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Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act of 1969, Congressional Record--Senate, Calendar No.561, H.R.6543 [Attempt to Pass Tougher Legislation Against Cigarette Smoking, Mainly in Advertisement and Making Stricter the Present Label Warning]

Date: 12 Dec 1969
Length: 24 pages
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Type
TRANSCRIPT
CHART
Depository Date
29 Feb 1996
Named Person
Surgeon General
Ftc
Fed Communications Comm
Hew
Mansfield, M.
Moss
Cotton
Gravel
Scott
Magnuson
Pastore
Baker
Ervin
Usphs
Terry
Natl Health Survey
Cigarette Smoking And Health Characteristics
Media Decisions
Consumer Subcomm
Natl Assn, O.F. Broadcasters
Dept, O.F. Justice
Small Business
Senate Comm, O.N. The Judiciary
Dixon, P.R.
Goodell
Montoya
Ellender
Cooper
Hart
Encyclepedia Britannica
House Commerce Comm
Record
Kennedy, R.F.
Green, A.
Berkson, J.
Mayo Clinic
Washington Duke And Sons
Willis
Career Bulletin
Rosenblatt
Lisa
Rheinhard
Lyndman
German, J. For Cancer Research
J, O.F. Thoracic And Cardiovascular Surgery
Brownlee, H.R.
Amer Statistical Review
Jordan
Humphrey, H.
Laboratory, O.F. The Natl Center For Statistics
Duke Univ
Univ, N.C.
Nc, S.T. Univ
I, N.G.
Johnson, L.B.
Gardner
News And Observer
Nejm
Ny Medical College
Eden, J.R.
Medical Science
Langston, H.T.
Natl Research Council
Labelle, C.W.
Bevilacqua, M.A.
Brierer, M.D.
The Bulletin
Tobacco Growers Information Comm
Yerman, A.Y.
Bw
Burley And Dark Leaf Tobacco Export Assn, P.D.
Pm
Barrons
Kilpatrick, J.J.
Wa Evening Star
Ny Times
Medical Tribune
Chicago Amer
Univ, M.N.
Kibas, P.
House Interstate And Foreign Commerce Comm
Finch
Brem, T.H.
Southern, C.A. School, O.F. Medicine
Sommers, S.C.
Columbia Univ
Butler, V.
Univ, K.S.
College, O.F. Amer Pathologists
Carr, D.
Univ, T.N.
Univ, I.L.
Amer Assn For Thoracic Surgery
Evans, W.
Inst, O.F. Cardiology
Priest, W.S.
Northwestern Univ
Stewart, W.H.
Moses, C.
Aha
Seltzer, C.C.
Harvard Univ
Inst, O.F. Allergy And Infectious Diseases
Levine, E.R.
Chicago Medical College
Wyatt, J.P.
Univ Manitoba
Rappaport, I.
Zeldman, I.
Univ, P.A.
St Joseph Hospital
Royal College, O.F. Physicians
Sachs, B.C.
Seattle Mental Health Inst
Fisher, R.
Univ Southern, C.A.
Rosenblatt, M.B.
Doctors Hospital
Gilliam, A.G.
Nci
Saiger, G.L.
Renenman, R.
Western Collaborative Study Coronary Heart Disease
Sterling, T.D.
Wa Univ
Furst, A.
Univ San Francisco
Pine, C.
Univ, C.A.
World Health Organization
Lennox Hill Hospital
Preyer
Cederlef
Natl Inst, O.F. Public Health
Sawyer, J.W.
Wake Forest Univ
January, L.
Gompertz, J.
Tuberculosis And Respiratory Diseases Assn
Browning
Rigdon, P.H.
Ober, W.B.
Knickerbocker Hospital
Okun, R.
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Twain, M.
Ochsner, A.
Ochsner Clinic
Ribicoff
Symington
Griffin
Goldwater
Metcalf
Randolph
Anderson
Cannon
Gor, E.
Hawke
Long
Mcgovern
Tydings
Yarborough
Bellmon
Prouty
Smith
Hatfield
Boggs
Sax, B.E.
Aiken
Mundt
Mathias
Young
Boses
Bayh
Bennett
Brooke
Burdick
Senate Comm, O.N. Commerce
Byrd
Church
Allen
Muskie
Goodall
Allott
Bible
Curtis
Dodd
Dole
Dominick
List, O.F. Senators Roll Call Vote
Spong
Kennedy
Master ID
300390616-0660

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Mansfield, M., U.S. Senate
Box
109
Site
Hockett
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S 1GGG0 WNGRTSSIOIIAL RLCQRD-•SGIVATE I ' IPIISLTC P-lr-aI,Tft CIOAIIETrE &MOIlILCC3 ACT OF 1909 DMr. ALV.:;FIELD, bir, President. I ask 1uiHnimoon consent that tLe $ennte turn to the consideratton of Calendar No. 501. 1i.1R. 8593. ' NK~O-I~.~OUa Dece/leber 12, 1969 i I G
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r n , Daccm6er 19, 1909 CONGRRSSInti1A L RT:!„()!iD - SIN/iTE H K P I S'' 1) 11.4 S IGcGt 77te PR?.'.SIDIl.a OFFICER. The bill will be slate•d by 1(t!^. The 13n.b Ci e:r,e:. A biil (H.R. 6543) to exlend public health protecllon witb te- aliect to ciga]ertlc fmoting. and for other Jrlll'p0.te's. Tlre PRFSICtIKG OFFICER. Is tltcre ob)ecdon to. the nmuest of the Senator frroan rlanlana? Ther- lieftls no objectton, the Scnatc protxeded to eoruider the bW which Jtad bccn reported from tire Committee on ColnmMre with amettdmcnls, on paec 3, litto 19, after the word "L!ar.d " Irt-ert °The tclm 'State' htcludes any polttic,'ti dlt•isiotl of af:}• Gt-it^_.' ; on lint;c 4, L'nc 10, after the word "War]t(1L ", strit:c out "R71e Snrieeon Genrr:d Has Delerinined 77tst" nnd inse:t "Esccssce": In li:le 11 * after the word "Hc3ltl]". sttike oat "and blay Cause Ltunlt Cancer or Other U!c- l..Nses.' In line 22. after "tb)" s:rikc out "No statcment elatins to am•:k:ng arld hea!th shaU be rcqu(red (n the ad- vcltishta of any c: :,atrtus the Ixtdl.'t,cs of which are 4lbelcl (n confonn!t.r u-tth the prottiioas of tlcs Act:', and (n:.crt "No other req't!rc:tc:tt or p:u!lii::ion based on s:ao;'.llts n:ld health shall be imposed by any S: :(e stalute or r::ula- llon with respect to the adt-e:ttsi::v or promot!on of any ciFarrttcs the pack- aC.es of which are latlaed In confo:ritity, µ3th the prorisiolts of this Act.°. On page 5, after litle •1. strike out: -(c) Exce?t as is otllerw(sc procldrd In atlbseet!ons (a) and (hi, no:hlne In tltla Art 811111 bc Gthc;rurd to i:mn. rcatrirt, e>:pand. or othrrwife aCrr.:, tl:c authoaty of the 1-cd- eral Trade Coulml~ t.ru with rer!toet to unfa]r or d,-reptlrP neu or pratUcn In the odrer- tL1(nq of cl^.trettea, r.'r l0 9..irnt or rtany thr )•id!•rat 7 r±dr. C::ninlwort's hoidn:• tha: It has the au.Irxlty to ls.ax trade repulAtlon tu]es or to raQu!re s:l at9rtaatlre btAtealent In anp cl;~re:te adtr :Isement. . "(d)(11 T°e £reretrry ol Aealth. Siuea- tlon. and t:elfare raa!1 translnlt e rein•-t to the Con;re:•s thot lai: r than cightcea manths after the eflectit•e Cate of thW Act. a:td an- nttnlly thereatter. e0-ncern(u; IA) eurr •at lnforntat(on on etle hesith cotsequences or amoking and (8) such retv:)ntenCnt:ons for leglsttttnn ai he nta]' U V•m Aot/rJ;lti9te. "(s) rlne rrdei.-al Trade Comctisston sl,ar( trausedt a rc,wrt to the Con~rext no: later tbttu elahteen rnonths after the e`ectlre dato of thbt Act, and annually the:eaft•-r, etvtcernlnR (61 the eccn!c`uess of cicarctte lallethlg IC) current prartices and rne:).ods of elg+rette adeerttsstug and protootlon, and (C) surh recontatendations for t olslarlnn es It may decm nppropr:ste On pst:e 0, after line 2. inserl a new acctlon, as folloas: ' 'Ytrr.ap'rCb Aorrartat:al6`RS `8rr. 6, it ahari bo unlas.Yut to ad.ertise eiatrettes on any metltum of ctrclrotuc tvnt- tnunicatlon aub)ect to tlte Jurlsdletlon of the FrlerA( Co:ntnunlcat!utu Connniss(on on or atterJanunrF 1,1971. Atter line 7; Insert a new t:ection, as - follous: _ - - - - - - °PIar~SAL tR~u6 toatattRStoN `8tr. 7. (a) The Fcderst Tr+tde Connnls- alon, haring notl0ett( the Conprtts of Its tn- bercaner tiekrmino upon rriaUUg to the pr7- rerV+l11F of elgarettre, and shall Include a full aL-,te:rrttt or the rea..r.ls for atry pron po:od aeu•.n which tho Fedcr,l 7Trde Cutu- mlrston d.'dms to renew nt- to UiitIote. •'Ibl Fserpt a~ proLtded In cuDNetlon da) nothing /n Uds Ac: shatl ba cu:lstrucd to 11m1t, restrlct, eapand. or otherw•ise a.^.eet tho auLMOrAy of the Fedcnd 1Yade Uomn,1N- slon with rrpeca to unfair or dreep th•e arts or praetlees In the edrernF/n; of eig"reuos, nnr to a:Lrm or deny the 1'ederat 1Yrrle Com- mlaslon's holding that It has tlro authorlty to 1.%ue tr..de re!•ul:u/on rulr•s nr to require an atr.rmatri•c statement In any c!yutvtte act- srrttdement, tncludrrtg the tar atui uicoline OnnterlL On (nse 7, after line 3. 1»scrt a new section. as follows: . "akYOmB "Scc, g, (a) The Srcretary of Health. Edn- e:ttlon, and tSelfare shefl tranamlt a rcpo4-t to the CoL,;ress net Iator than Jauusry 1, 1M71, and tttnuafly thcrezfter. conccrrrlog (A) current InfornL'tuon (n the healttr cott- scquenees of smot:utg, aad (li) such mc- ommeudattos for ic5lsLitlon as he may decm appropr tat e. •'(n) Z71e Federat Trade Coatml=slon sltal( trana nlt a report to the Con;ress not lotw than J+ntysrc ], 1971. anA annually there- afarr, eonoe :zing (A) the cffcetlt•ene.cs or cigaretts ]cbeline. 111) curtea: prar.tices and aiethods of e:garetta adtrrtlat:tg and pr4- mo::on. and (C) auch rocomntc:atauons !or leotslatlon as It ruay decm opproxnate. At the b^,-inr.ina of line 18. chsnre the section number from "C" to "9"; at the beailtn9lg of Llle 23, change the section ntlmber from "7" to ^Ib": on papc 8, at t!le b^_zinniae of line 4, ehaare the sec:(on tn::aber front "B" to at the bc.,!ttr.tn.- of line 14. chanFe t.he scction nu,lbrr fro:lt "9" to "12"; nfter ltne ]8, st/t:e out: "T£earIJrATioX OF PaOt74I0." ATFL,ra:ra Pt0- 4'LtrrONa OP AD4iStrlstr:o "St:c 10.'Tl:e prorlslons of t!tis art which afteet t(le re;ulatlon ot cdcertal9d shan terminstr ••.t July 1. 19:3, but such ter.ttta3- tion shall not b: eoastrtt:+d av i:mlr,rte, ex- pending. or o'heralet• a0ar::ns the Jtrnsdic- tion or authorlty u-Idrh the ycdrral Trade Co:umtaslon or any other krdcral agency bad prlor ta,the date of enac:ment o' this Act. A.nii on page fl, after Ittlc 22, strike out: Se.e. 8. T'be amendments uttde by this Aet shall take i:6eet on July 1, ]au7. . And, In lieu thereof, insert: 6Pr'MTtct DSr$ Src. 9. Secuon 6 of the ant.ndntcnt made by this Act sS,ll take effect as of JWp 1,1849, An other proelslons of the alnendntent made by thts Act sha(l take effect on Janu try 1, 1970. tlNAh'WOOS-cO:itiEnr AaaCe]teNT Mr. 1fA1\SF'IF=. Mr. President, lt I had thmirht that t!ro bil! which I have just called Up a'r"ldd tal:e any creat len~lh of tJme. I a•culd not have called It up, And If It does take ttny ereat Icn;th of time. R x9i1 be tm' Intentlo» to lay lt asidc. The bill Is of plrat Impo!'tance. After having clcared tlte mntt°r with all ln- trnuon ta euap°nd Ila prndhrg-pru!*z•rd -lclrsted parl'es'1 ain about to prapaand , •tr:u]e regld.ruon rtde relating to r1U.rreue c 'adtrrlRhlg, shall contitmc such sttalral.•.ton AU•ndnhno~c.c7n.rrit ]Yqu.'.w In rBert lor c:;.htceu mmInuts ahee thc ee,:.a- Mr. Prcc,id_nL. I aN!. ua.tnitnonc con.cnt uon of bnq,dcast athr:-ttaing of e1r;.trMteA, lltat U!ton lh2 Mnc!ut:olt of tltT op-nint and uu• Cor.tuttuton eha!1 t(reteaftcr nuttty remal$s of the Senalo: fro:n Lrlah t\ir. the Cmlpre.s of my praredtng to ren.a• or lttostr-trltit-h I ultt?rlaland will not ex- .to •nsuate ahy trade rriulauon rule tt ntas 6ce 115 minu(es-thcle (]e a LintC IJmtta- tion on each amt-ndmrnt of 40 nrilttllea, equally dtrided brteren lirrl;rnalor frold Utsh (Mr. itloss] and lilc fxvl:dor front New Ifampsldre Oir. Col loa ur u-L'nm- et•cr they may drsi.^tiatc, prm•idt t( thitt there shall be an add(t!onal 30 nliuutef on ary amcndfncnt to an amcndment, tlte tfete (o b_ cltlally divided brtaccu the spol]sor of thc amendment and the manager of thr IilU. Tho 1'RIzIDIlc(i OflFICFR (Mr. Gr.Arelm ilt I:It• cha(r). Ts there olrjet•t]ani Mr. MOSS. Mr. Yresidetti, rescrt•it1, llle ri-11t to ob.icct. I do not a•ant to bc- 991c 1'itl-;SIOI%Ci OFFICER. The Sell- ate t+')1l be in order. Mr. \tOSS. 1 do not 'a-lsh to mislead the Senate In any p'aS. Afy opcn(n^ ro- nutrks will take ato: c than 15 attnntcs. - :.ir. 11L+1NSF7F.LD. Could the S:nalor tell us how IaIIg It will take? If we would IM here too 1atP, it• would be my intention to go on to other btlsinest. This e-as done Jn good fnitdt, and the ittfo-n:atlon brou:ht back to )nc tttts that titaE;cttutor tras going to speak for not to exceed 15 minutes. 11r. %:IOaS. I irlsisted 3 times that (t ' would take lert^er t`.lan 15 mir,utas. Mr. TtA(¢5(•`lE•LD. If It aill tnke too lo:lg. I lh`.n!t we ct:t;ht to put it off. It (s gett!n$ a little Iate, and in that event it would be foolish to bring ft up a(h(s L( ma lair. TtOSS. I:Iy remarks ulU take prob- ably 40 minutes, :.Ir. SCOTT. I would hope (hat other matters could be brought up. In that CaSe. ' Mr. A7I:ONUSOV. It the Senator from Lttnh feels that ht- needs 40 mfmltes, lte has done a ereal t:^.t: of l:ar2 tt'orlt----. hlr. h'.APIEFIELI). I I sia tlrink- ing of the ot!ter Scaitos. Mr. M.~O:~ICs~ON. In rlen of that, I doubt Utat, r,•ith tl+r'ee anlendrncnts, we cou d f:rl(sh thts r,lalier tonight, utl!crs ttr stay until S or 9 o cloct:. ,lir. 1tL1:1SFIELD. That Is a IilUe too late. ercn for me. Mr. MOSS. *-fr. President, q911 '(ha Senator yield? Mr. MANSFIELD. I Yieid. ~ ?Ir.1tIClSS- It !s my estimate that two of tlloce amendments will be rery short As a matter of fact, the discussion that hns tone on.leads tne to believe that neilher one will take very long.l'he t(t!rd one mlgllt take the length of t.imc that has been requested. . Mr. rASTORT,. lir. Pree!dent, reserY- Jttrt the r(cht to oblect. It Is tlow 5 o'ciock. If it, is going to take 40 miftutes, 40 mittutes usualiy mennv t:lmost an hour. Then tcc are going to have a pro- Ionsed amcndnleut, and we have two other amcndtncnis. We sltoltid ntake up our minds that we tt'IA be here tattil 9 o'clotk to Onirh th!s ma(lcr; nnd (t rr nre nnt Painr to slay hcrc until 0 o'rlock, lhc.~r. is na !ca- tmt to slai•t it. \Ce tr(11 be held e' n ftrtn S until 8 o'clock atlthottt any result at all. I think a-e ouFht to-rrsoivc It non'. If il is (:o(nt; to ro beyond tl o'cln;k an:1 v r nre not going to alnY l0 Jin(.h Il, I think we nurht to rrrnhc ll nolt', Mr. 1`f:11:`1•'l1a.D. I rcnt•x nty retlur..tti beca.>e I lhtuk nll tlto+c Im'o(srd, tr1,o ntr na•atr of the cirCl!Illalatlees, tl'ill re- ncl I,ecordlllr.(s .
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S 16 810? I COA'GRLSSIOi`iAl, RECOI:D-.SL'NAT'F. D ~~G !• ) iJ ' The I'RESIDItiG OFFICIOC. Is there obh•ction? Tite Chair hears none, and It Is se o-dered. Tfr. f~lANSFIF:LD. I hope we will finsh Ionp bctore 8 o'clocl:. !•tr. L4O$S. I hoileso, too. TAe Plt1i3IDINO OPFICER. The tScn• ator from L~trh is rceot:nized. Mr. t1st~S. Sir. Pr:sidcnt. I ask nnan- lmous consent that all committee art:end- meats be aaiccd to crl bloc and that tile bill. as amended, ba treated as uri^inal text for the pulpose of fauth.r amend- mentl< The >E'RESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection? Mr. BAICER. `;r• Pr.sidcnt• reserving the rtght to oblcct---- 9fr. AtAhSPI1;LD. Mr. President. ff the Senator will yicld bri~qy, mny I say that the purpose of bringing this titattcr up tooight Is to avoid a mectins tomor- row. Efr. BAtCER. Mr. P7esident, reserving the right to obit•ct vnd I do liIt think I will obJcct-I did tot Lrear the uuani- mous consrnt rcn,ucst. Mr. UiOSS. It Is a request that all the committee amendmerLc be considered en bloc and be considered original text that may, be amended then. In other words. this puts tile committee bill before us as tltougltlt were the ori-lnal text. 'The PIlESIDIhG Or:•I~CER Is there objection? Mr, BAKER. Pescrr:r.s the right io ob- ject, Idr. Presidcnt- Atr. COTtON.1a•. President, the pur- pose of tlle reqsest Is not clen r to me. A bill has bxn rcporsd. We know that 't.here are at least thae atr.endments to be cSel•t`d-arobabty four. u•hat is the Se»aLor is reques.F Hah does it c7tange thnt? Mr. ~2OSS. A bill csole to the Senate fronl the Hou.ce. 771c co,mmitteeamclided the Hotlse bill. I l:arc r.s:.ed pa2riimous const.ltt that the b:11, as we amended it in ca.anutt¢c, be consideltid original text. R~ e1~~ a11~~:, Itr. ER~'IN. Mr. Presldent, a parlia- res_arch aludlee, tell us,Ule opposile. I mcntary inquhy, am sure we can all remember vividly The Plll'SIDINO Oh'FICER. The Sen- t.hat day In January 1904 u•hcn Ur. TorrS ator will state It. rcrcalcd the findincs of the flrst smok- . btr. EIa'IN• As I underst^nd, if tlto Ing and health report. The Natioa was unanintous-conscnt rcquest r,tade by the natitct+larily shoel:ed et the ncc•s: to Sanr•tnr from Utah is asrced to• it nleans n•it. cir,arcttc slnokers, takell togetiter, that the bill as it came from tlle House harc a 70 percent hlaher deattt ratc than and as it %vas amended by tlle Senate nonsmokers• they hare a ip percent committcre becomes tile bill for tite pur- higher death rate from eoronary heart pore of further amendnlent. disease; a 500 percent iti„11er deetll rute The PRESIDIhG O. FICF.R. The San- fror.l bronchitis and etnplq•sema; and a ator is correct. ' 1,000 percent hiJh~4r drath rate from Dtr. EItVIN.In other a•olds. tlte unar.i- Iunlt cancer. Tha Wtrce medical reports nlotts-coas-ent rcqucst. if arreed Lo,r,•ould which have foiloart: l:at•e produced et•1- be equivalent to the Senate adopl!ng the deltce which strengthens the enormity ¢or^mittee am.endnlents to the bill. of the indictment asainst cigaretle The PRFSIDING OFFICF.R. The Sen- srnoi:ino, ator is correct. Tilese arz ran statistics. Let us take a Is there objection to the rcquest of Ute moment to look at this picture from the Sen,•ttor from Utah? 171c Chair hears hWtnan angle-what it means to the men nohc, and It is so ordered. „nd women of the country. Mr. MOSS. Mr. Pre,-)d:nt. we have bc- fore us a pirce of preposed IcFislaticn ctutrr r-aura teeaEs~ralts es-sa r,•htch couEd hare. far-reachirig effects Men In their rnidde years-ttteir most on the hea:th and well-hcitts of tile productive ,•ears-are most seriously American pcoplc--ttre Public Health Cig- ef1'ected by cigarette smokin;. You can a.rette Smoking Act of 1So0. When I see f.oat this chart raost dramatically sae this. i am not being a wild-eyed the extremely hish lo!l that smol:Sng -dreatner. I am IcaXir•g at tw:s problem takes. Not only are the death rates from froc: the atost practica l standa oint.-tlm tlic major causes-heart disease and tremendous cost of a r!clcu:ca and un- cattce'.•-hiSher, but the orerall rate for necefsars habit In ter•ns of dollars and smokers is almost twice as high as that cants. sc:•t•!^es lost to busL.ess and In- ef nonsmokers. 0110 third of all deaths dustry, lives lostfore.er• in the age group 35-59, ahich is even Our I:aUon toAa.r Ls faced :rith suarhli' younger than de.nicred un this citart, arc hespitat eosa: our medical care facilities excess deaths which would not have oc- are comin; to the point nhe: e they nill curred If It had not been for amowing. itot be able to care for thc growing Lookins at this picture In t?tul another number of chrontcr.!ly 91 people: there tray, these men, especially those who are are not cnough funds to pro::de intcn- heary smofiers, are cutting their lires s!re care e-tits for empa}zeota r.nd heat•t stlert by as much as 8Years. idotr this dise:se paticuts; mil!fo:ts are bctng paid may not seem figrliheantt to the younger from s!-cial securlt.°ft•r.tis to ald re.attre- eeneretion, but to those sp;iroachin; lY tount.and.still productive people who their allotted three srore years and len, are unable to uae tlicse ckills because 8 years can be a considerable amouuL of Ule.Y 'ara dieabicd by chroa!c respiratory t:me• Even the li,~ht smoker, one a-ho dtseasean4 heartconditio:rst perhaps smokes Iess than a pack a day, As vee cotu:der thts Ie^,ls:atloa. I asi: could lew about 5 years of his life ex- Senetors to t1tL•tk of how si:urh of this peclane3'• medical expense could be.arofded, how 1. Deeta retcs of etrarefec rmot:rrk ecrsus and thnt we then may propose amend- ments ta It as though It were ol•iginal text. . lnany lives could be sat•ed, how many rrvnrmoT:ars i,p sotected dtseases rrtsfed to Mr. COTfON. A' parliamentary In- careels ex4ei:,ie,ed by thr very sl:nplest s+TMnAir.F. maks. aye as-ta.trneer pcr ioo,. qtdry, Mr. President. act--gh•ttis up smol:000 perron ;vcarsi T'.tc PRE$fDING OF?ICER. The acr.- • tt I•s easy for me. a nc;::niol:er, to stand Deaths from all c•ttues: alor will statc it. hel e and aa~ tltls But I knom many Ileo- lcerer imot,ed •regularly-.,-._--_„- 700 . CO'iTON. If tll:s unatnhnous-con- ple csmtot gi.•e up snto::fnt; e:-`Ir. They I ,tn es h er: ------- --~- 1.s39 Mr.sentreqttestisacreedto.t+101ltaffectthe have had tl:c hcbit too]on~; and thpy lcarehrwsmokedregulaay............ 123 atandinB of amendments that ere sub- are rehtforeed In this l:cbit by c contiatt- stnotcr .......................... 287 aequentlIr offerett, as to whether they are ous barrare oi slick ad.•e:•tisht, r: hich de- Lung cant•er: In the firatoratxottd d.zree, and whether plets thc eiaarette as r n inttocnois part- Nevcr smoaed regulady-........... 11 substitutrs can Le offered? ner In a charming social setting. Sawker ---•----------------•--:- • e7 Tit PRE I ' a ~ DT~ 6 OFFICER Al1 hrrt: hd circutntot.: . The I say lhat a•e cannot stand by and do,. Chair Is advised by the Parliament.arlan hothiat; for tlicse -IC We. rs public rcrer amosad regutorty._..,__,..,- 4sa ~ that it would hare some eticct bul ti e ---- -- 802 ~a t t re;treseatatire h nblii tho n nrry cmre arcns ~ sa~ o~tono te Ch:.e: amendments thal the &:nator from Netr 50 mlllioa people uhe now at to::c cfenr- t~rver tmoF•cd rcpdsrty............ 906 HantRqhtre Is cottccrrcd with aould be ett•es, thc antald mi:::ctts of t,,tctltfal tztnbGer ......... 615 !n°'ricr• atno+;ers, and their fan!lies tcib will beal• VtmTltee, eecidents, ~uidue: • Mr. COTTON. I Intend to offer tn- tlre grief and mcdical cost of tlcath and Tet•cr smokgd regutorly.....--.--.. 60 adlendment ,No. 41;tt as a substitutR It di bil` t3rno8er 72 , sa ,t* resultint< frotn smakfns;. tye ......................... ts 11keh tlmt others nilt a•ant to amend have an obligat,ton to protect thetn from cnenr a--Dc.rn aaTSr-rcit.r.rs 4s-oa Ulosubstitutr,ifthSs ttnanimnus-crii-e+.et elet•eF and apprnllug lures to adopt The various st»o::ittg rctxrrts illdicate request fs agreed to, would it preclude ot• coritirirte this most serious health that the situattorl ts substantially the that? hazard, same for R•omtnl. There was a time when Intq PRFSIDING OFh`ICEft. NO; iL The lobacco hldustty ttics to tell us • it was hcllered that ar•tnen tti•ere sonic- Vouid aot. The Senator still could do It. that tlte case a,.tai»st cigarette surokittn how hnnttttle to the effects of antokitut. Mr. MOSS. As a mattcr of tnct it fs to has. not bccn ~rotrd 1'et f t t i This a•uti rob,bt lh tt t c avoid that probictlt that I made ~thc re- reports from llle Public H alilh Scin•ice1 fcti'cr a•olnen smol:r9 and t:lo e ah o In- 4utst• based Nl rerleYY9 of tells of thousands of dulged did not smoke as much as men.
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_ ..-,_...,....-_,...... .. . ,... , ....f,..- 1- ,.e.. _ . . ...~.. - • .,. „ o .L~-.~" F . kr~%=~?.•r~ +'e.~..-.e~~ )•Ncrl/lber 1?, 1969 CCONGRESSIONAL RCCORD-SL'NrSTfl K ® () .1 S;'o () ()-{; S1GGG3, Tlti: picture ltns chant;ed, as sntoking pleased nhen the Public liealtlt Ser.ice n'• qo:-adiusrra eerR-to.v dnv. rnirr^t1a- • pas become aocfnlly acccptable for both re;rot'ted last 1'ear tltnt not ns ntany a^hrtry da;•, ana brd•desobttdy etcv.<, prrs- . ~•s aonsraaf•m. b•i cum- I to, Ito youtt% peoltle are takin:; ulr sn:oang as ser,t arroRea rn ~at:a• As lhls e.tart, a1toN•s, women a• ~•sbero er a rttes perday, /rmares-ronL rrtlokc do h1s•e ltiatcr dcattt ra:cs acn- did In the past. But thetr are ati11 far too s p' enlliy, nnd Itt.:her rates tront IuuG•can- nLltty who hace sttccttntllCd to the 'al- M. '+s bt rrrtrlotrd actlrttp. da)•s pcr perr-n: ctr and he«rt di.eite thatt women who Iurd' of cir_arcttes. TiNne y.iciA' nre not Neter smeked...................... 20.0 do not emo19c. Otte out of 14 dealha golne to quu because u'o tell the:n they , KT"tccr: 22.5 t nder 11•--_----•--.--------•__-_. mrtonp women in the hisltly In!partcatt nttplkt Be: sick when they are 50 or 60 Il-_o --------------------------- 21.3 nt:c apnty.J5 to S9'ean, !s associated years old. That kind of argument just 21-40 .... --......... ............ 21.2 tritR et;;areae amoi:ht;. tutnc them o8'. u up----------------------•.--- ae.• !l, lxattt rates ol nyaretic 1moRers r.e+sts \5'hnt we must emplrnsi7e for young Dataa from Ci-,nrrite Bmoking and Itcafth non7moken by artrrted dNeases rrtated to pcnp:c. and older smol:erx ae a'ell, Is that ChatacterLst:cs, Colted States, Jaty 1^Gt- sr:coking. lrnaales. epe ef-6t trores 1.r smoking c::n affect their 11ca7th now. J,trye 1965. 100.Opo perron•yeara! o-uvsN-wss oAVS. a+ACs DeatSs trxn e1l sa.uses: CnAar s-a:osemrrr aArvs setarrxo orsea cs, ttcever smoked Acccrdino to the Nottonal 1Tealth t3ur- srALs smoker ............. --,_ sgs vcy, the cit:arette habit is costing the hlen setm to suffer more from s^t•erai Atl eaneer: •M~•• , smol:er more days lost from work, more si+".`•1ic il:ncs_tes• shou•n on titls chnrt; p Never saoot:ed s•epxdarl.y.._......... 187 days of sickness in bed, and more dal•s chronie bronehttSs And/oa emph3•srmn, Smot•er -_•---_--------------------- 201 of restricttd aeUvitS eonttt:l•cd to the cltroaic s'.ntt-aUs, pcptte ulccr, and in- Lung ~xncer: experience of tlte nonsmo7:cr. 1Io:'corer, fue:va. The hca!>n'1 surrey found tltnt t:et•er st•toked regularly--..------- - 7 the more a pPr:Vn sntokes, tiie more titne thete are over cne mldion ntore easts of Smoker ------ --..._ _-_-is he lor.cs from ttork and pcrronal acthi- ceronle bro:1ci125is and/or emphysema in l Smoker ------------------------- 255 Coronnry hest discatx: d•terer amofced 83 S:noker ....... .......... 145 Vlo:ence, acti-:deats, sutcde: l:ever saw@ed reglUnrty_-•-._-_.--__ 23 Sraoker 32 ., -.. e rontc.-_--__----___-__---• Dat~ ttom Cigarette Smokio Heollh t; lu lurontc respiratory ditettses--because ntnckevic et:ar.cterbt.cs. Latted matr~ Jut and teo~- ~ they pose the greatest thtrat Yet c.gA- Vndtle' 11................. 6.6 y rctle amokihs has also been associated 11-20 ----•-•----___ ............. 7,7 Junc IsLS. • Witlt cattt•cr Of tlro lan•nx, and other 21-40------------------------ 8.2 Added to tliese alt•eady grim facts Is atrae of thc molith and threat, and n'ith Da.rs of bmd dtsabatty.dal•s pcr person: the additlo::a evldence presented hi the - tatKCC -vf ttw bladdtr, L•idact:, a:a! KCCar 6maktiL------------------- 7,8 tnost rcecnt stnofittlg repot•ttlrltstnoket:a ; p0.nrl'MtB. bmoker ' Vnder 11--...----.._-_..--•-_-__ 0.5 h'1re MOre 1:o:1eal1MlOUS dtaeaSe 01 13to One of my preatest concerns is the 11-90 --_----w----------------- 6.3 mou:h than r.mismokers. Those tcho buta youth of this oountt'y, tlla source of our st-w ............................ 11.0 sttloke and t:atie poor oral hycttctte atr laadcrahip of t,lte futtlra. I xus most 41 up___-___-------------------.. 17.4 mote like:y to Itare periodontal diseaso p ! h n h e as th ose w o e d t e sr:me ra h t tM tro•k-losr days, resfrieted- pe !!t• Agr-ad;ur.o artittty daps,oud bed-disabita;rdays, pres. net•er stnooed. S:Iltilarw, there are 1.8 ent smokers rersus nonsm „cra, oy number mUlion more cascs of shlt:.citis and one oje:9aretgcapKday/ ncates mlL'lott etore cases of peptto ulcer than (trumber of elsarettes smos:ed per day- there aot:ld be il no one smoked. Brom- present amount) chltis and emph):cerna havo twice ns Daysofmorktost,daysperporson: maty victirnsamongmalesmokersthan These cllrsts are drnmat:c, but they tceror smoxesf----------------------- 4.6 they do amo:tg no:umokets. do hot tell the whole slon of •Lhe eTect ~'oker' V. ege•adlested r.rorb:dity rotes Jroas se- of smol:h:g on n:ortaUt.. The link b_- Vn-d2cOr 11---•-------------------- 8.i tected d:rca r.. faotc preaant smoxen rer- tntea ct!•erettes aud lur.tr cancer has 21-40 .-_---~-~-~-------- sus mate non-,r.oxers , beenCstab':S•':etl for some time. In fact. 41 up--_._--•---_---_-_°°----- 7.6 Cluenie broaetaittsand/or~em'phyzem~a~~ It was n•eil kno:rtt et•en before the 1954 Days of bed dts+btttty, days per person: {.on-mot:er _-__-_______ --- 1.0 Bt1t•gcon t3eneral's report. And no tvi- Kerer araol:ed------ ~.---__.__---_-.. 5.1 Smoker -_-.--.-• dence lhas been p:vduced which refutes smoker: Chra,te s!anatts:.--- ----- -- ----- C 4 thisfacts trnder Il---.------------------- 0.8 2;ocs:noke: .-__._ 8.s ----•_•__---....-. The casc of hcart disrase attd the res- 11-2n -_:......-.._._.__.__--.- 6.6 Sn:o.`.er .................. .-_-t-__ 10.8 21-10 --------------------------- 6.0 Pc^aC ulttr: - . . plraicrr r.ise^s^s-b:nr.ehttis a!td em- 41 up--------------------------- 2.8 - - !:a a<tr.o6er --- =------------------- 2.4 ti1P'e":at ?h 19,14. Da:s ec res--tned ecttriCe, days per parsoa: .-_. - 4.9 It u~aslr.er:;: estabashedtltat,malecicar- lccrers,N.:ed-•________--------°--1s.t3 -'-~ .'~er __________________________ Ir.tiueara: ette *nrok"eis ha:t a ld^.her deatli rate Smoker: lcoetsmoter ______________~----_ 23.2 Itoh1 coro::0r heart dl5ease tltan 11011- . r+ades 11.._.._._--•-_------_---.. 18.6 Smoker ------------------- 28.4 s:nok.crs. TaaaS• st. P.tton• that s:no.litte Is ~1-20 .............°---_.-_-- 17.1 actually a -°-° a'.latiacan: lisi: factor L1 the -1~0 -_-----__•.___--•--_-______ 17.4 D::a from Clg+r¢t!e sasoking and H Qtth 41 up .......... 23.3 Ctu:actea;fcs, Unikd t3tates, July i.Gt- deS clopment of ::ats disaaae. Snnkets mlw Jut,e 1955. hate hfth blood xr<•.:-urc and 1:1;11 seatm Dat' trocrt Qigarette 8moktug and Hralth t`holeslcrol have tn'tce the nslc of fat01 Ch.ZraetQrlSttCb, nnltcd SWtaq Ju1y 19d}- CNAR7 6-~1oa6bitT 611Tf$ 7WAL8S_ heart att::Cl:asnotu!nokers. Aaionc maln June 1965. Main, we c tn tcee that women who amoixrs bcteeen the aces of 45 and 54. 1z'r°r 4-u•ozrc•Lrnss DArs, >RIAL+e amo::e have about the wtnre idckness ca- • tlils rlsk !s more than dure :imas t•hat Of TLe picture Is eren more striking for >xrieae as men. Clearlx. the effects of nonsmoL•cs n-oate:l. Here lron can See that t!:c lica:~ ~r+~itt~ are ltol dirertminatory. smo4•er Ls sick d ar:ay from he:•fob t'r. ,!pe-edfxr.. d.d mo-brdity aata, froti+ se- ChrotUe bronchitis and earph}•se-'na are . sinoeera ~ fa.~t ntulang their k'av to the top of tlte elmost teice es tten as her not><m~ekinC tee: ed dis:e•.es, fenate sene rersw )rr;a:a naasmotxrs list of the lrndir>c cau.:es of death and ~r' (Rate. per ttw tx•rsoru) disability f.n itJs countr•r. Lr 1904, sntul:- timol:ers take more sick ieas e and must ChronlC bwnehnds aadlor emphyseme: htt was dea:ribcd a•v the ntost important spend more time siek in bed bccausC they tio: smoker ------------------------ 3.2 of all Ute easstu of ciuv:ric bronchitis and suHer more acute and chronic illnezss 'Smoker --------------------------- 3.0 it tstrong" ccntrilnlter to the rtsk o!' dying thannonatitokers. ~ • Chvatos:nes;us: of cmpltyscnta. !v. Agc-od/asted nork-tost davs, restrii•td- aauatot.•r, ------------- ----------- 11.1 aetfetty days, and bed-dtsabatt y days. pres- Smoker --. ___._--•---------------- 13.0 Today upLLSe ttiuch stronger lnnauage: sent smot-en rersus nons:none'a, by nutn- rep::e ear: elttareUe smol:hsg tS themost Important ber of etpuroths pu•r day, fec;ares To:snoker ------------------------ 1.6 cattsc of broctcllitis and htay also play a (Number of ctya-cttes amoked pn day- R•atoker' --------------- -........... .... role fn tdto development of emphyl:ema, present acaaant) , laam•tva~ \1rt< emphasize these three diseases- xo><atoker --,__--_-.-------------- 31.e .8 DqYa of work 1aet.dass per pcraon: C&noker =°------------------ a4 lung eanerr, heatt diseitsG and the K ter stuoked 47 Atl heart and e reu.avuy- ti~ • the Nation than there would be 1f all r:erer errwt:ed reguk.ny------------ 1Rf n,.- . , .
