Statement on S. 1929 the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000 by John R. Walton, Rrt President
Date: Mar 1982 (est.)
Length: 4 pages
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Length: 4 pages
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- Walton, J.R.
- REPT, OTHER REPORT
- BIBL, BIBLIOGRAPHY
- LEGAL DEPT FILE ROOM
- Named Organization
- American Assn for Respiratory Thera
- Office on Smoking + Health
- Tokyos Natl Cancer Center Research
- Named Person
- Froeb, H.F.
- Hirayama, T.
- White, J.R.
- Date Loaded
- 07 Jan 1999
- Master ID
- 03607523-8364 Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000 Hearing Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources United States Senate Ninety-Seventh Congress Second Session on S. 1929
- 03607531-7540 97th Congress 1st Session S. 1929 to Amend the Public Health Service Act and the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act to Increase the Availability to the American Public of Information on the Health Consequences of Smoking and Thereby Improve Informed Choice, and for Other Purposes.
- 03607587-7594 National Institute on Drug Abuse Technical Review on Cigarette Smoking As An Addiction
- 03607618-7620 Coaliion on Smoking or Health Seeks to Influence Legislators
- 03607621-7623 Coalition on Smoking or Health .. A Public Policy Project with the National Interagency Council on Smoking and Health
- 03607624-7626 Former Ftc Counsel to Staff Coalition on Smoking or Health
- 03607627-7629 Statement of the American Lung Association to the House Subcommittee on Health and the Environment on H.R. 5653, the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act
- 03607630-7636 the Importance of the Federal Government in the Prevention of Smoking Related Diseases Testimony in Support of H.R. 5653, A Revised Version of H.R. 4957 the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act by the American Lung Association
- 03607681-7692 Lung Cancer, Coronary Heart Disease and Smoking
- 03607717-7724 Statement on S. 1929 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000' of Dan G. Mcnamara, M.D., F.A.C.C. President to Honorable Orrin G. Hatch Chairman Committee on Labor and Human Resources
- 03607725-7726 File No. 792-3204
- 03607727-7730 Statement of the American Medical Association to the Labor and Human Resources Committee U.S. Senate Re: S. 1929 Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act
- 03607735-7740 Statement of the American College of Physicians on S. 1929, the 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000'
- 03607741-7749 Testimony of the American College of Chest Physicians Submitted by Thomas L Petty, M.D., F.C.C.P. President Regarding S. 1929 'the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 820000'
- 03607750-7751 Testimony of Action on Smoking and Health (Ash), by Its Executive Director and Chief Counsel, John F, Banzhaf III, Before the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, Chaired by the Honorable Orrin G. Hatch, on the Comprehfnsive Smoking Prevention Education Act (S. 1929) Submitted 820402
- 03607752-7763 Federal Trade Commission Staff Report on the Cigarette Advertising Investigation
- 03607764-7770 Statement of the Bakery, Confectionery & Tobacco Workers International Union to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources Re: S. 1929 'the Comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 820000
- 03607771-7790 Comments on H.R. 4957 - - Proposed 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 810000'
- 03607791-7793 Cigarette Smoking of Pregnant Women
- 03607794-7809 Peter L. Berger
- 03607810-7813 Gilgamesh on the Washington Shuttle
- 03607814-7848 Statement Rodger L. Bick, M.D.
- 03607849-7854 Statement of Theodore H. Blau Ph.D. Presented Before Subcommittee on Health and the Environment House of Representatives
- 03607855-7858 Statement of Walter M. Booker, Ph.D.
- 03607859-7864 Statment Smoking and Fetal Growth
- 03607865-7873 Curriculum Vitae Oliver Gilbert Brooke
- 03607874-7884 Statement of Barbara B. Brown, Ph.D.
- 03607885-7892 Statement of Dr. Victor Buhler
- 03607893-7896 Statement of Jack Matthews Farris, M.D.
- 03607897-7909 Statement of Sherwin J. Feinhandler, Ph.D.
- 03607910-7936 Statement of Edwin R. Fisher, M.D.
- 03607937-7945 Statement of H. Russell Fisher, M.D.
- 03607946-7979 Statement of Jean D. Gibbons
- 03607980-7983 Statement of Katherine Mcdermott Herrold, M.D.
- 03607984-7997 Statement of Arthur Furst, Ph.D.
- 03607998-8015 Statement of Richard J, Hickey, Ph.D.
- 03608016-8021 Statement of Duncan Hutcheon, M.D., D.Phil. Departments of Pharmacology and Medicine 820312
- 03608022-8053 Statement of Leon O. Jacobson
- 03608054-8065 State Ment of Lawrence L, Kupper, Ph.D.
