnace, and easy-to- use racks take the guesswork out of curing in bulk. Once a farmer has used a bulk barn, he will tell you that "There is nothing to it" and "It is the easiest way to cure tobacco." HARVESTING FOR BULK CURING Walking through the field, prim- ing tobacco by hand, is very dis- tasteful to farm help today. To complement bulk curing, a means of harvesting should' be provided. A very suecessfui' bulk harvester is the Powell'Bulk Harvester Model "35H". It is pulled down the fifth row. Primers harvest the tobacco and place it between belts for con, veying directly into bulk racks. To- bacco is racked in these racks on: the machine and placed directly in, a trailer. This uses a minimum amounV of individual handling of the leaves and an added reduction in labor results. The biggest labor advantage is being able to use un- skilled workers and' workers who are not able to walk and prime. Mechanical harvesting of leaves with a Powell Tobacco Combine is possible withi bulk curing. Here leaves are mechanically removed from the stalk and'conveyed direct- ly to the racks; and'thus to the bulk barns. Labor, requirements are fur- ther reduced with this method but not to the extent already achieved. The Future of, mechanical har- vesting and bulk curing seems as- sured. The many farmers adding to their bulk euring facilities attest to the benefits which the farmers are receiving when going to Powell bulk curing. Research shows that for each, day tobacco plants are held be- tWeen the time of pulling and trans- planting, the value of the crop is reduced about $50 per, aere. Therefore, if your transplanter is not ready to go when i your plants are, don't blame the plants. Racks are simply pushed from the traiierr into the bulk curing barn..
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r .P v A "HEALTHY" TRANSPLANTER IS LIKE MONEY IN THE BANK MULTI-ROW MACHINES A definite trend to multi-row transplanting is occurring. Farm- ers' use of two and four row culti- vating equipment requires the use of transpianters planting at' least the same number of rows. Vegetable planting led the way in multi-row transplanting. Ten and even more rows of lettuce are be- ing planted with one machine. Usually one person per row is used'for this kind of! operation. Efficiency is also improved when fertilizer placement is done at the same time as transplanting. Labor is saved-fewer trips through the field are required-fertilizer dam- age is eliminated-and fia s t e r, more uniform growth results. A modern 4 row transplanter with fertilizer equipment puts fertilizer in and trans- plants in vnetrip through dhe field.. PREVENT TROUBLE The ideal plan is to get your transplanter r e a d'y immediately after you have used it and get it~ into safe, dry storage. Your ma- chine is then ready for the next season when you, and' the plants are ready. Following are a few good points to put into operation: . Drain water and remove all old fertilizer (if using a once-over machine). . Replace defective and worn parts such as (1) hands, (2) rubber bands, (3) valve, parts, (4) cams, and (5) openerL . Remove r u b b e r parts and place in- bag attached to ma- chine. . Relubricate all, parts. . Touch up with paint if needed, OLD AND NEW MACHINES You might ask„ "How long should I keep a machine before trading, it?" This, of course„ de- pends omhow well you take care of it. Some farmers trade their transpllinter every 2 or 3 years. Normally; new transplanters are kept an average of 5 years before obtaining, replacements, Farmers with 15-year old machines are in, deed a: rarity: The new transplanters t o d a y have many improvements over the machines of even 5 years ago, Long wearing parts are being usedi but most important is the accuracy and ease of transplanting, which present machines provide. Even though the old'machine still works, the chances you take; with delays, accuracy, and~ availability of labor sometimes do not justify its con- tinuous use. Several kinds of new transpfant= ers are available. The most pop- ular transplanters today are auto- matic units. They set plants ac- curately and less experienced help is required. You should! select the one, best suited to your conditions and needs. PRICE OF NEW MACHINES There is little variation in~ price. The less expensive m~a c h i n e s usually require higher maintenance costs and have a shorter useful life. The more expensive machines are more ruggedly built and main- tenance costs are usually much less. Hardened~ steel bearing sur- faces where excessive wear oc- curs, neoprene weather resistant rubber parts, and corrosive resist- ant, vahre parts are provided on these more expensive machines. The extra cost usually soon pays for itself. A machine which is ready to work is worth far more than one that' is ahways breaking down. Field break-downs are very costly. A long life machine constructed of long life parts is the most eco- nomical machine you:can buy. An exception, to the above is a new Powell 15 automatic which is now available. It is the least costly of any automatic and its mainte- nance costs are very low. It features two~ flexible planting disks. Hardened axles and' other long wearing parts are used to give service. The few simple parts and lack of a multitude of adjustments on this machine make for ease of opera- tion and should give long trouble- free life. Only three gears are used to drive the planting disks.
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, . . I PROPER TRANSPLANT ... KEY TO UNIFORM VIGOROUS GROWTH Transplanting is a major key to profits in tobacco production. Good transplanting t e c h n i q u e s and equipment have revolutionized the art of transplanting. Before the advent of precision transplanters the tobacco farmer had to rely upon many people set* ting plants by hand, each one plac- ing the plants at~ different depths, different spacings and in different ways. Today'a precision Powell trans- planters have eliminated the vari- ables that were always present in, hand transplanting. Most important are vigorous;, healthy plants for use with the pre- cision transplanter. VIGOROUS, HEALTHY TRANSPLANTS Experimental work has shown that the best size plant is one that is about 8 inches.tall. It' must have a good sturdy stem~ healthy leaves and good root development. The transpfant should be as fresh as possible with roots in a moist condition. Wilting should be kept at a minimum by, proper care between ithe time of, pulling plants and setting, A uniformisize plant is important to get uniform growth, It is usually desirable to grade the plants be- fore they are taken to the fieldi This will allow the operators to give full! attention to the operation of trans- planting. Powell transplanters have made it possible to set all plants accu- rately. It is necessary for best~ growth that these plants be set at a uniform and proper depthi and be packed uniformly. TRANSPLANTING IN HARD SOIL: A good transplant needs well- prepared'soil to achieve maximum fast uniform growth. The preparation of the field should be planned' considerably in advance of planting time so that no delay occurs during,the transplant- ing operation. 6 Operators can place the ptantl, one at a time, in the stationary tray without waiting, and reach for another plant. The plant hands grasp the plant In th'e tray, open the tray and piace the piant In the ground. Position of root crown or bud can be estabiiehed onn the tray for theinexperienced operator. Proper positioning of root to fertifizer bandss at transplanting time for maxl- mum returns. Adjustable width, wheels will properly pack soil'.around roots. Powelll transplanters can be made to work in hard soil or pene- trate into a hard pan: This can be done by adding more weightAo the pjanting unit or by using specially designed openers which will pene- trate into this hard ground; When this is done, however, the plant roots will have to penetrate out into this hard'soil to get'to the fertilizer and obtain enough nutri- ents for growth. This delays the growth of the transplant and! some- times reduces the yield consider- ably: It is always better to prepare the soil: so that there is a sufficient a m o u n t of well-loosened soil above, below and to each, side of the plant rooUat transplanting time. TRANSPLANTING IN DRY-LOOSE SOIL: Under some conditions, plants in the plant bed' can grow to a large size before the field is inicondition to pianti This forces farmers, some years, to plant in a soil thaU is too dry;,andyor too loose.
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U f When:a soil is very dty, the trans- plant water will be absorbed im- mediately into the soil and if the dry period persists these plants will not have enough~ water to grow properly. Some soils are naturally very loose. All soils, when they are very dry, can become very loose and powdery. When this condition aris- es, the soil acts like a: fluid. On opening a trench in the ground„the soil will flow back in by itself. It can occur even without press-wheels or pressure on the soil. This condi- tion is very hard to correct in the field. It is usually necessary to allow the soil to settle before transplant- ing. Packing of' the soil is some- times necessary: A settled soil will gain some moisture when it's dny. If this loose, dry condition is very severe it is desirable to wait until it does rain to get the soil into proper, condition for planting. If irri- gation is available it may be used before transplanting.. Even though a transplanter can give out as much as a pint of water, with each plant, this water will soon, be of little value. RELATION OF PLANTS TO FERTILIZER: Many farmers today are placing one-half of their, fertilizer in the ground at~ the time of transplanting (or shortly prior to transplanting) with the other half,of the fertilizer being placed as a side dressing later in the season. When the fertilizer is placed, it should be placed'in avniform rela- tionship to the roots and in such a way that the fertilizer does not come into contact with the roots and cause fertilizer damage. Fertilizer placed below the roots,s as well as broadcast, has proved very injurious to1he tender, plants. This is because any time the plant', comes into contact with the fertiliz- er it is damaged. The best~ proven method of plac- ing fertilizeF is in two bands, one on each, side of the row, at least S inches apart and at least as deep as the root crown. ACCURATE PLANT PLACEMENT: Uniform, healthy plants at trans- planting, cannot~ do it all. These plants must be set, properly,, for uniform growth. To get the biggest profits from your tobacco crop-Foiioww these simple sug- gestions: 1. Use sturdy, healthy plants of uniform size. 2. Thoroughly prepare your soil before planting. 3. Fertilizein~auniform and safe relationship to the roots. 4. Set plants at uniform depths and distances from each other. 5. Water plants at transplanting time. 6. Make certain soil is packed firmly around the plant's roots. 7.. Watch for Insects and:disease and controi„if~found. When you follow these suggestions, you will easily see that,Powell precision transplanters can give you so much assistance in getting the biggest profits pos- sibfe from your crop. The scarcity of labor makes It very difficult to get~ good plantt setters. For this reason the very best and most accurate equipment should be used. Powell transplanters allow Op- erators to sit in a comfontable posi- tion. Then they can place their plants directly in a plant tray. This tray is marked so that the setters know where the ground line is. By marking the proper position for the root crown every plant can be put at~ a definite position in the plant tray. The rest is automatic. Plant hands pick up the plant Inn the tray and place it in the ground. Each root crown will be the same distance below the ground, and therefore exactly the same dis- tance from the fertilizer. Some people desire to set the bud of the plant at ground level or slightly above. This is also~ very easy to do as the ground line is marked on the tray. Powell transplanters allow you to control the amount of water placed with each plant. Placing water in the furrow at the root helps keep the plant in a good growing con- dition and aids in its rapid recov- ery from transplanting. The prop- er amount of water at the root also tends to set the plant in the ground and eliminates air pockets that might otherwise be present. In very dry conditions it~ may be necessary to use large quantities ofi water. This can g r e a t l y diminish the amount of re-planting required in di•y seasons. PROPER PACKING OF PLANTS: The last operation, in, transplant- ing is packing the dirt around the plants and closing the furrowi. In very loose conditions, there is sometimes the problem of not~ enough flotation for the transplant- er while in heavy'soil conditions it may be difficult to put enough pres- sure on the soil to pack properly. Adjustable packer wheels allow widening in loose conditions and narrowing in heavy soil conditions. This will give the flotation and packing conditions desired. Proper packing, a I o n g withi water, is necessary to help get the plant started'. properly. I .EJ1 O O