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S•] GGQi•1 CONGRESSIONAL ar•.d r.inr.ia•(tis. This habit may even lead to 1 •~ of teeth. 771cre is t.nothor tr+i;ic acpect and that fs t!re eifect falvkir.; can have on the hcaltit of o.thctx \Va•ncn s-hoslnoke dur- t.n!: lueBtraltcy irrciecntly have babics p.•a••ilir.:; lc-s than noncal at birth. SOn+o au:dics indicate tt:at an expcctmtt rn,flrcr a smokine habit may be related i~,v %por.toncoas abortlon, atillbirtlt, and neonatal death. The reports are not all t;lootny, for prrout;hout the data on dcath and di.c- abllity there is a hollcful note. Snloker;; cau ltata a second cllnnce, for ntany of the effects of cigarette smoking are re- t;erslble. C1ra6T : 9rATrr BATra, A:nLE9. YPAB LaST sa+axrn The longer a lxnon staFs ascay from charettes. the br•t:cr are his chances of good health. Indted, if a smoker turns back eariy enouSh, ili: c?r•tnces of dgln-Y, b+om such disease as iwr^ cancer, heart disease. emphaenr. can be nearly on a par with t.hose of the man who has never smoked at a11. t'11• Omeatl dcar@ refcs for fortner amokera rersus non.mroktrs by nurr•ber yea-s sf•zce laat smorrcd and o , r: brr prer:ou.•ly srao :ed per daS, metrs apcd 55 80 61 (rates per 20,000 person-ytora/ anopco so oa sroas ibrmer amoi-er: Undcr 1-.--.....------------------ 2.rfi'_ 1 1 -.__--..._.._---~ ............. 2.G13 . .................... 1.a80 30 up---- - -----------•----------- I.trW AetTr smoked retutariy..------------ 1.197 _ aYOnr.a tC aR LLw . Under 1 _s------------------------ 2.017 1--4 °.-------` _.--- ----° 1,SS4 Fia' -•--•----...------------------ 1,cS^ 10 up ------•----°.:°-r--------- 1.ce0 l:erer rmvl:ed . ........ 1, 187 I~t us consfdcr non, the bill itself. Its t+rrpose is ^to p:•o:•ide att adequate tt•arn- ing to the public c•' the haxards of cir- arette sntokhtt< tluaua:h strengtittned- caulinnary iatr l;n; o: ril cirarette pac.t- .agos and to prohibit after January 1, • 1971, all teleris!on and radio brcadcast- tng• uf cipretle 8dt•ertlscments." . One proi•ision of this bill tYould EOs- pend the F'cdrral TraGc. Commission's proposed trade t•c,u;atlon tuling which vrottld require hc:tltit warttings In cita- Irelte advertisinc, for 18 months after btrondcast adrertishte has ceased. The Chnlrtnan Mr. %ie6xuso%l and setrn at nly eolleagues have e.pressed them- selres in opposition to tltis provision of the billr and l ha.e ind!cated that I share lhis view. Indeed. I nrould „I further. ht ih: t I believe that pasfafie of the blll hl Its present form nottld be a giant step backst•ard. ]f tlic FTC is bal•red it•om la;inp this action. L1e p•ablic stands to Bain lttore from the defa.•tt than from ihe p.assaSe of the bill as it now stands. 1ltxtoricallY; tttis is not the first time ar itave so Ued the hands of the Fe0erdl 'llYade Commissien. La nu reflrs,lt your m4nories, In mid-i.o84, the FTC tcstled a_rillp In faMr rlrrr ..~ .1an_.%ero r tof.S tlat q•rwld Im>;e rettuired all cigarette pr•cl:a;es and arh•crl!ahtp to bear a warn- it" thnt et; aretle smokttl^ causes dcatll llr: a u;11 `tut;l cancer and other discases. Tllal rule dted abornin.-. Instead. Con- ItECObiU-- STNATE `~ccc~l~e,r ty:~' A90J C to suspcnd Its rule ccl.ds an H lt~{ nicr which will iNiml- ereas forced the FP and in Its place the I•"cdcrld Cl,-arette lmlxlim: anC Advertising Act of 1965 was mllde the law. Thia aet aas hailed by many, includ- ing our Icacbnc hcaltit anthoritiac. as a rkmlficant step forvard bccause it re- qulretl a w:lrmn, lab;l to ::ppcar on all cigarcue packs sold domestically. Actu- alls. this nct proved to bP a tra,^.ic mis- lake. In exchc:n^e for a mild. Innoettaus c:arninc on tite cirarcttc pccl:n,e. Con- l;rexs cxcmpted the cinarclte induitr* fro:ll the normal proectsc.t of Federal. State, and local regulations. Tints• whilc we could. theoretically at least adrise current snloi:crs of the dangers cd their habit. we clo::cd the door on one of the ntost elieetise a•a;•s of reaching our ycutil-throubh R:nrnings ia TY adrer- tisir.gTac time has come when we can 1r- deem our.•eh-:s--if n•e have thc courasc to do So. On Jattuary 31. I Indicated to this body slLr fear that t!te eigarette industry ,,i•ould seek by le^islatiotl to continue this shackling of the FTC. Rc :rettablc, the Commerce Comntittee succumbed to indnstry's biandiahments and voted to restrict this aeeltcy for at least tate next hvo and a halt years. The force of this decision was only barely softened by the comtnittee's ac- camp8tr)•ith action to b.'t'C. +Rs of Jalluary 1. 1971. the broadcast of all cinaretle ad- vertishtd: Alrcady there is stroag eri- dence thett t'lecirnt•ette industr.• intends sinlply to dirert the vast rums of I::o:1e}' It has been spenJntg sor broadcaat ad- %ertisine lnto pl•tnt and d:splay adcer- tiPin^• couCon prizes, and other 1`rer•to- t:on01 sales det•icca. A trade.publicaUon call.,d 9Iedfa De- cisions, in it% October 1:tC9 edh:on, thtr- ve.ced the ad.ertising and promotion plans of the cigarette adrertlsers and concluded that Ure Intitt:try was about to embark on ••tlte bit;aest switch of 111 times:' 77te publicat!on picd:eted: Tro-thlyds of the ad dolfara knocked autL of bro:ulcast x•fll go Into xitcrnate national sal medla. ' IL for oae, do not rclEah the thought of tt $200 mill•'on adt'erlisJng calltpatttn In nettspapcrs, inat;azines, blllboarda, ar.d possibl; even laorie Utea!crs• extolline the "p!casures"'of smoLi»tt ht nrtifickllY contrived socfal s4ttin:^.s. mithout even a hint of the dangers of this h.-bit. The promoters of. dood honltlt will find It diPicult to meet this kind of co:nlietitioa. I do not teliet•e that any of the m-gatnirx- tions Involved in the health side of this conWroLrt•s-.-be tttey 4'rosrol•n:neltt or soluutary-a•ould have e:touah money to combat 016 onslaught. F'ront ur.a ott-lt personal surtry of newapapets and ma!t- aaines,' 1 have found tltat some will be haplly to run alttis:noking atnlounce- mtents, but many would also cx!lecVto receive the Foing rate for such atls. There is no eIIectire way wc can comtnand "eoual ltnte" or nublic service allnouncc- ments front the prer,s. -- - Shtce January 31, 1 have bcen on tre- ord as promising to filibuster ratlrel than allow tl:e bill to pass as it stands. I will withdraw this pleda•e-if the Settate ac- natc section 71a ), the >:ecdon su~p:•uding the FPC Trar!e Reeulation ruling. I call your attention now to tho new nrordin; of lltc caution Iabcl. Instead of the words. "Cnuaon: Cigarette Smoking Tday be }larardous to Your Iiealth" the bill prwpases w subs;attrlc the following: '•Ws•rniu;: 8xcem-hc CNarette Erttolting Is Uanecrous to Your Health." Chairman Nleosesox and nty eoi- les.^.nes took exception to this change In wording and I cc:tctu In this ritx that use of tlle c•e:d `•excessice" is t::ossly atL•l:atEint; and could :~ell lcad to atl in- crease in ci[•arc;te constmtptton on the basis that "o fe x a•ould not hurt you." We know tlt.n.t t:as Is not truc. Ci>'a- Irttes in modcrale use are dnn^-ctous. Cicattt:es In cticessice use are even more dangerous. And this is a fact we must Itot let the public forget. cnAr.r s-nuzs aA-is. raACC, oT ti0wacs tstOXCa I.oo;: at the pJcture In relation to the number of c:rare:tcs smoked per day. It is clearly evident that the death rates go up as this number htcreases. Yet et en the moderate s:rtoiccr ltas•e substantially hiL;her dcath rate; than t1o:ur.:oktrs. Amoll; the ymt:nt:er men depicted here. 'thosc smokin:r halt n 1tac1: to a pack a da;• have death rates twice as high as those who do not smoke. 17t1: Or•rra71 dcr: k rates of mare cigarette srnoRerr t•erass male aonsmokcrs by num- ber of cigarettes per day (rates per J00,000 prrson-years) (Currca: rrsxtbcr pJ elyarettes per day) - .cc da-sa Ttever Rmokad regutarls.... ._....•_ 402 snlokCrs: 1-9 - --...-----------.-»---.... 741 :0-14 =--------------------------- Olia 2049 ._.-------- '--------------- o:D 40 up.--°---------------------•- 1:109 Aoa sa-sc Xcccr smoked regularly------------ - 1,187 SuWt crs: . 1-9 ------------------------------ 1.915 10-19 ............................ 2. 2$0 . 20-39 --•_._---•__..---.-,..----- 2.437 40 ap............................ 2.060 '60E 6s-41 1\eccr smoked regnlarly .............. 3.116 Sr11ol•ers: 1-0 --------------- - ---------•-- 4.t~3 - 10-10 ..-.-..--_.•------.......... 6.145 20•30 .......... --................ ti,s2s 40 op---------------------------- b.OSS CHART e-ar.trrt aA7•rS. MALC, rnnA[Ar1oN Again we see a similar picture with re^ardd to the depth of iltltalnt!on, The, younccr men who lnhale sJl,htb or modcrxtely have death rates twice as hisit as nc:st»oAer.s., The ratioa are somewhat 1e,s in the older nce groups, but the pictard Is still the samc-esen nmderrac amot:nts of smoking are dclct,•rious. 1X. O:•era71 r:cath ratas of tnetc ci,aarette anloficrs rcrsue mate nonsrno4cra by deprer. of fnhalarleni (ratCa per JOO.C00 person- yrarsi Aoa 4a-at -l:aher amok.d res..ior/y...~...... .._- t3moker: Aoa~ ............................ 1124 Snpht .....:..................... aSa \loderale ......................... 07A tlecp ................... ....... 1.0?1 ~~. ,.. _. . ..
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Pcreutbci' 12,1969 CONGRESSION AL RECORD -- SCNATEH K 0 01 ~0 O Wy S , ! I . M tlrnafl death ratct of nrefe eM9arette anro!:cra c.•rano tnate noa+,rnk-ra a;r degrrc of inhnt-jrhfl (ratro per 100,G90 ynaou- yrars)-t•ontinurd Ait: 65-at tterer nmal:rd 1. 167 rinlo.kert None ....................-1.869 61lsiht -------------------°-°°~ 1, aGa Ztodetate ~ .................._.... 4.SSl Dcep ---- .__----_...-._.-7,089 A6B 6a-7a Drever emotsed regularly------------- 8.110 Smoker: ttone ------------ ----------- 3.994 G11aht --_._---.6,05'J ltlodera:o ......... ------------- - b,800 Dccp ----------------------------- 0.411 CUART to-71Gt'nt HATr3• M.LLC4 ST AOL , Lf On\ SMOI[1rLn A vet3• importattt point ttitich should be ntade, es;tccialiy with you:-arl•s, Is that Llc 1tt:irc ycarb you .q..nd tied to this habit, the greater tile eacct. 791osc who have Ix•ca s.^.Ie;:in" the longest harc lhe highestdcatHt rntes• Ilnt do not orarlooi: tho far^ura+ at tile other ettd af Utc scrdc. L•'cen the m7n a•:ia tal:es up tano:3nr. a-c a young adult has a hltther d.•.^.th rate than the tnan n ho does not sutokc at all. Jr. OtMrofi drain rafrs oj ma/c dpar.?tte rmoh- tra rrrs:ra taale nonsmoeers by asc mok- inp brpan (rotu per i00,On0 perro:r-,ycors) Anc 4t-44 lteter amol:cd regularly------------ 402 nmot:ers: 90 up ------ --------------------- 662 RS&A 726 40-:3 857 . 1c'.1g .......... .»_...r--------- 999 1.510 aa~ ss-a ltcrer amnked t~gttlorly-._----------- 1.187 Stnokcra: 30 up -- ------- • 1.570 45-34 ......:........~__._~_..__ 2.0e3 20-°4 ------- _-_. 2,058 15-19 _ _...~ .... ............. 2.509 17ndor i---------------- --------- 2.082 . Att6 slh74 Never atnokLd regtuerly-- --------- 3,118 timukcrsc - . 30 up ^----- _.-------------- _._-_ 9,840 Q5-Sa ItOM ieo 16-19 ---------------------- 5.,:.0 trttder i~:::8,2:1 I will move that the r•rord "e%ceksit•e-' will be deleted from this warning. T11e public inwt be edurnted t•o rcceps!ti.to fact titst any s:r.ol:i,nG Is excessive. No smoking is the bcst assuance of frcedom ftom discase. I nrould like to comment on one final aspect of the bill before us and thr.l Is the section relatin9 to broadcast adt erliging. Section G of H.li. G:r43, as rcportcv9 by tlle mnjority of Ute corwnftta:, aould by law 11aUy prohibit cigarette adt•crtUng by telet•ision or rxd;o beginnins on Ji:nuary On Its face, that section reflMs the vlea of the comtnittee, and I would ns- aullle, o ntnioritr of t110 Sennte-thnt it Is not h1 the pt:hlio Inlennt Ulat cisa- rettes any lmlpar be aotrrtim~d ut't t)ir But this sectiqn of the bill a, now x•rit- ten constftacs an nbtacatien to Itlc cco- notnic dcsires, indt•erl. if I mny sptak nlost bltuttit•. to the ararice of U.^ brandcast- tnt; indu lry Etrn uforC. It i.t a rcpwila- lfon of a comrtlcn8abic and slalcanau- $lce elfort of UIe etEaretle indu•.lry to aehfete setf-reCu)at:on. a principle which I arn confident is In dre bms-t Ao:etican tradition. Tradition,ilb•, wl:ere the public httcre-l raquires rertratnt or et•cn pro)fibftion of any facet of co111u1ercial actn'ity. It Ilas at-tYa\'S I;eM7 cnlHldcrC':t far hlCfel'nlJ?e to etecoura::c .e:f-reculation thalt tllc broadas application of a lr:i.slati:e ban. In Ule li:ht of this tradition. I cannot refrain lrom t-oiriug, my prolotrad ohic_- tion to Ule umnuer in u•hich section 6 has been amended in committcc' or to refrain ftom irtsistilts titat ilss basic ob- jeottre is hlainly to accommodate the aGC:rICd eeAno:nic illconvcnitaca to t)10 btro: dca.st:nG industry and to provide to broadcosltrs an op;rorttln:ty to gnin ad- dttionzl revenues at tite e.~ensc of pub- 1tc health. Let me go back atld review the evcntS leading to the deec)oir:ttc:It oi this se0- tian in order that t_'1e t>o,-it.o:ts t lttr:n bY tlle ttro indtutrics can be fully rrrcxicd. On July 22. 1909. tthe Caastlulcr Sub- eornittee of tlle Senate Conltr.itcce on Comme:•ce began hearings directed pri- marily to tile question of ciFatrtte ad- vertishtg and ktbeli.r.:. Althottylt tilo, hcariun-s were tc:hnically to consider FI.Ft. 6543. the House-passed mnend- rr_ents to the Ci^„arettre E•d.ertisttm and Lsbelint; Act of 1965. our strbcomiltce re„arded questions of adnrtising as peramo•.u:t. At our hearin;:s nc had l:±folo us an amurunced p:-o; osal of the traCionnl As- r»cintin:i of B:roadcas:ets 1Ssurd an an- tici)t, ttoa of our hearings pro))os!ng a 4-year L;iSase-o-jut of ciFarettee tcle:fsion and 17d:o OUYet•t.:'tng In pl-ot•TeSait•e steps prolongfr,g o! tilat advet•iLinQ until SenVentbcr 1. 1073. Tilis paltofal Plan also hao baen evolved by ihe lxbadcast- ers in res,-onse to a±l announcemont by the Fadcral (Ilwnunicatio115 C.m:mis- sion on l)ebruv,r 6, 1969, pro,^•osing' an ndntinistra•tivc ]un on o)I' ci„nrette ad- vortishtg on tatet•isiolrn and radio fr; ttte evcttt that r~-Al»ruive Indtutlv s.if-1•egtt- lation to the salttc ctld could not be achiered. 'I9ICn at tile July 22 ]tooring, tile ciga- rette manufacturers of the coumty, through their eho;cn spol;eaman,, in- Tot•med the u+minittec: E.uh company Is hrrimr>d to agreo to ats- conUmlr all adecrll.iing U! c1;g.rettcs on telertr=oz and rndlo in Sep:cmber 1070. when the nmjor c:dstint•, cvmtr.acnmzl ntrangcmente will expire. They, the clgnrette lnatttrfncturers, further st.ated their trillin~lless to anme to torminate all tcletisio:t and radio ad- tertisinr at nn,r (ime taicr Dnernlber 31. 19G9, if the braaticaslrrs nould afford stmultaneous tcttnination of 11te o»t- Et;ind{nn adtrrtisltt:- conh'ncts, alrwna, a ntedlnm lhnt is wiiquc and one It is tuldet•slandablc, of cn. ut•se. tron- that hrx a tremondous luq=rt, reaching slderin>• the ht,!dy comnt•litA•e charac-•s as it does tirttmtiy every houncllo7d in the ter of tl:e ciGarctte itlduatn, that the land and ticx•ed by young and old alit:e. only pt•actical method of ~erndnatdon t I r v.•ouxd bc by collective action that ntksht prnsent problems under lhe antitruat 17ws. Therefore, the ciCarette caInpal7fCs rcquesled Ihat Catt; rc::.5 protide statu- tnry ictmtultty from anat:ust actions to permit them to catry out the very nar- rtta• nnti on^-tim+ al:rcc7ttcnt t>ti termit:,le clcctronic broadc.lst adt•cr lisins:. t~lnce tha wculd be tnt economic nrrectnent to Ilmit c~rmPetitir,n aroons eomneUlors, action for ttrblc darua.-es laieltt be f led under antitrust laws. l)n January 3:, 1069. I said on the ftoorof tileScmtc: The rbm:ritn Inriustry could, If tt rhose. takc rc•s;vxurl•le rltarge of ita own destiny by t•otuntarily ab.iud.ning brvsdcaat advertls- L'tr• It tile tndurtry, publlcly and unequlr- uclly. n;:rccd lo au thtR. thcrt I arould be tbe rtrit to avu,t ta^tn tO sttau antltntft i:n- tnuntty_ Dut no:hh.8 less is at:ceptablo. Irl my t•lew, nnd so far as I can ascer- lain by lhe vicivs expressed by every Seratctr at the hearir.^. tfte ofter of tile cigarette compr,nies. ntade at :ny fnvita- tiun, must be rc:arded as sittcere: Iu additlon, the full Fedrral 17ade Co.mmisrion. a?pelting Utrough its eaairn:an, stated that noreMltcltts to dis- aontiano b:•o,dcm:iat would not be c11td- laat;ed by ihc Conullic;intt. lnlt that if Congres: d•_sired to all'ord slxcitic anti- trust esclnption Ihe ComnliFSion would "not o:)ject to a statutory e\eilliltiOn lur- der thcsc narrotr circuntstances:' The chainnx Il of thr 1'cdernl Commtmica „ions Commisslon Iikenise cotnmendcd tne pl•opmil of lPc ci;;arette indtlstty and stated that if it were cdM.tted lie antic- ipated that the 11CG ittvltosal would be-, conle unneccssary. Only the rep:'esentatlve of the broad- casters objectcd. Dcspitc t.t1e enrlior paase-out plan announced vnilaterAtiy by the radto-TVV industry, Its witnc~: found the c:garctt:e coltlnanfrs' prolxu.i1 "discriminalsry:" On July 31, 19G9. I wrote to each of tile tnujor nctworks asRing for a statemtnt a•s t3 its ><Ulin!!- 11ess to terminate advtn•tisf:lg after D~- ecntber 31, 1961<, in accordralce with the eXproased offer of the ci.".tettc nlanu- fOetut'ers. Two of the Iletworks re7lied that they were not !:+ a posit.ion to do so. 191c third stnted that, if Gotlarca•s t1a.' sired an earlier termittatioil Itacstt:.nt to the nntitrust exemption plan as:;cd by tlte -i,vretlr•. intiustn•, It would respect tile col:-gre--Sont.i view. In 1•esr.ot;se to an itiquiry by me, the Aseistant Attorney General in char:-c of tdte antitrust Dtsisfon at the 3)e)tnrhuent of Jtt;tice furnished me. On October 16. aith ft draft of a prtyXl4ed IC.R slaliYe ant:t lllst eSCttlptlVn wltich n'ellrld aCltie':A . UIe dt,s'red resttll, and stated that. lhc 1)epaSYntent of Justix did llot J;tt1a-0 alWh Ic•aivLation to accomplisll tdte dc- sirerl entts. (:a_n•aequentb•, the colmuillce had br- fore It thc e%ta•escd e•illint;uem of the cigal•t•1t0 indltrtry prrxnptiy to di•con- litlae tt•lerlslon and radio ndtcrtisht^ of ci;rt•cttts If an ah4itl•ust 04Mnptitm Oould be prot•ided• and the etiprec.vd aiatainCnW of t!:e F~,r:l•t•al 9Yade tutd Gtrnttntl`ttenllaaE Cb1n1111.C1or1.S lhnt no:te of tht•..c avctli n•e sass nt~t• objtrtion I;t thvt tvul•s,e. Ncither did llte Ualarttucnt
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• 9 1 cscG . CONGRGSSI O\AL of Justice nor thc Presldcnt of the United 8tnlrs, c•ctrteFfcd in a rr:carc to thc pre:s. And no ntcrnber of thc cotmnlttco bad plthllcty vo7ced any obJcrlton. \Vltat, then, hanpened7 The Senate and a sitnlla' cottcctt:rd American public are entitled to hnow why this course ums rejected and t.h;'. hu4nd, a atatutory p:ot•lsion, acconlplis.htng no dlQcrent cud, n•m adti^ird to extend lho date of ccsra6lon of broadcast edrertfsirtg to January 1,1971. Titc arGUmcnt was. tnadc in comm[t- tce that Conr-ress ordinarily does not atford an n,tttlt:vst exentption In order to arco:np!l.,h social oblc:th•es. This Is not pcntrash•c. There are co:uparable. fong- bt.w;iin; antitrust cxcr.tptto^s to permit coopcrnth•c agrrelnents antor,lg fannels, to pctmit ratcmakhtq by shipp!n;; con- fercttcw, by Intertrettonnl airlines. and by raUronds. Since 1913, --cretments for Joint aclio» by labor. aerfcultut'al, and hortlcu!tural orrntt!z:tionn have been accorded antitrust ese:: ptlons. An out- standing example crat be fcund in tae Agrir.ultutnl A:aY»ctiag A^_rcentetlt Aet of 1931 w:dch ,pranted a similar exemp- tion bo nucrtr•ttnS c"~recmeats of pro- ducers or pra.•ecmrF. Anotltcr ouat^.ttd!:.t; example Is the 1tIillcr-Tl'dinFs amendment of 1937 to the bsslc Sherman antitrust law to le- galize fair trade agreements where per- mitted by State law. In 1958. Cortgt•ers also exetnpted agree-, taents anton; smaU t•us[ncs,s fttms ap- pro:•ed by the S:aal1 I3usiness Adi:rinis- tration. As a more recent and s1r!kln, exttm- plc in the field cf comr:lu:t:catto:.s, on Ph:rcmber 4. If!3 9. t.h: c:aatc t:o:n.:.tt- toe on the Juc:[clsrs 'erd_ ea rt;lorted S. 15^tl, tha'T.c:-pait^r Pre:enatton Act:' vhich exempted fro::t the i:atttru•3 laws eertvht iotnt new.-papcr opcrat[ng ar- txngemenls involvIng a defined fai[inS ncvc;xiiur. In IICht of tltc.-e precedents, it is a shoci:ntg th[ng for n Se:rnte contmlttee to Intol:e u doctr:ne of nonuqe of an an- tilrust cxe.•rn>Uon to permit the brnsd- cas'els, tlaue honored trustees of the V:dion's airtrnys, to har,cle for every pos- siblo year, motltit. and day of cl;;mctte adt'ertising rercnues. In my vietr, that is htdefelutule. By the snme tohrn,lt is a repudiat!on I I t I ~ of the vcri' lype of indnstrlal self-rt•>•tt- . the lt.tc da s cl.rnb br fi . . from thne ta ' lntlolt, particula-ly In the field of adrer- f3sing, which I believe rtost Members of the Congress would ptrfer to fostc+'. Acewrditt;ly.I ttor ,o5er, for 1'ottrcon- ehlclatW», the atnendment su'astantL•tCy as drafted by the An!itrust Dtt•i: fon of the 1)„tartment of Jt:zlicc af.•ording the aolilruetrxcn{pticn, hono:•[r.^, tr!ttttyI be- lieve to bc a for•thri•alt oi;rr by the c:~;a- tttte ind-tstry, and I trust, giving the 6mcrientt public what they are moat enllttcd to hat•cc-the eal'11cst. paStible dtdc for the cc<<ation of broadcast ad- tcrtt:;ing of ttlhatt:ttes, (`nntrasted uittt the Ptrhibat!nt voted ~V thc m.r•torhy, this aturndment will nut catisc, liti::.Uc.:i w'61ct: tt: ^lf ~•1:!.l tk•:att, the ct k• at lon ur r:a t•y':. Pb- ran be tto tlou?d litai tr.rt•c con- "t:utiult~l qucstiPn= art~: from a 1''.•d- t•t•rl proldtritioa of ath'crli ~ a ltttrful I lie Ilralth rci'~rt was rr:essrd In a9t}1. therc aa•s anotl;cr fip..lltt;ouRh Ute general tl'er.k is do::•mward. t:r.te. Therc has b..^cn a redtut!on in titc n:aount off ei['arc[te stnolans- In this countn•. This fe not to stuy9est that the Job Is done or that r, e hnrc no furtlter catue for alarm, There Is attU a rteci for con- tin:rht: cdtteation at all f:fa:lo Icrtl= In our schoets: there Is n itertl for c,at!n- uint; etittc ttlon of a!1 the public tltrouch crcty mni!u. In this rt.p:ct. I ant nlost pter.4-cd thrt ihe:c /s t+n indcrat!ntt that bmadcr.slon will ct:ntianc to carry antl- smo';dnel,healtli rueksages on radio and tcierision. Thcre la n:.otlter etin In which ad- 5pamrnt ncLl: to be nta3.>-and one thnt is rr.rrtir Li3::d aZ;out hz thcn. h"^r- In: s. Afun;' Anu':'il•a:La are ,rustfaabty c,)ncentt,11 about the [.rct tlrat thc Clur- •enrment, on :ite one hand, narns of the I ptrdurt-s r!-~p unpreeedcnted in tlte acts or Com,ucs.a, so far ns I Iuluw. As I hat•e alrcadl notcd, the >:ole nlr}rctor to the anttt.rust rxt:mpt 1on at our July hrar- Inz was W:e brr,aric:vt htdusiry [:+:If, coati>sittltr of disr,r•hninat[on. Yor their ttrottble, they hav.t c•snled tram theCorfl- mllle: n makt dlscr lfnlu•ttory prol:ibitdon and a prt:cdont-tf e:entually found laa•ful--which can only lend to fw'.ttcr sclcctit•e drprital of their com:ncrciat op[o:'LuttStia•.:. A flnal mrrlt to thc rniltrusS exetnp- llon u'h7ch I am proi»rin^ Is its complete lack of uct: p:: c acat or r'iFCrln/[vation amoag any tlicdia. I'or lL•ase 1:'.:c mys:•lf who fear a t:ta:>!rc transfcr to other nudia of c:,7arettc iadus!ry ftmtls now bcinz sitent in rcdio and tclc.isicn, the tanend:ncn: ti:itl ;t•So:•d the t•p^or•tutdty to the cl?erct!e tndustry to furtlur curb its roatpat :[re exccsrrs. 1?or tetc past : S:arF, the plil::[c has en_ire been expas:d to ot:c cf t.rte most ine pt,b:lc hea:th cdt:cat:ort c:.r. I:ai.ur.s ever undcrta::cn su this co::nt.-y. In an a'.tuost urpreccdpn:cd cocp^ratlt•e etrort, health aecnaies, FchOo!s, youth o:^,'an!1a!lona, altd the Go:ctnn:ent hc.+•e t:'ie::nt^d the story thst c:lero,!e s:u::hl; Is hsnnful to health. Th[s c`! ,rt has teen aided ita- rne.=.surab!y by the nutn!:::r of hea:•JI rneszracs P.ppear[n, on t^:crisios es a result of the Feti.ral Co:amttn!cations Commissle:t t?scis!Q:t to apply ti:c'Yatr- ne•.,s doctrit:e" to c:-arcttc advertising. As a Yesult. of this rul[ng L•roadcast sta- tions trhlch G+rrs ci; arette coml::creius are also presentel:~, to a.` tti.icar.t de- 6ree, on a rirtuaily daily baF!~-nlehtd- 1ng hours of tr:a~thnum l1-:aluag-ant:- chnmtr mrFF^ecs nrrparcd t.•y the rarl- ovs Itc: lttt r.;c•:1c:cs. Wnat ln:s >:c•rm the cfrc-,:? i:as this educational ptvu•am been saccr.',;fui? Jud_Ln; L'xrt what ttc can see hcre, I a'ould sa.v that it has. crr.ar rr-etxs CAT:rA CIVNsvanMor or . c:o.vu:rrs This is a,^.!eatre of the coar•se of c[;ca- rette eonsu:np:[o:t t: otn 183d :,o the !,res- ent. k oa will note Ftn•erat A;n1f cant dips In the llnc. (luci.ir no' prhn:c[ in iho IZCCo.:o.! 71:e t'irt;t catLe In 1J51 after thc first repurts of nmntoian!r-h:»a oamfcr link a•erc made. When Lh: Yuh- It.CCORD- SENATE hu~1 ;b r 1{. I,~G9 h a~ h ~ El dnnoers of o: t ct, . licr, eostin;tes miricultul'al su;r[rorts for to- bacco and continues to advertise totracco products abrond. I have received rnany Icttrrn. atuc.+tion[n^ such policies. t•nd I ant sure many of you have e.a well. I reathe Ihat the acrcas"e-allotntent pro;rams for tob.•rcco were cstabltdlcd many years n;.o, long bcforc the hc:.lth hazard of smo±:fu: tra: krloWn. IInt this do^s not Suctify thnir continuation. This kitrd of policy confuses the pub.ic and seriously hanipcr.: any cdac:+tlaaal cf- fnrts to cncottr a:c the cessation of s:ttok- Ltt. I have many t[ntcs before ol:crcd my sufr.nrt t for cny a^riculturnl proar2ms or tax ossisttutcc wh!ch. will a1d totr..coo fartners in ;tcitcltia:c to other crois or other fw;tu of fnraang. I reltcrr.te iny stand on this poin5. I do not trar.t to see the line on thts chart da t:p a_ain. It must continue its 'dow:•te•ard cour:e if we nant to keep our I:attaa hr.ilt'ty. So I a;r~e:rl to my colleagues: While cott are considering this Icelslatlon, do r.ns thin': of the ci'•arettc rnen and the broadcastErs with their p'e: s of Ir: Dov- e:<:u:tent: th:nt: of the e:to:r.totts loss of hum+n life to be weh.ltod in U:e hal- ar.ce on the c!hcr s'.Za Ask yourself which is mot•o [sapurtaat-the proLts of a sin~,le lmiustrS or the health and wel- fare of miilirols of A:ncdcans. And. if vou carnot think [n terms of milltons, thir:x, td lust• one close ftiettd or love' one, lan,^,tushinil in the final apcay Of lut:•; cancer or c•r.tph,rscnta. or stt'ickert• in the prime of life by a fatal lteart ett^ck. _.fr. t•tAti\TPO\. la'. I'resident, the I'ubl:c Y-c:ath Ct,: ttlte S:no:cln; Act of lnfid, as the Coatm^t•ce Co:nmtttee has reportcd [:, do^s tal:c a foriitt•i;alt and - rc,Ft>a'wblc--ercn an ltutorlc-sitp In cx;Y'cssty lcrt»lnctin; n11 broadcast ad- ~rrtt<1y^ of cl;-arzttcs by Janu:ry 1, 1971. T/te en3 of b:oadca.:4 adt•et•ti:lne is a goal that has bc:n snu^,ht by malor public health groups i:r this eounttti `)t oVer a dccade. That goal LS now Within sE a;h. A- I htdicated in 1ny ON'n separaiC vicw:. In the committee rc,wrt hou•cver' the'btll is marred b•r tu•o'procisions, to -which i nhd many of my cotleapucc on the cotrtm[llre have taken st:•p:ttr ubice- tlon. • 3'nYE:arrtox or rre atACr.AStota ' Tlrre:vas iittle a•lsdom and less lo:tc In tite committec's decision to bar tlte Fcdrral Trn:Ic Cortmis.datt front rcctulr- ln^, a u:itn:rt;[ ttt cira:rtte adtrrtis!nt; b^tot•e JuLy 3, 3972. 13y th!s declFlon the comr:tittce hls platrd itseif in the cort.- tradirlcn i:mtnre of tnot'sn,^, firmly to tccminlte all btr,tdcaot adt•erCsing of ciftamltcs while almnltaneouxly rcting to fm r.!1 uonbrradcnst advertising from t•l:r•: thve rrstraint. The ePmmltt^e preempts all Statr and lorsl lualtii-rrtoltsf tr^ttlailon of ctra- tritc a,9tctt!Flna, hoscd ution the prin- cih)e of nationnl unlfa-tllity ilt IY•:.ulat- in^ ihc nr~:'.:~t su i of naliwtally r:aa i:cMd pr,vsuets. it'c u•a rc iih:t t1SMm t.c n- n^^i1 frr a ts:tif.1rm ttnttonal Irolicy, i•v: not if t!t,qli•.dtey' -it•trrlly ~t4r;mtoi frce- dom to the ca;urctte ilydustry to Iatmch