- 03608066-8085 Statement of Hiram Thomas Langston M.D. Clinical Professor of Surgery (Emeritus) Northwestern University Medical School
- 03608086-8091 the Alleged Cost of Cigarette Smoke
- 03608092-8121 Statement of Eleanor J. Macdonald Professor Emeritus of Epidemiology Department of Cancer Prevention University of Texas System Cancer Center M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston, Texas
- 03608122-8129 Statement of John E. O'toole, Chairman, Foote, Cone & Belding Communications, Inc.
- 03608130-8166 Statement by L.G.S. Rao, Ph.D. Bellshill Maternity Hospital Bellshill, Scotland, U.K. Regarding H.R. 4957 S. 1929
- 03608170-8173 Statement of Henry Rothschild, M.D., Ph.D.
- 03608177-8190 Statement of Bernice C. Sachs, M.D., Seattle, Washington
- 03608191-8195 Concerning the 'comprehensive Smoking Prevention Act of 820000'
- 03608205-8236 Statement of Sheldon C. Sommers, M.D.
- 03608237-8246 Statement Professor T.D. Sterling
- 03608247-8275 Statement of Professor Yoram J. Wind for Submission to the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment
- 03608276-8277 for Use at 10 A.M. Tuesday, 820316
- 03608278-8287 Statement of Robert Casad Hockett
- 03608288-8317 Relationships Between Family Smoking Habits, Individual Differences in Personality, and the Smoking Behavior of College Students
- 03608318-8337 Personality and Smoking Behavior
- 03608338-8364 on the Relation Between Family Smoking Habits and the Smoking Behavior of College Students
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209 L~/,1/( pryEOnRESPIRATORYMERAA' 1720nepUaou.PO.0o.75287.Danas.Tx15235(21G)N63540 ~,/ ..,TA~ERKA"A55aiAn the COMPREHENSIVE SMOKING PREVENTION EDUCATION ACT OF 1981 by . JOHN R. WALTON, RRT PRESIDENT , _ As President of the American Association for R come the opportunity to submit a statement for hensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 19 professional health care organization represen ers across the nation. Respiratory therapy pr suffering from both acute and chronic respirav emphysema, bronchitis, black and brown lung di! conditions that are treated by respiratory ther vated and exacerbated by cigarette smoking. Tt a great concern for the detrimental effects of their patients. As an Association we are also smoking issue often neglected by other organiza sive smoking. - Passive smoking can be defined as the smoke emi cigar, or pipe (side-stream smoke), and the smc stream smoke) which comes into contact with oth Tobacco is a complex mixture of particles, liqu a variety of toxic and hazardous compounds when nicotine, carbon monoxide, cadmium, nitrogen di dehyde, hydrogen sulphide, are among the most they are non-smokers or smokers. Non-smokers need to be aware of the disturbing higher concentrations of noxious compounds than smoker. For example, side-stream smoke can hav. chree times as much 3-4 benzpyrene, five times . tines as much ammonia as mainstream smoke does.
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209 As President of the American Association for Respiratory Therapy (AART), I wel- come the opportunity to submit a statement for the record of S. 1929, the "Compre- hensive Smoking Prevention Education Act of 1981". The AART is a 23,000 member professional health care organization representing respiratory therapy practition- ers across the nation. Respiratory therapy practitioners deliver care to patients suffering from both acute and chronic respiratory diseases. For example, asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, black and brown lung diseases, are among the most common conditions that are treated by respiratory therapy. These conditions are aggra- vated and exacerbated by cigarette smoking. The respiratory therapy community has a great concern for the detrimental effects of cigarette smoking on the health of their patients. As an Association we are also concerned with an aspect of the smoking issue often neglected by other organizations, that is the hazards of pas- sive smoking. Passive smoking can be defined as the smoke emitted from the end of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe (side-stream smoke), and the smoke exhaled by the smoker (main- stream smoke) which comes into contact with others. Tobacco is a complex mixture of particles, liquids, and gases, which combine into a variety of toxic and hazardous compounds when burned. Compounds such as tar, nicotine, carbon monoxide, cadmium, nitrogen dioxide, amnonia, benzene, formal- dehyde, hydrogen sulphide, are among the most dangerous to the individual whether they are non-smokers or smokers. Non-smokers need to be aware of the disturbing fact that side-stream smoke has higher concentrations of noxious compounds than mainstream smoke inhaled by the smoker. For example, side-stream smoke can have twice as much tar and nicotine, three times as much 3-4 benzpyrene, five times as much carbon monoxide, and fifty times as much ammonia as mainstream smoke does.
