Statement of Walter M. Booker, Ph.D.
Date: Mar 1982 (est.)
Length: 4 pages
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Length: 4 pages
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- Booker, W.M.
- SPCH, SPEECH/PRESENTATION
- LEGAL DEPT FILE ROOM
- Named Organization
- Howard Univ
- Walter M Booker + Associates
- Named Person
- Booker, W.M.
- Date Loaded
- 07 Jan 1999
- Master ID
- 03607523-8364 Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000 Hearing Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources United States Senate Ninety-Seventh Congress Second Session on S. 1929
- 03607531-7540 97th Congress 1st Session S. 1929 to Amend the Public Health Service Act and the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act to Increase the Availability to the American Public of Information on the Health Consequences of Smoking and Thereby Improve Informed Choice, and for Other Purposes.
- 03607587-7594 National Institute on Drug Abuse Technical Review on Cigarette Smoking As An Addiction
- 03607618-7620 Coaliion on Smoking or Health Seeks to Influence Legislators
- 03607621-7623 Coalition on Smoking or Health .. A Public Policy Project with the National Interagency Council on Smoking and Health
- 03607624-7626 Former Ftc Counsel to Staff Coalition on Smoking or Health
- 03607627-7629 Statement of the American Lung Association to the House Subcommittee on Health and the Environment on H.R. 5653, the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act
- 03607630-7636 the Importance of the Federal Government in the Prevention of Smoking Related Diseases Testimony in Support of H.R. 5653, A Revised Version of H.R. 4957 the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act by the American Lung Association
- 03607681-7692 Lung Cancer, Coronary Heart Disease and Smoking
- 03607717-7724 Statement on S. 1929 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000' of Dan G. Mcnamara, M.D., F.A.C.C. President to Honorable Orrin G. Hatch Chairman Committee on Labor and Human Resources
- 03607725-7726 File No. 792-3204
- 03607727-7730 Statement of the American Medical Association to the Labor and Human Resources Committee U.S. Senate Re: S. 1929 Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act
- 03607731-7734 Statement on S. 1929 the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000 by John R. Walton, Rrt President
- 03607735-7740 Statement of the American College of Physicians on S. 1929, the 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000'
- 03607741-7749 Testimony of the American College of Chest Physicians Submitted by Thomas L Petty, M.D., F.C.C.P. President Regarding S. 1929 'the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 820000'
- 03607750-7751 Testimony of Action on Smoking and Health (Ash), by Its Executive Director and Chief Counsel, John F, Banzhaf III, Before the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, Chaired by the Honorable Orrin G. Hatch, on the Comprehfnsive Smoking Prevention Education Act (S. 1929) Submitted 820402
- 03607752-7763 Federal Trade Commission Staff Report on the Cigarette Advertising Investigation
- 03607764-7770 Statement of the Bakery, Confectionery & Tobacco Workers International Union to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources Re: S. 1929 'the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 820000
- 03607771-7790 Comments on H.R. 4957 - - Proposed 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000'
- 03607791-7793 Cigarette Smoking of Pregnant Women
- 03607794-7809 Peter L. Berger
- 03607810-7813 Gilgamesh on the Washington Shuttle
- 03607814-7848 Statement Rodger L. Bick, M.D.
- 03607849-7854 Statement of Theodore H. Blau Ph.D. Presented Before Subcommittee on Health and the Environment House of Representatives
- 03607859-7864 Statment Smoking and Fetal Growth
- 03607865-7873 Curriculum Vitae Oliver Gilbert Brooke
- 03607874-7884 Statement of Barbara B. Brown, Ph.D.
- 03607885-7892 Statement of Dr. Victor Buhler
- 03607893-7896 Statement of Jack Matthews Farris, M.D.
- 03607897-7909 Statement of Sherwin J. Feinhandler, Ph.D.
- 03607910-7936 Statement of Edwin R. Fisher, M.D.
- 03607937-7945 Statement of H. Russell Fisher, M.D.
- 03607946-7979 Statement of Jean D. Gibbons
- 03607980-7983 Statement of Katherine Mcdermott Herrold, M.D.
- 03607984-7997 Statement of Arthur Furst, Ph.D.
- 03607998-8015 Statement of Richard J, Hickey, Ph.D.
- 03608016-8021 Statement of Duncan Hutcheon, M.D., D.Phil. Departments of Pharmacology and Medicine 820312
- 03608022-8053 Statement of Leon O. Jacobson
- 03608054-8065 State Ment of Lawrence L, Kupper, Ph.D.
- 03608066-8085 Statement of Hiram Thomas Langston M.D. Clinical Professor of Surgery (Emeritus) Northwestern University Medical School
- 03608086-8091 the Alleged Cost of Cigarette Smoke
- 03608092-8121 Statement of Eleanor J. Macdonald Professor Emeritus of Epidemiology Department of Cancer Prevention University of Texas System Cancer Center M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston, Texas
- 03608122-8129 Statement of John E. O'toole, Chairman, Foote, Cone & Belding Communications, Inc.
- 03608130-8166 Statement by L.G.S. Rao, Ph.D. Bellshill Maternity Hospital Bellshill, Scotland, U.K. Regarding H.R. 4957 S. 1929
- 03608170-8173 Statement of Henry Rothschild, M.D., Ph.D.