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:Y.h\J1iK~li3:~ItTF!~wtL:.=Y.."S`QI.R_~L;!!'~6.`~.lU~lvlrt/Y•~INRM ' i 0 Drcclllber. 1:', 1969 g w ar r. e ce a y ,mtLtml bt comtutttce. function as a miKleadtng half-Uuth. 1 ` slxm~Uily or frrthrh hlLv. 9'hat v:c bare Thc dan9er of nonnai amokiug is re- The connnittee haamored tnterminate come so for is tlac prmtmily to the in•r- vraled c!early In the 1969 report of the all bloadcast adterrisluG'•n'hUc hrcitt-_ sistont, unttiuchiltit efforts of Ihe Graa- settrta:y of Realttt, hducation, and Wel- nonbroadcast, nch•ert!Hh,: from eftccti.r tor ftx+m l1u:h• I11¢ alone sourtdcd the fanc. Titat, report stales: 1•e<tratnt. This la c.+tnlpamblc to t^41ux alnrm nenrly a$ear a,^.o alet'tinn uC to et t't'c ^tc-p;a'~trxsrd tlle : u:^.•1~!°t fer nHcr, iipf 111 tilis leas;a- Ltfe exTeetkney for a la.a•pack-a t aY. or ore- amot.er at are 25 Is 63 yenrs lc.s t11sn at the ssnte time, It Ieavrs us in limbo, tion. lic alona kepl• the pirr.~urc on the that tor c;.c con..-f•.udt:.; r. .•u aptr.•arin, to protect the intetest of the ci;;arctie and bro:,dcnat indumries roth.•tt '9igbt° rtirnal:ers, thoaa who a[ooke 1eRS than pMP:e. vtnt:e• at. suipe nN.ay a. tl.ct: h0..!~-a11•• i4ev bt t]1t1 to ln'c: :- 1o elgaretcea per tiayJasro from a:n to 4.0 uulgdeteatic. , nizvthelrtrsponslbihtY totlreconsuatiu;; CCONGRESSIONAL RECORD-• SLNA'I'9 KO() .1 ,~;; () 1 1) S16667 rnasslve. unrestrnined promotJonal eata- rewor )Tara of ttfa expectancy t.baa cor•co- paffns in nonbroncicast tne3ia. Ih•cpRe apondll:g non.vnot:era. avoa'a1s b,r the Industry of vo.untnry 7gte drur:er of the habitttatjna effect Aelf-restrn3nl:, the it:v-4 performancc of of ei,arctlcs is also a•ell esl:bltsltcd. Nle dt:arette compa:rics at self-ret:ula- Psyrliolo.n.tas a+td physiolo^ists dtsacree tion is hr,rdly re^.s-rrint:. as to whether cl;:nrette smol:htt:' is tnte In nlrlt:.tring t•Aore titis committee. pltysiolo-icnl nddiction or psycholo.lcal the Fedcra7 7Yndc Co:mnis•ton itseif too6 hnbituation, but there is c;rcemcnt that a rrPiwllsiLie altd re.~traincd po.cltlrm aith ci^areto smol:in„ is n ienaeiGms habit respect, to the re^ulntion of ciSarette ad- which once sls.rted becoates, for many vcrtising. The Commission welcomed the sulos:ers, virtually imnosriblc to quit. A volurttarlr telnthtatfon of broadcnst ad- cl-:areue warning nhictr, lmy its usc of rerllsittr o: ctaaretles and modl:iMi its ealc un:d "excc_sh'o;' ap;tcars to it:noro posltion to refleet the benefits n-h:ch can lhese dangers is clearly inadcquate to the flow frotrt the tcrnnination of such ad- public's neccts. vcrtJsing, Chairman Yaul Rand Dixon. . Tir. President. T uau!d Iti:e at this time toldthecommitlee: contmertd the jurdor Scnator from L'talt' lt olFaretts ndtesttsing sueuld be rc- (b1r. Afoss) for the outat.lnding Job he moved itom lufe bro.dcast me-dia by tife end has doae in me,nngitts this bill in the of the year ae allortrp taerearter. ttke Coar- Commerce Committee and here today ott mfsaion avutd be dtslosed to suspeud lts (lte Fenate floor. Ilis deep cotxern with now pendmr trade rrgulaUoa rule pmcced- fag uaUl duly 1971. imprvliltr the health of the American 'There Is ro doubt that cigarette ad- people' hns been malchcd by his per- severance In sccuring adupti•mn of a vertising la the btw^dca.<t media has becn stron¢ bill which t:ill a!crt the public to by far the rnost o::c:Lsiee means o: cira- the dzncers of eiparcttc smokn:a and rette pro:t:otion to the puatc health com- limit tile P.ppeal of cfgal ette advertising. mtutity. t`a='tlouherly bc•cau:x of t:te dc- The rrsuh, of his outst;utdint c:fort WlA iettselessnc.cs of yoa.r.; Peop:e at3ainst titc be masured irt terms of pcrsons rpntrd tmpact of radio and tclevision. from the rarages of such ecrlous diseases But ff the 1T.: is barred by statute as Ia.•lq cancer. baronchits, emphysema, from requi_-in r a u•arning fn adtrrtising and hrart disease. the public will hr.re no nteantnpful de- 1,ir. GOODELL. 14r. Presidrnt, lrc are tense. even n_alnst a mas';h'e •-incaucht not herc• today to de'>ate the health con- of print adverttsitt.- employing thcmcs sequenccsofcit-are;tcsntol:ht;.;.cicnttf:c designed to ot)rcu»e the medicAl verdlct testimnny to tlds cTect is orertrtie!ntht•;. against clWnrette ,ntolchtg and drsigned 'Me Stttreon General's rcMrt bt 1503 to malee c:?antt: Stlto;:tn¢ aitpe: Uttg to told us that "cl;aratte anlc:,i:t.^. !.s a yottt>; people. We cannot ctt tI1Ls happcn. health hezard of sut:icirnt hnpo: tance In sWrsrso. OL' TNE a•or.o °uccas:vc^ u.- rus the L`nltad State, to tt'arrant c.i1nt'o;triate aEOata¢o cac•norner .ortCE rGUCCfal acti. r> " Cpn^:•css d:: t^;.= n: • The co:ami:toe. haring first d.cidetl tiatt on July ::. SSCS, u:th ih.; paca;:c t,osttt,ngthen tht• raul,ionary a•ltrning on of tix• Fuleral Cigatttre Lnbel;ng r.n1 t11e ettrarttto pass.,%ne to ri-ad. "Dct:ger: Adrerti-ing Aer, attd since that t. mc ee Cigarette f:aokina Is danferouS to your have consistently received at.nlements health," pro:eected-aEain by 10-to-9 from the Surceon Gene.al which bear vote- to rcrrcler the a•at'artug 'at Ic:Lst hs out his ear;icr tittdin?;. in 1967.1968. and v:eak as the prcF:°nt caution noax by 190. Lite Smvean Gcncrai, on the basis ttntendinic the lan7unge to rcad "Caution: of ca:itut exatr:nataon by qunhG.^d sct- X;ceessivn eigarette smo:an.- Is dangerous entislt. h^s reported to Congress and the 'toyourhLalth." people of thixcou:urn•: cigatrttcscnol:htg The hard evidence which prompted is a p^rsxnt nnd pro'Yd lta?s.d to human C;ongreEs artd the regutatory Aueneies to health. The record Is impressit'c, to say codfront srrto:chlC as a unique public the kr.st. It would tsltc i:mny days for ltCatth problem demonstrates that ciga• the Senete to fu!ly hear a11 Qf the evi- rette snto'r. inp is rir:nl;erott~ in norm:.l usa donrc which has been amassed for us. It la dangerous ta the ttco-paci:-a-day The issue bcre is really quite sinmle: smoker; it Ls danscrous to the oac-pacl: irt view of these facts, have we adequately a-day snu.ker; it. ir dan; er•ot+s to the protected the public htteresl In tdle bill halt-ptcl:-a-day sthoker; and because of reported out bs- the Commcrce Contmit- itshah;tuntfltcetfect,itisdon^erouset'ett tee. My anstrer Is •Yio, we hnve not." to the youtli, malt or tro:nan *,vho e,,pert- We have not done so becnuse thetv Is melds tcitii an ocrasio:tnl cit:atrtte. The a pret•ston In H.R, 6543 nou before us comtnltwe's trnrniuF r•ott:d thus br adc• which would pre-empt the 1•Zderttl Trade quate ortly if the iniblio uenerally under• Comr.tis'sion ft•o:tt ruttintc into effect itv stood tlrat all cf!: a:rtte smokutr: is exces- pending l:nde regtllallon requiring a sire. But bzcausc the public has uot yet warning in all eicarette advertising bc- arttred nt auch a level 0 sonhisticntion, for July 1, 1958 I vcted against this rntnmitt nht -rill nec ril Ut 's • s In 1nG8, aecordht: to tite recent report ot the F•PC, e2311.5 million w_s s;+ent by tho c:carettc Industay ltt lelcn•isiurr mld rndin adrerticanC. in eontra.•t• $44.0 m9- iion was slxnt for newspaper nud maca- zutc atis. VJith the terntination of bro:ulea.St ad- t'erticine, the strona passib1llly exists that there will be a mnuAve shift to atltrt' forms of odt•rrUstul: tncdia. Including billboa.rds, cow-ions, and other promo- tiotutl dcricc•s ln addition to the ncas- papers and ntst;azines.l'hcre are ao rcal assurances that this will not happen.'i91c past pcrforn>.vrce of voluntary srJf-re,^.u- lotiotl by tlle cigarette Industry is eer- Winly rtot reassming in this re^artl. To be sune, cicnt•ctte advertisitl9 1tl the print media can be quahtatircly dif- ferent front broadcast, AdvertLVng if the htfonnatJon provided is obiccth•e ald relevant. In l:articular• by revealing lhe tar and nicotine content, these ads can pcrfor'm a soci;rll.i• umful funct!on. If wc 11ret•cttt the FTC front any acUon whatsocver until July 1, 1972. or bcyond-a'11ic11 is the cffect of section 9ta I of this bill-tce will have abrogated our rc: pars<tbilay to protect the pubiie tnterest. We e; ill have iro:te on clrar notice that ntoe•e time ntust clapse before eonlemp:ating any slrotu:et' action to protect the nublio fram a clear- ly rccoenized harnrd• What we are in eQcctt thcn .•ayiu91s that no malte: what the Satr_ eott Genel'al relmrts lo us In the futurc abottt the health nazaresof atuo'r.- ine• and no mutter.chat the F'TC rr;torts to us aboul lhc eficcts of the Icrinlna- tion of broadrast ads Hit.h respect to oth:r media. we do not a'ane any further nctio'1. I cannot bciict•c that tire ti.S. Ser.att: teanta to ai9rnt a°o-sionpolicy rncen the hcaith of thL coantty, pn:Uc- uls;1S tY.at of our youth. Is htvo!ved. Mr. ltOh •Z'OYA. 41l'. Pre~ident, I rise to eomjilitiwnt tite .onator frotn G11h trho hss t_h•en of hi.t thtre and dedicatimt to brine nhout a vitally uecded eonmra orer t.i•e'effcets of tobacco us=. Secauae of his great efforts. ibc pcv!e of t.his country cud the tobacco iudush•y have Geen inculcated atth•a :,tm r"lcc to do..met!ttrt-~ Irr;Wath•cl,r and sclenti- 5c:,11% aujut the effects of tc•bacc-o use. Thc Scnator from Utah has rpent many ftours leadin>; this creat dlalro; and this fic;ht to brittg al,out a better understanding of the problc:n. I salute him and commcnd hirn for his Great ser•tice ht this; field. Mr. \iOSS. I thank the Senator. Mr. itAlt'1`. Alr• Ptrsidcnt, all of tts a'ho share amat•c concern over the tnoezn hnzards of smoi:m^• ovr n;a•cr,t dtbt tv the Scnc+tor fro:n Utr.h i'Mr. dloss,. W,: have came a lom a•av sincn'the dark days of 1905 tehcrt the Senate fnllcd to nci rr- •--
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S 2,GGGS CONTGr.ESSIO`Ar. RL'CORD--SENATE Deccl/lUc~; ~1~G~ i n l l l l n d e r o ti publla And lie alone shephcrded the b9l I am fn accord with the Sclnuot' front Senate ba~nn opcratin, me thratlsh hcarinrs and to thc comtnittee Utah that sactfun 7 In thr prctcnt bill Ihnitnt:ott for the amcrtdment of the -`' a•itll a strnlt: record cryin° nt for strong defers too Ione tlte oirtortutttty for ne- Senator from NeR Ilsmrsltire. Unfor- setion. tion and ret;ulattott, if ncnlcd, by the twntcly, the tinte litnitation on ttre sNCSOxexrs No. sbo Federal Trade Co:nntis.ion. And it L•: for arncnd,mcnt of the Senator from Utah A7 r, >•1OSS. far. Prevdenl. I eGlll up my lhis reat•on that I noc: oticr nty amcnd- was not ylcldrl. The Ch•air Lv not sure aincltdmeltts at the dcsk, No. 410, and ulont. No. 419 a., a s ubstilute. Rherc il is. 8u: the Chsir would lige to ar's that they be slated. All mi• tuncndnr•tet prolwns to do is entertsln n motion or request- The PRESIDING OFl•'1CER. The to protide bl• l:.x• the stl:•;:ctt lorr ott Air. YlOPS. Mr. President, a porlia- atnendments of the Senator from Utah pending trade rr•:ulal3oa rule prct•red- mentary inquiry. ss: l be statrd, ings relatuig to cv:arettc adrenlsinl: un- The 1•it:•:S)'DII.G OFI•ZCBR• The Sen- The aastsG^.nt legislatiee clerk pro- tU Ju1y 1, 19i1, w'.slch In fact is t'.:c date ator will al :te iG ecedcxl to read the amendntents. Sndteated by the Chai:•man of the }'ed- Tir. StOSS. I had understcad there was Mr. T1OSS. Mr. President, I ask unanl- eral Trade Conuei_: ion as bein;: rcasmt- a time li: titation on each amendment, luouseonsenl Ihat furtl:crrc•adin8of the able and acc:1::. L::• to that a,:cnc>•. and th;rc uas a pro.-ision tltat, In the r.rr.endmcnts be dlF;,cas:d xith. I thinii I Subsectipn 7(a) of If•r.. 6543. s.s re- event there was an amctldmettt to the can explain them t'erS quic;dy. ported by our committee, hon•erer, nould amendmeni. time would be~extended to Tlu PItLSIDItCG OFT•'ICER. Without provide for a ntatl-?al,ry susi+ension In il. I asstuned that that vt•as the time we oblcction, It Is so o:'dered. attclt t+racecdin,-s b;• the Frcieral Tt:+.de were eperatin.^_ undcr. The amcndments (tvo.41Q) are as fol- Cor.nr.issSon to'a l~crSod of 18 months The PT>:SIDiT:G OFFICER.The Sen- g ftrlloscing the cr::c.:un of broaci:: = t ad. ^tor is cort-vct, but the Chair islnfortned On page o, begtnafng aAth line 8. Strlke t'crtl:111g of tir,;trcitts. The effcct o1 Lais that the time should bc used on the first out doarn tamugh une s on pagc 7. proaio:L a:ouiS L•e to carry such sus;:en- - amendment• before tae scrond amend- On pagc 7. L'tse S, s-.rlxe out "Sac. 8" and _ slon until Ju:p 1J iL-1 )'c--r Ihyond tt:rt nletlt was o::ered. t±:ncc tdte Senator was fasert In lieu thereo! -'seo. s"', date sugecated b~• t'te C':airnt^n of' lhe not a:t'a:e of t.ha•t., It can be taken care of On page 7, llne le, strtt:e out "Sso. 9- nnd Fedcr„1 Trade Crnntnis;;iott. b; a u:latimous-consrnt request t11at tlte Insert In lieu t5ereat "8ra a", As I have ind:cr•tcd in the lndit•!dual Scnsto: L: s not lost any time on the on paee 7,1fne 2'd• etrfae out "Scc. 10" and Yie:rs which I fi!^; w•itlr the rC:.o: I ac- ori^-!nil am;Kldment. fnscrt•lu lieu themof °see.. s"% eompar•yitzo ti1Ss b?ll, I perso:tallY con- Mr. AfW-S. Mr. Prcr.ldcn6I askunan4 on page e, tu,e 4. s::Yse out °Ssc. 11" and sider suctt a st:: pcn=ion UetKod as beir.; mous consent that 1t be In order to eon- I lnsertlo heu thercot •'t:rm 10°. excksire and contrary to Ute 1rublic sider the iw:neud-nent of the Senator On pa3e a,11ne 14, atrl*:e out "Srx. 1a^ end tnterest. from Icew If-impshtre (Nir• Corroa) and tnsertfn ueuthereor-•Sat•.l1 °. Hotret•er, my alncndaient would fur- that I r.tay utillre tlme on the amend- ~ Air. MOSS. Mr. PreAdent, r'w amend- ther pt•ot'ic:e that if 6L alU• ti, :e after ntest to the nmendmenC nt ttLLs point ~ rnent ca11s for strik:nt' oat all of section July 1, 1971. Ithe a ederal 77adt Co:anas- without !eopardizing the time on my 4 of the bill as !t caine from the co:n- sioa dcems it u.crmary eitiltr to rcnrtr amcnrrimc:a. mittee. The remaincer is shn,hl•r F re- or ta initiste such pro.eedinEs cottcerr.- rite YRESIDINO OF.'•'7CF.R,. Is there - numberins of tJle feiio:cin; sectfons L` ing cit;are:tc ::dtc:lfsins, th^n it. thie obJection7 Withoat obSection, It is so ttlat ahotl:d be ecc-•mpasht•d. I hate al- t'nmali4aio:4 !:!1:-li tenter r.ot:;c of its ordered. ready hr:d gn:::.•:`,in; to say on the ir,len:lo:t 1» tlls rr;art! to 'tlle Co:lt;:css Mr. 1SOSS. Mr. Presidcnt• the antend- amcndment. so I:`ta!l b: tilnd to bare attd t:,at Euch I1Qa :c#,Orl shall l1,dL(:e mont o9cred by the Scnslor from New the ottter side ms'r.e comments on 1t. a full itatemea! se.::::g forth t.°.c reaeons IIr.mP=hlts Is a definite llrprot•ement T9le P1tESIAh\G OFi")CF-7L. Tite tor s•-,ch p:o;:os?d act.,+a. F;:r:::c:Y::are, oc;r the committee a:r:endmest• l:hall will cdvisc ;he S°^oior that the f r.y ras rest:lti: ~e fra:r.:uch n t+t a; ecd- ;Sr. COITON. Is the Senator on my ~cnnte In o;:erattng qnder a time lltnt- t.vs ao ild no: takc e~ ^ct u:uJ t tno:::hs time ltot': a tstfon aftet notificatioa to tite Con,rers. Tha . T1te PRF-IDIKG OFFICFR. Is the + ltfr.l\SOSS.IundQrstand. 0-rmtttit lxrio4 .hata,'j sert•t; to nfiord. ~171tor addressin; the Chair with a A• - ^• n i t t S t • cto A atrv ws~r : i ths Lssuo it !.. t:.,e Go7z:rss, a:-c :s nc- Air. t:o'1'lY1V. Mr. Presideat, I Sietd tion 1n tllis co::nectiou necessary aad myself 3 mirmtes and I eall up tny pro;mr, amendmont No. 419, which I desire to ~._ gq~P. I,;1. Pres!dent, If thc S!m- oficr as a substitulc for l:mend'ncnt No. ator w•iil ricld me aco•: t 2 minutrs so I -•410, I ask unaniatous consen: that,the may c~pt•eFS nlS p~=:tioa in this area-- readb>.r of the atnenc:ncnt be dtsfie»€ed Tir. CO•1'TO~. I.•ic?dI tt•itlt,and I shall eaplatn It. ' Nr. BAKER. air. Pnesldent, I am on Tho PI21:S1DI1G OFFICER. Y\ ithout the Comnrcrce Ccr~ mitlce, and in the full oblecUotl,ftissoordered. erceutlee s':ssion thp cwtlmittee san fit Amendment ICo• 419 is as follows: to adopttny verxlna of this sect:on, which on pr.ge s btrlnning w•tta line 9, tnse:t Is now sought to be amcnoed by the:cn- the fotlon'iag: ' ator from Ut^h antt tite Scnn:or front "8r.c.7. (a) The IFedernl7Yarte commtsdon. on. New lfampshtre. I rfec simply to sn.r that baoing noti9ed the Congrcu or Its tnten- the substitutc o::el'ed by lhe .5'esator ttcet to suaprnd Its pcndinF trade reguta- from New liamp.hiro Lc Dt nay 0, irtton• n tlyn rule Prtx•reding relating to efgarette ed- fair and equita hIC sttbcti:u:i~,t attd trcxt- hCRtising unta July 1. 1871, sLall continue ment of this sublcct. While I e:fct•Cd the such sucpenrlon In ewcet t.nut euch dsta. or! :Inal cetnatiilec s•et:+fon.I r.ish to state It at any tlnte alter .lule 1, 19v1, the ttdeml tltat I am ttflling to ttolr acccPt titc sub- RYade Comnns~lxf detr.:s it nrcresars to re- ncrr or tn Initiate ahy rute roalJng proctcd- stitute by the Senator from New liamp- .ing trilh rrsiurt to aeteh pendfng trade reru- 611itC, 1lauon the Crnlnilsston shan so notltF ute Air. COTTOr. I thank the Senator. gn7s• ~k m mgn7s of aueh Ittten:lon. Such nottaa•athn ASr. 4'e`SS. Mr. Isresident, I~-teld my- • shsll inc:nde a Lntl 6ta:eMrnL er tlle r'catenE for any such aetlon. Aay roautting tmde tet;- ulatton nue,'rclating to ciF,vette adrertisn~g sFiall' ilut taCe eueca unut stx uwutuw rJccr the drto of such nouficatlmt to the Con- 1'rem In order that the Cbngrecs ntay act tt rt so aestrea.° lUr. CO97~ON. ltr. President, I yteld mSSCIt an addittonal 2 minutes. t e n, te_ s a ritn ePiIt ) o ac ou lt ]i r~entarT lnquity Y 'o p M~r• COTTON. Yes. -7te FRrSIDING Or^TICFR lie Is not using the Senator's Umc.'lle Is using thttc In opposition to the Senator's, amenca: ent, in eceordance with ' tho unanimous consent al.•cement. Afr. 'MOS&. Under t;lc sllimtitutc of thc Sen:+to: from No:e iiahtpshlre, tllc FTC would not tm forced to suspetld its trade re;ulati-in rule beyond tite clate h•'rich lt ltselt has t'oluat,ttrll.y nst•ecd to. Nouerer, the amet.dn:ent would not permit the Tr.tde Catlln:ission to act soottcr under anS, clrcuntstanees, even if tlle citmlctte lntluslry irt'4ts ftltttrc adccrlisi»g prac- tices e;cre to Frc+ssly nbusc the nanbroad- east ltt!9in. If, despite assuranees of the cl-atrttc lt:UU,u•)• to the conlrrrs, thta'e u'ct•e to c:tsue. P. nlassh•e t•ransfcr of ad- trrllsiaT fmlds to the no:tbt•ondcast medi.a, lhe T'1'C w•euld not be able to act. If thc cieareltc co:nl+anics put up bill- boat•tis crcr,r hmldred tardx tlfimalhaut the cou:ltry• tho 1•'I'C :.ould not L•e per- self 5 minutes. mitted to nel. it fantfl.• ma;;tvlnes were Tho PRESIDING OFI7CL'ft. The J.vmucd fl'om cnc end to the other u•Ith Ch:.ir L- !ar that Uto Cotton elt ,r.aut couUlcs lt.uxl-in-hand holdlttR dmcndmcnt a4s not in ordcr anGt1-an - lL•e ci,^crettc "for the t..ro of tts," thc 1•'rC lhnc had bcen uktu ott tlw aIres nnlcnd- eotacl t:ot act. If we r.•cre tn am a n:+re ment. NZhcn the ticnalor irmnt ):cN' cf cot:ixin t+:etattin~i stteh ns we h:.tro }Gunpshitt plrlx~scd his amenrcitnent and bet;un to scr slgtls ot-cigaretue eotutwts it aas aeceptctl for cortstdelntlon; tlte to be tedcetlted for L'catic t'ccorda, for r I i
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DrremLcr 12, 1969 CONGRESSIONAL 1t1:COCtD---SI:"1TAVh 0 j ) I ~ :; , t) # 2 S1GGG9 I 0 example-and ot!ler ltcttts dear to tile hcarts of tcenaFe:s, tile kTC could not nct. I v:ould therefore ast lh•C senlor Sena- tor fro::t >`ex lfltnl>_~hlre altcLhcr !lo would consl3er nnaraai:,g ltls aetrn;::ncnt so tltat tile Tr:dc Co:upti.cai,.n co::ld terminate thestLs;xnr.lon of it:j t:'.lde mt:- ulnlion rlde priar to 1971 11 it fuund that subsequc:tt eipnrette advertisin.^, p:ac- tlccs cot>.stituted such a gross pb::re of the nonbrmdcast nutWfa tltst It was com- pelled to eot. 1 u•otdd stlcgcsL tae fnllo:c!n>: lan :.tase: On line 5 of the Senator',% aaten;i.ucnk folloning lhc .rord "datC." stril:a the period and add 11;e ~ords °. tmlers Lhe subacqacnt adl•c•r;:s:n;; pra-t9crs of ttte ci^arctte indu-trr cna.;t: ulc.,uc•h :. ^ross abuse of the n6::')roadc,'t5: It1Nt:7.t U1aL tile connnts:ion (!::ra it is to acL" TJicn, fe:lo::•i»ij the t~ords '•If rt an,t' thne attcr Jufy 1. 1®T1:' au:7 llic x•orF.s "or foUolti'i'tg a find:ns of st.ch gross abuse.". Mr. COTTOI. .`.tr, Ptr3ident, I yield mysclf 2 ntinulc.+. 1. tt my tmderstand!ne tl.nt tl:e sttg- gesilon of the c!stia".uhAed Scnator trotn Utah Is Ihat. hxiead of the :.c:c•nd- nunt pror[ditt^ that the }e.icral Trade Commia:don could no: isaue recaiayialls utN.il after Jul} 1. 1: i 1. 1te wi.+bes to in- sert the qualih1n:; words °, unl;ca •he suWrqueat atlveru-Mn-. prac!ices o` the eigatrite tndt:stra• c--.:r;lAtuest:ch a Z•russ abtu.e of tile nonb:-o.tdr_tiat ntcdi : tl:at the Conmt:sslon Luds it is con:Ixl:ed to act." I prcxume this means thnt It Ihe Co:n- ml.-fon find.e there t.c grass ab:r,e_whxt- etrr th.'tt .^.1::1• t:1:::7t-!t t::cn ca:: !°.?.lte reFUl:.;ia:ls carlic; tttan Jv_#: 1. 15:1. The Senalor a1~a pro:•a=es to sa:i folias:uF tlle words "3t at any linte after July 1, 19i1." liic words •'nr follou'in~, tt L•adiag of cuch Grom. abuse; '. - Itl ot L•er a o:vs: tt hat tlto Srnator u•ish- es to do Is not ntal:e 't irottct;td t::xt t!lrv caunot Issl:e re^tti.•l1L!rl:s tuail r.fte: Jt:ly 1, 1911. b5 ptot'ictit:q, that it tttc Co:»- Atission finds Ftrss abusr by r.ason of a substantlal inclrnse in the t•elttate cf nd- vCrtislr.it, or soate other criteria. t?::•n It can 4;ruo rc> utnliu:_. Hotcevcr, tat• Co:n- mL•sionro•ill rtill I:.tve to natif~ Co:t;rets OI its intelrt:otl tt•t::1 a full etaletll: tlt of the tea:,tut for suc:.`t act:o:t and tat;.• re- sttltirh rules will t:ot becotnc eSeclire for 1 6 nl0tittLC. Is t!I8t eoaect? ' lttr. MOSS. That is correct. Mr. CO1"ibN. I did not mc.vt to in- terrupt the Scltal,:-r. If he nts2les to sny t:wncthing further on ]ila oro•li time. find that Is a Cro•ct nb:ece, and'.hrrrtore Is a flndine of pross abttse, lhcn tile F:rd- ne lntettd lomake a tulc: nnd notify Ca»- eral Trade Commission may !:ive notice greus thnL in 6 rnonths a,uch a rule o ill of a trade re: t:fattun tuvle, and It runnut htromeei:ccttre." make such rulln, effective for 6 months Mr. CO'1'I'ON. Mr. President. am I to after Cnn~tcrs has Ixwn nutilied. undcr-tar.d that Lf I ncccpt tlte ndded TIr.I:1;Yf.'i.11'ottld that etut lie eqtliva- Itulr•u::c 1o my stlbaitulc antcndntenL lcnt to tile Scn::lor from New Il:.mluhtn: a.e .ur~;e!6tcd by the Senator from Utah, adoiainn tlte axlcndment of Lhe Senator then ltc, titc Senator from Sits!r, would frntn L'tatt? betrG:in;; toacceptmy:;abstitute an:cud- lfr.;•tOSS.I Chinlinot. mrnt for hls ori.^,inat autcytclmrni? Atr.I11iV1N.I cannnt scethedt!fcrencee ltir. MOSS. I would accept the substt- Mr. 1SlOSS. \l.' ntttettdment, of course, t.ute If t1tnL iMrfectin; IanguaSe cotild b: simply strikes out Lhe whole vetion. 1t tnade a part ot it. satys there Is no lilnihlion on the polt•er dlr, COTMV. Ir: order to c.vtablish of the Fedrral Trade Contnttcsion. so:ne ld;islatSve hL-.to.-y. I should like to 771e .^ttator's antcndmcnt do's put a 11ave a b:irf callnqtty urith the Senator .IimtL:dion on them. tn ta•o ways. k'irst. It fro:nUtahastotiictn:.:terofahaba•ottld 1Smits thcm to a tittlc cerlaitt, Secondly, cnn.:!tute '*t:ross nbu:e:' Would titat de- lt they find Ctbss ubuse, they ecn act, t.cautn:.ticat bc made by tlte Federal bnt lbe;+ st!ll have to t;ive 6 tutonlhs' Trade Comnliss!on? noticc if the, do that. Mr. IiOGS.lVell, of cour.se, the stand- Mr. F1tVIy. lfott•cvcr. they catt start ard Is not precise. bacatt;e v:e do not to act a'hen they give noticc tcithout have an,v histoP in the ColnnllC4io11 oll it, a•altint; for the 1 intc lhnit.. In other But, as I tried to ind!cato. I would lhiltk tcurds, this would do ateal' tcith the pro- Fross nbuse would be a trrntcndous 1n- ris!on of lhe Cotton antctld:ucnL that rrram-sa.• a sudden doublin; or trcb!ia+ they are precluded from actinq until of 311e ttumbnr of billboard,, for cxam;ne. July 1, 1951. Mr. COTTO\• if Lhe 5enalor tro:n Alt. CO'1T0\. IL leaves active in the Utah, docs not find the statemc:d I nnt CaUU!1 amend:nenL and lays dm:n the about to make to be accurate. 1 wish wish of Conr.trrFs that: '-The F^der;.l lie would so hldicatc. I><:a:tsc brfore I Trade'Canutli.,sion. haritl; nolUicd tite aeceat h!s proposed Ianvuace I want to Congress of its intention to sitvend Its have a clcarer undctst;,ndint: of 1t5 pendin; Lr,tde re::uiation rule proceeding ntcattine. relating to cis.a•ette advertis:oe until If, for exalnple. the Federal Trade July 1, 1971, sllall co:ttitltte such sus- Cot:tm4siton madc a finding that ihe In- peluicn in cffect until such date .." dn~'rg Has grossly abasing tile privile;e There is the rciteratinn of what they of admrtisinr in o:!nr utrdia, sxch i:s thcrosdres sa!d. neq_~.:1Rpfr c. maea.^.fr•es. and b!/i'aoa:•ds, `ir. MOSS. Tlle Senator is correct. then i: could b^^!n t:•ade rc?uta:ion pro- Mr. COTl'O1. Tl:e Senator froltt Utah cc:c--;s. I;r,-;ever, the Ca::::r:i:aia^ r:: •!r to proadc a inl: tificat:on in the r:ould lu.vc to notify Co:: r.as J:uL it eci•at tilo Coal;:r,aictt 5ncs .ross ::L•uee. anss nY,oul. to do so, and t!n rer.soa fa Hott•ecer, thc Ce:naas.•fott musL mal.-e such- proitosed actlon. Thell, Coaeress such a 5ndin.t. Then Me Conttreu hus 0 trould.n1l1 hare 6 tr.o:lths atter the nlo- nlonths In tehict. to acl. Is that currect? titicatlotr to act, if Cor,r rrss fott :d Ulat AIr. DIOSS. That is a corl•ect state- the Fecihrrd 77ade Cot:lmi:slon was ar- ntent, blLrnt?' and umrafo:t:tU!c. CmtcrECs Alr• BA1tE1;. Mr. Presldent, will the trould hnvic e:•cr y.opportuillty and would Srr,ator yId a 2 alinutes to nte? be a t!ttal Sttd;e as to whether ihc ad- -Mr. CO7TO:C. Afr. Pl'osidcnt„ I yic•Id 2 rert.'sinp co:fstituted a"r; ross abuse." Is nlinut[s to the Seantor trspi Tetines..ee. thatcotrect? t.ir. BAiCTiit. Afr. Pres!dcnt, 1 would Air. AVIOUS. The Senator is cnti'rcU' like to establ!sh one point. F'irst of all, I correct t:ec.•tuae the finun:ir and not:('ica- rceall that in man. State 1e..lalatttres, llou would be required: It could not be including m%, on it, it Is the habit. b•r cause etfecth•r fot 0 moatl:s, and that Is the the cmtstitutiotl rrquit•cs it, to end each petiod of Li,yle that Co.:„ress would ha}e enactment by saying the public vrc•lfare to lnterretle, if it sou; ht to intarvetto. requlres 1t, becatl.,c Llte bill does not go Mr. CO7'I'0N. &o, in a ectlse. Con! rc:s Into cftcct and become law until nfter 30 would still bc the last iudpc•of tctta t con- da,es. stitules °ttross abusg;' with opporttmity I u•wdd hate t.o have lhe situatlon to aet? where lhe Fcaoral Trade Com:nl•.ian Mr. AtOSS The Senator ts quite t or- sa.s at tlte end of each order that tile rcct, abuse of tlt. public media rcquhr,v It. TheSettatot•'sit::crplrtstionisco:rcett Mr. ERVIN. Mr. Presldcttt, I have no I would Iikc to inquire if llle 5outtors they wotNd still ltrtt•c to pivc Cmlgtrss tinte, but I would lil:e to ask a question, can say that the plrsl•nt lct•cl of non- ttte 0-tnonlh neSire bMore the nctfett If sonlsottc tc111 xleld. elactronic.advertisin-: is nut a>;rass abuse of tile k'edertl Trade Commisslott could t•1r. i\:OSS. I aln ltappy to yield to the by tlte tohacro Jrtdustty, so lllat by this Ix'caoc Mlectivc. Senattu frola Norlh CalY+iina. culluqlty bt tile record r; e Ilaee madc. Lct nte illustrate. Sul/lrase t.he tobacco Mr. 1.`1iVIN. D::cs litls lttean the only we hat•e ttotlflcd the Federall'rndc Cotn- btdusln• did, 1ndecrJ, dutnp the whole Ltmilatinn ostltel''etletnl9'r.tdet7oauuis- mission that we arc taU:ina al>,,ut soutc- 5300 million It- no:: si•cud.c on the b:road- sion would be 6 ntonths front the Unta of Lhina nulrh pl cater than is i'oht ; on to- enst Ir.cdia plta fo:oe other kind of ad- ihe p.~.cm^e of llte bill? day antt th,u tl:: y could not, as poiltted Yetti.Jn;r proaratn. ThaL could b-+ con- Atr. NIO-CS. 14ell, the Pederal Trade out by Ihc disthruisited Sen::tor tlvln sldcrcd ia F-1'Oti aJU-a, Ttle tltdu.:!rti• sa!d Contnd%~ion, by the Cotton nntenlilucni Norlh Car<data. d_.:de hl ll',eir teistl,un lhecwouldnotdoit,nadIdon,tcx7:eet asIrcadit.u•ouldhesu~prudrdfromta:c--Allat um adt-crcisiun-1.•vrlr u•a•aa ;,r,:,c tl:ctu to do It, but 1 uunk tite F.-aerttl lue actlu:t u:ttll July 1. 11471. and teouid abuse and, th.•rc:olr. Ls.~ue a rufiu;t im- Tradr Coutmisxion ol:#lt6 to ltare tile colai:lue In sucit stale of suaptv:3nn. nr. d!.ttrl.. txracr. In tile ctrnl, thr.• do, to say, `%Ve lite onis exception utade is that tf there Would blrt.h the Senator front Utah and Mr. MOSS. I vicld tnyself 1 atiuute.