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210 - 2 - Perhaps one of the most hazardous compounds emitted by a burning cigarette is carbon monoxide. This colorless, ordorless gas is created by incomplete com- bustlon,and both car exhaust and tobacco smoke put it into the air. When inhaled the carbon monoxide gas "bumps" oxygen molecules out of the redblood cells, preventing oxygen from attaching to the cell and forming a new compound called carboxyhemoglobin. Carbon monoxide also remains in the bloodstream and is dif- ficult to remove. After three or four hours, half of the excess carbon monoxide is still in the bloodstream. A study done in 1980 by James R. White, Ph.D. and Herman F. Froeb, M,D, evaluated the long term effects of passive and voluntary smoking on the small airway func- tions in 2100- middle aged subjects.l The findings showed that regardless of sex, non-smokers chronically exposed to tobacco smoke have-lower flow rates of exhaled air than non-smokers not exposed. In addition, values in passive smok- ers were not significantly different from those in light smokers and those who did not inhale. One of the most recent and most shocking research studies has been published in Japan. Conducted Takeshi Hirayama, M.D. of Tokyo's National Cancer Center Re- search Institute, 91,540 non-smoking wives aged 40 years and above were followed for 14 years. 2 The study showed that non-smoking women married to heavy smoking men (20 or more cigarettes a day) were up to four times as likely to die of lung cancer as women married to non-smokers. Other studies have shown that: 1. Children with a smoking parent or parents have nearly twice as many res- piratory illnesses as compared to those children of non-smoking parents. 2. Exposure to passive smoke can hasten the onset of angina in people with heart disease. 211 -3- 3.Individuals suffering from asthma can sever by exposure to cigarette smoke. 4. It can damage the action of cilia, the micr ways of the lungs. 5. In healthy, nonallergic people it has been sneezino,coughing, sore throat, hoarsenss, serious side effects. :;s more research is conducted and the results tab ctive effects of passive smoking mount. It has a toxic, harmful, and carcinogenic. The public mus effects of this habit. The bill S.1929, makes grr lic on the specific dangers of smoking. We urge ing this bill,not to neglect the serious and ofte smoker. In addition, the Office on Smoking and Health mus ;overnment commitment relevant to this entire iss ernment officials must not allow political eonsid, tobacco industry to negatively sway or change the duct that contributes to over 300,000 premature d in lost productivity each year. -search and public education must continue and i, have any hope of reducing the tremendous social e and death from the most preventable cause - cigar REFERENCES ~. uhite,J.S., Froeb,H.F., "Small Airways Dysfurn Exposed to Tobacco Smoke", New England Journa 2. Hirayama, T., "Non-smoking Wives of Heavy Smol Cancer", British Medical Journal, 282: Jan. I~
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211 3 3.Individuals suffering from asthma can severely aggravate their condition by exposure to cigarette smoke. . . 4. It can damage the action of cilia, the microscopic hairs that line the air- ways of the lungs. 5. In healthy, nonallergic people it has been shown to cause eye irritation, sneezino, coughing, sore throat, hoarseiss, headache, and in some cases more serious side effects. As more research is conducted and the results tabulated the evidence on the neg- ative effects of passive smoking mount. It has already been shown to be extremely toxic, harmful, and carcinogenic. The public must be made aware of the harmful effects of this habit. The blll 5.1929, makes great progress in educating the pub- lic on the specific dangers of smoking. We urge the Senate Committees,when amend- ing this bill,not to neglect the serious and often overlooked are of the passive smoker. In addition, the Office on Smoking and Health must recieve adequate and steadfast government commitment relevant to this entire issue. Committee members and gov- ernment officials must not allow political considerations and pressures from the tobacco industry to negatively sway or change their opinions on an issue and pro- duct that contributes to over 300,000 premature deaths and over 25 billion dollars in lost productivity each year. _ Research and public education must continue and increase markedly if we are to have any hope of reducing the tremendous social expense, irritation, suffering and death from the most preventable cause - cigarette smoking. REFERENCES 1. White,J.S. , Froeb,H.F., "Small Airways Dysfunction in Non-smokers Chronically Exposed to Tobacco Smoke", New England Journal of Medicine, 302: 1980, 720-723. 2. Hirayama, T., "Non-smoking Wives of Heavy Smokers Have a Higher Risk of Lung Cancer", British Medical Journal, 282: Jan. 17, 1981. I I I