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Tobacco Research Director: Still No Proof of Smoking, Cancer

Date: 19550517/P
Length: 1 page
01139363
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Area
SCHULTZ/BASEMENT GMP (VPRD)
Alias
01139363
Document File
01138145/01139653/Hill Knowlton Miscellaneous 1956
Type
NEWS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
Litigation
Stmn/Produced
Characteristic
EXTR, EXTRA
Site
G60
Named Organization
Scientific Advisory Comm
TIRC, Tobacco Industry Research Comm
Author (Organization)
News & Observer Bureau
Named Person
Little, C.C.
Master ID
01139362/9377

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Date Loaded
12 Feb 1999
UCSF Legacy ID
aoa50e00

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Press reports of Dr. Little's meeting with science writers were impartial and factual. First returns of clippings indicate good newspaper attention else- where in addition to New York. C C THE NEW YORK TIMES New York, New York May 17, 1955 NEWS AND OBSERVER Raleigh, North Carolina tAy 17, 1955 T obacco Research Director: Still No Proof of Smoking, Cancer 'rh Ne" and abserve. Bureau. 12SS National Press Building. WASHINGTON, May 17 - There is still no scientific proof that smoking can be blamed for lung cancer. Dr. Clarence Cook Liltle, scientific director of the Tobacco Industry Research Committee, said today in reviewing the first year's research activities. Despite greatly increased re- search, no scientific proof has been established thats places blame for lpng cancer -on smoking, air pol- lution or any other single factor, the director asserted. "Science has not yet found the cause or causes of lung cancer, nor indeed of any type of human can- cer," Little said. "The time for positive statements has not yet ar- rived. We hope that it may at the earliest possible moment consist- ent with proven facts." "Important advances have been made in sotne sectors of the com- plex cancer front," he added.."But at this state, our increasing knowl- edge of lung cancer only serves, paradoxically, to emphasize bow little medical science really knows about the causes of this disease. SRUANCER TI TERMED OBSCUR Dr. Q C. Little, Adviser t ;robsooo Industry, Says It Reinain Unknown Factor $00,000 Reported Allocated to Scientists for Research Work at 32 Institutions The possible relationship tween cigarette smoking an lung cancer and other affliction is still an unknown factor, Dr Clarence Cook Little emohas here yesterday. Dr. Little is chairman of th scientific advisory board of th Tobacco Industry Researc Committee. The committee w organized by tobacco compani to study the suspected relation ahip. The advisory board w siet up by Dr. Little and eigh other researchers a year ago. At the Empire State Buildi Problem a Broad Oae The problem of cancer is as broad as the whole field of ined- icine Itself, Dr. Little said, add- ing that he would be surprised if a single agent ever were found that would be an unfailing cause of cancer. So, he continued, it as unlikely that cigarettes at any other agent would t.e so im- licated One of the most signiHcant eps being considered by thc ommittee, bearing directly upor the problem of lung cancer, is a study of the lungs of pet3on: who die in hospita)r of vsriou: causes. Dr. Little said lung tlssues btained after death would bf udied in an attempt to karr xactly when, and if possibli ow, a cancerous lung growtt tarts. Facilities in twelve has tals are being utilized to gath r lung tissues for this study. Eventually, Dr. Little aatd, ul 1,800 such specimens migh obtained In a single year xamination should reveal whet ung cancers start and what in ividuals are afflicted, he said He emphasiBed that at th, tart of the research progran t was necessary to estsbllsl tandards so that tests ustni erivatives of tobacco amok. rould produce uniform result h uch standards are now beini onsidered. Similarly, standard zation of •the animals on whlcl tobacco-smoke constituents ar ested is being accomplished, Dr ttle declared. Other studies are concerne th the relationship -betweei offices of the committee, Dr. Little reported yesterday that half a million dollars had been allocated to scientists at thirty- two recognized hospitals, educa- tional and research institutionx in fourteen states. In addition. research fellowships for this year have been rvctended to fifty medical colle¢es. Additional grants-tn-aid are being made as rapidly as the board can study the applications, Dr. Little emphasizcd. ndividual physical types and th iseases that afflict each typc d studies to delineate the rol stress in disesse are bein, tarted, Dr. Littl,• raid.A^ 'I\ A 611.3q303 Industry's Study Finds No Proof Of Smoking Link to Lung Cancer The tobacco Industry's scienti- Sc director believes that "scienti- fic evidence still does not offer proof that smoking or air pollu- tion or any other single factor is the cause of lung cancer." Speaking at a press conference to review the Tobacco Industry Research Committee's first year yesterday, Dr. Clarence Cook Little said: "Important advances have been made in some sectors of the com- The director stated that much has been accomplished since the scientific advisory board, a group of mine doctor's and scientists, first met a year ago to 'design the course of research which is being financed by the tobacco industry research committee. This re- se:rch, he said, is being done by independent scientists at leading hospitals and laboratories through- out the country. During the past year, Little said, tlie Board has recornmended,. and the tobacco industry group has ap- proved, nearly a half-million dol. lars in grants to scientists at 32 hospitals and research institutions in 14 states. In addition it has ex- tended research fellowships to 50 medical colleges and schools to as- sist med'icall students in the pursuit of basic research. The primAry objective -of the Board's program, he said, is to further the search for the cause or causes of cancer, partlcularly lung cancer, and of cardiovascular dis- ease, and for the control of those diseases. Also.. particular attention is given to research projects that will further understanding of to- bacco smoke and its constituents, and of tobacco use by humans.. plex cancer front. But at thls stage our 'inereasing knowledge I of lung cancer only serves, para- dozEcally, to emphasize how little , medical science really knows about the causes of this diseasr " He said "experienced re- searchers" searchers" were unable "to isolate or identify any specific substance in tobacco smoke derivatives that can be accused of causing ~ cancers, even on the skins of~ mice." The committee, with offices at 350 Fifth Av., has made research grants totaling nearly $500,000 to scientists in 32 hospitals, colleges and universities, and research in- stitutions in 14 states, according to Dr. Iattle. NEW YORK POST New York, New York Ma,y 17, 1955

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