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Stt;;;p CO1~~1:F.5510\•~1t. P.LCORll- LNATJ; Decelltbcr 12, 1969 , i f { , I i I V fireraaT froal fAC'.: lla:naehire a^.ree 2aL tne adtrrlixlaa Icrcls of the tobaceo fridu.qtrlt' Ll tilc nor.dcctraidc ulcdia arc rlrt ttle t•ross abu%^ contemP:aled by the su ^rstcd pr.rlect:n,. amendment of the ScrYtor from Utail? Mr: 1tOS8. Mr. President, If I may respand-- tur. COTTOI. Tl::~ Srnn:er frotn U:aa can responc!• and.the:t I will te.arand. ASr.ltilAS.z .:+Ir. Pltsident. in my o.rtn- fon, the present systeal Is not co»stdcred to'be gross abuse. At least. tl+r 1•'ederal Trade Commiss!an does not think so. I do not thhli: so. cY: lcr. Mr. ELId:NDL.:. bIr. Pivsidcnt, gross abuse of ri'nat? Mr. hIOSS. Well. gross abuse of tite adrertir.in; facilities, a floodill; of the market. When adceltilliuc Focs out on tcleri- sfon and radio, over ;'?tlll million a.rar Issuddcnl,v relcssed. If that money l.ere dumped inlo the q•pV of adrel tiAnC such asllfUboxrds. matlazines. and nen:spapers, we tti'ould ba ttp to our ct:rs-in it. At that point the Federal Tractc Com- mission may cor.:e forward and ssy ti:at this constltutes 6L'.a a sattu•ation t!)at it Is an'abuse and the;• are going to make a ralinp about it. If tlrey should decide that. they h:+ve llrst to f'.nd. tra=s abuse nr.d tl:en nolify the Coa; 'ess. And there is then 6 months before til_t rulnlg cs1Ld becntnetffecttee. In which tintc Cctlerrss might make Its decision. Mr. COT':'O1. \7r. Pres7dent• I vlr.id myself I mi:late to rnake my response to theScaat^' firm'leaacsece. The PY.L:311)1ICG OI =1C_^R. The Sen- alor frel:, Koi• }fanll~cllire Is rccc;afr:•d. Mr. CO77V':.: ir. I'restPFnt not a)tly In rn:r o!)lW^:1 is the prc•Ec::t vo:uae c°]d tnanalcr e: c•i°arette ndrorttsill:; in•:itc pr:nr•t r.tu7:- rca•ol:nble a:ld »ot a t:russ abuse, but ;~•i~eed if broadcast ac:certbing eeases, thtii seae marg':1 c.f ir.cnt.se would se¢m lo' nle to be both rc:sunat.+le t:nrt not a l:ross t-busc. It would requirc• a flooding in my opinion. Furtlrermoro: cottcediaF, as I do, that dsarctip smoLing is tIar.ticrotl sticrotls or may be dangerous to the hcalth. I thine.: it aould F-. itl tlte pubi:c i7ltcrest It the to- bacco trolnpsnles concentrated more of tl{eir adrerlislttg perhaps on pipe snlok- iug or "cigar smoking and trlated pmducta. It nrould t»crease the volunte mlletehat. I nsk the Senator ftonl Utah If a rea- konablo person would not ahree that son:o Increase of trolltme for those purposes would not be n lerc<<s abu e. \tr.ltiOCS• Mr. Pro•ident. in trying to de0lte what constitutes gl•oss abuse. I Wint out that "pross" n:eans "•large" ht atY >,•ocabulary. So I would say It was a "large'• abusc. Mr. COT'TON• >ttr. Presidellt, I thank tiMSettator. I Ultllk that is a tory aiptlifl- raul commeall. Vr. Ttesidoot, with that andektand- :tis, r•nd bearing in mind t'hat Congress 'tlll has the lnst word.I accept Uro added =i"wr:e of qlc Senator from Utah. If ~• will agteee to nl,r substltute anleltd- a.n+l trI11C accepted for his original •r.: •tlt'tt7enl. *Ntr. AtOS3. Mr. p)rsidelrt, with the 4 tlerfcctinl: Lan•tu,.r.r. I nm aat.L Iled w,tlt ttlc rullstltutc anlcndmrnt. I am trillin(: to i.ert•pl thr• %ui;.,11n1tC antcl][:It1e11t. Mr. FT.VIf:. I aln tsnt. I would rnther hare the conanliltec, b!Il• hccau•e wu:or ihe p:•ulxvrd an:cndulcnt thclr is no rc- strictfon nt all• cxcept Irn• a period of G tnrmtlls after the I'cdrt:+1 Trade Coulmi,- siu:t Fi.rs the l:rc.clibed notice to Mr. CO7TON. If c•e co:lt:ttue nlon,- ths< Inle. we t.d1 luac trD bill. Air. Yrt•sldeot. a p:.rliantcntar}• inquilT. The PRESIDING OFFICER. Tl:cScet- alu: eall ststc .l. 'Mr. COTTQW. Mr. Ihecidenti do Ilt^rc a ncut to a rolicall t-ate on tl:c quest:oa of dccid:l:^ v-I+rther to nccept the x'ords. and c:arz the Scl:a:ur fiotn tlt :h h:rc a r!,^.hl Ln :MCtai; fay .Ili)?tittltC? 111C Oi•a IC1::Z. Tlte Sttt- atar E: riaht. Mr. :.i:.1'I\. !11id 1 have a right to cotc ~~u.:t lhe aulcud:ncnt. ::. COTTON. I n~as not criticizing tilc &c•nct:•r horn :vorth Caroliua. :.ir. MOSS. Mr. T•r.sidcnt. 1yic:d to the S:a:ufx f!t•in l:cl:t.uky for a ques- I3011. .V:. !:0O?rR. '.t:. rresidcnt. If the prot•ision is nrrc~d to aold bcc^eaes a P.trt of life bill, would It in any w:+F restt:ct liliC rl:.ilt c.f .^. party !o eitailCn^e 111 em:ris theautitorhp of thc FccE.~r•.t1 Trede Co:ntnfksion t•) iKur• n rule ol' 1C_u;Stiil11 oil such ad:et'ilsi:n,? Mr. MOSS. If 1 m 1_ r. •pu:ld. ttlis it, no ~~ay eon9nnc the ri ~ht of the Fu!e:a7 Trr.dc Comtnirsion.1 r ury)o:c that alt: 'anc tcRtl npprol?riatc icg: ! acti..n caa siill cllellclrw t!]c tlatrr of t?tc Fcueral Tr~de Commts•rion to Lcsue atly such ordera they 1r.icllt t-tlc. dlr. t.'OOPT'R. I trrm: this patnt to be ccr;afn in the leaislatit•e f:ucrpretatl:,n. Tne quest!on Itas bce:l rr,i=c•d in the pa.%t. I:xfsed it in t!tc d6u: te in 1905. ttlat the I•'cders! 7l:+da Coa:cnleaion has no au- thority to re..alote :.civoriiscnltnt ot to- bacco, as a cclnulcc`.ty and certainl}' ull- Iecs such advertiair.a were dcccp;il•a under scction hcaltli of the Ped:-r.ll Ti7.de Commission Act, A distincfton teas rniud also flt the ca-c of Bsrt"leo?t V. F'cd^rel Gontll:atrfco- tiorts Comrnisc;on, 4031•'. 2d, 10132 deciried fn 19ti8. It dislhl~nisDed beCncen Ille power of the FCC ta revtilatc adceril-il.-_ fll icievision and radlu, and power oi the FCC to rejulatc advertising in lhe printed news trlcdia. I flsnkl. Lcay !t was not the point in Isslle. it tras simply dicl.unl. But it !s persuasice ihat. tho n+1e of the c:!se mi^•ltt not be applicable to aarertianr in rl;au- far news t»edia. I could G1re the rcnsons. but we do not have the timc. Tilc dtci- siotl speaks for itcelf. I want to he mure that there 1s nothinyiil this amendu:cnt or tlle section amendeti tehica would re- strict the rit:ht of any palt.s', by t!Elrct lan;uape or by hu+,•Iicatlon, to as&rlt a ri!•llt. If he deslrea to do so, to c:lnllettile ijt the LAItternt Caurts the nulhotily of the F.^.C to ]rr.ulite advert!sull fn the printed nens media. 1tr. AfOSS. In rm, opinion, the 8rnator' Is corrcct. There Is natllinc 8t t1r1< nct that restricts ung pcr.on flonl chalkn-- hlg the /xnt't1B of the CtJnlttlfaslon. Per- sonallyt I think they have the pon•er, but II tni„^ht he ral~ed In the court. This does not restrict anybody at all. Mr. COOPER. I thank the Senator. Mr. }:L•Ll::CDER. AIr. Presidetlt• n•fll the 'denntor y:eld?~ ~p~ tL I ~ t 1 ` .t Mr. UiOSS. I yfdlidlt t'.) al Mr. ELLE..vER. Is there any lauyvage In the n1cd:Led nnlendnlent that would batr adrertisino entirely by radio or telcvision? All•. MOSS. rot In the amendment that we are considcring, but it is in llro bill as a tchole, Mr. EL:.E:•:Dr_•'R. But u•c arc talking abaut ilnod:ng nd:erti•ing. Thr.t would mean the nc•1-.s tneciia. Mr. TIOSS. `.ia,r.azines. billboards. Mr. 1;LLL':rJ£^. As I wtderetand IL• Lhc fr_,r Is t::.tL if advertlaim by radio and Irl:h•i•!-:1 is totally ab.uldollcd, all the moncy ."nt for adrerlisina fn that way would then be speut for newspaper a&.'ertts!nr or In magazines and things of that kiild. 1ir• 1IOSS. That is true. It has bccn predicted I:F so71e publications that th[s a•IE happen. snd we are concerned that it miuilt. Mr. ELLI: :DER. As (lie bill reads llots'. it ceould bcn adcertisillg by radio nnd teleridon? \Ir. MOSS. It will tt•he» it becomes effective, ycs. S1.:CPAL S:.?ATor•s. Vote! Vole! \!r. L:11'n. Mr. President, will the Senator .le:d? Mr. 1IO:S. I yield. Mr. rRi'f!:. I should like to ask for an caplanatiott. Would this amendment etllai•t:e the pon•ers of t'lo Federal 7Yai1e Com- mission to I•: n adrel'tfsillr which is n4t decepth'c? Tiie P.'+ ESIDIAtO OFI'ICM. \: ill the Senator sus;)rud. for a clarification? Docs the SEtlator from Utah accept the atncl:cbr;•:tt of lhb Senator from Icd* Halnpsi.:rr as a motL`ficat!olt to his r.mrrd:nc:lY.• . ir. dfOSS. aes, as modificd with the langun>•e t?+.lt was discussed and tarell to the d la. 7 am n-illing to accept the amcndlrau of the S^nator frenl he'.Y IInm;tsl::-.: a a l:led!ficd. The L'ri: ?lDl\t;3 OFFICER. Ttle alitendalc:a is so modiiled. Mr. fR\'I::. Aq I ttn'cicrstend itotn the Senator fru:n L'tah rald the £ruator ftrm Neu• Ilautpvaro, It is nat the purpose of elther a:nendment to enlarge the powers of the Fcdent'Trnde Coln:nis.ciott beyond the >•:rsent powers which alio>r it to adapl' rcgulations to pret•cnt de- ceptive ncitrrtising. 11fr• lipSS• 791e Scnator Is correct. It docs nn enlar:e the l:3t+•cl'5. TIl•• I•:R\'IN. I thank 111e ficnator. The PR'•::IDIKG O:•;'ICL'i:. Is oll time on the amrndntcnt yieldcd hack? Mr. tIOGS. Iback lhc remainder of my tl:ne oa the mnelldnlrnt. 1lir. CO'I'tOX. l;•iAd back the ]rnlaht- dcr of tar t:lae on the mncncLacnt. The L'Rr 4MDI!\O OI•'i'1CLEft. All liule on the nmcr.c:acnt has been ylrlde•d baek. Titc tlur.t!c•1t is ou aarechlr to the Woas nlnctr.b::ent t:`d. 9101 os modiffed. The al::: udrnent. as tnodfflyd, u•as a(ttY`Cd to. ~P.•' .... . , . . ,
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11, rclltGcl' 1_, 1969 CONGRE•SSIO1.tL RL•COitD- SL\ATH Yt ~ ll 1~+ +w t) ~'~ $ YGG71 0 . A:r. TiOS4. Mr. Precident. I move (o tn'o nlternalh•e proh,3sition.. 1Ve c!rouid r:comidet t';e role by which the amend- ac•ccpt either the co::uniltcc lan^u:u:e, ltlenl t•:rs cr:t cd to. trith-it t,tale.;, "Exce: etce ciEarrlle autok- r.ir. CO1- ON. I move tolay'that mo- Inaitidanc.croua,"orthealte:natit•c°cla- tiun on the t:•'r7e. arctte smui:hs ma;' be dan::crous." !n 'J'hc mol!o.'L to lay on the lable st•as eaelt case lhcte a•ouid be litu subJccth•e a>;recd to. quality to be exnmirc'd. in thr finst case, /q1r.SO]iraT NO. 412 vac or was not the S°:cl:ln•: exce:•Si4c? Mr. MOSS. Mr. President, I cell u7) m9 in the second case there would be tho amtniintcnt No. 412 and osic that it be question xhetl:cror nnt cL•-.arettc rmo::- atatcd. ht1 15 dan•:crous to health Ic: L for the td- Thc PRFSIDINO O`rFICirR. The tintatc trier of fact. amcndtnent t:lii be statcd.. So far as t!;eiuniar8enat.r I.om Ten- The Ic~lt tlltr c~lcrk read the amend- nc«ce i.; cvnc^rntd. I am perfcctlr wia- ment, es fol!nn•s: fn~- to a',ee the lan,;uam oI tite. bill qn fK+1Sa e, flne 11, s6rlr:e out the trord c!uttt•.cd Eo thatitr:ollld read, "Ci;::lretlc "sscesstec"% smof:ina ntay be danoeroua to your healla:" h;stcnd of '"Ctprctte Fnto:a:tx Mr. MOSS. I Yieid nlyse;f 3 mi:tu:er, Is d:nt^craus to your cca'.th °!u an Mr. Pres:d.nt. In mg o;+^::'.r.± re:aar:s nP:nta:irc. I am pcrlcct!y t+i;ii::-, to sce I nddn'ssc3 myseif aoue'.clctt to this t:te Ic,ntiu:>;e "is daa;crot:s to your atnetldmettt, and t::erctorc I tlliul: I can hc:eltlt" rctained so lna; as it fs tttodi:icd expaln iL t..y qtu!c::1s. by •'exceAve smoi:ing Is dln,erot's to The Ifou.~~ bill tita: came orer had a sou:' health." Either one is n-rc:-ab.e to nee A•arnlr.-, to LC pat on the cit;arclte to tae. so lon;t as we do not stand on Lhc pact:acc. in tlte Cosut: tt^e o:t Cont- floor of tha Senate and tx•S to ct•ette a metro ne !n!tia!B, rewm:e it to rcdttce catc^~ticat stateme»t of ro:!tive fact the ttarntn; lo s.: simpig: ' 11'arainpa which I tldtil: n-e arc tn no p:sitioa to do Cigaretle : no%i=:., is dangerous to a;td by ri^l:t %l,nuld r:nt do. !t When we had a later s s.ion In the M~r. COOi'yft. 11':il tile Senatqr yield coaunittec, the rord "excec ire" r.•as me 2 minnte;. ~ AIr. Tlitii'.:+IO:eD. ' M Ir. Prts.dent, will addcd, so l'•n+t it reads: 'iS'anti:tt•.. Ex- thc Eenr.tor Yidd mc 2 minutes? cessive cigar:tte smeL•Ing Is datrlet•ous to p,: r. COT'i'O.X. I will y'ield to tite S^a- healWt.' ator frottl l.ic•tttttcky in I minute. I ySe7d «'Itat I trird to mtnt.out when I ta7hcd myself 1 n;inute at this t!:r:e to intcrro- abaut lhcse e:aea Is tlrat it does not pa:c llte Serator h•unt Utah. hare to be e:cessit•e smot:itlc. Any smol:- Is cithcr sugaest±o:t of the f3ertntor tng lms Its delc;e:`.oas eTer'_ Heavier fro:n Tenne.cscc• accc7table to ttte Seas- Rmokir.g ttrw a S=ettar ef:ect. I ad:r.it yr [ro•n UlahT that. I sa,r t`:1t addin^ the n•a:•d "execs- nqr, 1IOS5. I ant afraid my attention a!t'e" defeTte the aantt:t? that is on t4o n•as tlivertca during part Gf ttla:• time. , parkaTe. Ia ::!1S e1ees.He n5e of aLty and I did ttc'. hcar all of thi 1•e71a1•i+s of ptroduet s•c'::ct >=e deie: :y~: s to my the Fc:lator from Tetlncseee. health. If I tat too much car.dy,1f I drink Air. COTTQ.C. His su;zestions were too mttclr catar, if I t:o ra•,•titi:t3 ex- lltat citlter "excessit•e" rcn:a!n or. it "ex- ctswirc. It Lc t;ot::; to be dt::°e:'ous to tta:c:t ou4 the words "msy bo" . nlv lteaith. So the tc, nti:ta is nu'_;ificd W ttced i:ulevd of "is " Is either oitr of eo:lciudcd on Ule substitute . . trith the h•c:d "escr:~irc" In there. 37y tho:.c accap'~b:eT Air: :.70?S. rit•. PL~SWent, was the amettdment a•ould s!mpiy tat:e ttte n'nrd neither is nccep:.,tblc. Senator (tnttt actr Iianrps;tire troinb to cxcet`ch'c" oat, altd the rt•analtr, tt•ould \Ir. C07"r0?t. Atc.y I mal:o a compro= offer the ]iottse Wordittg aa a substitute read "Cignre:SC srttol:irtg is dan."ro',ts to misc su,.^qesUcn between tlte tteo, and for ltty antendatent7 health." then I will y leid tlnre to other Senators. Alr. CO1'I'OX. l.'o. 11te Senator lrant I rrscn e tltc rcmattder ol my time. .yre I[ouse bill provides the following Temlessee tt9shes to offer a substitute on hir..liAl•:!'tt. Mr. President, n'9i the •as qle label: his part. I want to l;h'c him that op- 5ettalor yfdd mc 5 ntinttle.;? Warning. The Sutseua ttenarar has deter- Porturity. I hope a'e can agree on lhc Ttr,~OT70~1. I sfeid 5 minutes to lhc mtniai that cl,a+ette amokuth ts dJlh;ero:14 II,)tLe lnn!~'tlape, Hi: wants tG offer Ills lSt'nator lroa: Tennes.~!~e, to your bealth ana tnar caufe htnt; eanc~er substitute. ' Tir. BA1iE8. Mr. Pt•esidetlt. I have no or olltcr diecoses. Mr. 1IOSS. I understand. I now have disagreenien! n•itll the disttn~uhhcct Sen- ator front la:at titat lhe iernt °Exce.aWc The PRI3SIDIt\6 OF:'ICEP (Mr. IianT before ~r from nle T' enn erscethe ennersce trordhr~ proposes which to the offer ~na- at stnolting Is Eattprrous to Itealtlt" is a in tJte chairl. Tltc Senator's 1 nttnutc Ute appropriate Unte. This would insert statement of ratent fact. I thtn'~ t!tn6 1s has expired. Ute words "ntag be." Mr. P.'csident•. Ulis lalso true of cxcessit'e dt'inl,Ins of alcohol Mr. CO7r1'ON• I yield myself 1 nddi- mrerts to the a•antins on the pack nox. or nsc of c)dan:alos or anythhttt else. tional minute. Yet the only Urfnp.ec could saY that the Thtttisnotii:epotnL Mr. President, this Is awanritlg al- House occotltplished this year when It . The point Ia, as in tnot;: Iccistatinn ready In the Iiouse bill. If the Senate exten4cd lhe bill >:'ts to &ct a better tatUt tchich c•c deal, that we atr trying saw fit to adopt tho sanlc ><•artJt•.c, it trantine on thr paek. to at'eompllslt a public purposc: but we would take it out of eenference, rnd Ilte Tilc P121iSIDI1\G OFFICER. The &'t1- are also dcal!.K;l In a delicate matter of tnatter a'ould be settled once and for all. nior's time has expittd. the estnblishxetlt of respotui!>il:tics be- I should like to ktton' how the Senator Mr. AlOS9. Mr. Pt'csldcnt I yield nU+- ta'een pa.atfes.Tos3m;lly stale that excPs- from Utah wott,'d feel about substituting r.elf 2 addnlonat minutes. slue eiParettc stnnL•ht, is d.tn;x:ro',ts to the Ifouse-aordcd, a•arnitr.; for the The Pi:lSIDl\G Ol•'FICER.'17ie Sclt- healUl is a ca:enoric.ll statement of fact antertdtnenl he has Just offered. ator is rcco.attlrt•d: by statute µ:ich I am very much afr.tld ITtr. iIiOSS. Mr. President, I would be Mr. UOS.. For that reason first of all might atr+cate a e.'tuse of uction acalast plad to ttsttantl. l ht.t•e no sttot,e ob3ec- I would not cxpect the ilau,;e to tat:c it the mnnufactutrr of any c.l^atrtte for• lion to Utc llouse aarnin;;• As the scna- be;auae they have already voted to hal•e ltlty pnt•poce.lr::a-d!oss of the rxtent to tor a•ilt tk'rall, a•bcn v.e di..ct:..:ed titts a n:xr ditYct n'arnitl:. Siiond, I th:uh it tt'ht,;h Utat c:;:asrtte K•as cansutncd. in committec it u•as aald tiLS waa 1at,., tt•nu!d lx+ a tremcnduus stcp baci:n`ard if I x•outd sut_e:+t Atr. Pt'c, idcnL, sltat Ute and emnbcr.wmc bec.utse it had m vta u e trcrc w now r.o back to whcre u c were Senate shou!d address Itself to one of arot'ds in it, so we tried to cut it down. 8; ca~s ago when t;c had this Ill-starred The rREFtlnilcG Oi'F1Ck:R.'nce liute of the Senator has cxhired• Etr.:.7OSS. Mr. 1'rr:.it4°ttt, I yield nty- self :! addtt tmnal mtnutes. The Plti::SIDItiC: OFhICEIt. T1n• Sctt- ator is r'ecogttizcd for 2 additional tainutes. T.Ir. IaOS•S. Mr. Presiden;• what we finally c-knte up nith is toittul: just lhe n•orcLs ''Ci^arette amokiug is dan;et•otts to your health" in the middle of tlte Ilousc u•arnir.:'. At a later dete we got thi+ additimn^t aordins;, If thc Scnatar wishes to propose cohte bac1: to (lle llou.v %tant!t:g, I would have tto oblc:.tiun. A fcw Senators have cx- l+:•e_,sed the ohiaiort that tnaybe It t:ould trcakcn it to see the Sur e.on Gcnctal dctc:minin.^. ft. Dut that does not bother nte. I voted for thc shorter mtc, but if llte Senate wants to c.hansc I would not resist. ,L'r. 13AKEIt. Eir. President. n•ili the Senator yield to lne fo: 2 minutes so I mn}• offer an amendnteat iu the nature of n st:b-litutc? The PFESIDING OFFICI?!t ils[r. HAr.T fn the chafr)• The Chair is adriscd that untll all t.iutc is consunted 4.4ai would not be f:t ot•r;er. Ttr. BAKER. I1tr. President, I aslt unanicuous conscitt that I rnay be r(co;t- rtized for I m:nute to itttroduce an aa:endhtent in the natu:•e of a substitute. The PR'_5IDI1G Oi•TICZR. Tl:e Chair is adriaed lt Is not a problem of obsining ti:ne, but l:lther until the thne on this aenendment has been cotwumed or .ie:dcd b:cf:, 1t would r.ot be lu order to offer the sttbstitutc, except by uratd- motts com-ent. Mr. SAI:ER. Then I vrit8hold the of- ferhta ot td+c cubsticule. TIr. COifO.T. '.:r. Prrsidcnt does ' that consttn:e ntl of our lime? The PRESILI\G OFFICER. Tlu time h•otdct be l:cid en banc until action is I
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I I i r, n•arninz m: the pact:a^e lhat ts so tt-cat: aud do.a not, In t•l2ect. rivc a ro-al trenl- tnc.IL sbuply sars it ntn?• be hazardo;ls to health. I tcok the time of the Srnate to brin, before it all lhrse charis and t;talbUcs to s.hou• ltot thnt they "may bc" hut that they are d2n,^.ero»s. No!ody e^n tk'n}' it. Titcre am four reprrts of the Gurl:cost Gettcral staekin^ Itp the et•idence. Wtat r•moldns ttecd not be ext•assire to be llsz- ardaus. Any cir•arette smol:Utc is dan- gerous to health. How anyoCe can sa}• "may be" e:capcs ale. I sltail have to resist the substitute when it is offerod. Mr. COOP13•i4. Itir. President. roriil the Scnr.tor yield? >tfr.-COTPO\. I yield to the Senator from l.entuck.. Mr. COOPER. Mr. Pres!dcllt, I v: is!1 to asl: these questio:+s tor (he record. I bc- llct'e the qllestions are Ilertincttt. I as- sume all of as want to Imsure a proritiou trhtch clcarl} rests on the facts. ' ltln I correct III that the stK!e- lacnt made by the Scna'or from L't:,h is based primaril} nn the 1'epnrt of the Ad- risoq• Committee of the SmT:on Cet- eral on smol:ittr and hrctth in 1t+G5. Mr. MOSS. it is basec oll t: ftt 11t part, -but this hr.s been con8r,ncd now by snb- sequeat rel:orts. Mr. COOPrR. My question is: O11 the report and subsequcnt reports, is that correct? - Mr. AtOSS. Yes. Mr. COOPEt, IIut, for the t't•cord, is 11 not also correct that these rel,orts are based o:f bl!11!orra;lhical infotmction and stltdics and rto' rt:•er.rci:? 1Sr, b1OE.fi. i:o: ind:-ed they are notall b1bL'omr.a;iicat. lalet•c rre others that t:"c acc7ir:,: atu3;tt, 11r, COOPLI3. Titnt'fa ri;lit: mc-dtc:t: sfudies. Eu: _he. aro h!ht-icrrapllical re- portlc and st;:d!cs, front n'll!ch lher yre- pared the rei+o:'t. Therc has been no in- tit-ilctid:at rese:::eh by t:•1e Snrgeo:l Gen- rral's•eosnmittee or nny new rc5earcit upatl, t: itich they ba.~c• t!:ri t• n^po••L? Atr. AIOSS. To the cor•t:mrs I think subReqiicn2 reports are ba: ed on re9eareh done;, and every report' tir t climes out sopports lhe flnd:nFs. Mr. COOPEIt.: Tite repjrts do sc:'stste. In nt.c ,•iea. I aak thc &enalor tt In the hearings he held, the Surgeon Gencr'a1, any lxtlhnlai:6t, scirt•.tist, or any lnedlcal authority tras heard? The PRESIDIl:O OFFICER. The time of the Senator itas expired. Mr. COOPER, %Ir. PI'estdent, g'ill the Senalor ,a•ield I Additionnl minute? Nr.IbTCOIV. I ytetd I minute to the •«atuitor frosn Kentucky. Tite PRESIDING 0F1:'IC>~:. The Sen- alor Is rccog»Ixbd. Mr. COOPY:fi. The indcx of the com- mitteo report does aot show the Sulgeott (icnclal testilicd• -%tr. AlOSS, In the hearings we held- tlIU summer the Sut•tleolt General a•as nat htctttl. atr• COOPL"R, I u9sh to state a fur- t!;rr tact. I believe the accepted lnethod- "t'cv hnx three procedures: Jlte, to de- 1' nntuc r'otrelal im1, nnd tho t. Is lhe ba~to I': Uu•:jur~q.r,n Gclletnl'S report; rerond, t'.aUbn ol a aus•pected tnf;ixd:cnt of yW~.'=a'-r:-.---5 trccwrucr ~ 1: ;:, lUWu mechatlfzrt-and I do not hr!icve tlirre One further po!nt. I ask uwtanhtlous hae 1.•cn an. .unc eamblf,hnlr:it with eowcnt to havc prinbd In the Rrror:o a respect to loboeco; aud third, the repro- copy of n speech I laade in the Senate ducUolt of df-t.~ e In Iaba tt!nv o»•^ri- on llecentber 4, 1907. o» the subject that mcats. It i.s eorrert tL•at• tar has p1'o4uerd lan! cancer is ,it ~C pt` 4 Nioqe skin onicer on Irirc• hut not on hulnan oririlt. ~ ~t) !) t1 t, j L:::t••s, and otitcr sub: tal,ces Ina•e also 'ihem bein; no o)ection, the speech pmdured rkin cancer on tnire. was ordered to be printed In tlle Recoaa, Mr. Prektdenl, 1 make this statement vsfullou's: for tile flscor.p, bccaule it 1~9s Ire:.ritt~s hxt7x I:r•Pt,ts To Toaet•rn CIl,tsarS, hlsttLn on t+tis Subject, and shows that there is Tnatn-Fwyr Pnorosu„ Dacrstacia, l, 1907 much Itibearch .•et to t:o. TO,IaP. I 6•mrt to due.•ta an atlegatlon Mr. COTl'O1. Mr. Presidenl, I yield n•hieh Is hceorninr, mnre ar.d .•ore frequent- 3 minutes to tlle Senator f."o:lt North that smolang Is Al1 tha stnnde 'xttccen men CaSo1117:t. • ' pnd Immwt.Uttc. This propaslaon is being Tile PI:ESIDIhO Ol•'1'ICi:R. Tlre i'ar„dtrl beurc thc Arntaca:t pvo;rte with all Sen^tor from North Curolhla ts tY C06- di tlte pomp nnd eenttude a• U,•tMmo Curle's n17.ed. <ILYco:cry of runw~n. %TISen I bear these r, ERVIiz, Mr. Prcr!dcat, the autn arguments. I am re- t: mtndad of a proudnent citl¢en who lived to to:al of the l:rloa'kd^e of this world on t•c ss years of aFe: ti:e cz::acti of cilrleer is stl11in1Ctl l:p in the On his aGth birthday the netcspapers sent fin : ,Afiau•e oi the a: iicic of ihe En- thelr reporttrs oat to Inlcrrletr hitn. One of - clrle;mc::a 13:it::nnica on cancer. It :ab-s cancer !s an hutonoutous nctr rtro:rlh of ncir stcue without known b:.s!c cause. \oWtic lalot:s tile cau=e of C8ncer. Therc Is r,!cnty of test!nisn;' in the San- a'e Co:t:merce Coatmittre hcnrin:'s of 4 Iears aso and the House Cl,nttllcrce Coinnsitxc hrarir._s of this cear ftrnt t.^.ultitudes of docto:'s to thnt c:iecl tilat tlitir Is no I:roo: of a1ty cr.ns: 1 rcl:.tiolt bettcecn cicare:te stno=ang and htng ear-cer. T7ic• \atioaal Isistltta!c,.of Health cosiductcd a study u'St!t s'e!:pfct to Cta- ph.•scnta and reported ll:at the cause of emphysema is ur.iaon•n. '1'L^cle L e. mld- t!tudr, of tnrdicnl tes.itnosly Ln llto Sen- ate Committee hearin;s of .1 ccarc abo and tile I:ouse Conunittec hearings of this yc r to the effect th.a there is no pro3f of causal relatialt b^ttcccn eign- rette sutoki:t; and bac: iuaith. The L:ail f_• 1:e:'.; :s no ch:ihal evi- det:cx o7 i.::y cau.al rc:w,:ua:a`.t1 ncia•eelt ciparett° anto::in^ a»d t?9mt;c. The con- tesitton totlte contraty fe h: std solely on ccrtatn iLtatistlcs ttnrtil :bly co1!eclsd- '`Tae truth is tltat the sa _~:+tfnti !s re1T much like att old ada: c abnu' the inotut- taineer who I:r.:toni+_cd lltc• stu:c:crper In my cot:nty. Tile whole can!~ against cisarette smoking is based olt firures and not otl clinioal proof or rese:.rch. The mounlaineer had been hn.'bla hts pt•o- trries on credit. He went iu to pay his bill. He nfl:cd t!ie amount. Tlle store.l•eet`er told hin: the amount. Tite moutttai:tecr Wtaupht It u•as toa much.'t'ne stomi:cetrrr laid out his books on the coatiter a:td said. •'llere are the fietttrs. PiSu1'es do not lie: ' • Trte mountaineer sald, "I l:non that :9iures do nat 'lie, but liars sure do nntlre" Mr. Prestdent, not only do liars figurc but hoaest nlelt, when they get to be ct'u- sadets, fie re, too. Mr. President, there is no evidence of thcnt arked, "To whnt do 1nu attribute your Imtg IiteY" Thr o:d man ropucd, "I attribute It to the fact that I haa-c ncser trJ:en a drink of an nlcnhotlc hcrerage or smoked a• elgnrette In • nli my days." At that momcnt they hrard A noise in an od;olumit rco:n that soturded like a com- buu•ei e.,rthqu:.kc snd r}clono• One of the nen:pn per rcepor:ers riid, "Oood Lord. wIIat ta L'ratr" 19e old tnzn said. "77tat Is my old daddy In thcrc on c•tnr of his porlodie drunl:s•'• \trst rccently, stl of u:c asseraa:-, lit sup- ,port oT the +rftmtent that smoking causes Cm:n•r 1.'me coile ;cd ltt Srnator Robert F. 1.cnnr.i.'s adrlr<c-s to the \:orl/l Conference cn ScnoChig r.nd ttcalth. \t'I.cn ssked ipr m1• tear:ton to that sprcNr. I drellncd on the iraals that anc lmnteti:r.te statement by ntc tt•ithnut cvcful study co:ud ot;ly bc supcr- Aclai and unfair. Since thnt ttare. I have studied carefully the ehargta msde bI tlte prohtblltanlsts. 1'hc-e charbcs should no: stand ttnchal- lcnr•rtta lu elt lairners to the hr :cckG,n people, to • the toeat•co Industrl•, to hundreds or thou- sanus of f+rmors and tobacco wnrkels and thelr famlltes, and to the Arcicberx of Cmt. gress who ntunt rotu:dcr propos,~d IrCisla- tlou on this subject, the record should be set s:r+eiFhl. ' '1'hIs Is ahat I proticue to do todan, I hnee altcays believed In freedom of 1tt- forntatfon, ahclher the nevrs be gootl. or bad. . I boilet•e the Atuerteau people have a '•r1Aht to know; • and 1n this caso, they ha:•e a riF:tt lo knovr that thcre Is no tmnf that smo:aug cattr:a lunF caacer atrd heart dls- ri>c. Yr the same token, t1,e Oor!rrument 11as a ditt}• to see taat the pcol.tr ate sup- plied uith nll of the Infonuatlon about thls vital subject, hoa•. I hat•e no pretenre to expert knoa•t- edr.c of Cancer and Its eauscs. Indeed. I am as Inekmr p ht interntnllo:t as the meclical prMes- slon n•ht.^r knowicdl[e of the subject h sum- maa•rW In thls quo:atton from the fneg+^to- prdta Hrttanatcu: "Camrr Is an attlonnmbtu nca Fronth Of tla•ue of an vaknoa•tt basle eauFe." any clinical chnractcr, and no proof Whtle I do not ptvfc:n to have any more based on 1'a;rarch of any causal 1'elntion- knon•lnt^e: of this sublcct than Is set forth ship between Smol:inC and Iun,- cancer, !n t:its atatement, I do have co»slderable or etni:h,rfema or I:Cart dlSC1tc, Tlle expericnce as a latqrr eud a judo In axlgh- n'I:ole csse is based olt staUslics ccdlecicd ln the probative rntue ot mcdlerl and In unrelinble tctt_t'a. Qua!!7tcd d~•elnrs tes- ~Icnune crweucr. Uaed belorC the Senate Mnntllttee 4 Aml 1 ngrcc with the cmhrcnt ehrat dtsesse years e~:o to this eRect. Other cNp^Pt doe- r'~dutt t. Un A1tYs Crr.cn, who told the Sena. = Cunnnercr Comtnlt tre: lM•s also lt4tiflCd befor•C the Ilotlae Qa111- at•r study of tung cancer otrr the pasl 60 mal: e tltis.ear thnt tl:ei'e is 110 p1'a7f Of }•car. a% an lntcrnt a anti dsap0o'::ei,m IPadd enc causil relationship bt'tn'cclt cl: nre:te tne to narrc u•un Ltr. Ja•r, h itcrk,r•n ot we stnakinli and alty of tltcse discasrs, hr:.,.•o Chnl- that there ts nb prtvf or caaltnl