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TOBACCO. HARVESTING i 'POWELL '_35"H --BUtK `"TOBACCO =HARVESTER THE FLOW SYSTEM OF TOBACCO HARVESTING... HOW IT WORKS! 'the iiFlowo System" of BASIC LABOR REQUIRED TO HARVEST AND BARN' onuro. rw a.va.. DEIVING 1 LIGHT .ed EASY PRIMING LIGHT ..d FAST EACK LOADING Tt4ULEE LOADING EARN LGADING 1 1 1 LIGHT ..1 FAST HEAVIER a.d.EFFICIENT LIGHT aM.EASY NQTE! Y/ L. WDIRFE.CEEw.IS.AU TNATi IS NEEDEDTO NAEVEST AND. FAIN. SEVEN'.UF TNESE DD. EASY 1VD.[. a hm.s nw b, nd'A I.Y. w. MMM*.I First, the tobacco leaves are primed from the stalk. This opera- tion,canibe accomplished by older workers, women or even teenagers because the worker rides sitting in a comfortable seat. There are 4 primers per harvester. Next, the primers place the to- bacco in a conveyor system which takes it gently but swiftly to the center of the harvester. Here a worker places the tobacco uniform- ly in one side of a turntable bulk rack loader. (This worker may also be an older man, womanior teen- ager as the work is light.) Meanwhile, a trailer loader is working on the opposite side of the turntable: The trailer loader racks 8 the tobacco in a full rack loader' and places it in a trailen The trailer loader can then, turn the turntable so that an empty rack can be filled and a fulll one put into the trailer again. VNhen~the trailer is filled, it is de- tached' from the harvester and an empty trailer attached. A tractor pulls the loaded trailer to the bulk curing barn. When it gets to the barna the trailer can be backed to the barn and the loaded racks can be pushed down rail extensions and into the bulk curing barn with- out lifting,them. During this time„the harvester is continuing in the field, and the to- bacco leaves continue to flow from the stalk into bulk racks and then into the trailer, There is no stop- ping for extended rest periods as all the workers ride comfortably, fatigue is reduced'to'a minimum. An eight-worker crew is all that is needed'to harvest tobacco using the flow system. One of these should be an able-bodied man, the other seven can be older men, women, and even teenagers. The simple conveying system permits the primers to quickly release the primed tobacco: This makes it pos- sibl'e for 4 primers to do the work of 6 primers walking. The flow sys- tem is truly an answer to the labor shortage. ~~J
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, 10 t~pwpyp "55" AEROTOPPER 1 ° `^ti This new Powell development tops up to 20 acres of tobacco per 8-hour day with on!y one man and' a 2-row AeroTopper!'The Powelli AeroTopper d e p r esse s the tip leaves with a strong air stream,, This exposes the f!ower head for clean removal by a one-piece ro- tary b!ade. Tops are discharged'to ® the side into the row middles, and the tip leaves resume their original position as the machine moves on. Damage to the tips is almost entire- ly eliminated, and yield per acre is increased. Operates in variable row widths, from 36" to 52". Height of topping heads is easily adjustable from 36" AeroTopper with Sucker Controller Sucker Control' Nozzles attached di- rectly to the AeroTopper direct the spray material onto the plant immedi- ately atter topping to get maximum sucker kill: Accuracy of~ the directed spray gives effective control. Three nozzlesare used to ~ cover each row of tobacco. Top and apply sucker con- trol in a once-over-the-fi®Id operation. Sucker Control Kit' is optional equip- ment. Plant at time of top- ping„sh'owing air-d8- pressed leaves 6& sucker controller. AeroTopper with Budworm Controller Air,from.the AeroTopper depresses the upper, leaves and exposes the bud area.. Budworm Nozzles effectively sprayy this area. Optional, supplied as part of Sucker Conttoller Kit. Plant at time of treatment showing exposed~bud and bud'controlling spray directed to bud area. to 72". Loosen only four bolts for row adjustment. A 2-row' tractor mounted unit is right-side-mount- ed; Four-row an&six-row' units are also available for use on high clearance equipment. Save labor, save leaves! Ask your Powell representative for complete details: 51V.';2Z ~ Plant.after treatment. ~~~
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I AN INTRODUCTION TO BULK CURING Tobacco has been cured the same way for so many years that it is often difficult to make a change,. Barns or kilns many tiers high- thousands of sticks-stick string- ing-and pack houses are com- monplace on most tobacco farms.. BUT ALONG CAME BULK CURING T h e revolutionary "Hassler"" Bulk Curing Process makes high tiers, cookers, sticks, string, and many times the pack house obso- lete. Entirely new equipment is re- quired'for bulk curingi Equipment manufactured to bulk cure tobacco by the "Hassler"'Bulk Curing Process has been used by farmers since 1960. This equipment has helped produce a desirable, saleable leaf with large labor sav- ings. Even though new equipment, is required' for the "Hasslen" Bulk Curing Process, it is easy to get into-the equipment is readily available-operation of the equip- ment and curing is easy-financing can be easily secured-(tax ad- vantages reduce the overall equip- ment cost)-cost of equipment may be quickly paid for by savings. AVAILABILITY Equipment required'for bulk cur- ing consists essentially of 4 com- ponents; the structure, racks to hold tobacco, furnace, and furnace controls. These items are readily avail- able from Powell dealers through- out the flue-cured belti Tihe structure is available as a prefabricated structure t h a t is ready to go up in less than aa day: A mobile factory assembled unit is also available. 'Deredoped by F. J. Hessler,Head, Aqnloulturel. Englneerimg Deparnment,~ North Caroline State. Unl. versity. The structure can, also be builU by the farmer or a local carpenter with "Do-it-Yourself" Plans. The prefabricated, mobile, and "Do-it- Yourself" structures are strongly built, permanent, longrlife invest* ments. The special bulk curing furnace and racks for holding tobacco come ready to operate. They are fully assembled and matched to the structure to give top perform- ance. FINANCING When bulk curing was first offer- ed for farmer use in 1950, few fi- nance agencies were interested in financing them. The succeeding years, however, have proven to theseagenciesthat the "Hassler" Bulk Curing Process has m a n y money saving, ad- vantages for the farmer. Labor, saving, high quality cures, good' selling price and multi-crop (Continued on, page 12)', i 11,
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r Introduction (Cont'd) (Continued from page 11) use have made this equipment a sound investment in the eyes of the financier. Different financing a g e n c i e s have money available for bulk cur- ing equipment. Government sup- ported financing plans, most com- mercial financing agencies, and local banks are loaning money on bulk curing equipment. T h e s e agencies, of course, rely uponithe farmer who is buying this equip- ment and on the equipment itself: TAX ADVANTAGE Purchasing new equipment, such as for bulk curing, can bring a big tax advantage. In certain instances the tax saving,can be more than 50, per cent of the totall cost of the equipment. Tihere are several' ways that tax savings can ibe obtained. Many times an investment in equipment results iniobsolescence of othereqpipment whichiis now on the farm, Stick barns and harvest- ers may not be fully depreciated. In cases such as this,, the remaining undepreciated value can be credit- ed as a capital loss and results in a: further tax benefit. A 10 year life appears to be rea- sonable for bulk curing equipment because of the large productivity of this equipmenti In alli cases, the owner should check with a tax ad- visor or lawyer, to determine which tax advantage he qualifies for. EASE OF OPERATION It' is easier to cure tobacco with the "Hassler" Bulk Curing Process than in stick barns. This is be- cause all the tobacco is treated the same and the curing tobacco is un- affected by conditions outside the barni The operator has full control of the cure at all times. Operating and curing instruc- tions are provided with each sys- tem. Operators are also provided' with curing schedules. These cur- ing schedules are based on, thou- sands of bulk cures by farmers and provide a new operator with a sound guide. Many old hands at bulk curing say they still, use the schedules to refresh their mem- ories each curing!season. The burners, c o n t r o I s, and motors used in the furnace are fa- miliar to most oil and gas dealers. This makes service easy and pro- vides for dependable operation. RETURNS vs. COST Before converting a stick opera- tion~ into a bulk operation, it~ is im- portant to analyze the benefits. What will the returns be versus the cost? In making this analysis, one of the biggest advantages in bulk cur- ing is in labor saving. Many farm- ers with bulk equipment are using less than 50 man hours of labor from, harvest to marketing. This is the labor for harvesting, loading, unloading and preparing for mar- ket. Before, these farmers were using in the neighborhood of 150 to 200 man hours of labor for these same operations. The cost saving in labor, is not always the biggest factor. Many farmers have just not been able to find adequate labor. The only way they have been able to stay in to- bacco production was to go into bulk curing; In analyzing the cost of a bulk curing system, it is very important to know what the bulk curing sys- tem will produce. What is its out- put? As every farmer knows, a cure of sand lugs will weigh less than a cure of tobacco further up the stalk. Bulk curing systems are ofimany different sizes. The size of a bulk system is determined by its load- ing area and 'fan Capacity. In the "Hassler" Bulk Curing Process, every square foot of load- ing area: will cure out an average of 4pounds of tobacco. This will vary, of~course, between sand lugs and tobacco up the stalk. A bulk system with 7711 square feet of loading area shou)d'be able to hold an average of 3,000 pounds of cured leaf. (18,000 pounds per year for 6 primings), Some farmers have been able to average as much as 3,800 pounds per cure. In all cases the fan capacity in the furn- ace must be sufficient to take care of this volume of tobacco. A careful analysis of all the fac- tors involved~shows how easy it is to get into bulk curing. Proven equipment is a wise investment. "77e' BARN COMPARISONS "88" 12 oeding ra n ure Model Furne¢e Floor Construqiae RacMs I Ane Air Capacity. of No./Bam Sr1.. F1.. Yoiume Bu., #/Cufe 77-2 Tier Gas Wood or Galyanized 100 514 Adjustable 1680 2,050 77-3Tier or. Steel Metall 150 I 771 As 3,080 68-2 Tier Oil Steel and Wood 84 432 You D i 1360 1,730 88-3 Tier 126648 es re 2.590 •4}d'of cured tobecco.fdom eve.rysauarefoot.of loading anea witl:b'e the average output per, eurewheo usi~ngag furnace ofi suffilelent size. CaFpaclty' can be much,es 150% ' of trievelues shmwn w.lth extra Ierge,.heacy tobacco; whlte lugs and light'Iobeccomayonly.yield.6El% aa much., m