- 03608177-8190 Statement of Bernice C. Sachs, M.D., Seattle, Washington
- 03608191-8195 Concerning the 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Act of 820000'
- 03608205-8236 Statement of Sheldon C. Sommers, M.D.
- 03608237-8246 Statement Professor T.D. Sterling
- 03608247-8275 Statement of Professor Yoram J. Wind for Submission to the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment
- 03608276-8277 for Use at 10 A.M. Tuesday, 820316
- 03608278-8287 Statement of Robert Casad Hockett
- 03608288-8317 Relationships Between Family Smoking Habits, Individual Differences in Personality, and the Smoking Behavior of College Students
- 03608318-8337 Personality and Smoking Behavior
- 03608338-8364 on the Relation Between Family Smoking Habits and the Smoking Behavior of College Students
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334 335 - 2 - : i II~~ l f ' I . ,~ ~ ~i f fi i n oe 1 HCOKER S .. Cl~:7?S ~R l-R ia ER f , , . . . . . ~ ... ilrl e_ : .c_s . . . . . . Sr,c_:-,.'rrce r~-- - s:C_ , N 'J _ 'C S^7:6 E -- _,. . c ,]021 1~l.6!VO STATEMENT OF WALTER M. BOOKER, PH.D. My name is Walter M. Booker. I am President of Walter M. Booker and Associates, Inc., an incorporated biomedical group in Washington, D.C. I am also Professor Emeritus of Pharmaco- logy at Howard University where I was Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology for 20 years. My post graduate professional training consists of a Master's Degree in Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry from the University of Iowa and a Ph.D. in Physiology and Pharmacology from the University of Chicago. I also spent a postgraduate year as a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Belgium and Sweden, studying with two Nobel Laureates. I hold membership in numerous scientific societies including the American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, the American Physiology Society, the American College of Clinical Pharmacology, and the American College of Cardiology of which I am a Fellow. The views I am expressing in tt upon my training and experience as z fields of pharmacology and physioloc endeavors included studies on the ef of nicotine on the heart and the aut system. My main concern with the Bills and S 1929, is that they propose cor findings that have not been clearly to note that both Bills make such s: smoking is the number one cause of . heart disease deaths *are attributa: opinions are undoubtedly based on s is by no means unanimity in the sci smoking can be incontrovertibly lab Despite what those in the legi the cause or causes of cancer of tF unknown. Both smokers and nonsmoke diseases often associated with cige don't know why.
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335 - 2 - The views I am expressing in this statement area based upon my training and experience as a scientific researcher in the fields of pharmacology and physiology. In these areas my research endeavors included studies on the effects and mechanisms of action of nicotine on the heart and the autonomic (sympathetic) nervous system. My main concern with the Bills under consideration, HR 4957 and S 1929, is that they propose congressional action based on findings that have not been clearly established. It is important to note that both Bills make such summary statements as: "Cigarette smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer" and one-third of heart disease deaths "are attributable to smoking." While such opinions are undoubtedly based on some published information, there is by no means unanimity in the scientific community that cigarette smoking can be incontrovertibly labeled as causal. Despite what those in the legislative arena might believe, the cause or causes of cancer of the lung (and other organs) remain unknown. Both smokers and nonsmokers contract cancer and other diseases often associated with cigarette smoking, and we still don't know why.
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336 - 3 - The most accurate and appropriate statement that can be made is that cigarette smoking has been identified as one of the many risks or associated factors that may cause or aggravate cert- tain commonly occurring diseases. We are still not able to say whether all relevant risk factors and associations have been iden- tified and consequently, it is practically impossible to control for their effects in experimental studies. While attempts have been made to evaluate certain factors individually, research has not reached the point of being able to say a particular factor is causative.. The scientific fact of the matter is that no one knows why someone like an industrial worker develops cancer of the lung. Is it because he or she is a smoker or because he or she is an industrial worker? Should cigarette smoking be used as ascape- goat" or should meaningful efforts be made to afford protection to the industrial worker? Having devoted a large part of my research career to functional underlying processes that might contribute to certain diseases of the heart, I am particularly concerned with those parts of the Bills that seem to ask Congress to decide what specifically causes coronary artery disease. In all sincerity, I raise the question: If smoking has been scientifically shown to be a cause of heart disease, what 337 - 4 - are the established mechanisms? As a believe that such mechanistic data are on causation are possible. Diet, whether deficiencies or exc emotional stress, genetic factors,autc where cancer is concerned) must each bc possible cause of disease; but not one ficient responsibility to justify cong: contained in the Bills being discussed In summary, I strongly disagree wi because they misrepresent the present e The Bills are asking Congress to give t dict on the causes of complex diseases is either conflicting or has yet to"be A'. C VI M~ W ~~ V 1 .-% . ~
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337 - 4 - are the established mechanisms? As a research scientist, I believe that such mechanistic data are necessary before conclusions on causation are possible. Diet, whether deficiencies or excesses, lack of exercise, emotional stress, genetic factors, auto-immune factors (particularly where cancer is concerned) must each bear its responsibility as a possible cause of disease; but not one of these can be given suf- ficient responsibility to justify congressional action of the type contained in the Bills being discussed here today. In summary, I strongly disagree with the proposed Bills because they misrepresent the present state of scientific knowledge. The Bills are asking Congress to give the Nation a scientific ver- dict on the causes of complex diseases when much of the evidence - - is either conflicting or has yet to be presented. -