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pc'rclllrlfzr• 12, 1960 CO\GRTSS1OVAr. RECORn-SLNATE-H kOil .{ S30 16' SiGG73 rt•Intlonhln M•tn•een the rmto!Jng of eJga- xnmcn to snloCe urrtll the Ii)^-0':.: nnd the Were frorrt lung caneer, tt•Idle only 3.1% rettea nnd l,urrC c:.nt•,r" rlutnbcr of odtdt ttosru•u who suluhc h:m brou of Uto fa•t,tule cancer doaUs were frwo lung I would M.•r,as I+edoes- lnrscatlnq slnrc tltat tlmc. eancer. ~ _ "P:ftlmut tal,c nu•Ir•t•r,:.t..l al+rirefrnnkly, Ifut srl:etht•r re trse 1;r30 or some ratller Also• f3errayor Kcnnedy r.ny.lfn.alrrs that • I douot Ft,n7.• lhe t"t'r<of enntct.?4ort•oecr. date as a Da•c }.•tr, 1t Is allll clc:a tnaL a yMalde nrc bC;•,lunluq to rqu,,he nt an c;dllrr I ant f;.rlug 'u fay nitl+out L4r .r;,lurst~fav sl::..ble but mrJc:.r•orlt:ahlc number of e•.cs a;o and ure amo:ang tuo:a eir!.rrettcs per of ron;ladhtlt.•r, t:1at no o;.e el,e does o.` lung e.ufecr usarf w tte dla•e•ne:.nl nc tube:- eaplln. Tet. Ule arela/~o aL a•h1e11 laur; e111wr" cultr,h: nrtd thr Iltcreaec Iu tlo.ttl+s fra:n Inm; eancer occrtra has remalned the Fame. If r!.n- 1 hnre dl•.eust^d In the past nnd will dls• eaneer p.trallt9s Ure dcrrc:.se In deatl•r fvan teUO sm.,lan„ produced lun!; c:neer• Ihen a eur.s agaht In thr future o:ht•r r.•yrt-wt rna~ rr..plr::n,r. tub••rcci•.;rs aud pnenrrwnla. lowering of the age of oecurrrueo would be tera IuchtdlUP. ute liitgallly ot thc t:n-caatd 5rnee 11130 dl:~^na•tic toelulltlnrs snd tbe expected. . hcdrners Lc:tr7ne re; ul:ulons u: lhe FrJCmy r:rh•ucr o: pa:hol.,.•y hare der.4o;md to tl.o 16 Is nlco pssing alrange lhnt, as Dr. 7Yade Camrr r:adr.n: t;it• nb:.u: d: t,r of yabcaug pc•:nL where lung cancer can be e-n/ly hlend- 811eynhard has rsld. •'171o areraro ego at Wgarettes ra harmful, but n,:, fvr cu:-tp:c, 4t•a. which yu:tg eancer otYUn ya tita avrte for ~ ' alcohol; rttd the po:rrts t-hyr`t c: :•r,rae ID.~n• p:. Joseph Ilr•rsora of the Ttayo Clinic hcat•g srnr.::ers. light s:rrnl:c: : r-nd norl- rr ti l h • " rttp t nn gc In te r smo;:Prs. hlldUon aould D:! sg to lhol:-.tad. uf t+r lrtrs esyi :Ihs tlto npparertt r Aud Urs. 1Za cnblatt aud L'-a note 61td aorf.era, t.•hlle aL LhP R.a.r Vate t:.x Ir.• ra:e anA fall W the tubc:cutrs+c tme In le:o tlrat lurt; canrrr oceurs at approalrcatel,c the comn anr,lcirnt w pay for the >a-.:.- wt pa:vny 8e cites tbe 1451 t:nglish stuCy by WMr r!Ce "re ;,trdiess of wheu+er r.rnuL-inq had aotlld becatt o.+-r. 1)r. Lt'yllls to the e::ect tttat ". .. su anauy ken started at G rears or at 41 yeats of age. , Afterstuda•Ing tlre r~;anners::rdtht• proh7- cntia of t:crcc^.;:ul.:cd lung eancer Iteere Equal!•r s!;nll:cant teas tlre fiud:ng Lhnt the biticntr:.n. I:.nt cc•arl:.rrd th t: tiree c++nta!n foundl ln car:y nnuds :s to .rarrant thc nrnnbcr of cl:-aretres amol•.c•d d"kt!y did not little more than old p!atutt:;as, necv h!-p^:• rnnciasyoa tictttltrre was )vaLas lnuch Itm; aCect thc r.gc at o»set: tn Wtb the light bulr, ond Irl:.t: ut non srqt•t: t:: s--atl t: •ni on e±t:et•r In tite past. but It a•acn't rt•eo;::::: ed:' antotcers aud the beaer s:ttc-hers the dlsca.co atatlstles v.!rych are r:a,er ermrlcalL- yt•- Aiso. axordlr.,r, to n:. Errlca•n. "paraaus who had deccloped during the s:une deoadets of rclerant o.- s;;atlxtlc.•ae me:.rvfr:"~s, y<arer- In :otmrr ttmes teunld Itat•e died at an asrrly llte." theles. llrr •c ataJallcs arc• n::rd r:•un and nce, say from tubrrenlnis, now live to r.gcs These r.•+rne docton, tncaee paper tagl be agaln to su! ,non the tlre;ls thnl s:nohing nt ahich thry arr es,wsed to death front placed In the Rcrnrd- r.retufl; Ilfustrate that e:.a:+meatnc.r. I1ar.F eanecr: I:tc!cter.tailc, Dr. yttricwm, who hur-, ca::eer is prlr.ta:fyy a dhcase of o&rer 11re tnuh o: the mitter IS thldthc,se pt•o- t.l:c Cascrr rhd7r:ie caas the dean of Ar,tcrt- •men• r.ud thct elo rettru are therstore rtot pte nre rc•!+ing nn sta:aststs, nt•t n:.are!r. Ana can medieal s:at:rt+cluns. Y.as ratd, ^1'er" the esusa: they do noL undt•rst.ind th(:r n••n son:dlg, al1 rt•te:n:+t av.+!lsble facts colr.id- '•'Thls r7tslJitctyro age dys!rybutlon' tt:ts Actunlly !t would h: fa- r,o sltotr c:o1. I think IL very dottbtfrtt that sillolaug aoted Itl t;,o nl:leteenth etntury In the ab-" sMtistleaily thatrmc•langt::•~.~retits pro:ouEs e;.oscs lunr c.tucer. ecnco of cl,_i.-ctto smoking and alao In toecnt • Wt.; SJnt even Sf w•e t.rre to r.CCr•pt 1!fo C-'dldlty dreadc„ In the ct.t of nidr,ri:r.td cfgareue (1) Anterirans are Ih•ing 18 yest•s y.+n;or to- of Ure clal:n of 1o:v luni aaneer Incidcnce in eonattrnption. 7 he relatlon bettteon lungevity • day than tyu y dici In y: ).J. 1P20, the atgtnrcut of the mltl-rlnnlane of the p.;nrl:.tiou artd the Incldenre o' Iwrg 12) Arrtcrl:..u antol:c more eyrnre:tes than forces seclns selt-Mlttradletnry on t^t•cral cancer Is rhrrrrta•o t•erc rlgnytfeant• .., tJteydld In ynto. . pMms. ' "It 9 te.-c etidcnt ihat, n-;a:dle:s of any (3) Er~o, e;-a.-~t•ttrs p:olor.fi I1tc. L-f the first place. Increase in the Ufe r•- . hs, othe11ca1 etraio.^.ic eo:ls:deratlolls, the Or t7 r:rt• cft exn+s, :e: C:r•.:r.rtt•ttn has pt•c:c•ut•,r of P`nerk'+us h:u (•or.e hand In tutxi nl:rnbM of p7retityat strb+rrts for Itrtl; a hlgher de..-h r-+te lrom canrcr th..n tre do. hzng e•It•h the Iuc:ceFr In cicat.•Llecc:+.atnnlr anneer h+:s Inrrrlaed by mart,y »:llflons dunng Tet, lheLrit`..1 r,nrol:e les• tyon. in 11,10 tile tite ex!:ectslev of Artcrl- the pist J-:.If century. The lttl,trcnt biologic • Kdt:, thle !r•~ot to ray toh :-~ao Is a health ca» wns Ot'.7 }'ears: by 10,35. !L v:as :0.2 Clferact;rlatleot tae dlscam to de.alop In food the cGldt:dCnl o: ar; ,+rL. \Chtit I ant acars. otder 1•;:e rr.nlpt will therefore restllt 1n tlle aaeing !s tl.:.t, from such tL3 tY.is, ao Secondly. t.3r.:e people propo.e economic orcurrcnro of mora+ eaacs In fuutre peus as vsLd coneL•at•xts can be dr^ra+. rartctlons on the yndt;strr to force r lar•rr propsrtlonate:e raoro of t::o yropulaUon • Jt !a ootic:! tilfll o:liC1:l1 ,: t!.t•;:ec rhow a nf+nte c: the n1ar:.et to l,•w'ert:.r and nlco'.irC rt3eL'es the la;er dre•.des of lltc:' . d^S)wsv!r tr. long e t-rr In rrreat cl^:Fr:;r7. Tht.r rr•• •+e;t.~5 a;rrady ctA•.'A- In Ot9: r RO:dS to retrrFP i'17 ynCnaae in ferlta. But d0 nOt tn:e a larzi• 1CC•~n'::.~:t of those I+r': tz r:o:d Iuar c.:::M-r, We hatst rl:irnr reduce llte .' n:ent:oef ih.:n- Yh.•, bet-n a«•:n:;vnc:IS, de- tnd=,c honever. ~barF: yu tirat r:oiden rm of expdrtane,r or ae tnnst gnA tyrc eanse and ailue In atox:.ch caue.:. A:o we to e.:•tltne 11,49 to t<luce cl;::rt•c:r prarhibltibr:ls:x turn cure. C:-a:e:te prnlllbltion Is an n.tisnpr, • tbat tub',cro luts e:ee+uad 1Lr t:--.:nach c:/d1e wlth erch uonat-:a, byt:he: mro:yoe nud hr I trauld arid here tl:at n_hr~ Is rdao a prl- fau!ht5 tlle a::+::a7 Cccr. n::.- e-e s':+tcl- rOtt'ent C!ea:cttes eo•:lpn.=cd nlht^It IOJr. n11n l:lei7r In em-rlllremd, hC.l!t •:ISCavnnd ttence nt c^t:eer ot t::o :nryn:: hsa ra:n.dned ot tho mnr::et, nnd L1;er vrere noth::lr rr.nre mc+stof t!+: otlrcr c4:eases uhlclt 131e proh161- rrlstitcty cqn+:.nrL o:er the y.st t91ay }csrs. t!,:at a c1e :m in ti+e eya of tuo of the r•sutilcr tio- sys este aa bypredacir. or In a Yet the emul:crb lar aa eoanrs ur t•onl.rct Jna:te:ncttrrerr. rnost lrr.pirtaut stt:dy of •milc- faen;leul aith the stnoko atwner artd r„o:e ottell than In tlds conna:tton, thc Frderal7Yadc Can- tvins, D:. Lrndmsn and hfs co:k.sacs ron- - the luny:s. • mission yast aecy: rotcnsed etra more sta:ls- efudcd that ". -. eygarette sr::nlartg Is prob- . 79tefu1lu•ey7htottheprotribirlonyste'yogla tl.Ns to confuse the public. 1-tor thc0 llare nblq hot arsOtiaten tlith et•:unary heatt at'tmta In te:r on t2rrs Osto p:rratraph from prorerded by Folne;ltnaa rat.hcr dnMnus dlsntse:' be»ator Ken::edy's spaedt: metytoas to g:ade c!,•c:rttes by thcyr t:r and A duhY.aatial uumber of dc, ths from lultg . "L'-eaUi fr.l:a luhg canrer lI+1 Ineteastng nlt+,t:ne entl;ent.1-et. tite:r r< no prrn, that cancer, er-,+eclally atnon; a'omen. ore the • . simc+st geaa:a-tryerlly---from 2.3cU In 1930. these everl o:lcct he:•!t)t. F.ren yn 100. 11)ter result of cancer nyueadltfs to the ltuty btlt ahortly attcr. arrroltint atartcd becolning a na- i eiratctics composcd only .0u"• of tosy 1`ro. tulglnaling elsewhere In the bndy. Tnc.u fhscl'{s• fhs cuufd noL ir.• l•lamed ou ci•:arettt•s lry tlonrl habit, to buAOJ note: duetann; tell Years later orer halt tlre r!m •I71is y11fa:TrluLl4n Is, of coarse. noL a 01,•- trttes mattttfactnrrJ ttr.d Olters. }1:rtltrr, tlte MOFt ardrnt 07Mtfbltton!sa yet they ato ment Of somivne's Iutaamntl":L tt is de:yced n1t•naOa Is aeldom hmdt• Of ttle fact 1AaC ai- c0unted In the siatlalles cltcd bti Utent. . from federal vital alr.tist!os. Ilut t.:c•y fa1 to thuc¢h clgars and piyre tobacco ale 1•old 7•InsL trllap/ev0lfa of all by Ita nbsence taBeintonccountchanf'eslu rty..rrUngh.etit- blwnrless by the ptoh161L1oniet,e, both atn- Iront uubire spcec!acs.on thls sub)rcL is any oda, lntproecntent 121 dtaFno•!e ond the a,ang tain canslderabty unre t.ir and nyeotlne thtttb mention of alr potlutlon or other poc.lblr of WepoaalrVon. All there Iraa• Iflfluettecd titcntrrar.eeir,atette. • frclors ht•lntt atttUledl t•rr:•rllrly Inen•.:sed the Increaso In numbcs of t:eaths rep•rrted Other lacts which go Onmentloned nre far polhuion, 1.+fh from ludac•r•r 1•ud trom vc- frotn 1unl: cancer. more rcirt;tht tylan the propaganda a•5.1eh hlcular tt:::rr:, lnra a; 1.•sst kopt !laer tu1111, yt htore Inq>or;.tnt, there Is atro2,^,er erldence Is dls.c:nyrtated. not outstrlyy~rd. lncriascd t•Iparrlte eon- allhoc!•~t the lunp cm.rer rate aublplluft t lnre 1030. ' it fnrt, y: a•e s nlwwn front .c,uidl}- rcputabie rrot trcll Frh•ntlsla 1br titstanre , o + l1 t . 1 1 d 1 \ 1 F t • 1 l • • 1) : clt s an • nn t u or , nng a putnesu amon„ w and iatatystlcl.:na tehe rrJcet the Ir,t omen dtuln•; l.re Una6 40 ye::ra hns ta on I that r.ny nlatyon be:urt•u e!; ateue rrnok- Jnct•tvted allychtla, It hg t.o mrnns hu, kept caneer sa far nloro llltclp to tx•t•ur In leal- Lrtg atuy atty dl;t'asc llaa been luotrn. I will paoo txith tite Incrr•tsr In the numbWr of detllt w!tere alr pollution 1rt hl :-ht•st. And, plaoe In the Conmrse:ortaf Itm,.d expcrtdor uromrn Wlto shud•e. Yor resr.ons n-hfcl+ no ono secording to a gee-year stvdy pu9ltslted ht utnentallon of tLls at Ute con,luslon of mr en0 cxp:aln, yunn c.tncer rrmnlus lar,'sah• a the tireruan JOUrnat Jor Pu.r-vr Rrsearra, ~ atatement. dkr:ue of thc m.,lc. Arrd• acconllnq u. 1)rs. °7'Nc trcrynency of Iung earreM is not tu• (&ee exqIbIL 1.1 IIaacnblatt and Llu, "I'1 el:•uM.te hrilnklnp /s Oucnccd by NG.uette antoRmg IruL theM Is bbr lhe htotnent, tot me hygllllght the fol- a yrotent c.trchtozcn+c n;:ent It Wlould h.tee a tlpufurant correlatlon lmin•rrrl thv nlr ~ lowing facts: atfeeted lusn,-. cancer rrtnrtahty by thl: tlure. pollutyon prohlrnt nnd the bre:rehlal estcl- Aa a•'natfond hebyt,^ cJ:;.tratt rmooil:g n•sttltlns Sn rdt oquabr.+urn ut tlre act t,Wa ttumatntc'• antong l:lc trlale populntlon datrs not f:orrt w•Idchyn 1064 a.LaG.+f: 1:' 77resa facts, I bellree, ntr sunlrlrut In 1030, but fta•cn y7:6y u'hen N'u• hynaron 11uke 1t u 11f1CteetriN• th..t the SncyrlMlydin Rr(• lhemtchr.: to eyy'er'tltcly trbut Iha hyl -Ntlt- aud •Joue Ix.•cun rn•,s p:x:ucit:g clgarcltt•s fe:+nt.b e1UvG editlon) tn lts dlsrur-l.la or esla that n can•.•tl rt•LtUon L^:ar,n cl1.t- tlv.tt lluehcm, l:orth l'ata:U:a. a v; ;ritc, bvu- prrverAaRes of a+nca•r dcaUta In Ihc tlnrtc•d la:9eam.•7ang aad c.ucrr L.rs L-n t+ra+irn, etcr, that it did hot becotae poptdar for Z;la.oa, -cywrts that 11 l; of thu ntale dc:ttht I do l,ot t.vi I can cot.cltWC, huuerer, tt1U1- r I
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I I ,a1GG7•i CONGRESSIONAL RLCORD-SLB:ATC ' Dercmbcr 12, 19C9 out el7nik•nrlng eertaln ottter t,l:e;,atlons about t+rb:uco oe7d the tot•sno 17r.tnar.. 7TO 71rnt Is frrm a rec-:t! ep:-w'Ir c.n the f;r•natc Ilour tn a'htch It u'.s ntdrstalnrd: `))eta•al•n cAJg nnd b•00^ eh'tdrrn r:srt tn smoka eaetl dsy: I'or ttLU nuuttl•P, I haec et'arcflCcl f/4 atal:rtira ln T.i: dalc thlF as- r!Y.In l. rnd I ha•a faqt+l uttcrty My only emtclu:'nn Is litnt thls nnrrihr•r 1% L-t ea:;- pcrA:lon of an Muall)• dut:osrti statatucnt b^ the fitrrgran Rrnerrtl to tile eaert tt7at 41153 ehlidren bt.•in tmoldn„ c+c!i day. T.ie t•ur- (te"n Ctrner•d's s•rtcment tt, turn t+•'as on a Ilmlt-d surtcyecnduct¢d rn shW In IiY:xton, ~ta~rs.hur!tt:. 1':ICh a'r-atrcl i:atrr 1 n ema11. it is a srntla:ICuRy nb5ard aaeriloa tshleh nctre et•en sttrnt'•a to d':.ne tt:e agcs of the rhlldren to c:aeh r: rc:rrF. , 77te VI ;-w•n Ga•nrral a>:d otSrrs tr•a!nt`lltt that Tt'eb conrh171on5 r re b]S^t' r.n otrr Sd17-9 atuA!ex. Tbt•s do r.ot r,irnt:?rt th.lt sniny of tt:e slu; ics ere b:a rrix~hcs cd r:e M)urs ht popIrlt tns::+sil:es and r.ru Iet'.ca 1o the t•d lir. ~o- r:a they r:ep:!o:t : h:.t tr.:a:1• of the rluJ!rs rc..et:cd e:':CItL-ons finat Wor•i t!•c 1'ub17c r:r:.::l1 Y.r>;lee..tr. I Fenntor lienutdy then r-a:•t. ".Vo rc::,:t~~tl.:r hr.,lth arP:.I::tl1Jn GhtC'1 !:•la ea::7-.al•d the pcaylcm It:cdtr'-rced tr:'.:. tar-n trt.p-,rt^a t::ots." Pcra7 eta:orlal v-•t:r:s rle::i.• rcfu'en ta3 tV:7UL1':On. S S1,;rit P,x"Y 1:t' f:d!n" lrotn tht Jt:rcb. lf•i•,,, ci-:l:on of :::c Jourr.: I o/ Tho:orle and C;rd:ota<:erlc• :.:rpcr'!:. I take c'•ro:ts c::rptfoa ta caa:.:•.: t tt "Cgtrean t:o•::t' h::.e trrn h:.•I::cd soars a;ocrerr, ltnot fc: the trc'r:es:aotu e:c--:e poa•rr of tYC:r pcc4nee:f. .-•\e+ay SiV) r:dlltou a year Is r;.::rt In the U7Y.tcY1 EtRU•a alone on .•. ct:=:s to t.:.rt cce::- pe.;::^ canokita;, smti cr.:,: nuc o:: :~ 1a t:'.c• Laba •• Tne c1f ctet:e :adu•.trt• ts le-r u?Lrc rft:' thah th^ h;uar Iste:r.!s ce:e.In :5ta: al:d ptohlbttfo» of ti rsee,+ misr-- abls aa It d:d tt:::r '- . T.•^ es:c e::ect It• oten resenrcb. 7Z:16 fa nnt to ra)' thnt the m•mufaeUUrrA. h.rec eonrpletr:i• Pitmmlc mr.7tvn• ludn•r•., 1. 1:.In their otctl lutrrrxt tu d:•c+"t:rr thc rrt :tl.+rrhl;r, B nny. Imte'rrn smolSrg and ranrrr eo that they ean el:rnlna7c lha: h:,^.r[vacht. If aay, nldeh te rr•iv,tul Wc fur a t`c de '.7te. Itl ec7te:c:c.m.1 ernplra•rr.e two p2ln:a: f'tra. I mai:e l:a Cla:nl tltat rl:•.erClteS 1,re P t:•or.r..+r r!, a;. 1 t:.l:n ued}• lt:at n-f,leh 2%. A. Irroxnlre haa .rnd lu hts r.r•Irlc Itt t:rc Am:r- frar. Wari:ffrcl Y.,'7•tr:a 771at 1-.. nl tlds tur.c the t,ta:.t.tlc.: do nnt abow that c:;arcttes eau•r Inlmr.n dse.•we. O:. In t:e Iartpt¢,^r• 'of thc'tor:h C:.:u:ma °~•utir Tfeenl::hls. frrs trtz; rlo: lit•, b'rt I:nrs sure do fi^!:er ° AnA h••:Ir•t n,+a at.o flr:rr achcn tllc ttusad- In>• ::•a,t btt: ns In thr:r brnrts. - : r-:.nd, I: '• nor I:r pxaann thnt Cn7t.'.ttra s!r-:s::i atand 1r1:t I:- l:t tl:c fe rc of e:hat ap^ra:a to Le mmsr:i!nq dr:uhs fro7:1 Iv7- ea::cer. Rut I t:r. n`.kcL r: rcnu-u•Iv to t!:e roarttcns oacrc:l by thr t.tot+tt.itiau!;ts. !:~cit- st++r I:rnnrG,r. f.,r b`si:.nro- nd.l:rales Int- p^•sIWS s:rl.a a•tf-rr; ,r:utt+n of the Sndnslry. 1:: r.^.rct.1:e v•!:< r•f fl7etr•±7tr7f.tc:rrrcrs Is 6:oa srt!r::c t:ntll rttch t17ne as Crn~rc~s a=n•cs ta r Ire 1'el!crr,t gocrrnmrat the toCtit to the 1: al rsrrrrtlon. Thts caur: c r-n only lead t:trou; !1 s blind Ptlec nf cr:.:`nr.ar t:r-rc1y: rnd 1'nr n•st tat::- )r.^ about tltc sa;'crnl hnndred e::ccutires of P f.`tr Inr:a hlr»SLrr.tv:rra. I'm h:c nN):It the sr•rrral hrra.rca t'tor:ir:d r:::rtl ftr :crs a:ld hbareo fnc:o:v r:orl:t:- and t17clr fam. ]L'es. 1t'ho:r a3:r~1 r.o send lartl:7 To the rae:tri of t\rtr Tsr•t ::•`.crn lt 1`nr I••oa c:a- trlated even b} yrn]rlblaoalst arlcr.!!sts that re-Ir:ents are tlrcat:ttt:_: hcavl:y--••:ll::rd c:r? It b'.^.-„s rr.c tl:rt "tr.e trirnt:•:r t~¢-c tAkr a u n tl:c e: t:r~dc fct c:rar; 7: r 1`mh:b!' 1• •n Mth a!1 the 7c1!••1rnts fenor of a Carrtc Ns- it~m. lfln• r:urh ft7rther ::e mt^'t: be e^t::y If rtl Pf lh-it ecmC:ntB It::c7llc•re% drNic+- aould be abats.;r.= for t:w::e; ^cra d~:.an:;., tlnr., snd e::h-ri Cone 7s7:o ractnh fn loo• tlullit+ 1c:1. A: •^r •t: ^ rt••tc:t:cn', t'rpl:rlr epd L• iplirlt• t'..•'t t.:e tLd11P,::e alrnds Lnr.d.~e:r- ot t'::1- iirca to tm.,c:c. c7:ar,.: Ir :x'c!a::: f:.ir^. Iln the 5nt p••rM. tltn s_c::.:rc r;,~»Jr ::ro ltroney n7ts'ravrr en uts::al:ana: r.dtcr;:<- fn; dc--lgltnl 10 e:lla!rc !:A Mvl::crt. ra dncs. to: lnstaaee, ttho breertx :e:r astrg• Yet, b::: eeett:!re:el::h ar.: as ptcs•:^st :.s etr,rc:rc totn:nrrehh 022 pt..-:ar..F: a-.d Y. L tooontrorertlblo that Ir¢cr S:: t11c har.ds oC cn antomabfit ds9t•.v can ba a k111c: o: lounr; peo,!e. Ccr:a!a's, the elr%.-ettc 1:•.aMry ~:•s made 1nt11,7ttani strides !n teif-rr:ta:•t:on ¢y ioluntarlly llu»tfng Its r.dre:tts:...; du:-itty prt+gcara dmed at yotlt.z,:err. In atld::lota. they hnraca'uatnrliy rr.•Ir:t ell a4.cr::.!:,9 tm•tottc;e calr.i., nas e:7d dr.tfu•d n tcde to qollee Its adtrrt;r:ng• The truth ls'tb.1t oa elgarrtrc adrrrt:sing is brand adter 4 ns and Sss nA ItA purpotia Fatn:n,- a:ar:cr ansro of the ula:ket for t`le matr:tfacttlter: t:nd lu- ereashrly tide adt•crtls:r.,t 1erWs lo 1^rfcr b>'at•ket~ lor the lor.rr ter ar.d sic~;atc tir,a- raltes. It b clear lhat htcmna natue+e bentg ehat It 1s, au ab_a1ut.• e.:n c:1 ndsrrtt.ahtS 1s ttol thc nmtrer. In £nytand, trlecl>ion rtdt•ct- tWng ot e1;Arett-.-s aras bartned. tclth thc ldea that Trt•;L'6.h )outtt would aot be er.rourl; cd to t7moke. A:•r aftcr tlte h;n a•ent lnto efiect, hourtr: ;~•e; tha perle:7tagc of ts,s 10 to 18 )•Nta old a•1N slr•01:c ltad Inltentad tso:n bt e to b7:1. ror rlrle thc s•tme aqe, tht Irro• portlc7n of tmokera Inett4tscd froan 87re to 47 "• In riaty, All d^arette ndretHsing Ic brrined• And afncc the t7an, e!gat•ette use bns rlsen r.tvdlty. As to a chtuFe betud at the W c:r]d Canter- tnco that "The d;mretlc• comp-nlcn hase ttemmL.ttated a total Inattenuun to puutlc resf.ornlbttlq',^ the Indu<:r.• has lnntrlbslyd 4°a ndlhou :u t e.Nnl`ltt c b a't h.~:that9 tw-.oklne. 61n cta:rrr a.f +.hl: h Awgonelonn 6r{hrtcan 1tl•tl;cat A•noelauc.r sltie,acelt ptoJrct, It bas eZrcnt et•rn snure tn rath;r tl:An pra^aqr:ada• M07•t7r ttS lt'7'rh Lr: :-• hte to t:y ti:r•r-tvnl pro- p:•s;t tnr te:a!~'tz.; th!s c~.-I:ro;os.•a•. . Ft:r:• I bcUec^ t1:a i:+ir:.d ncternmettt sl:cntld Inlt:str. as soon r.s pM6:efc• a no:nr- s;:ct e::.1rt t::::at:c 1n9u::~, c.r;rranvoM. arid p:llnle, trnr.p:nfa cr~:uiza!l.ns tu ,ind tltc c•tute cttr: ntrc f:,r lu::r• cxwar. I1:• Fa1'.: ltas s]w:.•n us thyt t::cro Is rothit:^ G•htrh Is tllcdlrvt ~ ttlrx•srtb7e. If r•e ein dit•rrt a11 of the fia:nclal an:i 'run:an tc- wa:c^s not;• rii!aFCd In nntl-clrarr7:o pa`n- etaarla Into n tr•3:Jina:ed c0ea. I nm clu:. 6t:rnt we could ahdricn Freatly Ute Untc tirtlll ue rraelt our [aal• T.c:t'•ern tter• and the tlme Corteress re-•eontcnes In Juntrary, I:cpresen"atlve Gu1:S- ansKSs ond I rr111 be dl,cu,,yl:+ ?•lans fsr rt dc7lntte pn at'h Sanator Je:aan rad ot1•er numbcrs of out dctc~:.tlotL lt has aeeurrcd to cte thet eMs mnT be an rxrry- tent opportunt:y to tc-t 1'lee PrrAdont lfuntplrl•ey'A p!an to appty cunl`rrller t@nt- unlr-'y to me+l!cal rtecntch In orrlcr to nrold dupileat:an of ret.eareh by aelrrttl6ts tcAt-. terrd aersar tl+e coan;r•r. A dath bintc cou1d ~ be sct trp In t`hr; tt^..rareh T,:anrle P+::e 17t Korth Cdolmn a•hlch u•ould nct us a natlwr• atth` senrehun" fnr nll lunl! eane,•r rrao^tcit. An supp::rt facilltira, r.'@ h1n':1•Jy h:lte tlle Eirlroltmen:al Health Center, au 11t;f re- txnrch facility, and the U.S. De:a Proenm't 1•ahtsntury of t:`e Xattl+lutl Centrr for ttt•alth Sl.ztlslics locnlyd 1n U:e t:trk. 71ttre Pre n:ttlultally-rer!•rntrtrt r.tt'.Ilcax se inuIa ' at Duke Unlr•enttr nnd 111e Guhrrfty of t:Jcth Cnroana at C:lup rl 1::11• Antl the Mlnptacr enpetltuenta bela; tt.nnur•tcvl at thr-c tu•o nchools And nt K• 2?th Ctmllm V.l- t)nt- trrslt,r--tttt arrcc Indtltumns uidclt f.nnt the mn•Ir•s e: lhr m:l::r n rn-nt cr7nan.•utt.-n to tha rr:{:r•mt• a.i et,attl tlle tevnrch n-.i!!nt•r. ot the tut+att.r rnl.t- Imnles locatcd ucarbr. \t'ork o: thfs nature in 11i e77tbryrmlc Rtnges ls nlrcady F.eing done In tl:c a:r.r. and cxpouslon of It could t:,l:e plscc morr e.rr!ly tltere than nt nny other plar- tn tt:e uaW.n. I am ecitaln the State of ]:orar Carotlna tl•C-ar!rl enopr.mtc In erery aray 1"t•.Ib:e. Our leol :!aturc rr+, already ap• propa.rtrd mcoley for a L'la-Dyuat,t:es LY.trr- rawrl• nt itarth Car.,llna St:ttc Unlrc•rsity for r-':rreultu: al rcxlrclt OI6 1oLLaero• %llreh of c:tis rco-carcit Is In•rag dctoted to p:wluc- In better qaalay ~Jy~j~1}, 1 n tdco:utcc~ontou:. ~ }{ /~ /) ~~ ~~ ~ rl Actlo:l Alung thla Irn'c~ y`~ be lypc e•lttch Nlck GAI!Gau.,L•k and I feei Congress mtd 1'Ir Sur.e::•tt Gcucr:rl stw0ld eonlempltte. Sccoad, I urqr a re'trettcd nad larkcr as- ssult otl alr gullutlou. 7he AdnuulstlAtlo7t ls to bo c•ou3r.ltulatod for It.ti trork In thls arra.'1'he landmr.rk Alr Pollution Act reeent- ]j s:=ccJ Ir•to Ira' onera grext bol,c, bulb In tct:l:t O: rC,ca'.'lr n:id hr l:`rnli Cf rr,rtla. tic n. : all, av Yrccldent Jaunsmn end Sccre- _ tary C:ardnCC hnle n+c•n,^,nixcd, therc 1s u:ore Con rr;s ran do. IC Ls 'rue tltat. •as alth c!:utr:lo rtao;tng, t!:^re Lc no rrool thnt a:r pallution cnose+ lung cancer• Tet. to the eslerlt It• mr.y eti,nztituto n healtlt hn:ard, afr p<dsut7r.n ts a mor. Inrhtious t'n.°eat tiran Putc•l.tt:g. 7:c latter fa a roltlntary rsac, a•irile the farcmr 1n hnposed on eccryvne ogalnst titc u.:11o. of ercr)a:re. i:urthcr, tl:erc ate cstt.r:ic re•:.rPnc aa trt•Il as hmlth roasons far an llaen_rr.cfn ti•Ar on r.lr polutfon. Cnall ttu.t day r7rc•n all Antrricans can crtrc ns:dr. t:e as•ur.vi they e^tr t:;r In the mondng r.nd tce the aky end fooL• up at r.IFht and see t!:e ptets, s:c rttdd 10 ltght to lift the sick cioutt of pnllntton u•I,Ich hancs so hrary ner-• tire face of Aastriea. Rtle ngaht, Rep- rrerntathc 6t11uttnahn and I hope to oclcr u;mw t,en• fir.s. Lastly, It Lt Is ever rrorcn that there ts a c:,val rcla:l•ra Mh'.ve:7 e!nrette trrnrSlug' and lun; e.utrrr, t]tea rot•ernnxnt. !'u:usar?. nnd rnr•.ildn± should bc arepAttJ to brrln Imrrcc`ir.:elr f en:^`rat:t'e seJ:ch for a st.fe c4-rette--uo:.. ho-:-••cr• thr•nlrh the cc-r- ese teonc•r.t.e tnn^tloas a'hIr•it hat•e becn pt.po:.ed lo tbc s:rns.tt, bttt tn:ller thriitr;:!t a pt•v=rant of tax t:tee:rtit-a r•rcl J:+Int Ccr- cr.t:nc:tt ettd tnduetry resc.lrch. tbda)'s ecl.•:al:s ae eapable of 5r.dln,- hrtter atdu- tlosts to probicnts tharl by shcut:ag theat OIItC•fealt:tLe:, ' I'll conelude nou- with tr7t edltorlc}t frotn tlre hatc•;,Ir. lturtlt C'uollna. hctcs ntid Ob- serir7, a•hl,cll to1114•lls ntOhe lelrllrrm Ihan t.ll ilte propar,anda of tl:nre who Would reT- ulatc the pc•rsonal hahas of Ure Amrrleanpe.nple: . "H.SYAt:v:f Ar'l tl.Yr . ^In ro!sheellon trith the 111re nnd M7r- . Unuolts a.:rcntu,^.s gltrn cc obo.,t.titc rop- pc:rd dnn•;:r: or ci-,ur.rtte rmoking, a Idr,r. slolau 'parte.i along n little t•eree frcm the A;r7r F.ngldxd Journat oJ : rcrliri7:c. It ,+ot's: ^'Cholrs:f•ral Is polsOnoUR so rteter, ncter eat It. °'Sut•ari tuo, tnay murder you, there'rs rlo cra)• to br:tt It. «•t3atte foods a•ere frllerl with rllomhts tlll pCt6•srlUg tlr;lro;•cd ll. •"tw h•t >:our 11tr be ordetrd by cnelt drett- rnrntndfaet "•And d7e,.f trtPlntttrlllon with your arterles Intnt•t•' "Attd trarlly lratch every ru7tnr sky for botts of IlZhtutttg" Santetr 1 1- A llat of the malor points ralsrd by Dr. hllhms Ii. h•,a:n!+latt. Ptofrcc7r of lttrdlctnP nt Nra 1'ortc +trctlcat C..1:r,~c, and Dr. J:unes It. Ltrn• C+.Ianpanl i`atlwic•r.EsR ~ ht tLe1r p:q-cr rnttlk d"Ulotot.-y. nlutnrtr+ and Itron- chnlr G:tlu-+ma° tlnnl the An•:hrat, 1P67, crlilfnlt .`t X'.vtu.st SNCncc, fodottcd by the teYt uf that artlcfe. c .RI•
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Dc:cc»tbcl' 12, 1969 CO\GRPSSJOtiAL RECORD-SENA'1'# K 112 ;~ :? () I S S 1G67a . ., 2. An rdltorlnt cn'1tr•A -Fatn1•yry by Frllct ° by lpr. IIfrsut T. L.or-lon fmrit the Journal o! 7'horc•-ic and Cord:or•ceewfar Svrpcrl• a! March. 1N6d. 3. };yep(p!e: tr[ryn the at+rdc enEltled "tSn.dL•- Ing in Rr1n! fon t o Cnrnne.r,r !h :vt DAta+•c nnd Lturg Ymtetloo nr Tsicr•~ A Co-t>~•in Cor.crof 13tuAit Serutn L: fr:u:, nn d Ilercdtty," trmn Atfa :rri n•a Srnr-tinnrirr.- 1955. q4. A noac re1e:.•c by t!r•! Itatlonal lk*eareh Covncii of OCtnb(( 5. An artlca ent!ttcd "Surgeon Gane.:+11s Iteport Is laeoneiasAC on Ct`a:et•Ca•.crt Llnl:• ftatls';tctan $.rt,, '•from the rk•e+:.tber 13, 1955. edltiw o! .tdr'i rr»iu•o +tgi• aod tl,e ulicte On a•hLh thls ncas ix b.=s•+d. 6. An artlcle, "T:•e tittlucncP oj CA'ar.•:LL: Stnoke ot, Lu:rt: Clcerxaee:' :ny Clmlrv t:. LA Ik•ue Yh. r).: D.,rtt:. t, :.:. ncrilaequ,. ?LA.: ond Hc:nriclr nrlc:rr. R: U.. tr••+n tlte Ttn}•, 19Cti. ediiiort of ,trC+: I r::•trnu H: e::l-. 7. A ttcdr,•,pl• .iou o: invn Lung C.ncer !n ts.e c:~ ~ntc ot Lar Ac+,cles" frr•nt the Juno 15. l?G:, etitlou of 7'ke l:v!- Icf:C• pnbliRhrd by the 1.ns lutzeles t:utt' W~; Medical Asxt.: m:torl. & A 7.ens re:e:se cn:!ll:d •••Fohneco h.•a- Inda+:r~• tuse P.cpnea to ltt :: Cr. :r;e of nV ctttion lo Rc.^:, onstbtl:+g: o[ ~t;~tcurlr~r 11. 19ti7. 9. An address to the Tctn~cco G:otec•rs In- fol•mstlon Co:nrrr:xr Alnn:nl h:e(t:nr: o-' ::n- rctlber C. 1t•GS. hF f.•'•:rr+ t S.'Yr: man o: ltlo 13roa•n & VriltDmso•t Tv~a:r~ CWrtrornttort. 20. An acir:ress to the 4nrle,t and Dar1: Lraf Tobacco Ei,•+art A*:xln:rna A:trtusl Conccc• ttott on OGr.bcr 3. 1r,7. bg Pntt: U. Smt:h of t+ht:lp :•:orr:o. •-7te. 11. 7+w• cE!::;u!: t^r'^t Pn•rnr.•..: the 9^d entitlel ^Tnc \'t:rh U•.r: u•f, Fri c m•e [t u hicaace to C-1. i;ea:ch and R•c::arc' fn Wte aag o. 193,. cet.forl; and `•D~!:^•:ous Len_crtts-7•!:e t'.de(el C':lxade A^71ustFlnN:• Infi lIa•s f3wc Too )ar." In L•rr Cclo!+cr 2. 196'. h'lt:1021. 1C. A ec,luntu br :,r^.+R J. Ia1na'rtck• c.n- tltlcrl from The 1Cc-:.lrtC••/~.~F,rr+:oC S(ar o: Srit• tembe, 21.'.1fhL:. . 13. An nr:ic*~e enCltled '•Ci:c Air Fa1?tqlon Sald In CYtt F123 a 1'em In Dama^e" frorn t`:c Juno 25. r+u:9an of the Nrrr York 7rnt(r. 14. An nrtSC4e cn::a•S "f;^-:atan Pit«:c:19n 1letdcs $nwi:f4te ltn;e rr: Lt:iw C:ntaC Blanl^s Air Yoats:f~u° fr^•u t!te Auru•t 12. 1964, edition of t`:e J4d:rct 7ri1•uac. 15. An nr:ic:C Qatc: r•d "Oerm+na Pl,pute Clgarct-C•rncer lan::" tron',; tt;e : itre?t 24. fOna• edlttrrn of lSLe CnrCrra Axrcra•or,, 16. All ar:lcle cn;lt'od ••: r.tonln? ottd l.t+ttft CaneM: An 'ttnteltri"i 9'etlca%:,° bp Dr. Josrrh Al•rkFOn of the Lrown Cltn;t und pro- ferant of Hln:,u•try at thc Ur.!a•cr1•?oi Mtu. nesotn. from tF.e Cchr•t•r Dnitcth:• AL-.p_junr. 1963• 17. An ertlde cnltlled "t;. 1. T-a:hs L!nked to Atr Mtlutlon," bS t+ctrr Kltn+q frotn the Jnnttar,r 12• 1997, eM1itfoh ot the New Tork Tintca. Mr. 'MOSS. Mr. Phtuldcnt, 1 rietri my- self 1 tttlnulc. The Pflk•s1Dltct3 OxS•'ICF.It. The Scn- otor from Utah is recognired for 1 minutc. Mr. MOSS. Mr. Pret•Idettt, no tn. tlcr how rehMncntly or hoa• Poudl,y tllc tau- alar aile.*;cs thst there ts no eannccunn lu•t.orcn t•i; ar'ctte tnttolan-t. Imr- cancrl', cmph>scmu, and so forth. it tt:MS Hot entsc the fact that studlcs ntade br lilc Sut'Cevtt Gcncnl and the Pub:ic Health Set•rke twnth7u Ihe ectnneclton r^.nin ar,d a^JIn.7he fi^urts nrr.: thrlr ott Ule cltalt. Tl tcy sQnrru' tcha l haytrnt.s tp a p; rxrn rrito slnoi:rs in conlr.lrt.•un to ane wha clot•s not; thcy detno:utralc tttat there Is a c.•tettttl conuectlon b^tteMn cir•arctte lrtuse the Indtulrl is tryitlt: to develop a rdnolanr and Iunrt canccr. It has cr:1'Nnly stfe eiaarette. lBut tht.t tnkes time. Pco- brelt aceep::•d by the Iltedlc,ll•profP.*lolt ple'•s Utsies arc dittt•rcut. 1 xupixl.+n if tre because itt 1665. SO pel'ct'nt, of doclors, started to r moke some 6fnd of uroand up smol:cd; bod^I• oniy.15 Ix'rc:nt sinokc. coffce bean a1'u•:1 we x'ere youn.^., tt'e The duclols lut.e got ttre nln•~n•^•c. would I:el tlle cafltc habit as if we were Mr. Yrcr•iArolt•, I notr ydrld 5lninuhs to sulol:inF ei;•a:'ettcs. the Senator llcm \\'n =1rin•;inrt. All we nrr. trying to do here is to pro- The PltlS1DL'•YI O!9'1Cfat. The Selt- t'ido tnore time to work lhis thing ottt ator from 1S:'ifhtngton ls rccoent.cd for and protcct pcnple from bein^ bom- 5minutcs. bardcd by mx^tlia acirc•rtisln;. I hope that Tir. \IAO.\USOI:• Ltr. Pt'csld. nl, l hopc xe do n'ork iL out. we do nn: hreo;nc e:tlolio:lnI :,b•,r.t this. \Vc nn' not den.in^ tntrr people the I supDU:•e :cirnc^ cc.nnot dcisr,nhtc lhe ti,ht to smoke it they t:anf• to. But, the u^.u:cs of ntany discascF. from the c.em- Federal Gorcrntacnt has the 1'e.•t,onsi- m.on cold to cancer• the second biGt:est bilit)', lncen it finds such a ltcnlth hazard killer, nc::t to heart discasc• hl tile to label it for t.•hat it Is: a hazard. United Statcs. Alltheslatistic<<,tex theroisnoali:u- For nlauc ycars I h.a•c listcnrd to ntent about tlt.ii. We Lace been tryht^ for leFtimo:l. ou 'o,iL side of tl,c hwlth 50 -rcars to dclcrllinc tite cltue and find detriment pnestion. We do not have as a cure for a oanecr. We are gettinq closer- nlmy stati: tdcs as vc should hare. but I 1o a breal:through. We have mndc pro,^.- am co:lt•htrt•tt of the fact thntheuif%e who ress in curing xome kinds of ca'tcer, but s:not:e ci>;areiteF have consldcr; b:y more buh cincer hns boen on tite Increase and lung cancer than those tt•ho do nut smoke emphl:setna. also. ci;areties. Mr. Pi'cs:dcnt, I do not believe that trs I l:at'c no v:.:: of knowing prt:•.onnll:: shoulP r.r_uc :+bout mcdl,..ll rescarch. I aheatel• oi4a,t-tte smokitli: causcs cattc.cr. do not beliere we in tlte Senate are com- So!nt• scia;tlfts ma}• kno:e.I:ut I do 1cnotv pctent to do thi=.'4'here are m: ny ditier. tha:L tltose who s:ttuY.e ef6a1•eltrs t10 have more lunt cuhccr. It is too llsc thnt tltc word "ci;arctte" alone is in tae bill• bccausc what :rc are really tall:hla sb:ut is inh^lin,. The fol- w•ito s:nol:cs a plf:u, or poc•: Ir: tlind the barn nnd smol:es corn tasscls can have sonie trouble itt his lua:.a if llo tn- hales. It is int141ing iliat cotuus..t+nd to- da. rtlost eit;arette Slno':cts tahalc to get plcasu: c 01,11, of Saiola:t;. 7 na:e'. fra^: # say t7:aS tu:!Il 1'crcntly I hat'c L•tcu a lon;-ti:l:e ci;:: rn:lo;:t•r. mr.a char sa:g).`.el•= do no!, ihhule. Y sttp- pcse tllnt If one ditl itlltrlc, ltc wotdd get lunt: ca:lccr 10 timnes f^sler than a pet•- so11 R'ho 1^ri not InI1:11C. ltrr. CO'1'TO\. P:pc sI11Vk-elt• llq. nir. Af `GKl3.O\. Yes: it a 11:p- ranoker tt'cre to hlhale lie would be t1Arc suscelttibx to lttttg cancer. There are 1::.+ple who clirtr tollacco. There is noth;= trtrong u•ith that. It just lool's bad. t Lau,^.hter.l All s,atlsliea shon !h:.t people r:1to sm~,l:e ct.arettrs get•lutlp, cancrr. ht snnle cases three t:::lcs mott tilan tilf.e who 0 not and the 1ateSL stnlt: tIessh6\C firo ences of ophlloU abont il. `1'he bulk of op- Ion, ho••-et•cr, siln:r; that cigarette smoL-- h1G causes cancer. But oil I know Is that those who s:no::e ci-.aretics and Inhale geL 1ttn; ccnr.er two to five tlmes nlore of:cu th'u tho.ke H'ho do not smoke cig- arettes. It is as s:tnpie as that. Mr. C(y: I'OIf. ?ir. Lrresidcnt. I yic1~ I minutc to the Sc:uttnr tro.n Tc:1:7CC~eF' 'fYle YRi81DING OFFICER. The scn- ator lram 2+enlles:ee is rer•cestlet•d for 1 miltttte. : • . Mr. L+AIiER•. ntr•. Presl;irla, I hate prc- rlru:Al• adriressed the Chair r.;au'c!tne mY R1nc11dlnc1lt, r,lid sLtct then I I.erc !z^at ti coay ot it to the. Scnntor fro:u Utah t]Ir.2.fo±s1, tutd I tatu-i'statlcl that 11e is no: al;retablc to : et:entitln IL as a Contjll'oalise to hiY.alllatlilnent. I rise mert•ly to say, that. being lhe ' case, 1 d) t:ot nox inlend to o:'cr Il.' T,:. p:trro=c tr ;s to hasa the rrrslml of the bill n,t:.• before tat: Senate deletc tllc word "excessivc'• frnm the IntcnN^3 labain^, "csecrs!t'e-s:nntan-, is dnn^er- ous to youn c~,lilh:' 1 lu ;ei for a com- promisc. t: h Ich the diFt in-:nisaett t?enator from ltt:rtl hnsitldlcatcd he will nntttc- thtles ntorc.lt is a.t stitnpic as thni. cept, to take out tllal t:•ord "estxs;lre" Like the Sctlator Itrtll rorth Caralltia, and sltbstitute the lvtpuagc ''rna3• be" I do not ktton• a•haL cnu?cs cancer, but fur '9s' :o ihal thc lilbcl would rrad. poilution lit the air maI' ndd ta I.t•. Per- ''Ch;urctte smu!antt ma,v be dangerous to hnps a•e could make a study of a f.rilo:c your hrttlth" who hacs out into the a9lderncsa where Ile is not ngl'ee:IWe to acceptina that there In no p',Uut?on lit lhe nit• alld al»ettdmcnt. Therelo:•c I tvish to state smokes el^.at'ettcs rnd hatr lhc results tltat I do flot intend to oiter it nt this eot»pulcd tt'ith one who atlydic t•!t:n- polt:t. tettes in a clolyderi city. Pclit,~pe there I shn11 rote n^r•[nst tlte prepo-6ed ntny be sunlc d!ite:ence In the a:atistics. amendment of tile Scnntnr front Utah• Tlu.t is a'hat titis Is all nboul. 11r. G'O1TOS. ..ir. Presidettt, I j'icld We are not tl'yiat; to stop autri,:ing bv 2 hlinutrs to the Scnntot' from South, l ina direet hrastado:t, nnd I r:lu,t stty that Cam e the tolwcco hldustr; has bttin t'ery !'o- Tile PItT;5IDI\l3 OFl•'ICGri. 7Yte %,,,n- opcratitr iu thi> udcertiln2 u1tH:cr. I:ut ator flvat South C'urolitta Is tt•t'ognizi:d the to<lacco hlduatly h^a etnna to the for 2 rilntttes. ccrtlclurion t!tnt. Fcnerully, thetr ix n y1r• CO'i`1'ON. :.lr. Prt•siticnt. 1 ylrld 2 problt•tn he: ~•. a:ld 1 tl':ll ~:t~' t41~ on thcir nlinnlrs hl tltr t.natr,r fro:u t;octllCnt'n- btaalf, ll:.1t tu•:,re W tttor.• rc-.•: ,ch t-.r:rla i::tn 01r. on wd.r+' in lhc liufied Siult•s, six lu IU .1Sr.'I'Htti:11O\1). Lir, ih'eSidrnl, tedi- tilnes otcr aitat d, tv;ts iu the 1>;tbL i,c- nlofl,r Is to bc foun.l on both sitles Qf tllts rr,..