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BUYING A BULK SYSTEM? WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW BEFORE YOU BUY A high capacity furnace is required to furnilh suf- ficient conditioned air. The bulk rack.must be of large size and built strong. A good bulk curing system is the most advanced, miechanized method that any farmer, can go to in the harvesting and curing of his tobacco. Now, it is possible to har- vest, load, unload and prepare for market each hundred' pounds of cured tobacco for as little as 21/z hours ofilabon This compares with 10~hours and more for the same operations on sticks. Large labor savings-and it produces the highiquality, wrinkled' leaf desired by the tobacco com- panies. PROVEN EQUIPMENT- A NECESSITY When investigating the various types of' bulk curing equipmentt available, be sure to find out which have been farm-tested and proven successful, and! which are stili' ex- perimental. You should know how much tobacco the equipment will handle properly, and'what chances of error or trouble you might have with it. You'll want to be certaint that equipmentyoulbuy is suited to~ your particular needs now and in the future. Obviously, you can have more confidence in a bulk curing system that has already been in use for severallyears and successfufly cur- ed millions of pounds of, highly saleable leaf than relatively un- tried systems. Powell'S famous Hassler system of, bulk curing was developed by Dr. F. J. Hassler at'North Carolina State University in 1953. First on- farm operations were conducted in 1960; and today thousands of to- bacco farmers are using Powell's proven equipment. CAPACITY There are considerable differ- ences among available systems ini the amount of tobacco they cani contain and cure. Capacity is one variable. The ca- pacity (loading area) of, any system is very easy to determine. Simply multiply the inside size (ppeniarea) ofia single rack by the total number Controls for desired barn curing conditions of tem, perature and humidity are essential to t o p quality cures. of racks the barn will hold. As a rule-of-thumb, assuming an aver- age yield of 2000 pounds per acre, each loaded rack shoufd' hold four pounds of cured leaf for every square foot of loading area. For example, consider an extra large barn (771i Sq. Ft. of loading area): Its leaf-holding capacity can~ be determined by multiplying 4 (Ibs)) times 771 (sq ft) times the number of primings. If you prime your to- bacco six times, you should aver- age over 18,000 pounds of cured tobacco annually from each, extra large barn. With the smaller barnn and six primings, you can expect only about 10,000 pounds cured each year. So you should think of the extra-large barni as a 8 acre barn~ and a standard sized unit as a 5 acre barn. The chart on page 14: compares the capacities of standard and ex- tra large bulk systems at' varying yiei6 levels and primings. Note that you can put more volume by (Continued on page 14) 13
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Buying a Bulk System? (Continued from page 13) weight of large leaf tobacco in a rack than smaller, leaves, sand lugs, etc. Normally, the higher your per-acre yield, the more tobacco you can put in a: rack . . . thus, if you make 3,000, pounds per acre you will be able to load more leaf in a rack than a man raising say;, 1500 pounds per acre. In this case, however, at: 3;000 pounds per acre you could not put eight acres in a important that the equipment pur- chased now be standardized and interchangeable with units added laten All racks should be the same size so all will fit in each barn. This avoids the problem of having to keep different~ size racks separate because one type fits in ione barn and one fits another type barn. In recent years automatic pro- gramming equipment has become available. This takes the guess- work out of the actual curing op- eration. bulk. No shortcuts shoufd be taken in putting up a good unit. Even though a bulk curing.barn is a very sound and substantial unit, it, is very easy to move the barn to an- other location, ifi this is desired. It is possible to rent a moving trailer from Powelll dealers and move a bulk barn to a new site and have it back in operation in one day's time. Most farmers in bulk curing are locating~ their bulk curing systems close to the homestead. A central location makes power supply much simpler and makes it easy to man- age the cure. CAPACITY OF BULK CURING EQUIPMENT It is very easy to carry bulk filled Amount of Tobe¢co to Eapecl percura• Walghf P.P'Square Fool of. Loading Area Moblfe Bem E:•ra Issqe Barn LoWing Aia. e4s sv.: Pt., 771 ISa. Ft. Tobacco Yielding 1,500 Lbs./Acre Sand Lugs-Small Leaf 2 Lbs. 1,250 Lbs. 1,540 Lbs. Upper~ Stalk- Large Leaf 31hLbs. 2,280Lbs. 2,690Lbs. Average for alCPrimings 3.Lbs. 1,940 Lbs. 2r3ootbs: Tobacco Yielding 2,000 Lbs.:AOre Sand Lugs-Small Leaf 3 Lbs. 1.940 Lbs. 2,300 Lbs. Upper Stalk-Large Leaf, _ .41/a Lbs. 2,900 Lbs. 3,470 Lbs. Average for all Primings 4 Lbs. 2,590 Lbs. 3,080 Lbs. Tobacco Yielding 2,500 Lbs./Acre Sand Lugs-Small Leaf.___ 31h Lbs. 2,260 Lbs. 2,690 Lbs. Upper Stalk-Large Lleaf. .___.. 5% Lbs. 3,560 Lbs:, 4,240 Lbs. Average for all Prirnings _ ..... ...... ......... ._. 5 Lbs, 3,240 Lbs. 3,850 Lbs. •vaWesshown are averageemounts. More pounde of largeleaf tobacco can.be placed In, a rack„ thus, a lenger yielding tobacco wilt make the barn.yield mora. "Some tobacco farmerss are puttlAg more tobacco In, racks than others. Thls wifl resultln lerger or smaller values than those snown. Cured, tobacco weiphsbelween 1/B to 1/8of the green weight at the start otlthe cure. single system; 51/2 to 6 acres of the larger, heavier leaves would~be about the maximum capacity: Sim- ilarly, the standard small barn, would also be cut in capacity be- cause of the larger leaves. INTERCHANGEABILITY Many farmers are going into bulk curing on a gradual basis. They may put~ in one barn this year, an, other next year and' more in suc- ceeding years. Eventually; they may even purchase a combine for field harvest. This makes it vitally Proven standard furnaces makes it possible to~ add automatic pro- gramming equipment to existing barnsand future barns. There is no doubbthatifuture improvements will be added to Bulk Curing Eqffip- ment; therefore, it is very important for you to be able to add these im- provements to your present system, ADDITIONAL FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW It is necessary to put a substan- tial, true, strong, barn on a good foundation for curing tobacco in racks long distances without~ dam- agingn when filling racks in the field. Of course, these racks should be carried' in the same positioni in which they are held in the barn:. This prevents packing of tobacco in one side of the rack. (When to- bacco is packed more on one side than the other„ air movement dur- ing the cure through the rack is not uniform and an un-uniform cure will result.) Farmers with top~sell'- ing tobacco are carrying their raeks in trailers from the fteld to the barn, in the same position that the tobacco will be cured'' in the barns. SUMMARY The most important; considera- tion when going into bulk curing is to make sure that a unit is procur- ed which has been proven by farm- ers over, a period ofi time. This proven ability is highly important The amount of tobacco a barn will hold and the capacity of the furnace have to be knownibefore a farmer can, be sure he is getting good value in the eqNipment he buys. All manufacturers of bulk curing~eqqipment canigive the ac- tual loading area of the equipment they offer for, sale with furnace ca- pacities. A farmer has the right to know this information and definite- ly should not go into bulk curing without knowing. it: and comparing the advantages offered. Interchangeability, well designed racks, barn and furnace must be looked into. A long Iasting,piece of, equipment will pay for itself inilong term use and performance ... and by reducing labor and fuel costs with each cure. 14
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IT'S HERE TO STAY ... AUTOMATIC CURING Millions of pounds of tobacco have been cured automatically byy farmers since the 1966 season. It was cured with automatic pro- grammers installed on Powell bulk curing systems. Automatic control of humidity and' temperature insures a more uniform cure. These controls auto- matically hold the conditions pro- grammed into the system. STICK CURING Curing tobacco has been consid- ered an "art" and has been passed down ithrough the years from father to son. Conventional' stick barns and burners have helped create this image as each stick barn cures dif- ferently. Some have good air move- ment,, others do not. Many tiers of tobacco have to be, and are, cured at once in a stick barn. The conditions in dif- ferent parts of the barn are differ- ent at any given time. Outside cli- matic changes can cause curings conditions imthe barn to vary: Di- seased and hard-to-cure tobaccos often try the patience ofiany good' curer. These variables make it Impos- sible to set and hold a schedule in a conventional stick barn„ but the introduction to bulk curing has finally made possible a definite curing schedule. BULK CURING Tight structures and extra large capacity furnaces approved for bulk curing give the operator com- plete control of the cure at alll times. Approved barns are straight,. tight~ and true. They have a mois- ture barrier to prevent the escape of moisture. Conditioned air* sup- plied by the furnace is forced past all the tobacco in the barn. Proper humidity combined withI proper temperature provide the right conditions for the desired' chemical changes in the leaf. By following a set program of dry bulb temperature (measured' below the tobacco) and wet bulb tempera- ture,, curing can be made auto- matic. out the whole cure without having to be reset, unless desired by the operator. The d'e s i r e d curing schedule is dialed into the pro- grammer, and'the programmer then takes oven automatically holding the desired temperatures and' hu- midities. A bulk curing schedule may be used as a guide while dialing the cure into the automatic curing pro- grammer and when making any changes necessary. The program- mer may be speeded up, slowed down, reset, or stopped at'any time during the cure. The automatic curing program- mer eliminates the biggest~ curing headache--controlling the humidi- ty in the barn. The programmer au- tomatically opens and closes the air intake dampers continuously during the cure to maintain the de- sired humidity. In order to: controll humidity In the barn the automatic curing pro- grammer must be used on an ap- proved bulk barn that~ is tight and with a good vapor barrier. Without this type construction, high humidk ty cannot be maintained' through the coloring phase even if, air dampers are kept closed. Moisture would be absorbed by the structure and lost through cracks in poorly constructed units. Automatic curing equipment can be secured in different~ models. Simple control equipment to hold temperature and humidity at man- ually set levels are standard on Powell furnaces. Fully automatic bulk curing total- ly mechanizes the tobacco cure; It not only further reduces labor re- quirements but also makes it pos- sible to consistently cure top quali- ty tobacco. The management responsibilities of curing are greatly reduced ... and better cures result. AUTOMATIC BULK CURING Ih bulk curing, the automatic curing programmer controls both temperature and humidity through- BULK CURING SCHEDULE Stem Drpng DRY B ULB TEMPERAT URE I o ~c $ cs ` V~~ p WET BULB T EMPERATURE Coloring. --- - - -- O rdering TIME A.bufk curlag,schedule simlfentolme one shown here may be used as a gmldsto programtha cure mdd when making anyy necessarye changea. during ~.the cure. •80cublc feet cf air passing up I11rough ..ch sQuere foot of~tobacco,perminute. I 15 T~_~J