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S16676 I I I •HL'tV run•etnry lqnrb hbnrclf noted some paps In the °fatls" on April 2:r, Ip". darln;t Ihe heartngs, taren ho nruwuttcrd tn a nea1 reteaLSO, - "I bellcvo that Indutlrp and govtrnrticttt u•or6lnx togrlhrtt oCer grcat prmnls aY futd• Inn s4e nn.,a~crs ar need. I am eenudcnt M,r 1•A+al c:lurl v.111 )irld a araprr.alt•r re:esrch ter-rat,t wttlch etmngly proutotcs the pttblio Interest." CC\GOtESSEO\tAL REiCOR13-S1iNATG , qttcslion. Ttescarcit has been condueled, ond is still L•lin; eondncted. What the Colnlnc:•ce Co:nmittce did would appear to l.e rcasonabic, fair, antl propcr, and 1t st'Clns 10 llte we trauld be v*c to fu1- low iho action of tile Coalnlcrce Coln- mittce. 11u'Ihcn»ore, If we can at'o:d so much Fcf.cntl remlatlott In matters, I think it is lscttcr for ihc country and for our citicclls-. ° 1'!te tu'.racco irldustry made a atatc- ment brfore 111e Commcrce Comslttce Rhich I think shows a rcry cooperative attitude: thct h'l:h rlst:cct to all othcr .ad.ertisln^-. they leould ol'oitl a•dt'crtls- ing directed to yom:.- pes'sons, and'.:ou1d continue to ab:aahl fror.t advertlsing i,-t Fehool aild co!a•;e NubiirntiOnB, would ca:lt.illuc no: to til.-triJ:ttr ssni7ie c!^.l- rcltes or ct:rsi.~ its 1»•oa:(•:ics:^1 actaitics on . caool alld cOae'e c1::.puses, nould conthtuc t:ot tu tlse testbnonials front athlc;es or oliler eclcbritics who Iltl:.ht have slr:cial apscnl to yo:a/g peopic, would al'oid adreras!ns tltat represented • t.`J.^,RrettC Fat~l:ilt^ i~o et: Ctltial to F9Ctal pro:nlrlcnce,sltcc:ss crsesual altraction, aud t•'o:11d n::rain fro:ls clepictir.;r s:ao::- ers entttt:ed In ::;rcrls or other ectivitics reqaril'inv stat::!ata o: co::c;aiatti.n.- l+e- yond that ttceded for »o:'mal rccrcation. It scents ln mc that the tobacco !t:dus- try is leanSns over baci:n'ard to try to cooperUte 11'SGh tile Cb:1=reLs in tittS mui- tcr. C:rtninly, tisis at ,essrs to be a rca- sonnble atiltude tsttii T.c have definite results fro-'» lltc research l+ci:tg ltnder- taken. I hopc tile nction of the Commerce Commtttte trtll be stutained. Mr. COTTOa. :dr. President, I yteld •~ l1a11L't« lrct;te Scn'tor fror-l Kentucky (Mr. Coolc). wnC 7torsC CLU.tnS:TC L:mG1a0a-A ::LK FOOK AT Gs:ait:'n0 RNY hE.U.Trr T4r. COO_{. hir: P:'e:!tic:lt. after 19' dayso: her.l:sl:,c end 1.gC: pacc', of tcstl- molls, tile liou'C ?ntersl:tte r.nd k'Prelc:n Collmteroe Co+is:ntucc 1•,.'ls produced a record tltat ca5ls more tl::al rc•aFoa:.'r:u donbi on lite ra:C C?ainst c! :^I'elt0 sn:01:- Ing. ]ndecd, tile mcord rel:ecls an crtt- sttna of cwlCdcnce in tile "Iaots" Of the antiSlllokillg1111tC.' . Dut, cotnntittee mrmltdrs need solid faets as a basis for decision. One member told of sceln-. acollenclic beconle so frus- trntcd that he lit tip a ciparette: "and Ule fellow does not• ct'cn smokc;" lie added. Another Fu:,t:estad that the committee '7nrM:tlp'alc the L11Crstigetors" to resolve the conlradlcticutr. A third called for "re- opeuing" the tiun,:et+n ('rcnernlii 1904 sstudy of sntoking, and hcallh, the bnsio Indictnlcnt by t11e atltistnokbl!• forces. \Vhat hnppened to cause this reaction? Liike most pa+plc, col•.tmittee membcts lYerC lyCll a11a:'C of the charges madC aqatllst cigarette smoking. A constant bsrr.!i'c of nnl.ismokln,n, conlnurci:-ls, nc'.crra;ters ctorhs, and pamldtlrts but- trr.:.=cd by o:sc-F!dcd reports from the Surc:ron Gcnc•ral created a Ixtndtta•:oa ,rlwrt. And liltc mnst pr'tplr, includin,^, nto%t pha•alcia^c, utrfr.milsarity trith llso pctual 2rcienl: ic et•i9r•ncc led them to at•rcpt tho tlniinn t!:al where there is cilx•r:•tte stnal:c there mu-,t aho be fslr. IIOS'erer, conttitlltee mCinL(•t't., lln1i1:0 the r:clicrnl l+ttbl:c. :'c+c cxlx:cd h.' cx- ptrts ttt thc o:hcr ~idc of lhc stunking ~nd luallh contrJi'el's)• tlurine tile Itl:irings. An,! tltis ct'iac:x•r t,nv rccc:.lai~. Ti:ey hr:.rd much tc+lirnonr that flatlyccntra- dictc•d lropular l;c.rs. For cxartitlc, lhey )cavn(d: ?irc: nt:•d:cal ,ei~ntists are not solidly li"'.ti un n(;:rta'l ratcl:ihc. ; Irat thcrc mrc h~nc•~t anl'. tridc d:Ccr- e:lres of o:)7niP,l a:rlCrlg t!ledk2l Fci^at- iets about Ihc imperlatce of tY-c reported :t:rlslicnl n.cocfaticaa bctuecn ci;arctlc satrklr ; and tnrlctlstiiscascs. T:at, nccori.irtr: to a ntun!rcr of hic.4dy quallf:cd espert ~:IUic.<es msny rcparl- fnr cn lhclr cuu Tc3earC11, there is no iclent 15c et'ic:vs:rcc t i:a l ci.^,a ret le snto!cin.- csusls canccr and uhcr diseascs. Canimlttce t::c:a'.so lczr'urd-and to Ifl^n in tile proces: (t: lait7natallg tile dkelasurc nit!st have been d sniliCtal!!- that srac of Ihe laotics used •r.;atmt to- bacco were bciov: the belt, Fa11rT.irlc t.re funlc cxccrpts of the eet- t!ell:e, which caFls rerinus clrn:bt on the ti1CJr]' O11t ci; t11'M:-C S:ncl::r- erit7l~s dt4ease. To tnnst Arn^r(cr.ns rt r:o::ld ctu!:e as•a prezt surprire tltat such evi- dence even cxists: no^S S}1O1C1NG CAL'fL LL-NG C.tYCLT` "A Pesson of t rue n•toat:rrc discipHnc urutd !7Mer rnnke o:.I,al Ii71..^rl,tnt On tl:e t1•pC rf erldenm. prc:c:rle-1 in t:cTCr of the r.n, ::Lo- Ns.- (Thonr.s 11. T.:cn. i.:.D.. Yro:esor and Cimtrmnn. Ditr,trimrnt of :•shiicinc cf fouth• em tYd:tnrnrn Srt:oot of l.tcdic!ne.) Aacr st Ic :: t 30 ,rrnrs of cararlmentnl VYdk, and nf:olty E11:OI:e lilati:.:fen e: petl- ments ht nulniatn, hir:^ c-urcers et tile :::ost eoaunun, r+luaerous eell huu: in t,rpe h:.t'c not t.•c^u prcdu_twl. I1. is usually di::lcua to prnre a nepaUt•e, but it elf.t:c:.e r:noke r-erc a cause of Imlr caneer, tt Is Indeed surprlnlnc that t:o nutlnal rsporin:mnts have s1,crecrled In Its l.radue:lun. (£hrhtra C. Fotn. trcr.. :f.D., C:mical 1'rc:+,svr of P.al:olo;y, Calu:nbla Uohrtxup :.itytictd Co1lel.r.1 Thr caivc of c:mrcr In humanc, Inrhldang the r.,u:e of e..neer of tht llnig Is tun:aex'n. (l'It•:or liul:ler. >•t.U. A•••oclate cll:ttcai Vro- lcs.or o: Pallso!n,:y and barafor,r at Unlt•er- ehf of Bnntas i:cnoel of \tedtcinc, tuld t0:- mer presldent ot the Gottrge of Anterlcan Pnlho:oelsts.) As of the prr.crt dcfe, the eause of lung ' eant•er rematn- unt:notrn. (buane C.vr, taD- Pro(cssor of Surcrry, l.•nh er:,ty of Ten- acsseo t.Ltte^e td Ttie atntJstteat'n soclatlon bottcren rmok- hit nnd hr.lc c.tnet-r Ia not Indleaelrc• of rau:o nnd edtr.t. M•cau.e tile clnt,ad br-h:n•iur of tile dl•lu•o d.`r.r hot pCnnlt liris cor.rlti- rltal. (rtlratfr T. 1 inF3l(dl, a.rt„ /'rateesur of suri!•rt;, Unlrcr.d: ~• M Itlhias Cotlr-o of Nrdlrtne ehtl rrerldrnt ot 'the Amcrlcatt 1.1yh1,°g jnrll!i.<e for further punitive IeRis- Ararctatlnn tor't'hnn.cic Ftttrer,e.) lallc:i. It v-ts not In~t on tile conmlittce ' As of 11r6~. our Ynoufedro ut tl.c eaute or OaVrr.^. of Itll.^• r.s1M•r te1t1a1IlA Irrirnlnt•e ,,, 7b uate the .-r.:l• tcl.lcnro ruty.urtlnc titls idg.trcltc bltt01:q1::1 In•pothrMa 1t statlstl- r.d. nr,•t tLrrc nit• arid-h ta!1 to supl%rt 1:. V,:1):am U. ohrr, :.t.D., f•-n- clahv IMn-t s..•r of t'athol.a:y Ncx Yurk t,lnl- Icnl (aKh~pe.) . Dccc1)f8er 12, 19G9 tMLS csrmasG cAnEC rtcU:r blcr.SRPt Tho InrrlndaaVon that uno!eh.r eAtre+ or qect•Itrates hrart ditease trorn ntlsero:~c:.•ro- ess of the cornu. n• a: tcrfcs ts o•hottp una~ar- tant•d. lll'.ta:.m Erans, l,tD., }ysmer con- suhnsr phlrlrl rn The AutRUte of C'ardlolug~• touduu. tnc!and./ It Is t~cry r:oubtful that such a relatlon- thlp exlstr. If hrr•y sm,lkers e-uttcr cOrrnar; t::rn::tb:~k bl a st^ttl~cantly 1•rrater p-u. trortlott than ron-s.^•i6l :ers ,ers, tite eatui4 of tile pheiwmenor cvu:d te rr:slM 10 the rtresc lltat u:.tla11: c: es le^ctl.er with the smoking habit. ttl'::-cr S. Prlcs:. `.l.D.. Fmeatus SRo- fes'•:r o: Strt•arlne at NNortktrestern Unirer- slty :.Irdicct Tiie ecidc•nce f feel Is still not strong ettou:b tor ctc to sar within tile critrrla of cr,n~ntny ... thnt there Is cause and effret. t5urscott Ccitcr,9 P:illlant H. Stes•- art.l Y7rrrr is na proof th:it clg.iretlc sntohing cau:e3 )d:~r•arca oft eoraoary• artenes . let's Cr suse a:•e understand the (.mcrlcan He:.rt 0; We:aiott p.slUon. tl'c do l:ot say th:.t we hate t!te Gata Ul.lch says clg.trette siuo::ta~ nu-rs corcaary artery tdlsn.el. (C.ln:l•ne11 :7:rpt. dl.D„ Wedieal Director, An:cr:cin Le+rt A•roriat7on.) It K•su7d be rrgrctmblc. If the Impact of the prrr:v-e of the O.S. Pub11e I:ealth Service led acrenttsts and the public to lr- lleee In nud acce, t ns firmly establlshed tects t:htch• c:e tt.e has:e of eusrer:s I:no:::- edge• are ,'Mruist:t•e and lacking in sr+r:anae raa;i:F. 7?:e situar:c•n de:c•iuds net lpca:al plcaGit:; bt:: ttilrr:tlGc lruth. tunrely. what ls te.+.soaab:y escab::r:ted. And, certalnly, it has ru.t !xaa rea~onably estatr!lshed tl:at ei,Lrcac e~:r::!ng caucet, corol.ory heort dis- c: C. ; r::zer • 1'lr. D., Seaor nere:.reh Arscctatr Ii-::ard iah•crstty School of Tnb- 11c livnltli.) rocs s1:)icneG CS+t•sc rSIPNTStsUr TIa caure or eattres of em, a~'ecma are rtot Itcu k::a:'o. ("£i:resni neporL on Eniphe- Fc:::a•' 1^e.!:t:tr o! Al:cr~ and D:. -ee3. :.L:: ) ^hrv s:+•oi(the 1^91 Smgcon ~GruenJls Ada:~:; C~::.ellt:erl , that a rel:.tlott- shrp e:csls be:o•oeu pulmouttry empa)'tema and e!;:ret'^s btt: lt h:s not been crlaL- lisl•.ed t!+at ::.1; rol..aots:up Is r.+s.tat goon C:ne^I 1:'rllls:a N. ti:etrart.) I cannot :i::d enr aeln.N evldenM that eir.rc :c s:.tc`e c-ta.hlr,,re',se. has a cas. ~it rel:.t!.^ae!•: w to t:.c dct~c9opulrnl of this ,ts- eatr. tEr::rm It~guer Is:~ine, A1D., Asutlnto Trefrrsor of (::nleil ?ICdlc:ae, t:hlcamo \cr:- lal: Sclu~+l.r • nut :orltlcA at:ree thst enlFaytema p:rsrt+ts a c~araex preLleln a•ateh st•:alts rclcnanc csp:nnatloh. (.1ohn P. tCgatt• ~r.U.. Pro'rcur ar.d Chairmnn• D:pnttmcnt of r.-t!tole;~. L'alTersity af ~fanltoba.1 Thc "pro:n~'.nlsts of thc abtl.ltnokfn„ atm" palru" hat•e te:tt:ed t.t face thlx p.'lrsmatlltt qucsttos: "f: it la true that we do s.ot know tThat clnph~ Kata 13 Artd tYhence It Mltltla:ed. how can tl:r; maintain the clalm that It Is Ilttl:cZ to cl~::cttr srnol:tnrr Ilotv enn their po•Lnon be rc.-oncl:ed teith ttelcntlnc prutct. ples!" t1rrac: ltnppanort, ALD., I'orntet .1s- tsoelntc Ctnnrcl 1'rotcator, (bl•ttnibtn Unlccr- alrlr :.:edlcnl athrol.) Tcslftl:oay 1'uch as iht~, flatly colttre- d!c!ory to "acceptcd" t'icws, xeriousty un- dctn: i.ncd li:c tna,'.or couclua:OnA of tile anli-mo:c!n: trit~les~,s-nnd tile mlder- kls^..t n:nrnn; the lcflncsms qllolcd aborc SPerC .omr notablc oppuaenls of FIII01:- Ill!t furtLcr doubt c.rosc m expert teit- neF-t's pisJ rait:O::ctl tllan,l• of lite Ilia- ItarUn7 da-Inns nl lite nntl.rntol:usg forccs. Unticr acicsltUlc attack, a number ~ ~ ~ G e
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® 1 , e , 1 0 1 w+ DCectJthcr 12, 1.909 CO\Gr.TSS1O\hi, ItECOI:D-- SIiI:A~~ 1`) " ~' '1 S 1GG77 of sub-'aiftry• ltxs^ftnns. trhlral ttnd bol- skrcd tltc nta:n char^cs asftl knt forcc to Dalia1171:!ar: tYr:.ll:erela:L \:: t c tec•.:1:P:ICd, Itt ti[ect, lln•s trern ncti•' enc!:d trEth a qucstlufl nl :rk lrlsl-nd of rn cxca:ru,tttitl Pilillt. I•b!lo:'!nn are s,jme of th° nar,ly e:rt!~cd qnC.slinll' iMre ka,n1ttYa •TCRY Tn6 sl`N'4 rU6CK1 Oll C1ri D.^..• ::):s TLtl s]tPKns Lrtu4 Faor6 Konertuttr.l-c Funosr The L•noaa•udgc of trhat the back plf;• rlleln h•~•le:••:rtb. natncir C.+tb.•ef l+:.r:lcles o: coal dust. Is k••toa to ererg n•ell tn.0ltd It•eond-;ear m••d'tc:,l r.:tedo•It_ r.•td ,•. It 1% not pa-dblc to cqur.tc bl:.rRCatr.- of cie lur,g to cx!v.sure la loLacen p:r~l:u•is. 1.°•helrlan C. Somnerr-:.:l.T).. Cl!:.t.^•,1 tf 1•ath- olozy, Co:untLfa Unlrsnce td~ 31^ ~1 Culirre.) 7L•o t•o:cr c•f t-hc Iunr. h:,% tn rb cr!ih the rnxttei ot t:rls:.a, and I w,t tul:.blr to rec- ogalze the ttt'frret.ec brtwPCn e slrn!:cr and a hon-smnyer . . and I hs :'e eer<•r W:crl able to eorrcta:e It tt.tls the ttte O; t^!":taco. .(iti,•a,m T. 1r.t•9s:as. ?S.U., Yrclrt"'e of Sur- Crry, l4ilra•nSta of i!tinnls C:-:!rre of :.tctll- caru, mr3 rra :ldcnt rd tSe Amer;tan A!FDCIa- Uon for 7 horaclc Su:!,arr.) I arotud c::hr.atc t:na o' n thodsaad 1'-th- olr7,lsta 1u th:r ooutttry. OJ8 a•outd s.y. T could Co: tal): ar,d tlle a:her LLCJ P:•t11G rAy. 'I evu:d ta;t' r.aG titeet txo a•::v ecraa: tKa either h.v1 cc+r,:c in3nl:e Intu!• Ion or are not tcaln,,t the t--t::h. Ilrrnh 'Lri? =3a. .Iy., Mrofc•icer of Pa:holo,-F, Cnirorsh•r ol Perrn- sylt•anla Schcvl o' lit,dlcino.l I hnre ext.ttar•e1 t:.c•t<ands ccf luc-s--nnd 7 cnntlot te:; yau 1r:.t cx:l::::,ttec a h:r,q e•hotlret ar not I:S fo!1:tr•r Ir:.: hc:. rrtskcd I s;a:c fra:ly and unequlnr:.y q• t.nd emphstlealla 1Ls; e!-: ret•o anec-ke will not turn tlt-' ht:.^ L:ack. 1:'ictn: }lc:::.r, .._.D., P--thu4 g!o-t, S:• Jta•eph Ko•;7tt: !, lsrsas C!ty. h1L'tsourl.} 33 KOr XR1T s:•roK•S. naa.lr,CO sr tllrs s:.tor.,.r.t Not ePervUr:e [e:5 cahrCr C: ! a:.tt d!sease. And of cciursc, n•r1t-r1+t•:kc a, s s r eJ as s,ao-e- ers, Itct both. ly dced, lt tro'+!'d t;:, rar t.llat. lobserrirt In the ftrst,tn:"te tatieto of emoklog tcrearrh 1!etr+;tsre, tLt L'rltlth ' Repo:t of llte P-o;:a1 C:+:ie;e o: P:n'tlc:r,»s, 'most arn6l:c:^3 st:."d•r I,o scrl••:n. $tt,1.urrltptt ~of lhalth or th~.rictl!u,; cd 1!fv nti n r^sult of tbelr hnblt" . . . I hort li Is well understerotl thst no medtcal pr•,.ctttforu- can udrlse patfents lhcy'can acnld cr.tttr: or hrnrt dlse,•Lse t•g nol stok/hc. tlkrn;ce C. Fvlchs, MD. Ss•attl± ltlra:ol I::raltil ]rs'7-nsr.) 7b experitttead ph}:;.tclr.na akn examlrerd ttad obserner} so mnny h~nrl• Ptnoters, the ~lnost rAtoit:shlne ft•a:ura ot t:,e prc;eirt Isnfe orer tLr cffCcts of atnni:a:c r.ttlat be the currcnt trend to r!mply tpaole tisc tn•cr- trhelming ea•tlecee prt entc3 4,a• 1Le tens of mltllons of etnollr.3 m^:l and tt•omtn going thrOllgh 11f0 V:It11oUt P.try rlslnl or fFlltlrtOrns Of dmmnge to their Inugs front mten); ,rears ot emnkutg--etrn hct•v,e tmehit.c. Ilsrael Is,q+paport, At.D., 1'onner Arsor/ate Clinical Prores.or, Crlumbla Vnlverolty 1ledlcal t3HtooL) lt clsarcttes aere the rauxe of lung catr- ecr, 1 hctlcar ae would hnre an luchlt•nce tnnny tluux CreNtr then we da nrtc, cud arouid not culvunter the dir.catr lu nam- slnokcrx /!1.• 11unc11 Frther, \,D., profe:aur of }Mthol "Ity, ttlutversll•r of fsouthern Call- forltla Ec1w;l of tt[rdfcllte.) tsYnrn6 ALt:na crll1cl:a t.PnN utrr The lnrreaae In the nlctdtnee of fanp„ Cancer 1 tho United Bintl•s .. seLrets the gtou•tnnnd aring pol'uhttlotl 411 thlv cnuu- lry. The 1:n:+ntant Itecrcosc Is r.lrn Icr,•c:ed J1u the lurra.tard etperuse and Iutt,rot•cd dlr,Ftw:tie t.blhtica o: the mcvllea! plydes- sewr, 7bc luerauxe in the bumbrr of ntelu- ' Lerr, of rnY ovTt sfocist:y In mc.•ICtnc ' (Pa- thWISS) Is dirrt•:ly rcr;.oudbfe fnr svr,ec of the alt;tarent tlrctea' e. 111. nur•rh }'Ir.r.Pr. T•S.D., 1'rrou ~vr of Pr:luJe.; y, Unit•erslty of Saa:hc:ti c:..hfnn.la f3ehoM of Ek•lic:nt•.1 (rt.nlrroa in ci~.•t_ca•.Ir+n of d't.a•.oc Itct•c OenltIbatM to htetril a^f t:1e M;tMtcd IrRrrnTe in dirr-tar•s suoh t: lufl^. ear•crr. 111rinc Catr. 41.D., tYnlt:"or of cur, ••rp, Unlt'a•rvn", of'I'cn- rrr,ce^ Cvlle(;e of \led7clne.) In tt'30, the eomhnlt•d crude death rate for re.~(rntor} dl.ra'rr nl the hnlled S:a;cs cs.cccded ibo L•cr teo.ra:0 but there were Ito Gor:h ra:es rnhrdcd for ttttep ealecer. It of the Ilr.t:h at- trthutcd tn tl.:krral ::c:, pra•untoc!a. brott- cit::':. or Inaucrtra 1:: d 4•t•rn blc:rrcr;lg nr,-d ancf a•ere. In aetnnllt}, cnsr, of lunr t:.:errr. thcre :+'•,uid be re:atlroa llttle ]n. c:•':,.t: In tltc p:era:rrrce of this dl-caso du:- 1::^ taa I:rt:t ]tatf caatt:ry. Th^ cntsc:!pt th::t eanerr of tY,a luur, Is a r,os dtter.se and n b; p:odnet of mndrrn el- alilmr:nn Is faGc enA thu..c who prc:ntu.•xle t:as tLeals are Intr:cr,dut, thc Inrbae. 3Lc d. resse u r•s n uell lYnn•en etltA•a• for r, ct•uttuy :.rfnrr ttte t•:a o! x::fr^••r:•:td clgsrott,i s:nak- Ing. Tae Oflly t11q; Lrs 1s Our ab!l1CC 10 d:: 7»cse 1t br:ore nu:u;t<y. (?llltcn U. ]to.c- crtlaalr, M.D., Preside:r:, >•iedlcal Itanrd. >)ue:ura l;u p:tat, letc Yu:Ic.) Aa ft:tportar:t a:•!:cet o: pretrnt trends lit thls ecuntr}•, trt,15'•t fs 11~r.et:.t1. lzncrnl, Is the uccl:rttr,g :atc ct 711rrrasc. If th:s :ra:tlre et the trcled roa;fnues. tLe C:scaae a•!Il rc:lch 1 14 prs:e ettton:: tl:e c!ertr malc paknuie;lon In the foresec:bfc fu:urc (13fl!) and then start to dtcl:nc. (R. G. Ot111cm, :•tSl., of the Scntlonal Cancer lustlttttc.) 7he o!reer'+e:l d:da:: 1:1 the r^:e of In- eteate of Inc:e czac:r fa eeaetly a•ltat one xoa:d ex•,tcci, 11:'r:ca•cr. It tlle relvrted tn- erartc were dtle :o cr:a:crl:lc L•nxoviny dr- teetiou of ttlls dirt:se-nr of r.nl• o:her lor thnt tnat:er. (Thoma•, 11. Ikcnt, M.ft., ttn!- er:rSte of °-ntthe:n CoP:tanlP.) DOES Yor ctt•Mo t•P saotu.o ?t.1t;r. a.1'r WnL'rarZ4 • >;rrn tf ctga.-ette tmt•t:e:s, as a;:rvpa d:d not stnci:c, tMire sasl a'at::d Le e pro- Po::!on of pcrcv:ts n•i:h itr:m.r.•c .at.ccr of the Itnt;, or eo:eao:y hraa d15e:Sc. It tou a•:nh. Dt:: sng theut 11.,,n amcn(t nvu•: n:olce:s, as s p:oup. e:ncc rr:ua•.ttt:onsll; t! =•: rrc mt•:e d:apo:ed to the d nc:se. IGtnegc L, Fa;Fc:. Fornt:r 1s5cuslt Protessor of L'Ir:dcm:vlogy. Columbla linlrerstty.l The e:,me hlgher cc:o:lsry ra:c was oh• s•-t'td In tornter caarr::c sinakers n; Ilt stl current -modcratc :.nd heat•.• sr.to:•.ers - . the lnelaience of s;mptt:haac Infatc•:ort vns t s great In form•x c.tarut,e smu::cr.= as It at•rs In curnnt sbtula:a a:. : r-ae os tr.•at In far- Itter ehV@:te smekcrs s4 In Ifteu snWlc!hg matc tlran ono pae : dallc, (Ray ltcienrnan, :•:.D., huector. ltettern Calloioratlrc Study ot Cbrouary autrt D. scate.) iFMm da:adn the Ilsyt' sntre5 of smok:l:g Imd Illnecsi eons•ateut paaern Is qu:te oh- afoterlc apparetlt. !or all catekortes. preernt smokcrs hare a maclr low•er lnet-l:ucc i^f d,st•a•c hlul d:.•ab01•yl tL•an do tonncr snnt- keta. (Thcudar D. EtcrYn!:, Ph.D., 1•rufoasor of Applied dalhemm, -n. and Gotnpttter Fcl- enoe. tFSShinctoll Unlret'slty.) IJ KM c1aA[LTrC sS:ntaNO AD6/tTItCT We would dlse.-ree n•Ith the tonltntlon Wnt c/gttctle smolJUlt Is "pqYwtAtl;eNlly artdlctlcc." (Sutgcon 4ctterAl tCnlfam 1t. Etew nrt.) In rlo scltse, phnrptacoln^lcnl rcltac, enn one talk nbout encel.n:e Lctnk addectltc•. (lrthdr Furst, 1'h.D.. D:rectur, Lmtltutc of Chrnrleal lttoloFs, Uulrrrslty of F,elt I-ran- c,a:o.l Pnastcal drprndrltre dot+l nM dcrelop clihcr tu ltlcptme or olher e•Ortstltdrl?IS Sd iomaeeu. (Cinhke }iine, 1+iD. PL.U., C1iu1:.t1 Prnfc•rsor of Pharntaeofo,-7 and Prcrclltlre hfedlclne, Unteersltp of Callfurota tichool of L1ed!c:ne.) 5.•atc con:uslon nrol:e lbrott1a uat• of tlle u•urd "nddlCtlon" In eot:ncctlon c:nh cob.tero lu.e. Itr gcncr••dly acc:;rl^d tlarhl Nc'al:h O:; nrl:raa^rl tritt::a. r:t:c.klnr. loharco 15 tlnt ct•n:ldercd nu nddlctran. tSac!don C. ri•nn•nrrr, 3l.il., ll:reet'•r ol Lnbor.ltonem Len- tat itl!1 Ilor?Itai, t.ex• YarL•.) not9 KOT cteAM:TrC s?toXlwlr enol:r •r7rtT5s D1ATt,q, Rllanlt'K LIrL•, ptYe tKt-aiAir riaa. crurrrr r I:notr of no LucEl flr,ttra t n•h!r•h sbon a ht;ttrr mortntuy rate f.lt:=lnnkelA tbsu ncn- tnlt+':e:d, a•I:hnut n:ebiguqy, tatt:out d;lh- cul*.Ies of Intcrp:e:allon, nnd without lealt- ing vcry bearlll• upon a se!ecte:l nambcr of hut+urcr. for p:e-tntstion altd h:d:u!: soa:e of the natc:s uhech are pr.:aab1; Jt1;L as tm- iwrtsut or Jn• : ac con;rosrr:lcd. (Tderodor U. Sicrllr:-. *tt.D., rrafrs•a+t o? Appt:cd \la:he- ntaUes tuW Comput r Sclenee, 11':uhhto on Un!rcrs,cy.r The :rl[:ly pabl!cl°ed ncensatlons of bun- dn•ds of thuus,uuc's of dsa:lis cauxd by e:;z- erct:ra uud of shrrtrnlnc 91 lYc cxarctnucl' u rpectSc uutnbrr ot mhtu:oa per clC.trettc rmo::cd e-c Inneiful c~trn;lcln:;cns and rtot fnc:nat c'a:n, (?1li:ert D. Roscutbfau, 91D., 1'rcrlc!^nt, l.tc•d:cal Coard Doetors Yioapltal, New 1orh.) ::ant 0•:ures wc:e ci:r.•d roncc:nfcg 30.000 or 50.610 or 2: 1.450 p:•rrmrs prr yrer having or dy.tt!T from In:t; erncrr or the other d--a- re^:•cs h:lns rontidcrcd. Sanee !t Is not kn..an t:hat tite ealmos of lutrg ecncer, coroy uarc ItearL th:ca.:c• or b:auchepulraonary disanx ere. t;a• mtdtlplle.+autl af nunebers d<.rs nm co»:rtt:u:e to unierc;nn•Sueg :Ircm am• better. (Shcldsn C. Sylnlntr.•, :uD.. DL- rrctor of Laborotortes, Lenos Hlll Hcs, ltai, Nct:• Yurk.::ea• Yor>;.) ltfr. Prcycr: "So you can eaI• t]tere Is no t!gu1Sr•ant dllfcrcuce In the ntortslity rato of sn:o::tn, ane r.on-sr.:ouug t:ans." Dt.-'aa . • :• Mr. Prcycr: "Then there Is no eatdcace t:tr:t r„n-ar„.oking Mins live 4ongr•r thau Llrav~lu_ ln•ise_Y' Dr.c:dcrlrf:'73o." • - (Rune Cc•t:rrlof. Ph. D.. As-mnda}e Profcs- sur, Ka:lor.al 1nstEtutc of Public iroatth.. Sto:Rholnt.: Tbv Irum!e riea:th Sercleel LtarbtdltS Tclr:,r1 espresaly extcedcd tY.at errcrs 1» sorne af the resUlts t"ere " In-;•e to prnCit moani:-;hti c:nrltulotlr: r.t ll.c s•.Inc time conclt"'Iens ltrm thete restttts •:xro ai- ' tauerd. '1.!tts t' i•pc appra:t::t: s hM, ecten- tlLr. but :hot:s btn nltd assiro to trt•.ch prc- dctcrenhrcd conelusions . , . ' 1Tite Pnbllc llerllth Serace) l.:s gonr even lutcher In uYt:r portlons et tbo Uotbldttv f:epor6 oftclt out of conte>,t, as t::e bnsis fcr a rotrdt•arcd propaeandn p.tmpltlct on- tttled'smn:,fr. • nnd tllncas." Tids Istutphlcl b:.lolg irnarcs even thoq• Inhcretct Iimlta- tinrs adcnoslcdred In the dtcr:+!dety Rcport. It flatly. aml arlthaut qtufl:lcaL.+a. asuclts precssrly hou tnuclt iline,s and 115z;t=.e Isdua to ranklntt. Nc•wlecre dces the psmq,`:Ict dis- eh. e thal the baade data IucalAed uo medteal dlm;no•cx by dA•tars but oniy actf nnd prosy dlagttc•ra by Iny tucn. In Ilgl.t Cf this Cri• Uquc, the ftutht•r tlse r.nd e:ntprerttolt of the Tlurbldlt;• Ireport Itt taro !,?r.tplUet can o111y be Ie.•atd,•d a•+ o cl: n~-rrott! nnd alls- Iradh:g dcArrrrnt to further sclrntlhe study. (John t\'• tn:r}cr. Pa. D., Pa.fr;snt ut atothe• Inntlct, tt'ake IS+rest Unla•rrally.l If tilc colllradirtots, tca:lr.unr of ]ncdi- cat eXpcrts rr.ietd dnttl':S dmrr.r•t tttln- nlllll•C nll:nbtrS. t.ltc!1' lar:wt):InCat N'aa !ncrcakcti l:y cnnrr>•l.tus cetr•In••, odt::Y rno11;al, ll'n'n ttlc at.n anu::in; triiuc..•rs. 1'ortxnh~Ute: t`atd Iland L)Leon, CJlsiruran of lttr_