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ft4=;l•J ONLY 25 MAN HOURS PER ACRE ... TO HARVEST, BARN AND PREPARE FOR MARKET Farm labor is more difficult to getthamever before. Prospects for adequate labor, in the future appear poor. Harvesting; barning, and market preparation occur in a concentrat« ed two month perio6and cause big labor bottlenecks, Bulk curing can help solve your problems. As the name implies,. Bulk Curing is curing and handling of tobacco in bulk instead of indi+ vidual leaves, hands„ and sticks. Thousands of bulk curing systems now in use are proving their labor saving benefiti;. Well managed bulk curing operations will save more than half, the labor required in stick operations. In bulk curing the whole process from harvesting through market preparation must, be considered, With bulk curing, each operation, is easier and faster. Bulk curing farmers are finding that harvesting, barning and; mar- kev preparation can be accomplish- ed for, lessthan 3 man hours of labor for each 1001pounds of marr• ketable tobacco. BARN RACKING In areas where walking primers are still available, tobacco can be brought to the barn for racking. Two people are needed at the bam, for every 4 to 8 field! primers. The barn crew racks the tobacco and puts it into the barn. Some farmers are able to use this same barn crew to unload the barn and sheet; the tobacco; for market. FIELD RACKING Walking primers cam rack their own tobacco in the field. The prim- ers load the racks carried on a trailer when they get an armifulllof tobacco. Extra care is necessary to load' racks uniformly and to carry them carefully to the barn to pre- vent' damage. HARV'ESTER RACKING Priming and raeking~ directly in the field on a harvester has proved most' beneficiall (see chart for labor required). Placing primers in comfortable seated positions makes it possible to usemany, people (women and teenagers), that normally could not prime. The Powell bulk harvester uses a belt~ system which carries the to- bacco from the primers to the cen- tral racking position. Primers on this machine can prime much fast- er because it, is not necessary to, wait on the machine or, to look away from, the row when feeding the machine. T h e harvesting,barning c re w consists of 4 primers, 1 rack load- er4 1 trailer loader, i harvester driv- er and; 1 barn loader. The barn loader, backs the loaded trailer up to the barn and pushes the loaded' racks of tobacco directly into the barn. This harvesting procedure is pre- ferred by many since it keeps the crew together and none of, the work is hard. Teenagers, as well as older, people can, perform any of, these operations easily. COMBINE Priming is done by the combine and the tobacco is conveyed to the top of the machine. There it either falls directly into a bulk trailer, for rack loading at the curing unit, or the leaf goes into a basket on itop of the machine and the loaded basket is placed on a trailer for, transporting to the curing unit. Only one person is required1o operate the combine for bulk trail- er method; two people for the basket method. At the curing unit, 2 or 3 people are required to fill racks and load the curing units. The Powell "66" is the key to "Total Tobacco Mechanization." MARKET PREPARATION When properly cured, the uni- formly loaded tobacco may be tak- en directly out~ ofi the racks and sheeted immediately for market. This is possible since all the to- bacco in a bulk barn is treated alike and'' the tobacco~ will be of very uniform quality. If, it is not possible to market Im- mediately; the racks of tobacco may be emptied on a cord and tied into separate bundles for holding in the packhouse. Cured racks of tobacco hold about 20 pounds of cured leaf. Many of, these farmers are ac- complishing the harvesting, barn- ing and market preparation with less than 25 man hours, for each acre cured (based on,2,000 pounds yield per acre); Bul~k Curing Labor Requirements' Harvesting„ Barning, and:NAanket. Preparation (2,000 lbs cured tobacco) Hand Haryset. Cambins HandHirrsat Wagtlogand' Opsratlon. Prlmine and Raekm4 and rscY'ing on . I reckfng at at buring unit "3SR" Harssta r, curing unit Paopls Tima Total People Tlms Total People Tim. Total I 4 I/ours Nours tt Houn Hour. # Hour. Houn Priming 1 4 4 4 5 20 4 6 24 Trucking 1 4'. 4 2 5 10 2 6 12 Rackers 2 5 10 3 4 12 2 6 12 Loading, 1 5 5 curing unit Unloading ' 2 1+/2 3 1 2 1Y2 3' 2 1Y2 3 Market Prep 2' 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 `Total Man Hour . 25, 50 53 'Labor requirements Shown atwve anethe averspes of anytarrners' IaDor.requ4remente wMSn using bulk Curing equipment. These averageseres based. on 2:000 lbs. of curedd lobacco.. The.lowtlmes.shown lor Market Preparation are possible.when using a bulik Curing syNemi tke loading tepaclty of tne:recks matcned tu tlnelurnece.capaclty: Proper ain flcw.perw square loot of IoadlAgereegives . high quality seleatile leat. 1 16
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. PUT YOUR UNIT TO WORK ... MANY USES FOR IT k Your Bulk Curing!Drying Unit can be made to pay all year amund by extending Bs usefulness to include other crops in different seasons. Your investment in a Powell Bulk Curing/Drying System can pay off big with many other crops, before and' after tobacco season. You can use it to dry high moisture corn and' small grain-store corn, soy- beans and small graim 'til prices improve - cure peanuts - cure, store and even, pre-sprout sweet potatoes, And farmers are continu+ ally telling us about still other uses for their Powell eqifipment. • This means you can spread the cost over several crops and keep the equipment in better, condition by keeping it in use. CONTROLS TEMPERATURE, HUMIDITY The high capacity furnace, con- trolled'air flbw and tight barn conT struction permit regulation of both temperature and humidity to al+ most any condition you need. If you, already have drying wag- ons or trailers;,you can,easily duct the conditioned air from the barn to them. - CORN' AND SMALL GRAIN After t o b ac c o, high-moisture corn is the crop most frequently put into these barns-usually on a perforated'. steel floor. The heated air funne!ed' belbw the f!bor is forced up through the perforations and through the grain. This air can then be recirculated as desired, or exhausted. Partia!'n re-circulation conserves heat,, and is also valuable in pre- venting the first layers of grain from being overdried. The wails and flbor are well rein- forced to carry the extra weight~ of even the highest moisture grain. The barns can easily be filled to capacity by auger; unloading can also be dbne by auger. Curingidrying crops in wagons or trailers. Conditioned air can be ducted from the loading doors directly to as many as 3 drying wagons for each system. Powell Barns can be used to dry a crop of corn or small grain, for immediate sale or for storage. The furnace can be used In the winter months to control insects and dis- eases which might get in the grain. PEANUTS More and more farmers are find- ing their Powell Bulk Barns Ideal for curing peanuts, too. The large capacity furnace easily dries pea- nuts to recommended depths of 4 tb 5 feet, and' some farmers have had satisfactory cures to depths of 6 feet. The peanuts can ibe loaded into the barn either in bags or In bulk. Belt augers are frequently used for loading and unloading. Peanut curing costs with the Powell System are usually only about one- third as much as custom charges; one farmer reported his fuel and electricity costs averaged just 75 cents per ton. This proven system can also be used with any type of drying wagon or trailer, so that the materi- al does not have to be handled into and out of the barn. The condition- ed air can be simply ducted to the drying wagons. One heavy duty furnace can cure tobacco as well as other crops without excessive handling of the crop. SWEET POTATOES Sweet~ potatoes are very easily handled in Powell Barns. The hu- midity can be held as desired (con- trolling deterioration), and heat added as necessary. This method can save many bushels of~potatoes that would'normally be lost. Curing is quick; cured potatoes can be moved to a storage house and the barn reloaded formaximum, use. When processing sweet pota- toes, it is desirable to cut down on the amount of air used. This saves power„ and reduces moisture loss during storage. By proper opera- tion of the controls;, a very high quality potato can be marketed with a minimum reduction in weight and minimum spoilage. Some farmers have found it ad- vantageous to pre-sprout potatoes in their barns. They have obtained much earlier sprouts than in normal field operations by being able to fully control humidity and tempera- ture. IT'S THE PROVEN S Y S T E M THAT WORKS! I 17
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r Clean, rugged and dependable. May be adapted for Multi-Row operation by the addition ot one or more "420"' Transplanter units. Fertilizer units may be also added. Two row, trailer transplanter with hydraulic IIH, and fertilizer units. Once over operation that gives the advantages of two band fertilizer placement at transplanting. MANY OTHER CHOICES 9 HIITRAC Rugged design and farm-wise praoticat!engineering make the HI-TRAC a real work-horse and a good investment. POWELL TOBACCO COMBINE Removes leaves mechanically for bulk curing. Operates at speeds of'2V2 to 3 MPH;,uses a 14, man crew.
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r CURING 77-771 BULK CURING,-DRYiNG BARN The largest, most efficient Bulk Curing System available; with. Automatic Programmerr curess top selling tobacco. Also cures„ dries and-oa stores corn, small grain, peanuts, sweet potatoes,, etc. "Buitd it Yourself°'Kit available. AUTOMATIC CURING CONTROLS Regulate both temperature AND HUMIDITY to your speci. fication to assure top qyiaiity cures. GALVANIZED BOLTED BULK RACK Extra large loading area..For use with Powell Bulk Harvesters, Combines,, and Curing Drying Barns. Heavy gauge galvanized steel construction for long, dependable life. HIGH CAPACITY FURNACE-GAS OR OIL MODELS AVAILABLE Ouiet, efficient, ctean„eeonomicai. Large eapaei4y, squirrel cage type blower tan and stainless steei.eombustion chamber assure long life and ioww maintenance. POWELL CAN HELP INCREASE YOUR PROFITS THIS YEAR You can now fight diminishing profits by turning toward complete mechanical handling of your tobac- co crop. START NOW to move toward complete mechani+ zation with POWELL Bulk Curing Equipment. (Powell equipment uses exclusively the original HASSLER curing system-the first successful bulk curing sys- tem). GET $... Uniform ~, fast-growi ng plants with pre- cision transplanting. More pounds per acre-the ideal en- vironment for coloring is created much quicker than in a conventional barn causing less trash. $ .., A more uniform cure requiring less handling that brings the top dollar on, the floor. ~... ~... $... Sensitive control of heat„ air and moisture that yellows and cures ef- fectively; the most difficult, leaf. Barning labon cut in half. Mutti-Purpose-U§e for other crops. Less fire hazard, killl or retard leaf' fungus. $ ... Bonus returns from low stalk shaded tobacco. No shorf cuts have been taken, no eorners cut1o provide you with a sound, efficient and profitable system. 19
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1 REMEMBER... I~WQX DOES IT BEST ,..
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C 1 Powell Manufacturing Company was or- ganized at Wilson, North Carolina, in 1950 to manufacture transplanters for tobacco farmers. Acceptance of our machines was so outstanding that we rapidly expanded sales into South Carolina, Georgia; Florida, Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky and Ten- nessee. The continued' growth of Powell's trans- planter business has been accompanied by rapid expansion of our engineering staff and facilities. Increasingly, our Research and Development programs have been di- rected toward providing tobacco farmers with a complete line of efficient equip- ment for mechanized tobacco production. In 1955, Powell built its first high clear- ance tractor for mechanically harvesting tobacco. Bulk curing equipment and ma- chine harvesters foUowed' in 1961 - the first farm-sized, mechanical' handling sys- tem introduced and used'~ on any tobacco farm.
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, L "1S" TRANSPLANTER Easiest operating, lowest cost automatic Transplanter on the marxc:+. a In The Powell "15" basic unit is a precision planter which enables the operator to set alll plants erect and to an accurate depth and spacing. Easily handles any size plant, even clumsy vines. It's trouble-free; has only a few moving parts, requiring minimum attention. Keeps work:.. ing under all conditions. The flexible planting discs are smooth, preventing wilted plants and long vines from hanging up. Feeding position is always open and ready to receive plants. Oper- ators can feed in plants quickly and'easily, reducing skips to a minimum. Many different combinations of machines can be pro- cured using the same basic "15'.' Transplanter. Tractor mounted or trailer type, with or without fertilizer. ~~'c~~A,~ MULTI-ROW, TRACTOR-MOUNTED '.7 ` TRANSPLANTER WITH BARRELS ON TRACTOR ~ww. ___ - Separate tool bar hitches are available for mounting on tractor tool bar and are independent~ floating. Can be arranged for as many rows as needed. Used without change from 40" rows up, with two oper- ators, or from 20" to 40" rows with one operator per unit. Right and left tractor mounted barrel mounts available. Specify tractor model when ordering. Uses "15" basic units above. Steel seats are standard. Posture Form moided' seats shown are optional. 2
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r-f-M'"420" TRANSPLANTER "420" Basic Unit shown; many models available. Fastest transplanter you can buy! Plant more acres per day with the Poweil' "420", get your transplants growing sooner. Each operator can release his plant onto the Plant Pick-up Tray without wait- ing for the revolving plant hands to grip it. The plant hands automatically pick up eachi plant from the tray and release it in the soil. Leaves operator free to prepare the next plant and maintain high,-speed planting rate. The "420"; like alll Powell Transplanters; features the "Meter-Rite" water system. This provides uniform water supply at each plant regardless of water level in barrel. Water placement is timed exactly for each p?ant; output is easily adjusted. "F2811 AUGER FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTOR I- High capacity hopper mounts directly to the"transplanter hitch. Holds up to 320 pounds of plant food. Two augers feed'fertilizer to the two outlets for band placement on each side of plant. Unit is installed ciose to the ground for easier loading, Positive drive sprockets control fertilizer quantity, can be changedin seconds. Heavy duty, easy to adjust and'mainiain. ONE-ROW HERBICIDE SPRAYER KIT For use on all Powell Transplanters. Applies weed-killer to row after plants are set. Kit includes: Power Take-Off Pump, On-Off Valve, Relief Valve, Hoses, Nozzle, Mounting Brackets and Fittings. 30 Gal. or larger barrels avallabie, extra. Supplemental Kits available for each, additional row. 3
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"420" H2F"28" 2-ROW TRAILER TRANSPLANTER with HYDRAULIC LIFT & FERTILIZER UNITS Ideal for larger operators who want to plant, water and fertilize two rows at once. Pull-type unit for use with re- mote hydraulic cylinder. Handles standard row spacings from 40" to 55": F"28" fertilizer units provide 640 pounds fertilizer per filling. Gives you the advantage of two-band fertilizer placement per row at transplanting, makes 2-row cultivation possible. This is a rugged, long lasting, high-capacity machine! The basic "15" units may be substituted fpr the "420" 's. "420" H4F"2H" 4-ROW TRAILER TRANSPLANTER with HYDRAULIC LIFT AND FERTILIZER UNITS The largest: and most rugged .~,.+ ~ ~, of all transpianters. Uses the standard F 28 ferti!izer units ~ and "420" basic transplanter. (Model "15" transplanter may also be used.) Water tanks hold 300 gallons each for long rows. Uses two pair of dual support wheels and two hydraulic lift cylinders. Wheel tread adjustable from 80"' to 94". Planters adjustable from 40" to 48" as a 4-row machine, and 54° to 72"' as a 3-row machine. This is an extra heavy duty machine for a larger, more efficient operation. 4
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1~17 Now - Top 20 acres of tobacco per day with the 2-ROW AEROTOPPER! The Powell 2-row AeroTopper tops up to 20 acres of tobacco per 8-hour day with only one iman! The AeroTopper depresses the tip leaves with a strong air stream. This exposes the flower head for clean removal by a one- piece rotary blade. Tops are dis- charged to the side into the row middles, and the tip leaves re- sume their original position as, the machine moves on. Damage to the tips is almost entirely eliminated, and yield per acre is AeroTopper with Sucker Controller Sucker Control Nozzles attached directly to the AeroTopper direct the spray material onto the plant imme- diately after topping to get maximum sucker kill. Accuracy of the directed spray nozzles are used to cover each row of tobacco. Top and' apply sucker control in a once-over-the-field opera- Itfon. Sucker Control Kit is optional ~,equipment. Model "55" AeroTopper increased. Operates in variable r o w widths, from 36" to 52". Height of topping heads is easily adjust- able from 36" to 72". Loosen only four bolts for row adjustment. A 2-row tractor mounted unit is right-side-mounted. F o u r-r ow and six-row units are also avail- able for use on high clearance equipment. Save labor, save leaves! Ask your Powelll representative for complete details. Plant at time of topping, showing air-depressed' leaves & sucker controller. AeroTopper with Budworm Controller Air from the AeroTopper depresses the upper leaves and exposes the bud area. Budworm Nozzles effectively spray Rhis area. Optional, supplied' as part of Sucker Controller Kit. Plant at time of' treatment showing exposed'bud and bud controlling spray directed to bud area. Planf after treatment. 5
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6-ROW, SELF-PROPELLED CORN DETASSELER & TOBACCO TOPPER Fast, efficient! Saves labor, saves leaves! When detasseling hybrid seed corn, the Powell Aero- Topper Detasseler does the job best! Now in use by lead- ing seed corn producers (Names on request). It me- chanically detassels 6 to 10 acres per hour, for as many hours as you choose to operate,, with just one driver-oper- ator. Exclusive patented air-stream action depresses the top leaves of the corn plant, exposing the tassel for clean removal. There is very little leafi Ibss. Phota" shows Powell's high flotation tractor with the six detasseling heads in field position. They are hy- draulically adjustable for varying plant heights, field con- ditions, etc. Extra-large throat and ample power prevent clogging. Strong air blast depresses top leaves to reduce leaf! damage. This 6-row unit is ideal for fast, efficient topping of large tobacco acreages. Very adaptable to cus- tom work. Standard AeroTopper heads can be purchased sepa- rately for mounting on other types of high clearance tractors. 6
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HIUTRAC New High Clearance, Heavy Duty, Hydrostatic Tractor This all-new, multi-purpose trac- tor has many superior features not yet available on other makes. It's the ideal machine for spraying all row crops, topping tobacco, de- tasseling seed corn, defoliating cotton, and applying fertilizer solutions. • 72" ground clearance. • Adjustable row spacing (model 10 A) • Hydrostatic drive, Variable speed e Hydrostatic front wheel drive available for extra tractiom • Large, heavy duty engine • 4-Wheel I Drive model only- Rear tires: 12.4 - 28 Front tires: 12.5L -1!5 • Power steering to front wheels; rear wheels driven • Available with o[ withouf Sprayer andJor Detasseler • Converts quickly from Sprayer to Detasseler Rugged design and farm-wise practical engineering make the HI-TRAC a real work-horse an6 a good invest~ ment. Contact us for complete specifications and prices. ~HI-SPRAY Agri-ChemidaG Applicator • Aluminum or stainless steel tanks for extra long life • Dry Booms of welded' steel tubing,, Spring-loaded against shock • Hydraulic boom folding and height con- trol (40' and 501 only). • 3-Section boom spray controls ~ Rear-mounted boom minimizes operator exposure to toxic materials 7
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Sure-grip V-belt Elevator units located for harve_ s_ t- ing speed and ease Shield lor elevator Tongue Stand- Locks up out ol way wben not In use Using the Powell "35"H Bulk Harvester, hundreds of farmers now prime more acres of to- bacco in less time with fewer people and greater ease than ever before. (Requires only one man; tractor driver, rack loader, and primers may be women and Turntable- 2 stage with automatic stops, adjustable sides and racking stands, is of comfortabte work height _ Posture-Form Molded Seats Timken bearings for -high speed towing "35"H(DR) Row Harvester: For row spacing 36" to 44'with 2-row truck row. Djstance between middles 144" to 176^. Posture-formed seats, high speed bearings and tires are all standard equipment. Unit is powered by power take-off drive from tractor. Specifications: "35"H(ST) Standard Bulk Harvester: For row spacing 40'• to 46"with 1-row truck row. Distance between priming middles, 120'~ to 144". Mechanize your crop for highst returns--The Powe!l way! "35"H TOBACCO HARVESTER children or older people.) Pulled leaves are placed in conveyor belts which carry them to the racking station. Loaded racks are then transferred to the "38" TS Trailer, pulled directly be- hind, for transporting to bulk curing systems. "13$" TR BULK HARVESTER Used for field racking of tobacco with a "38"TS Trailer, or at the Bulk Curing Unit. Ideal for small acreage operations. -Turntable -_ 2 stage with automatic stops. Adjustable height for com- m- fortablefortable loading - Attaches to tractor or trailer j~ - Uses wide flotation type tires and high speed bearings 8 ozsz4Zoo0i A 1138" TS BULK STORAGE TRAILER r`_-..- 177~-a • Use with "35"H "H or "38"TR Harvester. - • Holds 14 standard Powell Racks. • Extra heavy duty. • Torsion spring axle gives stability and a smooth ride for your tobacco. • Snap-hooked safety chains keep racks from shifting. 9 I L t , I
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NEW IN MECHANIZED Model "66" Combine - Hydrostatice Drive The Powell Model "66" Tobacco Combine is a self-propelled, high- clearance machine for harvesting flue-cured tobacco. It is the most ex- citing, most talked about development in the tobacco industry today. - - Completely eliminates hand prim- ing! - Reduces labor force to absolute minimum! - Permits profitable large-scale use of bulk curing units where not previously practical! - Completes the tobacco mechani- zation cycle, from transplanting through curing! How It Works Powell's Model "66" Combine me- chanically removes leaves from the tobacco stalk, from lugs through the tips, by means of FlexBar and, later, CutterBar Headers. Harvested leaves travel by conveyor belts to the top deck. They are either placed in, bas- kets or fed into a loose-leaf bulk trailer for transport to the bulk curing units for racking. Labor required is essentially the same with either meth- od. Only two people are needed to operate the Combine-the driver plus one man to receive and load the tobacco. 10 ~, TOBACCO COMBI N E
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BREAKS THE BOTTLE-NECK TOBACCO PRODUCTION! SPECIFiCA3~'ZONS GENERAL: 4-wheel • Self-Propelled • Rear Wheel Driven Front Wheel! Drive optional • Power Steering on Front Wheels High Clearance • Straddles 2 Rows • Single Row Priming • For Row Widths from 44" to 48° 6' Machine clearance and maximum priming height Optimum Field Operating Speed: 1 yh to 31/2 Miles per Hour 0.6 to 1.4 Acres per Hour 9000 lbs. Approximate Shipping Weight. Large 12.4-28 Rear Drive tires give excellent traction and' buoyancy in all conditions. 124" Wheel Base • 93" Front~ Wheel Tread • 941/z" Rear Wheel Tread Complete 180* turn in 20' headland, but 30' is preferred. , POWER TRAIN: Hydrostatic drive to rear wheels gives any speed desired from 0 to 12 mph without shifting. Makes driving, turning and unloading fast and easy. Helps give top efficiency. OPERATING THE COMBINE All operations are controlled at the driver's position located in the row middle between the two front wheels. With precision hydraulic power steering and fingertip swath height positioning, the driver can easily control the complete operation. 11