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Y 1GG7fi CONGRESSIONAL i;ECO1.D-•Sr\ATG Deccll:Lc1• 1.?, 1969 rrdcral Tredc Ccr.:uti.,:lau u•a.: lald "it trot•, but It L• ni : the v.^.+nlo tralh. 1Mqtan T1r• C01'1'ON. Mr. Pre¢Idcnt T yield hrc narer bcrn proren mtviirally. the ttu4•nbtau• r+e :idun. strdu.a ma•,elf 1 m:nute. c•aund cotnucl!on bt•tnrcn the 1 had 4ohcd n•c could e!!rca on th!s, ,1 tlunk tl.nt tl:e r+tl+nt!.• nr anny of my ,• ~ Ih'•!t of >•tn•tt:catd 1un~ escsccr. You I:uou n•s•Klaus !n thc nn~.l,.•:•1 t•rate •u•n 1s that ba.L to s::re the Lilue of the .enzte so lhaL do Yotl I:ot?" nnd he stfd, •Tcs, thrrc ale no m:•nl• un:rs th:.t rnry'hnco tt'e could co:npiatc o;u• bu-incss toa:zlH, str." tn tual: in:o that I duut:.t If auy ct'ta1 r•rr- an'1 brcr.r.>:c it would be a lat,?ral aprcc- No Uiluess dLt: -,trr:d that the type of eenrn;•e hnte , the ur:u r.ud eaort mcnL. With re:;peet to t!te a'arnina pro- 1uu; cancer ttti,,ociaatl V,•itll at::r`:inC e, tr,re:.t:rr.:mti t!r• r^::::.1 t,a.:..•:auod lu- 1•Lird by the 11ouse. it recelrtcd. it u'au!d lips Irt•rer hrn;. induced lu aulmal In- fo=n:atl:m• m,d ha.r t•ndret to .-- rtrept once end for nll lal:e it ont of cnnference. balatlnn e•xperinlents. dcsuste ator.; than t°I:,•t 1'° I-~utt,•a t:,r:n. t!1=cnn 'r. ).,i:r,.ann. L'ut :3:•:latu:s who fcel N•:cplS on lhis 30 }•e:tr's of eliorts and trGtny 1'CCrils of r•1•n., Pru..•rwr ot hnr,:rtr. Vatt•erbnr of r,2 nL to vote it Ul1 C!' down On the Rntcnd- ublicity tntllnatin~ other.,•Lse• )luno!s ccne~•• r•f atr:ut,:re.i P ;Sr.rnurt,i mb•orlr thc(:cnet.1l kuas abaut mtrot oS:crcd by tlye tii5ti17•^,UI•:!:crl Scn9- Dr. lYtlltnnl 1L Stcc:art, of Pubac ,,.mt;uub tr,n; c,e h: t!m r.orld lc•r ira:n V;ah. I tlru! S:n:amx rhoutd IlCntlh.Sa'rticc,testifi~d: around u:c-rt ... ja ;- bccau.•r )ott aro a l:tlur.• Ihai ti.e t'otr In the cmn:altteea•as I have never atulttl a cnuse and cEact br- twicmisl or iu,t Suu mr a d:.rtur in 1:) A, i Lrlie.•e, o:] ti.c ildoiltimt of lil¢ Luoen (eigarettesnw::ingl and heartdttcarr, (1a-rn't put yra In nmcl, bct:cr po'.:tion to Iyi•r:enL l:.ncuarre. l:r.ntr anr Lcttrr t::;.a un;o::r It gou duri t '!'hc PHIsSiDL\O 07'F:CER. The t!!OC Dr. Cam:-!)ell 51oee.:, o! Sltc Heart As- Ir~ s bt u:c fn::F. tst :'.ur t• t.rst.l.r.n., uhrr- tiori:!LI017sa Ld: lur Irr:lltuvr v: t'Itrm.cll brct•,.q, unircr- of theSctlat.orhasexpirt'd. Therc ls no proaf tltnt c~~:,rctte amrf::ng Fll; of :•ar I r.ir:n-c••,1 Itit'. CO7"CON. I yirld I:IS-tt•1f 1 minute. - enusra earo:mr,e artery ditezise. ITltc mnlotN)• c: lut,eatc:nrrs! L•at•c lo rely 'L'ilC l+:'t•senL lull!at, ^C fS '•Exce."it•C . tne.:n puhh.•!..•d r,p.•r:t t:nd ntu.cb aomc C~r,zrcLtc S!noklnS It DanperoUs to Your Hls eo110n::11e,Dr. t•sor.•is.iauuar;•• s.gnu:ccrre .. t„ r.•7•,res of the Surgrun ItrolLh:' . There v:as uo cpecif!c cau.l roL.eto:ts:dp. C_,a•:•tt ... ehr: e•s::u•.•r is r.tlher su"ln Il°:. UklY. I think we are dclxct!Ag the t r:ho lL:.re ritl:cr the Ur.t^ or the tnchnntion d1:Cc:•etlee t•etarnen /1t•M'dle-dce and Dr.t3tett•artqualcd Ihcla.o:::11,IG•t!- toco:eriltCr.•pr:ib:cn:o:lltc•r:.ture. (Pn:atc r j tute of Allergies hnd 1:fr : tio::s DE: c: scs e:.rr, :a.D., Pr• •r: wr of Sur•:~r,r. Un!rers!ty ttl'e^.,Ic-dur l. Tilc Ire nlac of this couutlg as ba~•in; °:tated tlir.i z r.•::•:!calfu o' ~::nc:see Cohce..• of :acdle+na./' knoe: aboul the dc.reloplnents with re- exlsts bcta•ecn pulmo:]r,:•s eat;:':;s~ala I am p•.rtrou•r st:r. th..t !t .ou pr: t:,C °•)',! lathcc:an:aersofcl.^at'etlesmulacen and ci,^.ar'ettCs but It 17:°m nr+t b:;,n c••t^b- o .rtcrs of t!,1: ruur.:n• yon .runld r: t a t•crp We a11'eaCi; haro some ki:, . of r,•arning hslyed t11a6 this rcl7.tip:]"nip 6. c.^.]'S11.° 1'--mg n'aicrity s.i:a b:i1C.'4 tt•h.l: tlte Pub:fc ou Cccry plli:a!:C Of c!.^.arCLiea. \:hea:Cr , lit:.i+h Sr- ti•IC: 1•cp:a•t td7d laN lt:ere it 1% lhnt lJntUJ$e Or u~hethcr thC teords Dr, •loh:: t3on7p:riz, o. tl:cY'ubc:x•tJoyis )°- r I,J?::1naa1 y.:,•nf or :ue cmc;.,n!,r rcya- .• 13C•' or `f'xcc•;sit•e•' are uscd, it t:'ilt aud Respilmtory Dise:.:es ;a,wcla:un, tn•:omup. aet I:h,nrI t::crc !: oa:x ro:- Is ali s!nk lnto the land.csUC. Ihvl)le n•!ll le-clfllMll•hal- 10.COU doctor= if, tt:ls ecutttr)• tcL•o renu 11te tltutr@ of @~tphysen:S It noE clearly has hSd tho p:,r:rc rr;t c-,•u•.:m-r o7 the ~ot1 LeCJ71:C 'CCUSIOnII'I( i91t. If. L!]el'@- undcratoode othcr nklc. (Tan:n:~t };• ::-,rn V n., rtufr••- f3rc, is nbt• QiI..C a.i \•itai rt5 •t R'ould sCCm - ' :ior n:ld t7-cN:::an. 11 •..tre•u~uti at hiraXUre, flt7!n 11•o dt'bs!e on the flotlt•. Asl:ed if It was "nat knonn;" he said: Unlrer~n, of :;m:tl.enn c•allfo:uia.) I think thcl•c (s n nlal puint in the sug• 7'ItiCt ta t'r•ue' On tlle "L^u'tra;ou^ e/i'cct• f;cstion of so:tle of lny colirstrues that tin- Dr. ICoLell BrotcninK• his cai/aague, tsntortunatrl;: :n.•t'y np; a.• ntr .-,•1l tn- 1c.~s iL 1s oarefla>3- drul.:] up. it m:gh: 1'e- I 8nid "we 11tnt Lot an~' t•alid F:atKtlos formed o:t:cln::-hL tLo 1Yub:tc ll:alth Stecic; au t fu llt•,t:atlon. gel qvailn:>Ic" ot] e:r.l)'.y.:ema. m)e tvrta•r r":ualrey he:,lth or,::tWxru•r.ls I th1:71c tre can vote on tl)e 9uest!on. DottbL. l+oa•et•er, v:: : the Oals re- Lnce !,ertot:lea u,. +r r.rd I r.In r: inin:e to cie!:i baclc 1!ty lhne. aCaon alm r! g teun:utttec• n:rmber . T:au,r to outda.ac:q:• tl,r r amtt t-o•.•n.::+c Lnu.. i- '.f:. 2tFC1E.3. Mr. P: c.•.:dcnL, I ylelti nly. e;:rc rud !ms rc:uacd :n mt.- Self 37++inulC . ~ Ntrew:derbtaUt4rlhiy cuncerl:M tilqt Cvi- )Er.dle,; the I.r'ta:• In:o Let:cvin; Uur,• is i.fr. Preti<C:d• (1]e c.'nrnil:r that the dence mclsllalcl F1iL~t ci,atette u::e A u.,ad.•.,r.ou er:act Cn77m:rro Comlilit.teo iirst prot•id,d was Slnnl;inL n) ,)eared to Le patent:}• oue L:.° re,ui:cd r•rn r.t tLc tnechr• 1 nnd :clen- ' sidcd. Suale feit t!lat theti, ato::_! s•i:it s!fec rrnmuoo,::, t.h--e too nlau>' Lr:r• ac• tal:cn r:^at out of the trarninx that the I 1Lc put7=ic, It1d been tr.':cn ny a°b nd- c+ •:ra tlsr , rca~t ncrr.n^nls M det:teated ]t:•n: C lt.ol'ide3- the cenh tl iull or :ne ua^oll"ride.ISxpert~+YtnersrsaSacdlaat ~'"•49s. I:ckr. ti•c t:u:c w cx,r..h:o the tl'ord'a,'1'hen tlle Cotntneree Com.tnitlrc, both weri ituieed !•u.,.ibiliacs• sctr:nls!c ba•::•., o: lac:: of st. to: soch at a lr,t.r mcetlnl;, added lhr r:ord •'t•x- 6amc otscrtrucns on. onz~s=idcd re- ~r ~ gte,~ser•r ~U I.rrtnlty ofr'renor~ee t ot- of 10 to 9. Ti+e Sel>ztn~ Is corrcc~fnt that. >rorlins of re:ca]'oil: )cre of afec!lchle.) I aay to rh;- coilen; ucs ihst u!+t esen ' ,- I hacc heen dusappo:ntt•t in my failure to There ts fuc•h an er.tollun-1•.drn qt:r:Uon the Ilou':t•, p•niclt Is charaet^yired as Ne- 11pd'n ebe Suigcvn 6.•aeral'a ltef•ort or Lrre, there is'so n:::ch bla~• thni .u:c is In 10G4 and hr the 1907 1lC1Y [tepdrt to Con- elniv,cr of I:cicc ovrn•::••d by hl, ccllem;t:cx ' 1n1 so s;yinn..ttletie to lhC tobRCCO indus- I;teas, 7110 Hca-th Conscn,r.el.cer of ~cloCmg, 11n i]to tcienti:tc c•o:nrnuuf•p If his daSn tr~', illetq~ilt Of pUt1iS7R ti7C tt•6tY3 a dncuslton of Ure pubRaLcd rvports of tt:ose d.,0n•t iaU In arp p ttith proconeelred sit'C" ln there. I hal•o tried to show r•ly tltat dl!ve:rru mth tltMr conetn::oas. (P-• ac• atCtioas. c:ollcs; ues tllat nR cl ^:'c tlc tanal.•h!g 13 ttigdon, LI.U., !".vfessor of Patholoe)•, Uui- Yet. I feel 111at t•tratise a xtone star.ed d; IWCI•oU,;• It 04dCF noL Itnt•e. to be exccs- rerelly of Texas.) ron!ng dotMl a hUl. ptrople hnve croulUlued Fit•e. Etrry cigarctte smuY,ed has raa]e Then I tcad the iSUrp.wn Osnerars 12041 la lake np thts enrradr--tl.r u•o:d ) eLn.c d:tn°p1'ous; MfcCt, Tleetrfore, the u'arnntq report and I tralteed lrhat bnd happ.-netl• to uatia•)th tcalia no cvldence• hut iuct lhe Ralds that will bC ln the tlill, If nty They Aad a: a)pty done a rwlocavc review or ntvmrnu+nt of n atMnc ro!!In1 tlou•n n tlte 116endtrre• 9rirfi hnd r.ot InscatN,:Ant all hill •,,.)t a:e N•outa lo tr•r a craradcr mtd rtt]eudr.tent ahould cary1•, •a•ill be sin]ply: asp•tte. T6c report Bnnpta• t+ldrt•t coeer the remnt•e a t+orlal hahll from our etn•hvnn•trnt •'N'a17]!11:d• Ci•aarCl'fe $n1oL'in!1 IS D:t11- entlre aeld, in mc optnEnn. It was a dts- x•hteh sonte prup,c lmd dr•a:,tetut thef CerotlsloloarIlcatllt.° - aphnnttlnrat, (Sbeltlun G- 8auuters, ALU., ehvxr a t'ety cn,u:!NI-ia::etf tth.ra7 to pln 7,pt Ille FpV olle \COIYI 9lrotlt tlle maUel' . . nIrMtor M ha0oratorlos• Lrnoa 11t11 qc.rpllal, tt un to m:+t:c It cn•Irr to {:ct lh••:r fob dnno. lhe .:ra~lor fl'i•t11 :VCN' Hall/p.hire r.l!o-t•tl. • Net•t Yurl:t1 I (ltonnld t)I:un• 1: tl., h.trrlor of Chnlral Pnoplo lkho tell you tkat oigarrtlc amol-- Y%mrtnawWc. CeJ.n.c•Sin.til 1+itt Ien! Cetrler, lt'h. ther Ihcre ma)• hn n ttue:.Uon of lia- thg cauac> h+ng e,uuer do nnt Itl:e to be )•o; Augeler. Gnlta•ruln.l bibty 11on•Inr! frant thts• IL aCelns to n1C •remtndnl of Inmatcnaql dnta In taeR IhaY I}t• lhe time 11~e henrinns M1tled, com- the Iqb nr~ o iudusery n-o0'd he better off arrr t.ot tucluded tn u•c tnet sun.-can aeu- mittcc utcm4cr. ~cro luclincd to nf_rcc with a tlrrc1. narnin,^, ort; the hackat:c, otnth reltorl on "Snrnltln£ aUd Neatch:' hPt•a!ISC lltet) IIIPI'r aotlld LC An Astuhy)' ) aut sotry that the ptwitcatlmt tac>rntrd tt•tal P•:•i):'e:v ednth'c ltlcn•ln1k%nx Iha:rrc. Ilan r 1•itiL• If a c.iml°d1t• aCllc a pnr::i:l mdy mtt Wde of the pirttUO. (N'r111am 13. Of Nnl•lh (.'aro.'I•ta, tr:m ob.ccrvril: a 17nrk, of Ci.^^rel•ICS u•hich say6• •'C'`•^n- Ober, ALD., D:rtetot of labotntoties, Nalck- 11 think It tt.:• :•Lni:'Aratr. who t:dd, ••It1a mt'.O s11M::1110 IS Danficl•oa: to 1,'at1!• lwrLcr Itn:pilal, t:ctv luk) nnt a'hat rr d^f:Y I:nosr lLat 1h1tris tn„ Ih t1t11; • lt:Dt pM'-;wn nt%t::ncs the 11•1: 1Jeetnru drmR knoa• any mora about lt Ie'a u•hnt uc t.Una• ehat k•n't so•' th•tn an.•b-.dy elr•e dt•a. They pick np a M ra1n:S ph~; ~~, luld I do upt tlnnt: lhrre beatUU:c In thc uep pnpea atd tucp )•ro:c Y~hcn Nc lati: a4~t1: Rord,: tC pn nn a anu rt ln• ti.t :.riq a:S the !t: rt nrtfit iil~ a. It•tlbh :.a ntq• tny 1711s tn P 1d^hly i1Afl,it£:' tllet tt0 cn1i, CYcr 1'cAd::, It n7 ri (i:•stt',l•• '1'i•.C ch•l1+Cr t•f lt'i):1!LY (.•r011•.i as al:t'claUrcd area he )`uhtlc )te,ith6rn•. 1:~lhl•r m:r•din7t coliopily we hear ou the Ihe lt:•rrldnr Is drrl catcd. 'lrictrfrrc, It Iec I re,;r-: ta r,ay. Uscs mtwradwg data 7t la fleor of f hp t: cnntc, t•rould he h] the lnl cyttst-s eN' the toi..'urn . . r'. 7 , ,
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1):h(v 1909 CO\GT,ESSIO\AL 1:LC:ORD- SL~iA'I'l: H ~( ® ( ~ 1~j ;~ 0 2 ~.~.~ 1Gf7J ~ cc11 as the persan who ]s ttte w•ord •'extrALee" sLnulrl u,: de)rtvd hr• vote I ltave a pair Klilt the Senator fruln c:.u:c I'it ci;irrttc Emo(•f:.- 1% J''...7' frnu5 t0 ba+c thc t!n ccL h ;.nr>l rr. 1v- Ind aua t?.ir. I l.rr.rfal, I[ hc L.a•rc pLxs- .. ~. hr:4ih.7h-u, Mn.! 1'lLuY. tf,r F•r.lrr.,l7Yadr ('.: ..s rac salo.: en:: ]s Z)::W:crcLts," ton Enontd nr.t Lc pru!uuu: d Inun r:d :ua Yc llu.:. !,c t:GUld r'utc "t:a) • 7[ I 1 th'nt: /t uultlri be tnu,oh nlorc+ rcrlun:n,: n hr,n t t.•+rn:t•_c ut etrarrtte nd• [Ca'rc al lbt c:'l; to ralc, I r ould.'+rt•:'yc:L " Ln tcnuire direct v:nrninx. as veal-c:t:c:t- n-1c:e at::y f, 1•,tx. rhue 7"LCrMiire• I t:Ltl:d:asr roy votc. -a' did, an(1 L'a• ::reay from ULe sLuu~d tr- nn hntltatton p:.:ccd oa Ihc Frd- :•)r. Ri.lah".: ii caftcr !:: v:nA votcd :..: -p.ls,:>e uutd,t:~ th:U P. "m:•y 1:2•' c::.1T.^..a^crosn:::r.r.::,aratl,erl!.anL•:en Int!tcafnrlaarcl.A",r.Prc•aacnl.ctlthl= r: u~ to onu's hishh. , thc bR+,,Jcast adrrrt:•.rn^ of d-arcttca swrt• t•otl 1117t•c a)-air Lrith tiLe $enSlor Lrc1n .: I'nsulcut. I swk for tirc Scs atld tu:: su:a• 1. lna. 1.huviet 1•S:e to eee e Fub. Ilt;noi.+ (I,1r. S::f;ut:If hc :crre px:;nl stltu:ln•r cf t.he r.ut:-irttr: rxrmnti,m for ~ L;.r.c:rlhcar.l^ndment and rolir.s. I:e ar nld vetc "nay:" If I outrlrht a~a on hn.: !ci ;t cd.cnL:snp. , 1 ylte%',•asnlidna;'sa•ereordrrcd. Asyc.u tnro•,ur. p`r:•Iclan• y ha.r bern tC[rcal.iL~Cri'tlJ•:o*c,I+t•otl.9st.te•y.ca:' Lir. 1?rc::'.d^n:,.d^n:, a-IU r•cry ::aec)t e.::rrr: r.! r ~au: t: e hr.d~lt ri:ercfe.e. *_ a:!t; ^a' Im r:lr. • 1:,c5-t11.^•:a11'~:eld? L:at:rds c' Inb•r,r'j. 7::c Sur,•.va Grnerd of 1•fr. I:F.1i:S1)r. I nn:foultee that tlle :,ir, I-yOs3- Alr. PrG ident, I)•ield 2 t,5e t•u:ac u::.tw :ht iM 1,'. it)ted thaL )i ::natUL• fr4:1: I.c.r .•ic\ico (::x. fl:lcLn- , tn tltc Ccl2r tor f:ota Lo7:i.lana. /s t:.c rrc.rr.+:: l,:bllc kc]a:t R1~lrd wr h.^.rc, so.L, the S::lfatar from Nebl•as!:a (11r. t1r, I har•c a le7tcr d:.tc•d oud I r.l:,,uid SILP to E:r s61ne1l.lt:^ auue to C4nrcOy), lhe Sinatur f:o1n '1'::mcr=tc contrJ"he r•1il•01 toaarrn. l;.r•anrllcr y:, 15.:::. from Dr. r?33na Woh L-tndpcnunclrc;;..tJs. (A*,r. Gor.f:), tl2e Senator fro,r. Indiana ' U'hcncr, thc rlrat l::n:^• ca::ecr sur;,c.1n,1n, gtnccrrlqyou s, (TIr,I]lal:::cL, thc Sulator from %art,h I J S C i : i / " th • t asaas . rn^tur aro• na l r. ,roin s t::c tco:a +:l;a s4",tC3 L! d!rc U:!t F,ex- Iu•roa oct+s.fs. ef.o. a•.1i1'e" 8)IMltd be 1s:f7::eu fro.1. t)tC f ec- Louisiana (Mr. f.nxc), the Srnr.tcr frofl2 o:.tfnradc:l of lhe co:•::niltt•e, ^ DFC1M;4nat9, )acs. SoL1th D,tkotz (S!r. A1cCo::.1:-t1, Ute •'l:xcca!ec CigarcCte a:uoY,ing Is D:.:t, cr- Dr. At.ro.r ck•ELSrs. Senator [rs:1t (Mr. 11r:.t:1c), tllc OchM!rC/:ni`, D215 SU ytrUr Sillahnrfrcn7 :*i:-,o:Lrit:.fr.S~':.t:::cro% l, I :C:.tt11." . • I atn n•oL1::crlnx if therc !s ar•y t:^::nt- N.•c: eSrdna.r.a. tllc ficnnlor Sfoul \f tnL*.nrl t\:r. 7Yn- R~:.a:: AL.:n:: I haa~ rer~:t•cd pour te•ernt x '' T:cs1 altd lhe r3 :tatlr frOm 7e::~s tAfr aiv bill t h :" ' ^ rs o >•: . c cc e 3en in Ule . f- sr• and cs r.l.aps, It n-as a pic•aure bcar-.,. ; n:c: »s. Fuc .a,,. Tearo:tocUSt) arc tlrcessnril,v aL•f^nt. • I I•ir. AtCr°S. Th^rc Lo nohe at ail. It Is ln rc:ercate to enur t•murr:t orer the c),_". - I further announce tllr.t, If Uresent )IL•! a word rl!n•.`, rear t::arlln; aa, tr^.t+!; :!ra cw t•:IrY' thls and r'btln,^„ the Genator IrQi2t )'+2l'ada I ldi•. 0,LE\DLF.. I ari'Cd a Fcnalor 1:np3r;aat 1r:.:t'.cr n•at rcnr.rttd on Fr)das by tAyr. C.t:ataf:) a':ouid t•ole ";;(•a:' aa,-h!lr t:ro tt 12s: "Cxa : srEse" m!::ln :: Cttn. t)hc °,••r: :e tro:r.meree ib•ntyaie.+ L•ut I:as rl:. Gr.ir• Pi\. I nnn^an:e t:mt tilc- He related a drf,^::!on frr:n nL o!d )'i`''ri-:crc:redtotr.eNnatsFStlattceCoal- ;{;Salorfrort2Ol:ysJ,o111a(;.:r.M:LtF:oai, atl:;c^ maanlatnecr who sa19 "cxe: s-ht smck- :rrrurth:rstudy. th_ Senator f:o n 1'ennor.t (: Ir. Pzot-n* t bc r.asnrrtd tl:at I trnl tlttdy l.hc ~ Utr" m!girt Lc d:::aei as a!•.rso» smo?.•- m,,t:.,; 2arlhc- nndL:car.oura•nwt,t%, aurgrs- +'tld tlSC Se_nialox from L:!nats (Afr. , hl•: t.Y'O Cft-ti: c! ta :•t c2te t:me. ttnas 11: In:::d N!teS ahl•s b:): e:'7es to the Si,1It1r ) r.re :tfcP=Sarll,t• ab: °.`':. If the nrf c: "cxcc :: it'e" relr.ainc In t11e tr2ra:o f:t~r far rote. Aiso, Qfe Scnator fro:n Orero:2 (Mr. b[U, I cm Rnlldcri::g if we sho;dd not ta:5 r.:ndcst perso:ul recards, nnd mr Fyerrracb), t!r Smator from D:lan•a:e htt.'C t defin!1:0:? CS "CSCers11'C." CrC^ j.Se +caret t7ahrs for a:derty C)Srlsttttsr 9CaWn, (AIr, ]3cOCs), Itlld tile .ri°l:ator ft'o:p Ohio llfe tru:h S.c that e:,r smekfne It-el: is x°^-' (!.ir. S,tslts) are »et;satily' e::cc21t. ' bad. I an2 ia:!. e:c: ::rrLr if the Sra tta: s:mccrely ;ours, The Sendtor ro:n Ariaena t~: r, C.oto-, ~ t 0wK " n2 tr. a. eu.r.f rr, rvrre:,t nud 1ltcfScnator fro:~r 1•rnnonl i t.Oa °DL b.1,:1 t t:^.C:': 1::'!a t. .~'.`:i- U.S. ~5r.urfor. ltiti_71 cf t!a• •'cscP!•.::'c" i: it• re- (l:r. Attcrs) are absr:tt on a'l:c:al htsi- teatna In ti:r:+c. F:;:t It ou;ht not -r( :nn111 7<7ic YPE5IDINc) 01- i','CFF. The t`cn- bes& ' hL , att+r's time has exp!: cd The Senntor Iro1n South )Deicota 1\ir, Mr. I think a•lfat t-'Se'Sasator , Air, :•IGrSS.,Atr.,Y:c:c[; r1rG I ant ready. Ra:sar). is at:.,c:1t be:al:-e of l:n:c.s. su^; a•ts Is ccac! :!} r:.ii•)r.al r1t;t rc!,saf- to yicid hack fiLC rb^'Laincicr t:f mv ltme. The &cnator froln dr•nt~•1::n.i (Mr. ab:e. I do nat t:rc,te ahnt"cxc(~.re" Is, hi':. C01:Oi:. I clold'bac•r, the fe- Ainr):Ias) and the Srlatjr Lro:n Torth 'bt::. lY the 8_nxtor at 1:1 ht t':e c) l, ntniriar cf r.re tln:a- Datcola (i•Ir, Yov,.%c) n1•e delcl»rd on of- lie t•ril1 t.tre that i+er-ms r••hc r,ma'e.si::2- "'re I'Y,i'S:3L1o OI :"•ICr•.iw All re- ficirl businevc, pl}• from ef2c lo,nl:ta clga:eti:.L a tS.tr. mlki::it:a tiste hat'ir;. L:;•12 yiclt:ed br.tl:, :fp:r:c»t:f:dvoting,tl2oEr:.aorfrom ] tir'e a death rate tc:Ice as h.n!1 aa t!!te thr r,u-+aien is on a;.ret•in;t to the nnlrnd- Orr:Jn (\Ir, ]iA7rtstv) tcould t•ole ",rea" Aettarnol:ers. Fo if o:1^ to r.fne fs L•>:ca- mcat of the Senator. in'•:11 ita12 (`.ar. 7`ite resU::tice pairs of t'.ie Senator .'' sl\e, I U23nic he fcis the u'elr,lns: but Sf Alcs5l, On thi4, (;ur-•ift+n lhc yrns cnd from •trizuna (Mr. Go_7rt'drl:c) and that one to nine Ss not exccrtire• thl'n hc n:es's have been ordered. ar,d'the clerk of the Senator from Dlinois (:•If•. Smnlt) a•ould not t•ct•the, a•wrnil)g, . ailf ca;l t!lc roll, hsvc beca pret']ouslv rllnaunceci. I tllt•ii: "ttitcrr.sr:vc••sholt.'d L•±d:ariv:d, Z'!1e bill clerk proceoth:d to call Ut,? On this vote, the Scllatur f:osn Deia- Mr. ML11De.R, 1dr, P:etidelt:, a'ill r01. ' ware (1Ir. Docc•a is pa!:cd re!th ti1r,-Sen- ,' the £etrntor yield to 1ne for a u:tanJtuoLls Mr. ?'iIWCOh'f•' (\ch^n l,i: naa2e u'as ator front Q::Ir.he:na tAir. Sr,u::oV). It concrnt rrGtlcQt? eallcu), A[r. PreskiS nt, on this vote I prc:Y•nt and t•utifrq, tho Senhtur ftrm ' ]Lir: MOSS. I aal happy to yleld for hm'c a t+air with lhc £c:2ator froa:.2lls- D,•Intcnro would role "na,r" nnd the t3eu- thatpu>mosc- aoufi (Mr. Sya:f%stoxt. If he \ecrc prce- alqr from O1:Ialwma \rould roto "yea." I n~k unt nlmrvc Con- ent r•n:; vc+tlnQ, he reculd cnte It 97te 2rsull mas af2notlsYced-y'eas S8, sent to hoc.-, prbitc•d In-the Ilrcano a I t c:C nt liberty to tof^, I would tote f2ays 35, as Yollous: lrUter to 1ne from 17:, Alton Ochclrcr ot ••,rea" 7 hcrofom. I rC(tiau!d my ,-11e, , IVo, sa9lrs•i titr, GRSI•'FIlt (e'ht:a his name t:•as y~~ Ilte Ochentr Clinic l L Nr+~ Orlenlu. Ln•• called). Mr. l:'resldcltt, on t121s vote I , dnled Nor'emt:ex 19, 19G9, and my rcrly llate a r-air nilh the t;c:: L:cr 11ror.1 4r1- f:arh pondell Atcvs lh . ofttQ neu~~rtt sntrta t e:vn . h9tcrc hcit.q 110 objectioa, the Irtters 8ona (A:r. GnLmt•en:1c). In c~.rcre I+res- yn,rol:c ISnt•t !•n••b..wd cht c:1d rnLag. lie v.onld r'ctc ••lidy:" If uurdLrlc Au::f1t•s P.u erre erdrred to b, printed In the y:a:'or,a, I vc•ex r.t liberlp to t•nt r, I would rote )'+•"I• rr• v°• )not:>•c Iti:c> as tollotr's: I C..ao, •n~Lt}+n Praxmtro :uvita - Ocnstr:xt Curtc, ~~ 4~°enfolr, re flhhea: my veh•. Cpurlrh t9c:rttrnter NnrOrtmas,tm.,Not•rmbrrlf,tP69. ~~e rCUCall tlas e'otleltldtd. t•ranston t~enncdr tZnr•h,E1Mne 11-m. Au.ept J. itL.tttnflt, 1\;r, rAS7Onli (afi.r h^vtll)t roted [n 1-,.Irtrtr \Sau•71dd p°CI•.m0.N.J. <<nar!•Vj..'tre[ttstdlny, the 6f:irmlfiYU), Mr. 1'lCoitlel7t, on ll,s l,l;rttarr F•:•t:.,rtltr \Y:I:It1nt.DOt 1L'r..htrtgtnq, ~,C, vP1C 1 httt'e a 1°Sllr N itll the Srlyator froln H•ut: Fh•Gc^ 1'auoN.Oblo rl:wn ASa t-v: I undernt.rttd t)le Eencate Is I.orth Cnl'olina t\{r, Jnr.cnS)• If he q'cre I itlbrl:tht tduL,::ait: f„lu° w cy,nrltMr tlte e:-:urtf.o t,,bc:wr a. t. prc••c:1t nnd \'atine, he r:ouid rti te ItAY:.-38 ••L:rh h-T~ tr; n pu ted o} Co:nnutta. I! 2aa If 1 tr •t v ;1 t:~u1d v tC t l b L + ~ . .• r a L rt.r • o u r rn r.;,,; Dsnlnlrt tac rriWnttltil{~Unlr ar Re CJu:n:'t.v Is r ~~ pr .tn c~ tuv rr.IMCt.; fust, ef!.vcar p.tek- •.,ca." 1'herc.orr,Iv:ithdra:rmy'tuAr, ialis.r c.ii n lnl~it~ ta'^• me to rend: 61c.r-1ve elcanac twnolt- . A9r. AIElY:Ai.h (after hut'Inp coled In tul,le ctvlt, f nnnLr, It,r: ts dancet•ous to sour f.cnlut" I t1dLt ' tlie altlrmallve). Mr. laf'Csttkut. ml tlds nrrd, va• Do)e Oraref
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i S iGGSO CANGRGSS1c1NAL IU:COltD-STNATT; ,Dccclllbcr-t', 1999 trnmer UlAnlyre SpPne 11an-n Ailller "'cnl•L^ l,rd1au11 a!••Ilr..va lilerenc ltvllnl::e Atnrphy 7nimn:rr,e Ii1n:.L'a Thurmuna J.•n1~n.Idaho lt•c:clt ?ontr t•leClell.rn l+cntl rnESl'•NT /i4n G1CtICO t.ri'F. rAnaS, AS I'i1l:YIOUSLY ItECO1tDy.U-5 tlrifao, for. Mcteatr. for. ~ Psslnre,for. nnntlulpL. for. nlbtcoR,for. NOT vOTIac 2S Altcn Iratfltld r1sbc Autlrolson Junl:.n• N.C. Sn:nh. :11. lhihuou Lonr. Srmlr:;aoo M, •.;. Al'thlas C.innal 1:SKlm•a•rn Yar4:.:ev: h CtNJscder Liuudt' . Uall. C.orc - f.tu•lac Horike rrotttr The Pltt_'ifniNO OTTIC:7L. Tiic Ren- niur from Utah is rcco°mzcd for 5 mh+utc... 11Sr. 1.70SS. Mr. PI•csittt•llt, it the ti^n- ale t:'lll r:.c mc it; !]mc. I thinl: I can e.tpl: ilt lhc nmrndnit•nl t•cry briefly. Mr. Ihr-id('nL may tte hare order? The Pi'.I:SID!!c0 Oi'F1Cl:It. Tfie Acn- alor will sGspcnd. 1'lm Senate will be In order. The Senator mat• pr•,c^t•d. . Dir. \tO:S. kir. Pr. rl:4cnt. my a+nc:ld- So Mr. 1toss' amandment was agneed lA. Air. I1fANSrIFLD. lU•. Prtside:tL, If I m:ly hnee the nttlnfion of U+r •~rcuale• ft t~ my undcrrtaudiuc tirat thcre is one more anicndmcnt to lrn ot:crcd. N•ould l.hc dLalin^tdsaed Srn:.'•~r from Utat ofier his autt-rttlment aL this tilneT AA7CnOMraT r:n. +11 ltfr. AtOSS. Iir. Ptrsidc:ri. I call up Amendment ltio• 411 and rsl: U::,t i4 ba stated. . The PREt'iIDTZCi OFi7CL't. The amendment trill bc siated. Thc a:`~lstattt h•gislati:'c clerk 1'cad as follows: On page 6. strItrr out tfrtes 3 tbraugh 7, a,ld lnrcrt ln licu thcrsof tifr fo!+or:rn;,: °At-71Tnl:s' rCrHr7:o.l' ••Sue. G. Trte sntluv<t la::s• as deAned iu the a!•.=t ^ - ^ Ar: of t?c.~.;r 15. •)P14 (38 S'r!. i:A: 15 ilX C. t°1, o.r.9 the ht•9crhi 7?erte Co:n'r.!sxia Aet r:n Siel. 719: la U.S.C. 4i'1, >=katl no: ep!•ly 1o ahy la+nt nF:elnlent b•r or az+nsg pormnx e1:-a,red In W:r manaf+etare ar s-)e o: rt~:.r.•t+es to refrain from or to restrlct i:,e nr.+r•rtsmg of clfarMtes: Plor::t.•r', 1•a:•crr•• Th :t r•ny w:ell fo:nt rlgreeinor,t st•::1 app:., to n11 persons engnlxd 1h : hc mtV i u:n of c: •umoui- aattona to w•tlich sut•h ngriclnent Is sopltcabte." ' • Iift. MANSFIELD. Atr. Prrsident, may I have the-altsnraon of tilc Scnate. ll its to be hopcd t'nnt Senators will 1•e- main on tlte fiool•, becttuce there ma}• or ml~c not bc a roll tall cott• ol: tlir ptnding att:endmclLL. Therc ntnr uuS b: a to1l- ca8 t'otc on fbtal passanc. I do Iwt know. L'aANlatOl'!i•M~FC:CT Ani:L'r:lil:fiT litr, RtAIQSFIEI.A. Mr. i'1•crJdcnt. I ask unafltlnou! Coi1S°llt titat Ml tile R'tidirlg amcnd)renl thel•e be a time lim!:ation o! 20 minutrs, the linle to be t'qualll• divided between the Scnator from Utnh. t\tr- iNorsl and Iile Senator ft'om New Itamp- ' shire thir• CorroNl, TLe PRI•.SIDMO OFI•'ICER. If Ihere Is no oblectiott, il fs so ordered. Mr. PAS'1'ORG. 111r. Plrsidcnt• since we are staying hcm until 8 o'c1ocC, does the tnalotity leader not t!lhlk 111141; tt'e should have tite yeas and naSs on linal patsn>;e? I ask for the 1 'eas entt anl•s on fir.nl I>;+ssage. Tlte yms and nays were ordered. Dtr. MOSS. 111r. Presldt•ni, I yleld my- self 5 minutes. mrnt a•nc+d ch:m•:r Ar•^iiua G ht. the blll. I thirJc I can cxn:;an t'c:7 briefly r,hat LIlc rntiua•rl: bt•hinal the avncn d- nlcnt Is. It does not uriCC a prcnt desl of dif- temncc as tj l1 e tinr^ whcn this ban p:} b:badr:.el ndrft•lis:np b;Cbt'lt8 en•cC- tice wh.;il:r the nrncndu:cnL t:uuld carry or r:hetller the l:.rr;,u:t!:c of the bill arorld p"r:vil. Thercforc. I do not pres- enl it on thaL bnsis al nll. As a rl:atter of f:ict. I can sv' that I c:upl~ hicscttt it so Ul::t Ule :ir•nr.tc alay decide which t•ou= lt wants Lo'fol- ]a.r in th!; circumslancc. Either one is bcce;.'lable to me. i+t tllc pre-scnt litnc lhc bill ptosldes that on Jlnuaty 1. 1071. it shsll 'uacomc uatat:ftrl to adre:•iisr ctr.arcllcs on tclc- cislon or 1'.^.tiio. In o:?tcr ticords. Congress by layin, do••*.'n tlle b:ut atld cnactinPm tile I:+u' sa,rs thal it bc:.olnt•s unlall•ful oil that d: te. 1:;: anlcndment erotlld ret•ert to lhe ori,;inal su'Irotnulit.tca dra:t which lo.ik ltlto acrotnlt the olfcr hlad,••'ftst of nil b9 the b:vadt•xsrinc caml:anic.t t•rhrn they oqered to phASe Ont ndt•el•ti:•hlit ol'or a 3- or 4-yenr perioa of limc r.nd th'•n b,• the cJ•:,:•,l,c ccmi:n:^n'ca t•..n•;1 t'J!y airp•:ar•cd bciw'e liie sn:nn:na:9ltcc sqyJng, and plet!