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MECHANIZE YOUR TOBACCO FAR M WITH THE BEST EQUIPMENT Model, "88" FOR IVIO'ByLE- TYPE INSTALLATION • COMPLETELY FACTORY ASSEMBLED • MOVABLE FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER. • CONVERTIBLE TO 3 TIERS • For increased curing capacity IDEAL FOR SMALLER ACREAGES AND WHEN LEASING. The "88" Is a mobile barn. It can easily be moved from one location to another by placing on wtieels. It features double wall construotibn. Inside walls are marine type plywood and outside walls are heavy gauge, galvanized' steel. Framing Is top grade and closely spaced for heavy loads. Roofing Is galvanized steel with extra thick Insulation board. "77" BARN COMPARISONS "88" I Loading Bu. Cured• Model Furnace ' Floor ConstrucUon Racks Area Air Cepacity Leaf I No./Barn Sq. Ft. Volume , Grain L'bs /Cu 77-2 Tier Gas Wood or iGalvanized 100 514 Adjustable 2:590 77-3 Tier Steel Metal 150 771 As 1680 3,080 88-2 Tler or and' 84 432 You 1360' 1,730 88-3 Tier Oil Steel Wood 126 648 Desire 2,050 '4$(• of cured tobacco from- every square- foot of loading area will be the average output per cure when using a furnace of sufficient size. Capacity can be as much as 150% of the values shown with extra large, heavy tobaccot while lugs and light tobacco may only yield 60% as much. 12 n 0
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F-A BULK CURINQ; BARNS SAVES LABOR • QUALITY CURES • REDUCES COST MPdel "77" FOR PERMANENT TYPE INSTALLATION HEAVY DUTY CONSTRUCTION • PRE-FAB • EASY TO ERECT YOURSELF CONVERTIBLE TO 3 TIERS • For increased curing capacity. IDEAL FOR LARGER GROWERS • Holds more tobacco. The popular "77" barn has many new features. It Is larger, and constructed of longer-llfe, lower maintenance materials. It features double walll construction. Inside wallh are marine type plywood and outside walls are long-life, heavy gauge, galvanized steel. Framing is top grade and closely spaced for heavy loads. Roofing is galvanized steell with extra thick lnsulhtlon, board. Plans are available for you to purchase material locally and build the Model "77" yourself, "77"' MULTI-PURPOSE "88" TOBACCO - Curing SWEET POTATOES - Curing and' Pre-Sprouting PEANUTS - Drying SMALL GRAIN - Drying and Storing USE YOUR "77" AND "88" YEAR 'ROUND 13 0
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COLORING/DRYING FURNACES Gas or Oil ... Adjustable Air Flow! Developed for the high capacity and exacting require- ments needed to bulk cure tobacco and dry other crops. Burners available for Natural Gas, LP Gas or #2 Fuel Oil. All Powell furnaces give dependable service„ low fuel usage, and easily controlled cures. Farmers report fuel savings ofi 25 to 50% over conventional curing. 1 6 1. Large Main Burner 2. Air Intake Dampers 3. Ilnsulated Walls 4. Adjustable Air Flow 5. Sealed Fan Shaft Bearings 6. Stainless steel combustion chamber 7. Automatic Curing/Drying Controls (Optional) 8. Fan Motor 9. Squirrel-Cage Fan 010-611i0 (Gas) 010-6112 (Oil). - Automatic Curing Controls 010-6000' Automatic Tem- perature Con- trol - Manual Advance (Standard) 010-6001 Automatic Curing Pro- grammer. Permits pro- gramming of entire cure - controls tem- perature and humidity from start to finish! Available only from Powell. Farmer- proven since 1965. 010-6006• Automatic Ad- vance Tempera- ture Control and Automatic Humidity Con- trolJ Manual AdVance. 010-6015 Sweet Potato Controller. Permits fan and burner to operate at same time. May be added to most Powe!l controls. (')These models convertible to more deluxe control systems by adding desired components. 010-6007' Automatic Ad- vance Tempera- ture Control. 14
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BULK HARVESTING RACKS Longer Life, More Capacity! Designed to hold large quantities of tobacco and to support it properly so that the cured leaf will have the open grain texture preferred by the to- bacco companies. • The only rack built exclusively for combined tobacco in 1961 and used equally well for machine or hand primed leaf. • Sturdy, all-galvanized steel construc- tion for long life. • Completely bolted together, no welding. • Spring steel galvanized tines for rigidity and~ good leaf support. • Spring latches to securely hold cap section and permit fast, easy operation. • Rack supports on ends of racks for easy handling on harvesters and in bulk curing systems. • Properly spaced ti'nes for holding tobacco securely and to give a high quality, open grain textured leaf, • Standardized design; racks may be used when harvesting tobacco by hand, with the "35"H Bulk Tobacco Har- vester, or with the Powell "66" Tobacco Combine. • Adaptable for use in most other'bulk system makes. RACK LOADER Racks must be loaded uniformly to cure high quality tobacco economically. Feat'uring extra high side guides and backboard, the Powell Rack Loader insures uniform filling and makes it a fast, easy operation. With this loader, even an inexperienced worker can fill each rack properly. Can be used when harvesting by hand or when using harvesters or combines., 15
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Continued from Front Cover ... NEW PLANT SITES ACQUIRED Increased demand soon resulted in a need for more production space. So, Powell pur- chasgd a 377 acre plant site with 21 existing buildings at Bennettsville, South Carolina ~' ..--~. -uiu Nicocil t v..~. iicauyuattCia ariu ¢ main production location. Over 208,000 ,~~;~r~.~-~ t f f d ti i `' pro square ee o uc on and off ce space are now in use. A new plant was also established in Canada at Otterville On- '-15" H2F"28"' Transplanter tario, to meet the needs of Canadian tobacco Transplant'tng .... farmers. Visitors are always welcome at both facilities to examine Powell products fi'rst-hand.. The new Tobacco Combine, High Clearance Tractor, AeroTopper, Detasseling and Spray- ing Equipment described in this brochure are the most recent products of Powell's continuing research., Ilnziuiries are invited and will receive prompt attention. For Total Crop Mechanization - Remember - Through Curing! "77" Bulk Curing System MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. P. O. Drawer 707 Phone: 803-479-6231 Bennettsville„ S. C. 29512 Does It Best ... AGRI-SYSTEMS LTD Dover St. Phone: 519-879-6533 Otterviile, Ont., Canada 73-89 r
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79 TRANSPLANTERS IDEAL for transplanting tomatoes, tobacco, cabbage, sweet potatoes, strawberries, peppers, nursery stock, and many others. Its very high speed enables the operator to plant more in a day with each plant being ready to start out and grow immediately. The Model "420^ altowsihe operatorr to releasee his plant without waiting for moving pockets or for the~plant to be gripped. Farmers using this machine consistently plant more acres a day. MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. Post o8ice Drawer 707 Bennettsvitle, South Carolina 29512 Phone: (803) 470-623i N no
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THE BASIC "420" TRANSPLANTER CAN BE MADE INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING MODELS AT THE OWNERS DISCRETION BY THE SIMPLE_ ADDITION OF READILY AVAIL- ABLE COMPONENTS. "420"A ONE ROW, TRACTOR MOUNTED TRANSPLANTER WITH BARREL ON TRACTOR Hitches and Barrel Mounts available for most tractors. Ideally suited-for the smaller tractors and limited acreage. Uses "420" basic unit: - - - - - -- - ONE ROW, TRACTOR MOUNTED TRANSPLANTER WITH BARREL One row, lift type with barrel mounted on tractor hitch. Compact, ready to go. For medium and large 3 polnt hitch - - - - tractors only. "420" basic unit. ~V#~MCF`-i VA r, "MITTEN-GLOVE" HANDS When using amall planta, simply rotate the "Mitten- Glove" so that the "glove" portion will pick up the small plants and- hold them securely. "420" A2 MULTI ROW, TRACTOR MOUNTED TRANSPLANTER WITH BARRELS ON TRACTOR Separate tool bar hitches for mounting on tractor tool bar are used for independent floating. Can be arranged for as many rows as needed. Used without change from 40" rows up with two operators per unit or down to 20" to 40' rows with one operator per unit. -Right and lelt-tractor mounted barrel mounts available. Specify tractor when ordering. Uses "420" basic units. - 1. TWO ROW, TRAILER TRANSPLANTER WITH HYDRAULIC LIFT Two row, pull tyqe for usee with remote hydraulic cylinder. Row spacing /rom 40" to 55" are standartl. Row spacings below 40" require use o1-adjustable-seat-bracket for inside seats. Very adaptable for larger farmers desiring two row operation. All Powell "420" Trans- planters come equipped with 5 sets of hands equip- ped with- the all new-"Mit- tan•Glove" for faster, easier plant handling. When used as a "mitten", greater con- tact is secured with -the plant giving firm positive control of large plants. The Plant Pick Up System is the secret to fast transplanting. It is not necessary to hold the plant nor wail for the revolving plant hands to lake il.-Hands remove the plant from the tray and release it in the soil. This frees the operator-to prepare the next plant. Handles small or large plants. -N P, "420" H21'"28" TWO ROW, TRAILER TRANSPLANTER WITH HYDRAULIC LIFT AND FERTILIZER. Same as "420" H2 except with two F"28" fertilizer unlte. Onceover operation that gives the advantages of two band fertilizer placemenl at transplanting. Makes two row culti-_ vation possible. F"28" AUGER FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTOR Easy to fill auger type distributor. This high capacity hopper mounts directly to Ihe transplanter hitch and holds up to 320 pounds of /ertilizer.Two augers feed fertilizer to 2 outlets. This large capacity unit-isinstalledcloseto the ground for easy loading. The ALL NEW fertllizer drive is heavy duly and easy to adjust and maintain. Posilive drive sprockets control fertilizer quality and can be changed in seconds. ® A heavy duty clamp on each side of the frame holds the opener witli only one clamping stud. Just loosen the stud end position the opener as desired. The tight- ened stud holds the opener secure and straighl:-Only takes seconds to adlust the opener. "METER-RITE" WATER SYSTEM WITH FERTILIZER EOUIPMENT Eliminate fertilizer in/ury with the popular PoweO ""420" hrtilizer-tranaplanting equipmsnt. Precieion-epaced plants ere secured with unilorm water output PLUS accurale lertiliser placement. This will assure a taelar start for plants, unilorm growlh, and hlghar yields. "420" H4F"28" 4-ROW TRAILER TRANSPLANTER with HYDRAULIC LIFT AND FERTILIZER UNITS Thelargestand_ most rugged - of all transplanters. . 2,- Uses the standard fii F"28"ertlzer units and "420" baslc transplanter. (Model "15" transplanter may also be used.) Water tanks hold 300 gallons each for long rows. Uses two pair of dual support wheels and two hydraulic lift cylinders. Wheel tread adjustable from 80" to 94'. Planlers adjustable from 40" to 48" as a 4-row machina, and 54" to 72' as a 3-row machine. This is an n extra heavy duty u_ ty machine c_ hine for the larger, more - - - efficient operations. All Powell Transplanters use the excluslve Rubber Dome Valve:- It provides--unlorm water at each plant regardless of water level in barrel. Water placement is timed exactly for each planl, and output is easily adjusted. Corrosion resistant parts are used. P PLANT RELEASE ADJUSTMENT ON THE The time consuming job of changing the planfrelease is eliminated. Now, this can be done by the operator with the machine working irc 1he field. This Slide Adjustment is handy to the operator beside the Plant Tray, which provides easy & fast edjust- ment on the go. I
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ROW MARKERS Adiustable spade-typemarkers..Comese in, set of, two.Use.d on all models. "420" SPACINGS AVAILABLE sri.... Nwix d N..M Ir,..1M e a . i > » 1 u i Above sPaclnq* ene ewrege valuea VartUlon~s wlll occur under actuai fieltl condltions.. Velues In dashed, block ere obtained with, slandard 5 hand machine and. 9; 9„ 10 and 11 standard ddvan aprockets. Vatues outside block may be obtained by procurhhgaddlllional driven sprockats and/or extra vets of hands. Elghteen tooth drive sprocketsmsy be obtalnedto haU thed~lstancet Inn chart. Elghleen tooth sprocketf and sprockete In shaded', area shoulid only, be used when no other combinatlon, Ia available. EXTENSION RIMS To widen~ packer wtieels.s for beiter 1lotatlon In very lightt soils. Used with standard heals$ andwheeb flanges on Model "120": DEPTH CONTROL CHAINS For 3-pointhitch tractors having no- hold control or with detective hy- draulilc systems. Nolds lront,oftranst planrter atrepultletlheight. May be used on a/l 3-polnt hltch mounted tranaplentees.. TOOL BARS For 3-point Hiteh:'.. 9B"TPPt Bar 1AY' Toot Bar. .~Ll ll t.l,~a f~.~ M TOOL BAR'GAGE WHEEL Clamps to standard teol', bew to qsge helght.of tool bar:..Consists of,1.00-08 wheel and tiree and 1e'^ Ig. arm with ctamp.Two,repulred per tool ber. ROLLING COULTER For, cuttingg trash. Mounts ahead: ol. opener. Cannot be uaed wlthbed Isvster, , FURROW OPENER For madium to heavy' soila.. FERTILIZER COVERING DISCS For uaeIn treshyy conditlons. Also, used'~ to pll loose dirt to ~ opener for better packin9- Meunts toframe,o onrioht~and left aldeot opener. BED LEVELER ForIevelNnq beddetl'rows to unllorm hely h~Y and fon clearing away etones,.. ut4W, etc.,. fromm row. FURROW OPENER For~ very tough solll„ g6ves qood: penetration~. Choose the right opener for you. All transplanters are shipped with the standard furrow opener unless one of the above is specified- ~ --l.I,t I ~j "77" BULK. CURING/' "88"BULK CURING/^68" COMBINE DRYING. BARN. DRYING BARN Poweurs dewlopmem ofme. TM largest, mcst efflcient M~OBILE TYPE corMlna for tobacco dates bulk barn available. wlth Au-. INSTALLATIONN back 1o~195t. In 1961,.Powe/1 to Curing Proqramae. Curss Introdueed the flrst "on the ob lla. oblla Darn. lsrm" comb~lns:. Sincee that top seiHny tobacco. Ats.o TAe "88" Is a m cuna, dries, and/orateres It can easlly'b'e moved from time Powell hea had a con- wm, small qrains,. peanuta,, one locallion to anotharr by, Ilnuous program on, complete awN1.Pottloes, etc. Bulid-11, placin9 on wheele.& tobacco.mechanlzatlon, Younwll, KIt arallable. IN ,. a i AUTOMATIC CURING. PROGRAMMER Controls temperetume and hu- midlly automellcally for high quality cures. The modern .ay.to cure.tobacco. Ye.rs.of fermer ecceplence.. i 1 I I . MOST TROUBLE-FREE- EASIEST OPERATING AUTOMATIC i TRANSPLANTER The Powell "15" Transplanter I la.theS mosl trouble-ireeo transr planler on the merket.. II.M1 j fewer movin parla.Thls pat- enletl IranepPanter Is Ideal for , the emallest to the largest plants or even clumsy vines. TAeleeding, princlple Is so afmple that anyone.can~laam ' to operate It In minuves. I 73-sT' ,