_cd to t'oiu:.,•_lill1 :bre- !;o adccrlisiug ci';:r.rltes on TV ruul ra- dinI upon one co::citin:t-the condition that. t:tey he t•h'en piutection c,:•ainst anti!ratt suit. :or haciu: nr:ir•t7 ..t ahe a$r•.'C:aeat. ht c0literL, to r0 Ulf ad- 1'enr3lnl;. Z.l cficct thtr}• L(eld_ Ui. "U'e are ftt a com;tniltll•e bu-ina~s. Tl.crcturr., If r:c h::vc lbc amitnt4 escalpllon. ac' nitl 'Fd oa nt tn.: end of nitr next con- traat year, ti'hicli will be Scplenber 1p70 ' ThaL is why 1 say thet•c is a diffcrettce of only 3 or 4 mYlltiLS. ' Now. trii; L Is the•di: tinction? I tt•atlt the Senate to understand it. If we stay with thc comtlllul:e bi11, ue in Con•^,iess take It uhon otu'sares to sn•c Jt Is un- Iaa'ful non' to adl'rrtisc a llrr+auct thal We hat•e r.ot outL•nccd or b;uulcd iil any ka•Y• It ic still a lawful I,roduct.. It Is lnaftd to r, lsc it nntl to snlulcc ft. We hal•e just c.hoat'n to s.'iy It Is unlawful to advcr•ttsc ft. I tlmtk it raUscs scrctnl questi0n5. TLe.qucstion nththt bc htiJ;ated as to whether tlris cnn bc done to a lawful prbduct, ualca,s we find It lo lic contra- balld itl 1.01110 telly. I da ttbl Go fetto that In any depth. I think It it- n Inrccdrut lhat the bro•'tdcnst cotnp:ul!rs would uot liicc to see 1lcRun In this bodli•. If tlr pici: out eiCmxtlcs r•nd sht', ••You c;lnnnt rdrer- li:.o Lbcln:' l4ta Cun. r0•s antrhi pici: rlltl Fnall•'hlm; elxe tl•O ttr"m:;itl Was tidtt- itcrotls and say. "1'ou canttot advertise Ulat," xithout ever tltsldn¢ it colltra- band. If we Lnl:c llrc other route of t:iclnS antitavsL imr.tunJly. are hm'e nllntccd the industrY to re°tliate it.-clf. 17u5r cartt0 forward t•a!ttltt-^.rJll•, Tllrrc Iras b;en a Rrcat tlral of talk going on. Il•a they cauie forth. I•'Jrst the brnadcasler•s: and then the tobacco companfca canlc furUi nud said. "We will valuntarilp re otT" Tl+c oa1}' lhilt:: the tobacco coutplnics asked for u:tti nniitruxt iimnanit.• oil tlttc onc tnrro:t• fac:t, as to t,°+cthcr or net they mi;:Jtl hat•c to Gefentl lhemaclrc-S a;;ainsl an t nt.itnltL action for hat'InS rcached tllis it [recln(ut.. I bclicre th: t the voluntara• way is the better l+•ng. and therefore I!»esetit tl::rt for 111c : c:;:'itlt•::'linlt cf llle S!•tr:rtc. Tl le Prt cS11)I::C Ct1-f1CF.12. Tl t c alnr:s 5 n:hnrte_t have expired. 1\ir•. MOSS. Ivicid Ir.lyx'li 2 ndrlitional ntin atcs. If St•n3tors be!it:rc that the voluntary tray is a bcUer eray. Ihhl thcy are tl'J]I- iui: to extend this aulitrmL tnow-:loly for this o!!, )tr.rroa• purpose, tht'y sltould Loto ". Fe" on t~le amend:rcnt. If S^n :- tnrs b^acrc lile c•ther it•uy. Lilat t:e shoutd ta!;e llt: bit cn our tsclh and s.i,y, "We hat•e n:cdc t:;t- rlcai-Jon and t!•c trill now drelarc it nlrLl:rful oit a 6il•cn datc." then Ih.:; shrtu:d rute °nn." I would not consitlcr it either n t'ic- tnr-t' or a defeat no nlatter what hap- pclls, so lun!T as the Senate kuc:v what w ~ 7:. i il tras Tot'n; on. Mr. raSTOR>'r. Mr. Prnsldenl, will the $eilal9r vlelll? d:r. MOSS. I,ricld. Mr. P:•S'TO::J. I utiderstand that this imnrl:nity :riil exvim nn snnual?' 1, 1971. Mr. :?C1y5. It do^s tut iiat'e a1t cspfl•:t- tion tlaU,. ;.U•. PASTC1R::. Sut if it ia tutlatifttl aft: r Jatl:lal•y 1. 1971, tllcrcf.ore tt is oonl- p'tL:ar~ attcr that date: so that tqlmt- tarl' c:cacnt v: o•dd only last up tmiil tlua, t.r.a7d it no!? :.lr. 1.o.Il htAslliis.l.^.ll-;ual;elo 111acr of the n+stdalot;v Inllellacc. • . . ltr. PASTORE. On tho dctcrnanin; date?. 17r. MOSS. That Is correct. The cig- atrltc cn:»prttics sJilL "N'c n•nhl to l;o ed !n Srl,tcn+bar lit:8:' itl effecl. the. cc:nmJtter, c1ten5att thr•t ttntc a little. Mr. Y.:STORL. StlllpesB llle'Ciil ttlt2 culnp: nles t?o not a1lrcc to get toRctat't•Y Ti19, Ih:nv cn:4d no on and ti:is bi11 trntlld nrn mran ;i thin;, would il? plr. MOSS. They hm•e sh'cady a~t•cod-- PASTORE. Either there is going lo be a law al• thrle Is not. )t il ic• nmdr . I rolnnlnt•y comPleteiy, it means thnl it c Llic,r ncvrr afttr^, this bill v.i11 hitve no e•flecL. Am I 1'/,^,ht or tt'f oltg? Iitr. AiOBS. I thhlk the S.nalor is n•rong. Alr. rASTO12i:. \Srnl Lhr Szt•nator tell me how I nm Mr. ;.10:,3. T1::1' hra'e canlc ln alld np.r.sculcd btdorc the comallUcc, llfth nuthmit> Ic sp:•nk for rtrly rit:arrtte ~ luunufacl•tucr. nttd bnvc s,dd. '•Utl this ~ cafidlliaa, tre \vill gtl hR.'• I Mr. PAfi'1'Oit1;. 7'hrt• chn ala•.+>•.i chcumgu thr:r tniuds.'1'hr tL•de ot' Ja nuurle .' 1971 should be left In lhcm, and tlrct•
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, 5~=~a~.=~7~"air+3~btaie0.tti~Swrar:9F=•- . -, a~~r_su:4i: ... h=+^.w~o-rly! r f I ette indnsiry-.or hld:cater} that they did reptesent thetn-but who did not elahn titta they r.;-msenie:: a:J of the induslsy, eatne hefare the co:mr.titce. I give th^m crcc:a. They very p:eneronsb' and t"rfcittu,ly raid that we di.d not need legislation. bccausc t`tn' wrr e ts•flling to agree votuntatily. on behalf ol tde in- ' Decc»ibel• 1?, 1069 CONCRL•SSIO\AI. RECORD-SGNATE H K 10 1 S302 I S1Gr~1 shnuld be given the Immunity In between. l;ut It vras mF iulenUott-and it un•ncd In other tcords. if it is the cis:rc to bring out to be the o;dnian of the maiority of it to on cnd bcforc thrn t:g a4!rrment, the committec-that. first. .cr should all right; but if they do not ncte[. it has not even tRi:e the :~ame date that the to terminete on January 1. 2971, or we fndttxtry o8crctil, because then 1•rople Ita.•e.:asled 3 ho;trs tonit•hl. would say the cotn:nittee and Co:wrac. The PRt-FiDI\G OFt7CE!t. The time w•ttited until tite tobacco people came of lhe Senator has expired. around of their own accord and t:ald. Mr. MOSS. I yield mrfrlf 2 sdditfonal "It's all rleht, boya: go ahead and lcgis- minules. la7c. and we'Il tix the date. It will be Asi have safd.I think either one would Sc•ptetnber 19' 0" accomplislt the bcts!c purpo-.c of f:11 the Imfd ht ihe cotamittee that the Con- bill. The t•e:antary w-itlidraw•al of the to- press should nssert itu•If and sct the bacco cotr.ys:alics ts ct:m to t:7e arrac; c- d:::e. This tcas latne ::T 1. 1!•7t. as set ment lhut has been tr.;:de by the distil- forth in tay amcndtnent. adopted by the lers w'ho, by at;rerm:nt. have v:ithhetd contmitzec. Tl:u;. Congress. uot lhr ir- the adccrtistnte of distillcd liquu:s oa dt:ctty or by an_•brdy else, s^t the date. television. This has held up for cears I'urlherntorc. it nroit!cd the uccc."ity and years. .nct therc never it.qs been any of prot-idint an eaemption froa 11:e anli- problctn with it. I Eo not tlria: tt can be trust laHs, saidhtatt,e wcy thatitw•ottld brra doa'n, The PitESIDIIG OFFICER ~~fr. AL- that) they would t'o back on their word. r.ra: in the chairt. The tinte of the Sena- Tlley are o: the reca:e as s:.•int: it. tor I:aR expired. Mr. Pre~.itrent, ra:hrr tlir.a bcing an Air. COTTON. Mr. Presidc:lt. I; ield advocate for this. I simply t:ould like to myself 1 additianal rninute. present it, l.ecsuse I n•ouid y!i:e the 5rn. Repre=entatit•es f:•oar the Department ate to unde:'stand that. Utere are two of Jus:ice catne up and expres.a-d the ways to Co. I think otte is bcltpr.I think view that. It tq a poor precedent to keep both get us to the eante dec:ima:Snn. making exeatptioas to tIx a:a::rttst la+rs. Mr. COTTON. I F:e:d rn; rr:f 5 u;:nutcs. It ayrott!d not be done unless '.t is abso- Mr. Prc_-~ide:tt. if i can have tl:e aitC11- 1ntB:} 1lecesx9r}'. tion of the Senate. I think I can provide I have great rc:Ixxct for tl,e Senator son.,t ustf ul b: c6:;:ca:zd on titis irsue. fretn L'tnh, but the tiste hs:s co:ne for Iw•as litestal:or of ,'.:e:.atet:cment writ- Calgress to awtert Itsr;f. The tinic has ten Into t:ectlon 6 of the bill now before contr for,CouXre« to say t.hat 1t c•ili f:x theSenate. the date stop;tint: ciEr.rctte ad^ortlstns It is perfectly true that rersons wito on radio and relevisic» as we have on represettted n major p::rt of the ci^ar- this /toor tonirl:t. Ti+e tin:e also has merce-and I was one of tbem. because la.inp to *,cst this pt•oblem we will reject I dave nL• p.oxy on that earlier cote-- the amendm.•nt of the Seulltor front extentted the time too long 4 years aso, .,Utah attd stttnd by the bill as reported w'het, wrstaved the ta:tds of the Federal by ctt•r Cotmnittee en Comt::erce on this Trade Commission for 4 Ncars. We were Issne. they w•ere n-ilhng to tlo so on 1Stnt de.tt siUtatfon trl,ich hc,s been so •irritatin3 was that r.wst contracts for radio and and t•ceinp for aa lrnt;. I ho;+e ir the ht- televlsiott titne.termihate In Se,^.'cmber. tercs.t of clarity. in the interest of Arnt- Some of us o:t the Ctnntr.iitce on Com- ncs of pnrposc, and In the fntcrcrl of dushy., to icrmi::a;e h:n::dct st adt•er tis- ing In SepteNaer Iv:O. Tic reason trhy erit3afzed-not all the eontnritlee-t.hone of us who were to blame for that. We were eriliefzed, and I say frntlkll that we were Justl; criac.zcd: Dlow we come a=ain to the smtte issue. It Is my pt+sition that the tltne has come when the country expects ConFress to assert itsclf. We can talk al~ we .rant abtntt setting a precedent w•tth respect to other products, be it liquor of what- ever. But the fact remains that durintr \ Jhose sEttrs the case had been made all ver this country aboutt the health haz- ard in conrn cllan w~ith clrarcttc smok- ing. Tiu tint; had ceme, so tJtat thc in- dustr%, itself-,-and I want to ttlre thetn ctrdit for It-ccly generously nnd jusWv tcalized it and were q•Illing to stop ad- t 'fettisin-~ on radio and tcleeirlon. It ia \ Iutrticttlarlj bad on telctision, wlrlch is +qt w•ntehcd by m+mr Young people-chitd- , ren attd tcenttpersm ~ _. . . '1 arme to eaauthic antt to co:ait:er the ciferL of •other forms of adreaisi:,.. But honercr. Ft'cn as w•e rrcoFnize file goedtt•i1l of the indu,tr}• and itc trilitne- nm to voluntarily g:ca broadcast ^drer- tisin'", let us put it hI the IR.r so that U14 American people will know that Con- gress set the date atte: w911:h cimrette broadcast ndve:;isinc Is pro1,`.bttcd. Lct It btronte 1Rtc and put an end to this The PRF-SIDII:C OtF'ICER. The time of the Senator has expired. htn AAIt1:R. Ur. Ptrsident. Riil the Senatdr yield to n:c for 6 minutes? Tire PIiF»;IDI\(i OFFICER. 710 Senator from Kca• Hetnpshlrc has 4 min- utcp renlaitllnr. Icir. CO'X'TON.'AIr. President, I yield a minutes to the Senalor fro:n 'cenaessee and satr I minute for myself. The PRCS1DlNt3 OPFICL'1:. Tilc Sen- ator ft om R cnncssec is rctr; nftcd for 3 minules. ' . A1r. HAKCR, Mr. Ptrsident. I intend to supporl• the position of the commitico and oppoae the anlclidanent by the dls- tlnt:uio-hed settalor ftwn Crah. I think It Is imttetntitc that we rcaiizc what we arc doinll. - As far as I l:now we are nor ptoposinA by statute to ban adverti,c•,nf of a latr- !nt product otl the eiectronic ntt•tlia, which may Or u:ay not be t s! : u td~•: Lhe firct antrndnrcnt, but !n a:s .•tcua. I inlr.nd to sunPorl iL breau•.r 1 s:•rim w•ith the Senator fre:rr l:ct that it 1s a alral:;htfora•ard ap;+roacia t., a maller of public tmltc~, I would paint out that if tcc iIr tm; supi%ort the con:rnittcr eer.titat Vt• a:.. Coing to tun in:o e terrible tlt'.cl:ct. !t occurs to nre U:: t the ori--inal timr for discont:nuance of ci-Pirruc ad. vertisirtg on radio ntrd lclctt,iat (atE:_ contin.- front the brL)adcaatlu_ :ndu-trs prm•ida•d for the w•ithdraw•al of that aC- vertisine by Sapteurber 1. 1973. Beyond that the networks indicatcd this wo•r]J be binding oniy on these slatwh:r.i: were code Ptationr. The tn:xta•co iadus- try indicated tltcy were willing tr sto.) t9eptetnber 1. 1970. 'fhcn. thcrc tcas the discussion of 1971. Finall? the pm;:oa.tl by the Senator front New IIanytsl:f:e t1Tr. Co•rro,: ) ptorldes a nrandatot+• cu:- oR Jnnt:ar. 1, 1971, a distinct hLde- pendent date. Mr. Presidrnt. it is Interesting to me that the tt: tialotty bafo:•c thp cor.ttr.ittee attd the subsequetit correspondence ir.- dicalcs thnt the tol!acco lndustr; is teillia0 to d•.rcontinae eigarette ac:eer- tkin9 on rndio a:td tcleti~ior•r on DF- cetnlxr 31. 1969. so there is no resistance hete by the tobacco industry. That Is a forei•one conciusien. The sooncr we aet at the busincss of enmtc.iated public policy the better off we wi' be, bearing in mind•N•e are doing what we have never done before, and that !s prolr:biting the adrertisind of a law7ttl product. I think that In this field we shcuid Bire considcration and thought. Thc PPESIDI1ti6 OFFICER. The lfine of the S,r.atm• has expired. Mr. 1;1tliElt Mr. President, will the Senator yield to me for 50 additfonal sccom.is? . Tir. CO'I`i'O\. I ~ ield. Mr. BAKF.tt. In this ficld • we should conllnue to give considerntios and lhouph: Ie maki:n helpful warnings and prohibitions for ~cer, slcep:ne lablcts. and aay number of other setb»tnnces tlm: are hazardotr to the health a»d much :notr hnzard(PUs to the health :n mam respects than cil:arette smohing.. Mr. COTTON. Mr. President, I;:ield ny self the rcntairitntt 30 seconds. I rcco0ttize all that the Senator front Tennessee has said cottcerninF the possf- ble consideration of other products. 8ut, let us first dispcsc cf tiu measure bcfo: e us ttmit ht. Mr. PASTOP.E. Mr. President. will the Senntor; leldT i,ir.. COTTO.i. I have no time remain- lna. \ir, MOSS. I yield I minute to the Sen- ator. . • Mr. PASTORIS. \ir. President, ao tltat the record' is Flraittht, there is no adt'ct•- tisiuP on tclcvision or radio of whisl;.. I do not knou• wherc'ou Cot lhat ldca. There Is abz•olutrly 1lolle. '1'11e Wiante it happens we w•ill do the snntc thin; as Ne at•e tteirLg tritlt riL•rreltcs. Mr. HART. The v.hl.kv pcoplo do not nt•cd antitrust cxcmpitnile.
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I I - S ] GG2 Afx. PASTORE. I do not carc about that. Mr.11A1'•C. I do. Mr. 1l:;;TO.^.L•'. I s:S there Is no ad- tcrti>t:+ of n•hisi;y es tcletislon and if it hap:srtts PASTOP•s vail be the firr: to stnp I:. Scrcr.st SctcATOSS. \•otet Volcl Vote! The PR) -M+DhlO O:'FICCit. All t:me has cxpitcd. Titc question Is ott a~rccinp to the nmcttdlnent of Ute Senator iro:n Utah. Afr. NIOSS.1tr. Prr: tdant. I ask ur:all- ntous celvc•nl that I may procced for 24 st•eond s. The PRESIDING O:77CEE:. \Vithout o1tJc'ctloh. it is so onic)'ra. Mr.'•TOSS. Mr. Prc::r,t•ut, I tt'a~'zd to present these lhauehaA ro lite t3-:tta;e. tio one spa;:e in favor o: the anlcnd ::ent: Lhere was only my exr:lttattou of it. As I said• I think we acl.:et'e our prt•ue OS}ec- tiveseittterteay. ' Mr. Presidcnt, I wi;l:drau my atttend- .mcnt. Thc PRESIDISCG 'OFFICE?. Tite antendment is withtit8irn. The bill •Ss o1mt tA further err.end- ntent. If there be r,a further aracnd- ment to Ce propo:ect, the quest:on is • on lhe en;ro:sment of ;Jte atnend:t:cnts and tUrd readittg' of the bi11. The emendn:cnta ::c:•c'orde:'ed to be encrosred and the bi;i to be read a third Ume. The bill was read ttte third timc. Mr. AIOS. 1ir. P: stdelt:• I ask for tlte y,:as and na.•s. The PRESIDING O°FICER. The )•cass and nn•rs hare airee:l: been orderrd. Tite b:ll ]:at•lr.e b:rl: rcn-! 11!c :!^i:•d t3me, tite oues;iott Is- Sha11 7t lid;=? On this q•Jesti•?tt, tric yeas ar,d, ns)•s l;a:e been Priered, snd t•rle clehk trill ctll the •ro11. Thc tusistant legi-latice elc:k called the ro9. Mr. liENK:.`DY. I ansotmre that t-'te f5enctor from I:e.tt• .Ie:tico:t:.]r. Asata- soa), the Senatc•r f:o:n -Nerada (Mr. Csb')ros), the Senator from Terlars~ee (Atr. Ooat:), the Senntor from Indi:.n•t (Afr• IlAr.r):c), the Senator fro:a \o:'Ih Catrlina (Air,. Jos:rAxr, the Sellator f.^ant Lou'o!nna Q%ir. LeNw, the Senator from Sonth Dakota tAir. McGot•r1:x), Ute Sen- ator fronf \lafne t zmr• Mcsxrc), the Senator from \;ivaud (\Ir. Svxtxc- Tox), the Settator frotn Arat.•land t:.tr• TTatNr.s), and the Senator from 7'eans (Mr. YARboaol108s, atr uecessatl:it ab- acnG On this vole, the Srttator from Ne- Vada tAtr. CAtri:or) is paircd Nltit the 8cltalnr trotn Nortlt CJloiilta ttfr. Jvr,- tutn), ifprcscnt and voting, thc' Senator front hc:'ada w•ou2d vote ")•eA" and the Senator from North Carolina would volc •,t1A; • Mr. GRIFFIN. I anniwnce that the l8enatt7 from Oklahoma (1fr. BEI•t.'sto:;), the Srttntor frOm New York tAfr. Goob- . sJp, the Srttntor fro:a Vennont t1lr• i'kot•tT) and Ihe Settntor from Illinois ' 4111r• Sm1TIt) are nect.sS;Iri1•rJ:abs.HlL Al.•u, the Senslo: Slnm Orceoa l\Y: IIranao), the Scnetor from lklan•are (-Mr. ll0sas) and tdte ~Cnalor tt'01+1 Ohio (Mr. SAret:) tlte necclsarlly abseltt. CONGRESSIONAL RL-CORD--SL•NA:a ))tb r.1'>j 1909 Ilit Rhntlnr as tt . b ~ ~~ ~~~~ r`1'rlt?n 7he 1a.:nkWr from ArJzona (Mr- GOtn- WATCR) and the S:'nator front Vermont (Mr. Atttcrc) nre ab.a•nt on ollicial busi- nect. The Senator frottt Bouth Dakota (Mr. -t•frsar) is ab;ettt bccause of Ilihc:~s. The fiLn:.tur from t.iar; l::nd (Mr. Alau,le.tl a:ld tJte 5cnhtor from P:otth lla4ota tA1r. Yot:xe/ ar'c delained on of- ftcial business lf p:•esc:tt and votihk. the Senalor from Oklaho::tn t.%tr_ Dtrt.!•:oxl, tJte Senator tro:a 1!::awnrc tllr. I:uccs), the SenBtorlr7ln Alirona Iair.Gulnt•:A7c:!, the Scaa:or f tv:a \,1v Y ork +;t;r• G. 01= E:.t), tl!; Scr.::tor frout Orc:•oa (AI:. Ilttrlet,ul and tlu' tcnator rro:u 1:Iino:s lit.r. Sr:r-n 1 n•ua1:.' e: ch t•oic •'ar•t •' 7t:e resttit t•rss attttuuncsd-)•cas 70, na,t•s 7. as fullmrs: i %o. 930 Leg.l TEAS-i0 Allott On.:m Kcl.vm ' Itoker t;l::nq• ParLxrod I1At'h P•rAWre R-nuett Harrh P,.araon tnh!c Han P.-1l /NpPr•C lint,3a • Prtcr Rurdlcl: Hu}tos Proc•n!rt• r.r+d• tt•. ra. t:lo::.'e Rm+utiph Case Jat's:.ln ruui.x: Cht.rca J:.c!ta n:aall Ca+prr J^:,J.n.rdatso ::b•.eact c+t:un Craus!on rsCll::edy $ct.=: Cc•tls At;,ras.eld Dedd : •.Qnr:hy BAaa: DaIc ' :JtC:_;tan stcaala nomltdel: '•:,GCe SLe:01s i-.:•fe4•n - tdclnt!:,r Trt:.:aige F1 •::: r.d Meti a11 Tuwcr Y7ender ?'1':er V.•Inl3nn, F.J. r+mdn v:al:tcae De1. ron¢ b'oatw•n 1•ouaF. Oh:o ruu,rl,ht :dcm On:.•1 :•Tnrph}• iCAYS--7 Ane:s rn•Ih Thurmatd ri!ttt•Ca. H.dinnd ' Couk )lwnlugs ' NOT \CtTltilk-2S Alton ttar.kc Praulr Andennp )il::.tld SaKhr )klhaot; .C. J.+nsu, K S!nntl• 111. , &t•:mnrton C.mncn hlas ' TYulnsr (ia:dPnter •1• Cnrrnt • 1•orhxuu:h (ta: drU . \au»dt Y,,:rll•-. -ti'. UAtt. OcrC \111rRIR Utah llas taken up tlTe banner itl bcitalf of a n:nre au'nro public on the i:sUr of ci,^,arettC sntokLn);: H!s amendntenls Olt this ulensura-urst d so pcrsunsta d>'-• rc- stores to tltc ilttcre•aed apenctes of (iov- crnmrnL the power tenst Is so neccssary to htht; this Ir•form:ltion properly to the {tcople. In its final fortn• Senlttor Afots msy be p:oud of t]tis tacasure. I•ils dedi- cntion and det•oti0a haee been antply rewarded. Also to be colttmended for h?s slrung eftot•tc in bcl:alf of this proposal is the rTnim•,Senalor front Ncir llaatpshire t\fr. Carro.) tlke ranking minority utetnbcr of the Committcr ou Conntnercc. His crqrrrr.tion and support ttssured tlle pronpt and eflicient disposition of the proposal and we a-t•e cralcflil. We sre °ratcful also for tlte eontrlbu- tions of lhe Sznalor ft•om Tennes sec t\Ir. I3AI:rs) the 8enato)s from Kcntucka• (\ir. C.nt•cr. r•ad '%ir. Coolt), tite Sen:llor from t;orth C-nrol:nr- t1ir. Earrx), :md the Senator frorn \':r-inia (Mr. Sro:W. TJttir t•ict:: and coa, ::^.tion were gre: IU• apPtres-ta:cd. I s:notr lhe hour i; 1:Lt• but the decision to r.n:.^.in thEs et•elt:::-, to finL•'lt this bill mcars that•:: Saturda)• sc'ston hns b:en made tll::ierersa:•} t:: Ss week. I r:ppr ectale tllc c,uaperation of e.il h3embera In this et ~deat•ur. Mr. IcE\1'F:DY. 1: r, President. I co:»- mend the ntembers of the Cmttm!ttse ott Colnlncrce, and particularly the dstin- guL--hcd Senator fro:a Utah (:+Lr.:.foss) for his spleauid achiet•entens totdgltt, attd his cotttrlinttir::s over the years to the Intblic u::cicrct::::,iitll of tl r. datteers of ci_ ^rctte s:n^l. :: 1 t'.:hti' it-•ra oue of tl:e mo-t eaaller.; ::::: probleatts fat•Ine the co:sumt:t>; are the ht'th.;ca- t.tt)ns of cit;areit: a:)okint: in cotutection a'itlt tlte co:iit'ol of l: ubac Ite^lth hazards. Senator :doss, I titinlw is -entitlcd to grca: credit for v.l:nt he has achieved and the atte:nion thathe has b'roai-ht to thisK4ne it: liis tea::: ht the Senate. Nnt o:tly v:c in t::c Scttc::e, butt all Anler;calu, sl•c Ltc:ebted to 1•i:n for what he has adttered ht this f,eid over ilte p4riod of l'.le 1ast 6;•ears. I do nut izuend to detract from the work (hnt has been done by the other members of the Cotn= rniLre on Commr:re, and not parlleu- larly by its dic-tin^nfFhed Chr-i:7nnu, the Sraator lronr 1,•nthL•tRton t1tr. MIec•Nr•- sox), who t.:s perfo:7t:cd g!l;nol scrcirc; bttL Ldo think it is r.ppt'oprlate for us, at this itnte, to t eco~n!n• I he '-1•csL a:aicir- alrms of iha disti:lguithcd Senator ftvm \,itah• . The acti.tin Of t•he S•:11nt.• tonipltt 1'iitdi- cai es and rer: nt & :I lc Senator f trom L: tah for Itis untirina and ;!onccrhrs efiorts to cliluamte ir:ctisian advertising, which 1o:::;:11;iC:r.Ps C:iralLtle stltol:il:C, and to ptot.ct the 1-edcr•rl Trade Co:mui%tifon's po::cr t:r tto~ul.ac toLatco advcrtishtG in o:hcr 1aed:•t. liis l:noceled;c of lel;l4- th-e Jt:yY.'t:cs±_ has h1Yta:ht ten•a!•ds and I rMl:•t;einl:.te hi:n oit Ilis t•icturS. Aa: If:11:R.1S. : ir. Plrsidrttt, I Joi» n•it:l Ntc dl: t!u:aei ht•d-Snlatvr from i+t t•.l.at lie h,u o-l.ltl coll- c.•rnin~- the ttor: o: Ihe Co:ntnititr. oa . Co:)t:ncrce, nad parl!cltlarh lhnt of tne . diFliugu';ltn[ Senator frotn Utah. Ax •' . So the bill (li.R. 0543) was passed. Mr. IiOSS. ',fr. President, I nwt•c titst tile t•ote by ralicl: tltc bill was pnssed be recon5idclyd. Atr. IICOUIIi. Mr. I'residcne I. move that the nt;,ti,on to r'eco:tsSder be 1a1d on the table. Tlte ntotiot to lay o» the Iabte,tras agreed to. Mr. AtAt:&FI6LD. 'Mr. President, the ciorctte bal f::,l nc:optcd by the Senate tt•fu ::rrre as 11 rpl.'nd:cl monuntenL to the hat'd teor:: and devoted a9orts of tao outstnttdltlv V..•I.:.ton. I refcr, of coursc, to Ule cble and dfstht-ttiahcu ehairman of Wte Ce:nmlt t ce on Cumn:rl ce• the S^n- alor it•om N': ~hmt!Wn (Alr. Atsc%usos) and tn thr• dl otin::ul-hed 13c•»:ltor ft'ont Utah tN1r. Mc-o. Hot h o[ thc c S, n;t;ors hare tw:t)'atit n tital rolc in a.:u:ir,J pub- lir uwwrls,;.r l.f Ihe hcnlth i:n+..;a:lnns of ;:+tjarCi). F•-n:ttor i+lAnat79o;i It,'ts IOS1R tlielt tlil nG.l'r. I CO.' r.11cl_:li•r JttlCl~~:.:. 5+11.~' ;ttcrc : :u In:cr}~st m•th ril::t to the c•tn, ulnt•r tF•an l:noaln,; about pn- tenUal ltc:dth hazattis frum cig }rette tmlolanL. N i
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H K®O•483026' i , December 12, 1969 . COJtiGIiESSIONA.L RECORD-SENATE senaWr. as a tltizen of this country. and as a fatber of small eirildren. I thiat: that the senatc and the cotuttry owe a tercat debt-!o the distfnguished Senator from Utah. and that genexetions oi 'ouag Mple for mans years tocome aill bo ~rcA aetred by the excdlent eirtorfs a hich he has pttt forth. here in the Sen- wte. In t.rFing to do so:netMing to curb e:tgar:tte smoL'in°, which •is ir.dced, as t.l:e Senate has aeS:non•ledge¢ br its Votcs b)dar,, hlrmfui to h^ahh. I hope, ELr. NmIdcnt, thnt his efforls will .be succcmfui in the fon[errnrec, be- ' oatse I tlur3 the WorL• lie has done is mos6admirable. S 1cc83 , J. , t I I

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