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10002'72531 ~ ~ ~ @
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SAVE THOSE TIP LEAVES INCREASE YOUR YIELD PERACRE This new Powell development tops up to 20 acres to tobacco per 8-hour day with only one man and a 2-row Aero- Topper! The Powell AeroTopper de- presses the tip leaves with a strong air stream. This exposes the flower head for clean removal by a one-piece rotary blade. Tops are discharged to the side into the row middles, and the tip leaves resume their original position as the machine moves on. Damage to the tips is almost entirely eliminated, and yield per acre is increased. Operates in variable row widths, from 36" to 52". Height of topping heads is easily adjustable from 36" to 72". Loos- en only four bolts for row adjustment. A 2-row tractor mounted unit is right- side-mounted. Four-row and six-row units are also available for use on high clearance equipment. SPECIFICATIONS 2-Row* Right Side Mount PTO Driven *Other Models Available. Variable: 36"-52" Rows Variable Height: 36"-72" 3-Point Hitch* / Storage Stand Included - c.H,.. - »iv1~^otnA~7R_ -I o ftm/Nirn w7 .N Sso'1r.R>„nN +5 ,, cisn ry.r. ~Nu Af!?:~7R! ",~:+xµ ra w s zssMzoooi lj . ti ANOTHER ~~ EXCLUSIVE.. ONE-STEP TOP AND SPRAY TWO ROW FOUR ROW 1 I
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.r ds t 8uiInprogresi! Powell Manufacturing Company was or- ganized at Wilson, North Carolina, in 1950 to manufacture transplanters for tobacco farmers: Acceptance of these machines was so out'standing that Powell rapidly ex- panded its sales into South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Virginia, Maryland, Ken- tucky and Tennessee. The continued growth of Powell's trans- planter business has been accompanied by rapid expansion of our engineering staff andi facilities. I'ncreasingly, our Research and'. Development programs have been directed to providing tobacco farmers with a complete line of efficient equipment for mechanized tobacco production: In 1955, we built our first high clearance tractor for mechanically defoliating, to- bacco. Bulk curing barns and machine 0 ~ El harvesters followed in 19611-the first farmrsized~ mechanical handling system introduced'and used on any tobacco farm. New Pllant Site Acquired Increased demand soon resulted in a need'. for more production space. There- fore, Powell purchased a 377 acre plant site with 21 existing buildings at Bennetts- ville, South Carolina-our present head- quarters and main production location. Over 208,000 square feet'of production and office space are now in use here; A new plaftwas also established in Canada at Otterville, Ontario, to meet the needs of Canadian tobacco farmers. Visitors are always welcome at' Powell facilities to ex- amine our products first-hand! $77+65
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10002W2534 ~ 0 t
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144"33"H ToBacco HaRVesreR Using the Powell''35" H Bulk Harvester, hundreds of farmers now prime more acres of tobacco in less time with fewer people and greater ease than ever before. (Requires only one man; tractor driver, rack loader, and primers may be women and children or older people.) Pulled leaves are placed in conveyor belts which carry them to the racking station. Loaded racks are then transferred to the "3t3" TS Traiter, pulled directly behind, for transporting to bulk curing systems Mechanize your crop for highest returns-the Powe!l way! 38TR Tumt•bM ; M.y. whe wtomNk roPr. AJlu.l.pl• MIyM fur cem)aMQN /WMy 138TS 3eTR Bulk Harvester may be used for field racking with a 3aTS Trall.r or used at the barn. sssz4zooot r, r 38TS Bulk Storage Trailer Features • Use with "35"H or 38TR Harvester • Holds 14 standard loaded Powell Racks. (Up to 2800 Ibs.) • Torsion spring axle gives stability and a smooth ride for the tobacco. ---•. Snap hooked safety chains brace trailer and keep racks from shifting ._. P owdt ..66„ comsine 1 ACRE AN HOUR - PROVEN PERFORMANCE Powell's research and technology brings the world's first tobacco combine to the tobacco farm. The Powell Tobacco Combine removes ripe tobacco leaves (selected by the driver) from the stalk mechanically, feeds them by conveyor belt to an upper platform where the leaves fall into baskets and are placed in bulk curing racks. At the curing system, these racks are then placed in unit for curing. The combine is used sed from the first priming through the "tips". ~. cutter Bar units are used to cut the upper stalk leaves Flex-Bar defoliators on each side of the row _ off in an upward direction. The rear of the cutter bar units remove the lower leaves from the stafk. Even sand are positioned higher than the front to determine the tugs can be removed if proper ridging of the row number of leaves removed d is done. The leading edge of the defotiators parts the leaves, and all the leaves betow this height are removed. I I
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.~s r ---' f - ~ O VJ
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.r . TRANSPLANTERS ThePowelf "1S" is the most.trouble-free Transplanter on the market. It has fewer moving parts. This patented transplanter iss ideal I for the smallest to Ahe largest plants or evenn clumsy vines, Thee feedingprin¢iple is so simple thatt anyone can learn to operate it~. in minutes. Posturee form seats optionali MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC. Poat Office Drawer 707 Bennettsville, South Carolina 29512 Phone: (803) 479-6231
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rr15" A2 rr15"~ B MULTI-ROW, TRACTOR MOUNTED TRANSPLANTER WITH BARRELS ON TRACTOR. Separate tool bar hitches for mounting on tractor tool bar used for independent floating. Can be arranged for as many rows as needed. Used without change from 40" rows up with two operators per unit or from 20" to 40" rows with one op- erator per unit. Right and left tractor mounted barrel mounts availabfe. Specifytractor when brdering. Uses "15" baslc units. ONE ROW, TRACTOR MOUNTED TRANSPLANTER WITH BARREL One row, Ilft type with barrel mounted on tractor hitch. Com- pact and ready to go. For medium and large 3 point hitch tractors onfy. Uses "15" basic Unit. "15" H2 TWO ROW, TRAILER TRANSPLANTER WITH HYDRAULIC LIFT. Two row, pull type for use with remote hydraulic cylinder. Row spacings from 40- to-55"are standard. Row spacings below 40" require use of adjustable seat bracket for inside seats. Very adaptable for lar er farmers desiring two row operation. Uses "13"-basic unPts. - - Q Flexible Stael Planting Discs Flexible Steel Planting Discs are made of-the finest alloy steels. They are secured to properly flex together and maintain contact thru their plant holding positions. The discs hold the plants securely along their entire length with a gentle pressure. At the proper time the discs open and set- the plant in the ground straight and true. sCsZ4zoooT r, "Meter-Rite" Water System r AII Powell Transplanters use the exclusive Rubber Dome Valve. It provides uniform water at each plant reg ardless of water level in barrel. Weter placement is timed exaclly for each plant, and out- put is easily adjusted. Corrosion resistant parts are used. F "28" "15" 1-12Frr28rr AUGER FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTOR Easy to fill auger type distributor. This high cepacity hopper mounts directly to the transplanter hitch and holds up to 320 Dounds of fertilizer. Two augers feed fertilizer to 2butlets. This large capacity unit is installedclose to the ground for easy loading: Tne all new fertilizer drive is heavy duty and easy to adjust and maintain. Positive drive sprockets-control fertilize(quantity and can be changed in seconds. Automatic Fertilizer Cutoff-Standard Equipment. TWO ROW, TRAILER TRANSPLANTER WITH HYDRAULIC LIFT AND FERTILIZER UNITS. Same as "15" H2 except with two F"28" Fertilizer Units. Once-over operation that gives the advantages of two band fertilizer placement at transplanting. Makes two row cultiva- tion possible. - - - Adjustable Packer Wheels Adjustable Packer Wheals allow close wheel spacings (3S" apart) for plantin~ small -plants and a standard1/s' spacing for larger plants. Wider spacing Is possible when planting pots. Wheel flang- es are optional equipment for ad- justment to various soil condf- tions. ONE ROW, TRACTOR MOUNTED TRANSPLANTER WITH FERTILIZER UNIT. One row, lift type with F"28" Fertilizer Unit for 3 point hitch tractors only. ®arrelmounted on tractor. Ideal for lighter weight tractors. -- - Direct Gear Drive-No Chains Eight Spacing Markers and two Matching Gears provide 20 differ- ent plant spacings ranging from 7 to 38 inches apart. Additional spacing may be secured by plac- Ing plants between markers. Some farmers have apaced plants aa close as 2 Inches in the row when using a slow speed tractor. Direct gear drive gives -positive, qulet operation with no sprockets and chains to worry about.
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FURROW OPENER For all typea of aoilt. Pot fur row openerr al~so evailable. TOOL BAR GAGE WHEEL Clamps to alandard tool bars.to gageMlght of toollbar. Consl~sts of 4.00-a' wheel.and tire end te"IgI armwlth clamp.. Two required per tool l bar. ROW MARKERS Adj4stableepede-ly:pe markers: Comes In set of two. Uled on, ell models. TOOL BARS Fer 3-point Hitch: ge"Tooi Bar. 14a^Tool Ber: POSTURE FORM MOLDED SEAT Posture form molded seats conform to thee body' con:toara to reduce te- tigue and assureefflelency. May'be ordered In~ place of ~ atandard metel seafs which comean Model "15". DEPTH CONTROL CHAINS For 3-potbt hitch tractors having no- hold control or wlth.defective hydrau- Ilc'. aystems..Holds frornt ofiransplam- er et : required height. May' be used on all 3-POIAt hllch ~ mounled tnne- planters. ^15•r POT HOLDERS For attachlAgto planting dlac: loo hold poltedplents.. Used an Model "15" only. For: use Ib trashy condltlona.; Alw taudIo pull loow dirt to openerr for betmrpecking.: Mounts to fremss on ritbht and laft'alde at opener. BED LEVELER For:levelingbedded rows to uniform height and lorcteating away.stones„ elalks, etc., from row. AUTOMATIC CURING "7T' BULK CURING/' "66"BUL'KCURING!'•66" COMBINE PROGRAMMER. DRYING BARN DRYING BARN MOBILE TYPE INSTALLATION. Powen's development at theTM IengesC ost. eMlclent combinee for tobacco detesbulks Controls lemperature and hu- mldityy eutomaficagy for high': barn availab~le with' au- The "BB" Is a mobllee barn, It back to 1954..In: 1951J,Powell. gulllty cu.rea. Themodenn way lomatk curing progrimmer., easily.be moved4romone Introduced the first "'on the can Also cures„ drlea, an~d/prla ation toanmtherby placing farm" combine, Since 1hat, tocuretabacco: Years of former ecceptance.. storescorn; small gralns,, on ~ wheels. tlAte P:owell'l has had ; a can. peanuts, sweet poleloes„ etc:. tlAuoua.program oo complete Build-It-YOuraNlKltavallable.. tobecco meeh:anleatlon., 420 TRANSPLANTER This nswest transplanter Ie the fastestlransplentar:onthemarket today. Its very high speed enables theoperator to ptann ore:ln a day with eachh ptem bdi'ng readyy to stan out and growimmedlately.. The Model "42g'r ellowss the oper9lor lorelease his plant't withautwailing for movingpockels or tlte. plent to be gripped. Farmers using this machine conslstenllyy p I le n 1I more ecres a day.
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k Ni-TR4C ,4 Afz&-puVoee ll~ . . . Dee4N , d fep~ Fo2 DETASSELING CORN TOPPING TOBACCO SPRAYING ALL ROW CROPS
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~~ dt 6-/2oiu 4ew1ippe da~veee~e 6 a&2e a2 nrmpa lroiut wig ~e az Ko &d kee! ® . All six detasseling heads are hydraulically adjustable for varying plant heights, field conditions, etc. - Heads instantly raise or lower within a 40-inch range, on the move. - Lowest detasseling position head height =- 36" - Highest detasseling position head height : - 110" HT-H6A-6 Row  Extra-large throat, ample power and strong air blast prevent clogging. • Powell's high-flotation tractor goes through where others may bog down. • Driver-Operator can mechanically detassel 6 to 10 acres per hour -:for as many hours as you choose to operate. • Top leaves of corn plant are depressed by exclusive patented air-stream action, exposing tassel for clean removal. Leaf damage is minimal. . OIU t~ lU&Z& ... 1. BEFORE 2. TASSEL REMOVED 3. AFTER d  Ideal for Spraying all row crops . 200 or 400 gallon tank capacity . Aluminum or stainless steel tanks for extra-long life e Dry booms of welded steel tubing, spring-loaded against shock . Hydraulic boom folding and height contro_ I(40' & 50'onty)  3-Section Boom Spray Controls  Rear mounted boom keeps the operator safely away from toxic materials  14', 40' or 50' spray attachment YrTv;+;~TNt~ 0 Normal plant; top leaves well above tassel-cutting level. - Constant downward air stream depresses top leaves as plant enters cutting head; tassel clipped at desired height. Plant eMits cutting head: tod leaves return to normal-position. ® tI !Mz1oot ~ ~ I
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- PGWdt ffTQ,4e This all new, multi-purpose tractor has many superior features not yet available on other makes. It is the ideal machine for spraying all row crops, topping tobacco, detasseling corn, defoliating cotton, and applying fertili- zer solutions.  Adjustable row spacing (Model 10A)  72" ground clearance • Hydrostatic drive - Variable Speed • Hydrostatic front wheel drive available for extra traction  Large Heavy Duty Engine  4-wheel drive model only- -Rear tires: 12.4-28 . Front' tires: 12.5L-15  Standard 2-wheel drive model- Rear tires: 12.4-28 . Front tires: 9.5L-15 • Power Steering to front wheels; rear wheel drive • Available with or without Sprayer and/or Detasseler  Converts quickly from Sprayer to Detasseler REMEMBER ...-~~~~~~ TB"~Y, DOES IT BEST ~l.C~(1":`,f~lr _ N w:4- .:=r.lrlk i!L~! 7306
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BULK CURING/DRYING EQUIPMENT "8,8„ The PIONEER in TOTAL TOBACCO MECHANIZATION
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0 MECHANIZE YOUR TOBACCO FARM WITH THE BEST EQUIPMENT... Modell "88" FOR MOBILE TYPE fl'VSTALLATION • COMPLETELY FACTORY ASSEMBLED • MOVABLE FROM ONE • CONVERTIBLE TO 3 TIERS • For increased curing capacity LOCATION TO ANOTHER IDEAL FOR SMALLER ACREAGES AND WHEN LEASING„ The "88" is a mobile barn: It can easiPy be moved from one location to another by placing on wheels: It featuresdoub6e wall construction. Insidewalls are marine type plywood and outside walls.areheavygauge„galvanlzedsteel. Framing istopgoade and.closelyspaced for heavy loads. Roofing~.is galvanized steel with extra thick insulation board. "77" BARN COMPARISONS "88" Loading Graitt Cured• Racks Area Air Capacity Leah Model Furnace Floor Construction No:/Barn Sq. Ft. Volume Bu. =/Cure 77-2 Tier Galvanized 100 514 Adiustable 2.050 77-3 Tien Gas VWoodbr fN e tal~ etal~ 150 771 As 1880 3.080 88,2 Tier Steel and 84 432' You 1,730 88-3 Tier Oil teel S Wood' 126 648 Desire 1360 2:590 1140 ol curetl tobacco Iremeve.y,squareloot ol loading area will be.tne averege.output per cure when utin6a lurnsce of suflicientsi:e. Capacity.can be asmuch aa150%'of the Valels ahewn with extra IarQe, heavy.tobacco; while lugf and IYpht tobacco may only y4eid ;60% as much. I
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WITH I I BULK CURING SAVES LABOR • QUALI T YCURES • REDUCES COST FOR PERMANENT TYPE INSTALLATION HEAVY DUTY CONSTRUCTION • PRE-FAB • EASY TO ERECT YOURSELF CONVERTIBLE TO~3 TIERS • For increased coring capacity. IDEAL FOR LARGER'GROWERS • Holds more tobacco. The popular"77" barn has many new.features: It is larger, and!constructed of longer-life„lower maintenance materials. It features dou~ lil@ wall construction..Inside wallss are marine type.plywood and outside walJs are long-tife, heavy, gaugee galvanized steel: Framing is top grade and'oloselyspaced for heavy loads. Roofing is galvanized steel withsxtrathick insulation board. Plans are available for you to purchasemateriah locally and build the Model "77" yourself' "77" MIULTI-PURPOSE "88" TOBACCO - Curing SWEET POTATOES - Curing,and Pre-Sprouting PEANUTS - Drying SMALL GRAIN - Drying and'iStor~irog USE YOUR~ "7T' AND "88" YEAR ROUND
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. u GAS OR OIL COLORING/DRYING FURNACES FEA TURING ADJUSTABLE AIR' FLOW Powell Furnaces have been develope& for the high capacity and exacting requirements necessary to cure tobacco in bulk as well as dry other crops. The Burner and Combustion ~ Chamber provide the heat required under the most severe conditions. Burners are supplied for Natural Gas, LP Gas, or No: 2 Fuel Oil. Powell Furnaces give dependable ser- . vice, low electrical usage, fuel savings, and!easily'controlltd cures. Farmers report fuel savings of 25% to 50% over conventional curing barns. Larye.Meln Burner. 010-6110 (Gas) Slalnloss Steel Combustion Chamber Large M.In Burner 010-6112 (Oil)I. Stainlass Steel Combustion Chamber ADVANCED FEATURES • LARGE MAIN BURNERS with up to 500,000 BTU/hour capacityon both Gas and Oil models.` . STAINLESS' STEEL COMBUSTION CHAMBER~ which in- sures longr trouble-free life and maximum heat transfer. Five yearwarrantyagaimst burn out.. • CURING/DRYINGCONTROLS, conveniently located, that accuratelyregulate barn conditions. . Large capacity FAN MOTOR located outside the furnace in cool air stream. • Large capacity, qWiet, 25", SQUIRREL CAGE FAN that provides large quantities of air for curing top qual.ity.tobacco and drying othercrops. • SEALED FAN'SHAFT BEARING outside heated area for cool operation iandJong life. . ADJUSTABLE AIR FLOW allows rightiamount of, "gentle° airflowfromcoboring through drying as desired. • FURNACE WALLS that are heavily insulatedd for maximum efticiency., . AIR INTAKE DAMPERS thatmeternutside airito the furnacee for propermoisture contro6. This damper section is designed for use with Powell's exclusive Automatic Curing Program- mer. 'SeePowell Curing~.Manual for comitilete furnace operating iatstructions.. I J
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t__ *I AUTOMATIC CONTROLS THE MOST ADVANCED CONTROLS FOR YOUR, POWELL BARN Through Powell's engineering and continuing research, you can choose the control system that fits your needs best. Powell controls, as well as other Powelllequipment„are fully tested:and proven. Choose from the largestt selection available today. 0e0-6600• Automatic Temperature Control i - Manual Ad- vance - (Stand9rd Equipment) Convertible to a more deluxe control system by adding desiredd compa nents. 010-6006• Automatic Advance Tem- perature Control~ and Au-tomatic FBumidilty. Con- trol. Manual Advance. Convertible to 51+A-301 byy adding~~ necessarycomponents. 010-6001 Automatic Curing Programmer 010-600T Automatic Advance Tem- perature Control Convertible to a more deluxe control system byy adding! desired compo- nents.. 010-6015 Sweet Potato Controller Permits fan and burner to operate at the same time. Mayy beadded~ to most Powell controls.; Permits the entire cure to be programmed from start to f inish controlli ng temperature and h umidity. The only proven Automatic Curing Programmerr available: Farmer proven since 1965.
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BULK HARVESTING RACKS WITH LONGER LIFE AND LARGER CAPACITY Powell Bulk Harvesting Racks are designed to hold large quantities of tobacco and to support it properly so that1he cured leaf will have the open graln texture so desired by the tobacco companies. HOW BIG IS A RACK? The size of a raok is determined by the amount atltobacco it.will,hold. The inside area(see shaded portion) ot the rack is called the "Loading Area."' To determine the IoadYngg area ofla rack,, multiply the interior open length by thee interior open width. Each Powell Rack has a giant loading area of 5: t4 square feet. Experience shows that with Powell'Is high capacity Fur- nace, each,Powelll Rack will cure an average of 4 pounds ottobacco in everysquare toot of loading area. Rack capacitywill,vary.with size and moisture content of leaves going into ~ the barn. ADVANCED FEATURES • Sturdy, alil-galvanized steel construction for long life. • Completetyy bolted together, no welding: • Spring steel galvanized tines/or rigidity and good4eaf isupport. •.Spring,latches to securely hold cap section and for fast, easy operation:. • Rack supporls onendsolrack lor easy handling on harvesters and in barn. • Properly spaced tinestor holding tobacco securely and to give a high quality„open grain textured'leaf. • Standardized!design so,that recks may be used when har- vesting tobacco by hand; with,the "35"N Bulk Tobacco Har, vester, or with the Powell Tobacco Combine. Can I use this rack in my barn? Yes, many farmers are install'ing the Powell Racking System in their units. The Powell Racks and Tier Rails may be installed in most other Bulk Barns ofbther makes sold todate.wilh onPy minor, changes. The Powell Racking System is the most durable andeasiest to operate. Consult your.local Powell Dealerfordetails, Powell Racks are designed to operate with a Rack Loader, which enables the operatonto do a better job. RACK LOADER AND TURNTABLE Racks must be loaded'unitormly in order, to economically cure high quatitytobacco..Featuring extrahigh side guides and high back board, the Powell Rack Loader not only insures a uniformly filled rack, but also makes filling the giant Powell Rack, fastand'easy. WiththisLoader...an inexperienced workercanfill~eachrackiust.Iike you wantit..The Powell Rack Loader can be used when harvesting by hand, by'"35 H'Bulk Tobacco Har- vester, or by.tFie.'66"TobaccoCombine..The turntable allows thee use of two rack loaders, as shown above.
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The Most Advanced Bulk Tobacco Curing Systems Available Today! With many tobacco and grain options available, you can tailor youn Powell bulk curing system exactly to your needs. Here are just a few of the many options available... I WET & DRY BULB THERMOMETERS ROOF FILLING DOOR EXTENSION RAILS FOGGING ATTACHMENT LOADING END GRAIN WALL ELECTRIC HOIST SYSTEM PEANUT DRYING FLOOR
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. 0 THE Powek comBine TH Em N 2XITSTcP TO TOTAL TOBACCO MECHANIZATION Powell's development of the combine for tobaccoldates back to 1954. In 1961, Powell introduced the first "onithe farm" combine, Since that time Powell has had a continuous program on complete tobacco mechanization. Through Powell's continuing research and development program, you can depend on quality, provenj and reliable products to better serve you-the tobacco grower. Begin your planning for total tobacco mechanization today.
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